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  • Kisan Credit Card India

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    Kisan Credit Card India

    kisan credit card

    The Kisan Credit Card (KCC) programme was launched by the NDA government in 1998. With this scheme, the government aimed to fulfil timely and short-term credit needs of the farmers of India during the planting and harvesting season. It was also introduced to reduce the dependence of Indian farmers on the informal banking sector like moneylenders.  It was initially proposed in the budget session in the year 1998-99 by the then Finance Minister, Yashwant Sinha. As a result, NABARD (National Bank for Agriculture & Rural Development) had come up with a Model Kisan Credit Card Scheme after a long discussion with some major banks in the country.

    Kisan Credit Cards are offered by cooperative banks, public sector banks, and regional rural banks. They can be availed by any farmer in India. Tenants and sharecroppers can also use this card. This scheme not only simplifies the credit delivery and screening process for farmers who may not know about banking practices and procedures but also provides flexible payment schedule after the harvest season using which the borrower can push his payments in case they suffer a bad crop season. Kisan Credit Card scheme also works as a single credit facility that farmers can use to fulfil all their agricultural needs.

    Brief History of Kisan Credit Cards in India:

    Kisan Credit Card facility was initially proposed by the Finance Minister Yashwant Sinha in the financial year 1998-1999 Budget, with the objective of providing easily accessible short-term credit to farmers to meet their immediate credit needs during the crop season. Reserve Bank of India (RBI), along with National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) took up the cause and initiated the introduction of Kisan Credit Cards in India.

    Rationale Behind The Kisan Credit Card Scheme:

    There are several hurdles faced by farmers in the process of acquiring adequate finance from banks, such as long drawn-out documentation and processing, complicated practices followed by banks and other financial institutions, delay in processing and also lack of awareness among farmers regarding banking practices and benefits. Most farmers depend on non-institutional means of credit for their immediate needs such as purchase of seeds, fertilizers, pesticides etc. and this in turn affects them negatively since non-institutional credit is costly and counter-productive. The Kisan Credit Card scheme intends to remove such complications by offering cost effective credit to farmers for agricultural and allied purposes in a timely manner, from reliable banking systems. Agriculturists can purchase items related to their farming needs using their Kisan Credit Cards and also withdraw the required amount for related expenses.

    How Do Kisan Credit Cards Work?

    The operation of this facility is simple and straightforward. Based on the land holdings and the income earned from it, banks issue farmers Kisan Credit Cards. The farmers should have a good credit history in order to be eligible for the same. Those who receive the Kisan Credit Card, get facilities like passbook with the name, particulars of land holding, address, validity period, credit limit, etc., which serves as the customer’s unique identification as well as a system for tracking their transactions. This credit cards can be used at outlets, as well as to withdraw cash from credit card to make the necessary purchases.

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    How Can Farmers Use The Kisan Credit Cards?

    Under the Kisan Credit Card scheme, farmers can withdraw the loan amount in form of cash withdrawals using withdrawal slips and the Kisan credit card-cum-passbook. Kisan Credit Card holders who have a credit limit of Rs. 25,000 can also avail cheque books.

    Features of Kisan Credit Cards

    Regional Rural Banks, Cooperative Banks and Public Sector Commercial Banks have implemented the Kisan Credit Card scheme. Its primary objective is to provide easily attainable short term loans to farmers. The scope of this unique facility also includes term loans for agriculture and other allied activities and is a determining factor for consumption loan.

    The scheme currently offers:

    • Credit to meet the financial requirements of agricultural and other allied activities.
    • Ancillary credit for crop production and other contingencies.
    • Insurance coverage for Kisan Credit Card holders.
    • National Crop Insurance scheme is offered to the Kisan credit cardholders, which provides coverage for crop loans given under the KCC scheme for certain crops.
    • Protection is provided against loss of crops due to pest attacks, natural calamities, etc.
    • In some cases collateral security is to be provided. If the loan amount is above Rs.1,00,000/-, then the cardholder has to pledge his land as mortgage and hypothecation the crops raised on it.

    Other features of KCC scheme

    • Farmers who are eligible for the Kisan Credit Card, is offered a passbook or a card-cum-pass book.
    • If a farmer is eligible for a production credit of Rs. 5000 or more, then he/she is eligible for a Kisan Credit Card.
    • As per the concerned bank’s discretion, sub-limits may be fixed.
    • The facility of revolving credit is available for any amount of withdrawals and repayment made within the credit limit. The credit limit is fixed based on the individual’s land holdings, scale of finance, annual production credit needs, etc.
    • Based on the annual review, the credit card can be valid up to 3 years.
    • Repayment for the amount borrowed can be made within a period of up to 12 months.
    • Credit limits will be increased to take care of change in cropping pattern, increase in costs, etc. as an incentive for good record on credit card usage.
    • Operations will be either though may be through PACS in the case of Cooperative Banks or issuing branch in case of other banks, at the sole discretion of the bank.
    • Conversion/rescheduling of loans also permissible in case of damage to crops due to natural calamities.
    • Security, margin, rate of interest, etc. are set as per RBI norms.

    Benefits of Kisan Credit Cards

    • Flexible repayment options
    • Hassle-free disbursement procedure
    • Single credit facility/ term loan for all agricultural requirements
    • Dependable and easily available credit which enables a decrease in the farmer’s interest burden.
    • Assists in the purchase of fertilizers, seeds, etc.
    • Assists in availing cash discounts from merchants/ dealers
    • Credit is available for a period of up to 3 years, without any seasonal appraisals.
    • Income from agricultural sources determines the maximum credit limit.
    • There is no restriction on the cash withdrawals that can be made by the Kisan Credit Card holder, as long as it is within the credit limit set by the bank.
    • Repayment can be made once the harvest season in over.
    • Lower interest rates.
    • Margin, security and documentation terms and conditions are similar to that applicable to agricultural advance.
    • Credit is made available for annual agricultural requirements and expenses.
    • Minimal documentation and maximum flexibility offered for withdrawal of the required funds from the Bank.
    • Funds can be withdrawn from any of the Bank’s branches, as per the sole discretion of the bank.

    Interest and other charges on Kisan Credit Cards

    Kisan Credit Card interest rates as well as credit limits varies from bank to bank. Generally, the applicable interest rate per annum for Kisan Credit Cards is 9%, for a credit limit of maximum Rs. 3 Lakh. Central government allows certain subsidies on interest rate applicable by the financing institutions, provided that the cardholder’s credit history is good. The additional interest subsidy provided is 2% and if the customer has a sound track record for three years, he/she is eligible for an increase in the credit limit. Other charges and fees involved in taking credit under this scheme are: insurance premium, processing fees, passport photo charges, charges on land mortgage deed, etc.

    Benefits to Banks

    This scheme is beneficial to banks since it is time and cost-efficient. There is no need for an elaborate documentation process or continuous appraisals under the Kisan Credit Card Scheme. Withdrawal of cash using the credit card requires very little paperwork and is simple and hassle-free for not just the card holder but for the Bank as well. Some other highlights include: no transaction costs, lesser risks in loan recovery, etc.

    Top Banks Providing Kisan Credit Cards in India:

    • NABARD - NABARD offers term loans and easily accessible credit to farmers to meet their basic agricultural expenses.
    • SBI - Short term credit is offered by SBI to farmers, for the purpose of meeting the production credit requirements, expenses related to allied activities, as well as contingency expenses.
    • Bank of India - provides flexible financial support to farmers in order to help meet the expenses involved in cultivation and other non-farm activities, at a lower cost.
    • IDBI - IDBI offers Kisan Credit Cards to farmers along with additional features like crop loans, investment credit and working capital for meeting agricultural expenses. Farmers, tenant cultivators, owner cultivators, individual farmers and sharecroppers are considered eligible for the Kisan credit card.
    • NPCI - RuPay Kisan credit cards are to be offered in the near future by National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI), as a part of its domestic card scheme for multilateral payments - RuPay.

    Eligibility To Apply For Kisan Credit Cards

    • Should be a farmer either individual or joint borrower who owns agricultural land
    • The agricultural land should be under cultivation and actively generating a crop
    • Tenant farmers, sharecroppers and oral lessees are also eligible
    • Joint liability groups or self-help groups (SHGs) of farmers including sharecroppers, tenant farmers and others can also apply
    • Minimum age of the applicant should be 18 years and maximum age is 75 years at the end of loan tenure
    • Applicants above 60 years of age should have a co-applicant whose age is less than 60 years and should be a legal heir or immediate family member of the main applicant

    Documents Required To Apply For Kisan Credit Cards

    As per the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) guidelines, documents required to process an application of Kisan Credit Card should be as per the offering bank’s internal guidelines. Hence, each bank has a different set of required documents.

    Listed Below Are A Basic Set Of Documents Required To Apply For A Kisan Credit Card.

    • Copy of identity proof such as Aadhaar card, PAN card, Voter ID, driving license, etc.
    • Copy of address proof document such as Aadhaar card, PAN card, Voter ID, driving license. The proof should have the applicant’s current address to become valid.
    • A passport size photograph of the applicant
    • Duly filled-in and signed-in application form

    How To Apply For Kisan Credit Card Online?

    Some banks offering Kisan Credit Cards allow you to apply online through their official websites. Follow the below mentioned steps to apply for Kisan Credit Cards online.

    • Steps to apply for Kisan Credit Card online
      • Visit the official bank website
      • Choose a Kisan Credit Card
      • Click on ‘Apply’ button
      • You will be redirected to online application page
      • Fill required fields with accurate details before clicking on ‘Submit’

    Once the application is submitted, the system will generate an application reference number. Make a note of the same and use it for all future queries.

    If your profile is eligible for the applied card, the bank will call you in 3-4 working days and will let you know further steps in the application process. You will be informed about the documents required to process the application and an appointment will be scheduled for document collection.

    Once the documents are picked-up along with the application form, the bank will process your credit card in next 7-10 working days. You will receive an acknowledgement slip on which you can find the application number. You can use the number to track your credit card application status online.

    Insurance under Kisan Credit Card Scheme:

    There is a personal accident insurance cover for farmers who have a Kisan Credit Card, as soon as the customer avails the scheme. The individual gets a personal accident cover of Rs. 50,000 in the event of death and Rs. 25,000 in case of disability. In order to be eligible to avail this insurance cover, the customer should not be above 70 years of age at the time of obtaining the Kisan Credit Card.

    Kisan Credit Cards offered by Different banks: A Brief Comparison

    Banks Credit Limit Maximum Tenure Insurance Coverage
    Axis Bank Credit limit up to Rs. 250 lakhs 5 years up to Rs. 50,000/-
    Bank of India 25% of the farmer’s gross estimated income, or a maximum of Rs.50,000/ Credit upto Rs.10 lakhs can be offered to a farmer for extended period of 12 months N/A
    State Bank of India Short term credit limit is fixed for the first year depending upon the crops cultivated as per proposed cropping pattern & scale of finance 12 months for long term crops Personal Accident Insurance Scheme (PAIS), Asset insurance and Crop insurance is covered by the scheme.
    Indian Overseas Bank (IOB) Credit Limit is based on the scale of finance, cropping pattern and the extent of cultivation. 5 years N/A

    Kisan Credit Card FAQs:

    1. How does a bank determine the credit limit on a Kisan Credit Card?
    2. The credit limit offered on a Kisan Credit Card for the initial year is based on:

        • The cultivation of crops according to the scale of finance and cropping pattern that was proposed.
        • household / post-harvest consumption requirements
        • Expenses related to the maintenance of crop insurance, farm assets, Asset insurance and Personal Accident Insurance Scheme (PAIS).
      • What are some of the waivers offered on Kisan Credit Cards?
        • Waiver on Processing fees on a Kisan credit card limit of maximum Rs.3 lacs.
        • Waiver of Collateral security for
        • a limit of maximum Rs.1 lac
        • Maximum Rs.3 lacs for loans which have a tie-up arrangement for recovery.
      • Is revolving credit facility available on a Kisan Credit Card?

      Yes, revolving cash credit facility is available on a Kisan Credit Card, with any number of withdrawals, repayments, etc. made within the limit.

    3. What is the premium payable on the personal accident insurance scheme offered by KCC?

    Generally, the premium payable on personal accident insurance scheme for a year is Rs.15/-, and for 3 years the premium to be paid is Rs.45/-

    Kisan Credit Card Reviews

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