State Bank of India is a government-owned corporation which was, until 1955, known as the Imperial Bank of India. The Government of India holds 58.6% shares in SBI and the remainder is divided amongst other shareholders. One among them is Life Insurance Corporation of India which is not a promoter for SBI but still holds 14.99% shares in the bank.
With over 14,000 branches spread across India, SBI has a massive domestic presence which keeps increasing as it acquires more state banks. State Bank of India also has more than 150 branches in over 30 countries and can be found in cities like Ramat Gan, Toronto, Moscow, Frankfurt, Colombo, Tehran, Hong Kong, London, Johannesburg, Los Angeles and even Sydney.
The bank started out with 8 subsidiary banks but now, after 3 were absorbed into SBI, it is left with only 5 which are State Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur, State Bank of Hyderabad, State Bank of Mysore, State Bank of Patiala and State Bank of Travancore. Apart from its banking subsidiaries, SBI also has non-banking subsidiaries which are:
SBI offers some of the most sought after FD schemes in the country with features and interest rates that are very competitive and make for some of the best savings solutions vis-a-vis its peers. Under its numerous fixed deposit schemes, the bank reaches out to different investors with differing financial needs. These FD schemes serve to compound earnings on a depositors savings or create a source of income for those in need of regular funds without eroding capital investments. They are also preferred products owing to the banks superior customer service.
Any individual, private or public limited company, Hindu Unified Family, trust, partnership firm or society is eligible to open a fixed deposit account with SBI. In the case of individuals, the terms and procedure for opening a fixed deposit account with SBI is the same as that for the savings account.
SBI has plenty of schemes to choose from when it comes to picking a term deposit that is ideal for your personal needs. Some of these are:
Under this scheme, any individual who is a resident of India or is the Karta for a HUF and has a PAN number can apply for a term deposit. The minimum deposit amount is ₹ 1,000 and the maximum amount in a year is ₹ 1.5 lakhs. The minimum period is 5 years and the maximum 10 years. The interest paid is 8.25% and in case of senior citizens, its 8.5% since senior citizens get 0.25% extra interest. The deposit, under this plan, cannot be terminated before the initial 5 year period is over.
In the Reinvestment Scheme the deposit can be made for a minimum of 6 months to a maximum of 10 years. The interest paid is compounded and paid when the term deposit matures. In case the amount deposited is less than ₹ 15 lakhs, any premature withdrawals will attract a penalty of 0.50% per annum provided the deposit has been with the bank for a minimum of 7 days. No penalty charges will be applicable for amounts in excess of ₹ 15 lakhs.
These term deposits offer overdraft facilities and must be opened in combination with a savings bank account. The minimum amount for such a deposit is ₹ 10,000 and the time periods for them range from 1 year to 5 years. Withdrawals from this deposit can be done in multiples of ₹ 1,000 via cheques.
These term deposits feature facilities like minimum monthly deposits of ₹ 100 with no upper limits and provide overdraft and loan facilities of up 90% of the deposited amount. They can be opened for periods ranging from 1 year to 10 years and also provide for premature withdrawal. Non-payment of monthly deposit will attract penalties.
Under this scheme a person can deposit a lump sum and start receiving equated monthly instalments of the amount deposited and the interest on the reducing amount, which starts a month after the deposit is made. The minimum amount for this scheme is ₹ 25,000 and can be opened for periods of 3, 5, 7 or 10 years.
This scheme is very similar to the Recurring Deposit scheme and offers the opportunity of depositing different amounts instead of one fixed amount. The minimum amount that can be deposited in a year is ₹ 5,000 and can be made anytime during a month with no limit on the number of deposits each month. The period such a deposit can be made for ranges from 5 to 7 years.
The State Bank of India has no limit on the amount a person can invest in a fixed deposit with them.
The minimum and maximum periods for funds to be held with SBI vary with the scheme that you choose. As such the minimum period is 7 days and the maximum period is 10 years. The minimum and maximum periods for each of their schemes are:
To open a fixed deposit with SBI you will need to fill out the KYC form and provide and identity and address proof. You may also need someone to introduce you to the bank. In most cases you need not have an account or a past relationship with SBI but in case you are going in for the SBI MODS scheme you will need to open a savings bank account as well.
The interest rates offered by SBI vary according to the duration of the deposit. It can be anything from 5% to 8.5% per annum. In case the depositor is a senior citizen then they are eligible to receive an extra interest of 0.25% over the offered interest rate but the eligibility for this special interest rate calls for the person to be above 60 years of age and a resident of India. This special interest is also applicable only on fixed deposits made for durations of 1 year or more.
Yes, SBI does offer tax saver fixed deposits. It is called the SBI Tax Savings Scheme, 2006 under which you can deposit up to ₹ 1.5 lakhs each year and claim tax benefits under section 80C. However, these deposits have a lock-in period of 5 years.
Yes, interest earned on term deposit accounts with SBI are taxable and the tax will be deducted at source according to provisions of the Income Tax Act unless the depositor has furnished forms 15G and 15H; in which case no tax will be deducted at source. The tax deducted will be deducted according to the relevant income tax rates when the account holder files his/her returns at the end of the financial year.
Since SBI offers such a wide variety of fixed deposit schemes to pick from, the features are also varied. The features you may expect to see associated with SBI fixed deposits may be:
Yes, some of the fixed deposit schemes offered by SBI allow you to take loans against the amount deposited. However, the amount may vary from scheme to scheme. If you have gone in for a Reinvestment Plan or a Recurring Deposit then you can take a loan of up to 90% of the deposited amount, but if you have taken an Annuity Deposit Scheme then you can take a loan of up to 75%. Even with the SBI Flexi Deposit Scheme you can take a loan against the amount deposited.
Yes. If you are a senior citizen or a pensioner above the age of 60 years and are opening a fixed deposit for a term longer than 1 year then you are entitled to receive 0.25% extra interest over the prescribed interest rate for the selected time period.
Yes. You can take a credit card against a fixed deposit with State Bank of India. These secured credit cards afford you a credit limit in line with the funds held under the related FD scheme. The credit limit is usually a lower percentage than that of the total funds held but for certain deserving customers, it may go up to 100%. In case of defaults regarding payments on this card, dues will be adjusted against funds held in the FD.
In the case of domestic deposits, if the fixed deposit is opened under the SBI Tax Savings Scheme, 2006, then premature withdrawals will not be possible before the lock-in period of 5 years is completed. For all other schemes premature withdrawals will be permitted. If the deposit if of less than Rs. 5 lakhs then there is no penalty charged for premature withdrawals provided the deposit was with the bank for at least 7 days. For all other deposits of less than Rs. 1 crore a penalty of the reduction of the interest rate by 1% will be applicable. However, if you are a part of the SBI staff or have opened a pensioner deposit than you will be exempt from paying any penalties for premature withdrawals.
For NRE and FCNR deposits, if the premature withdrawal happens within the first year of opening the deposit than no interest will be paid. In some cases a penalty may be applied on premature withdrawals which will be a reduction of the interest rate by 0.5% to 1%.
Yes, NRIs can open fixed deposits with SBI. The can either open NRE, NRO or FCNR deposits. NRE and NRO deposits will be held in rupees while the FCNR deposit can be opened in foreign currencies.
With NRO term deposits, you can earn interest based on the duration of the deposit and the category your deposits falls under (less than Rs. 1 crore and more that Rs. 1 crore). The duration of these deposits can range from 7 days to 10 years and the interest will range from 6% per annum to 8.25% per annum based on the duration of the FD.
NRE deposits can be opened for a minimum of 1 year and a maximum of 5 years and the interest you can earn will range from 8% per annum to 8.5% per annum.
In the case of FCNR deposits, you will be able to open these deposits in USD, GBP, Euro, CAD, AUD and JPY. The duration of these deposits can be a minimum of 1 year and a maximum of 5 years and the interest earned will depend on the currency you open the account in.
An SBI fixed deposit account can be closed online without any hassles in a matter of minutes. To close the account online, one must have an active internet banking ID and password.
How to close an SBI FD
Please note that once the ‘Confirm’ option is chosen, the account will be closed. One cannot go back after choosing this option.
Ever since September last year, the State Bank of India has been lowering its lending rates in accordance with the cut in the repo rates by the Reserve Bank of India. SBI has always been among the first few of the banks which pass on the benefits of reduced rates to their borrowers. Currently, the base rate of SBI stands at 9.7%, one of the least in the banking sector.
While some banks have reported that more cuts in their rates could be expected before the policy review this September, SBI has mentioned that all rates from January have been already transmitted and if the cost of deposits fall, the bank will reconsider its rates.
There has always been a lag for the rate cuts imposed by RBI to show up in the rates of banks. It stands to reason that banks also have to look at how beneficial their deposits actually are, in order to decide how smoothly the rate cuts can be passed on. Since only fresh deposits get the reduced rates, the existing deposits could take two quarters to actually benefit the bank.
With the borrowers shifting their funds increasingly from CASA to Fixed Deposits, SBI’s benefits have been thin from the deposit sectors.
6th August, 2015
In a bid to enhance its digital offerings, SBI now provides overdraft against fixed deposits to its online segment customers. The quantum of loan allowable will be up to 90% of the funds held in the customer’s FD account.
This facility is currently available to customers through SBI’s branches. However, customers can now access it instantly, online as well thereby eliminating the need to be present at a branch. This facility is available to customers via Internet Banking on SBI’s web portal.
SBI is soon to also launch this service on its mobile app State Bank Anywhere.
20th May 2015