LPG or Liquefied Petroleum Gas is one of the most versatile of substances. From powering vehicles to being used as a cooking gas in homes as well as commercially, it has myriad uses. LPG is made using a mix of petroleum products such as butane and propane and is usually found in a gaseous state. It is stored in pressurised containers for most purposes.
Key Uses of LPG:
LPG is used for a number of purposes, some of which are mentioned below:
- As a fuel replacement for petrol and diesel
- Industrial use- cutting glass, confectionery industry, steel industry
What Makes LPG the Most Favoured Cooking Fuel?
LPG is favoured as a source of fuel for a number of reasons, with one of the main reasons being it is non-toxic when burned. It is also easy to transport in pressurised containers and does not release soot when burned, making it ideal for an enclosed cooking space.
LPG does not have any harmful effects on the environment, making it a good cooking fuel source and alternative to traditional cooking fuel like coal or wood.
Major LPG Cylinder Providers
There are three major LPG cylinder providers, all of which are state run companies. They are as follows:
Indane Gas (Run by Indian Oil Corporation)
If you are looking to get a gas connection for your house, one of the choices you will have is to take it from Indane. The Indane gas connection is available to everyone and even participates in various government schemes to provide subsidised gas connections to those who qualify for them. The registration for this connection can be done online and they even allow customers to book cylinders and refills over the internet, via the phone or using mobile applications. The connection is also transferable and can be transferred to different locations within a city or even outside it. Read on to know more about Indane gas connection.
Bharat Gas (Run by Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited)
Bharat Gas is another company that provides gas connections to domestic use in India. The company has even provided its customers with an online portal that can be used to apply for a new connection along with the traditional offline methods as well. To get a new connection, customers are expected to provide certain document that determine if they are eligible for any subsidies or not. The connection is also transferable to any part of the country and is available to everyone. There are however, certain procedures that need to be followed while applying for a transfer or a new connection. Read on to know more about Bharat Gas Connection
HP Gas (Run by Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited)
HP or Hindustan Petroleum, is one of the many companies in India that provides people with gas connections. The connections themselves are available to everyone in the country and are also eligible for subsidies provided by the government, should the applicant prove to be eligible for it. As with other gas connections, HP gas connections can be transferred from one place to another within a city and across the country as well. To apply for a new gas connection or to transfer an existing connection, there are some formalities that will have to be completed. Read on to know more about HP Gas Connection procedures and formalities.
In addition to these, there are some smaller private companies that also provide LPG, such as Total Gas, Super Gas among others.
Complete Guide on Booking an LPG Cylinder
For those looking at acquiring an LPG cylinder for their homes, the process has been simplified and streamlined. All LPG cylinders are sourced through the 3 government-owned gas companies, namely Bharat Petroleum (BPCL), Hindustan Petroleum (HPCL) and Indian Oil Corporation.
These three networks supply LPG to households across the country through their large distributorship networks.
While PLG is a very environment-friendly fuel, it is subject to the vagaries of the fuel price, with the market rate for an LPG cylinder quite high. The LPG suppliers in India subsidize the cylinders for households, providing 12 subsidized cylinders every year. Balance cylinders applied for by the consumer would be charged at the market rate.
To receive an LPG cylinder, a consumer would first have to submit an application to any of the three LPG suppliers. The application process can be completed either offline or online, depending on the customer’s convenience.
Those who wish to register for an LPG connection offline can simple visit one of the distributorships in their locality and collect the application form. The same form is to be filled in and submitted to the same distributorship along with identity and address proof documentation. This is to ensure that each household receives only one LPG connection and to regulate the number of LPG cylinders in the market.
Once the application has been processed and is accepted, the consumer will receive a notification regarding the same and will receive the first cylinder.
Subsequent cylinders can be booked through IVRS, SMS or online.
Book an LPG Connection from the Comfort of Your Home
With the online LPG registration and booking facilities, now consumers can book a gas cylinder or register for the LPG service without leaving their home.
As a consumer, all you have to do is visit the website of the LPG provider whose service you wish to opt for and follow the instructions to register for a new connection.
Consumers will have to register themselves on the portal and fill in the online form. The initial payment can also be made online, and the consumer will be notified by email/SMS when the application is accepted.
Documentation Required for Getting a New LPG Connection
When applying for a new LPG connection, consumers have to submit a set of documents along with their application form. The documents to be submitted are mentioned below:
- Proof of identity documents:
- PAN card
- Aadhaar card
- Driving licence
- Government issued photo ID
- Proof of address documents:
- Driver’s licence
- Ration card
- Aadhaar card
- House registration document
- Recent utility bills (electricity/telephone/water bill)
- Bank passbook
- Credit or debit card statement)
- Passport sized photographs
Any one of the following documents can be used as proof of identity for obtaining a gas connection:
Any one of the following documents can be submitted as proof of address for obtaining a new gas connection:
Best Ways Consumers Can Submit Their Documents
LPG consumers can submit their documents in a number of different ways, such as:
- Uploading the documents on the respective LPG supplier’s website when filling out the new connection application
- Submitting the documents to the LPG distributor in person
Cost of an LPG Connection
Consumers who are registering for a new LPG connection will be required to pay not just for the LPG cylinder but also for the regulator as well as the processing fees. Consumers have to pay a refundable deposit of Rs. 1450 for a 14.2 kg cylinder, except for the 7 states that make up North east India.
They will also have to pay Rs. 1500 for the regulator and an additional Rs. 150 – Rs. 190 for the pressure valve, depending on the LPG supplier.
For consumers who are looking at buying a 5 kg cylinder, the security deposit amount for the cylinder would be Rs. 350.
The cost for installation by a mechanic would cost Rs. 75 per visit, with one mandatory visit every 2 years.
New LPG Connection Eligibility
Every household, both urban and rural, are eligible for an LPG connection. Every household can have only one connection from either Bharat Gas/HP Gas/ Indane Gas for personal use. Establishments such as restaurants and industry have different eligibility criteria that are subject to government rules.
How to Refill an LPG Cylinder
Consumers who have an LPG connection are allowed to have a maximum of 1 cylinder in use and one spare cylinder with them at any point of time. Once a cylinder has been exhausted, the consumer will have to book another cylinder by either calling on the LPG provider’s number through the IVRS system or sending an SMS.
A gas cylinder can also be booked online by visiting the gas company’s website and making a booking. The consumer will have to sign in to the website with his/her user ID and consumer number and follow the instructions provided.
Consumers can also choose to visit the gas agency from where they receive their LPG cylinders and book a cylinder in person.
The gas companies have recently started a mobile app through which a new cylinder can be booked, with the consumer allowed to choose the date the cylinder would be delivered to their home.
Linking Aadhaar With Gas Connection
In an effort to regulate the number of LPG connections and keep a tab on the subsidized cylinders in the market, the government is urging consumers to link their Aadhaar cards to their LPG connections. Consumers will have to link their Aadhaar card to their bank account. After this, they will have to link the Aadhaar card to their LPG connection. By linking the two, consumers will receive the subsidy amount directly into their bank accounts.
This is being done to make it easier for consumers to receive their subsidy directly into their bank accounts. It also helps the government identify the usage of each household and ensure there is no selling of subsidized cylinders in black.
Applying for a Gas Connection With an Aadhaar Card
When it comes to cooking at home, there really is no better fuel for the job than LPG. However you need to first get yourself a connection before you can start using it. If you don’t wish to take a proper gas connection, you might approach private sellers for gas cylinders but that can get ridiculously expensive. Should you decide to take the connection you could take advantage of lower prices and participate in government schemes related to distribution and sale of cylinders. However, in order to take advantage of the subsidy, you are often asked to have an Aadhaar card.
What you should know is that not having an aadhaar card does not mean that you will not be allowed to take a gas connection or take advantage of government schemes. You will still be able to do both and you can even do it using your bank details. There are many methods, both online and offline, made available to you to apply for gas connections. They range from handing over applications to certified deals along with bank details to applying for connection online.
Why You Need to Be Careful With LPG
While LPG is a fuel that works better than many other sources of energy, there are certain things that one needs to be careful about when dealing with it. The fuel has been used to cook at home and to power vehicles which we use to get around on a daily basis. All of this is possible because LPG burns in a more efficient and clean way than things like petrol, wood or kerosene. The problem however is that with its efficiency come certain dangers like it being rather explosive if not burned in a contained environment. Most accidents involving LPG can take place due to a neglect of proper safety procedures being followed while handling the gas.
So what are these safety measures? There are many and some of them are specific to the environment that it is being used in. For example, if LPG is being used in a house for the purpose of cooking then you need to ensure that the kitchen is well ventilated and that you don’t leave the cooking unattended. You also need to make sure that the stove, pipes and regulators are maintained properly so as to reduce the risk of the gas leaking.
Read on to know more about LPG Safety Tips
Modi Government Manages 4 Crore LPG Connections
Speaking at a programme held to celebrate India’s 70 years of Independence, the Minister of State for Minority Affairs, Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi said that Modi stands for uplifting the poor of the country and aims to bring about Unity.
According to Naqvi, Modi is adopting the policies of two of India’s notable leaders such as Sardar Patel’s cause of unity and Mahatma Gandhi’s cause of uplifting the poor. Naqvi said that Modi’s intentions were clear with the success of the Jhan Dhan Yojana wherein 22 Crore, 65 Lakh bank accounts have been opened and social security granted for over 13 Crore people. Taking a cue from historical records, Naqvi also said that in 60 years of independence, Indian government was able to provide 14 crore people with LPG connections but under the Modi government alone in 60 weeks, over 4 Crore LPG connections have been given out.
20th August 2016
Essar Oil keen on Distributing Subsidized LPG After Reliance
Essar Oil wants to follow in the footsteps of Reliance and provide subsidized cooking gas, if the government allows this . This company plans to enter the domestic cooking gas market along with the distribution segment and expects to expand by 60% in a period of three years.The government has also set a target for all state firms to enroll at least 10 crore new consumers. However, it has not been confirmed if the company has written to the government asking for permission.
Reliance Industries has already written to the government regarding this and argues that every customer should be treated on par and that the present practice of limiting the subsidy to customers of state firms be removed. In order for this to occur, the government may have to transfer subsidies directly into the bank account’s of the customers. Currently, companies first procure the full price from consumers and then transfer the subsidies after a few days.
15th August, 2016
Sustained Price Hikes of LPG Can Help the Government Save Crores
By increasing the subsidized price of LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas) or cooking gas by Rs.1.95 for each cylinder every month until 2017, the Indian government can save around Rs.2,000 crores if the price hike is sustained at the present level. IOC, BPCL and HPCL had increased their price of LPG by Rs.1.93 for each cylinder recently. After the increase in rate, one domestic cooking gas cylinder in Delhi costs Rs.423.09. Reduction in subsidy (includes DBTL), GiveItUp campaign and termination of fake gas connections have resulted in savings worth Rs.21, 200 crore as per government data in the previous 2 years. A sustained hike in LPG rates will also help Oil Marketing Companies in the long term if the price of crude oil goes beyond $65 for each barrel.
4th August 2016
LPG Subsidy Being Removed By Modi Government by Stealth
After kerosene and diesel, the subsidy on LPG is being taken out in small steps. Taking a cue from the previous government led by UPA, the Modi government has increased the prices of domestic and subsidised LPG refills by an amount of Rs.2 for the second consecutive month in order to move towards a market determining price of fuel.
In Delhi, the price of subsidised cooking gas was Rs.432.09 per refill as compared to Rs.421.16 that was the price in July. This rise in price, however, has not been acknowledged by the petroleum or any other depart,emt of the government. Thanks to the direct benefit transfer scheme, a number of bogus connections have been removed and a number of people have also voluntarily given up their subsidy.
2nd August 2016
LPG Consumer Helplines Are Quite Busy
LPG or Liquified Petroleum Gas consumers are having a lot of problems over the last three months as the number of complaints by the consumers is a lot more in the last three months as compared to the first three months of this year. According to data by petroleum companies, they have received over 632 complaints between January and March this year as compared to 840 complaints between April and June. The rise in complaints only talks about the poor service by petroleum companies in case of LPG. There weren’t these many issues when it was in the control of the government.
31st July 2016
Accidental Insurance Can Be Claimed By Gas Conection Holders
A viral message has claimed that an individual will be eligible for Rs.30 lacs worth of insurance in case of his / her death or injury owing to an accident caused by gas cylinders. Petroleum companies are allegedly compelled to ensure that their subscribers are insured against accidents. If an individual dies due to a gas cylinder accident, the family of the victim will get Rs.6 lacs in compensation, while an individual injured by an accident related to gas cylinders can claim Rs.2 lacs for treatment. However, to claim the insurance, the accident has to have taken place at the individual’s registered residential address.
14th July 2016
Imphal - Consumers Must Submit Aadhaar to Get LPG Subsidy
Since July 1st, LPG subsidies have been transferred to the consumer's’ bank accounts, according to the IOC’s Imphal Division Retail Sales Office. The LPG consumers in Imphal amount to about 3.26 lakh. Only about 70% of this number have provided their Aadhaar information. In the past, all LPG consumers who submitted their bank account details were provided with subsidy even if the Aadhaar number was not submitted. But this will now be withdrawn. Consumers are required to submit their Aadhaar numbers to their LPG distributor or they will not qualify for the subsidy. These consumers will be kept on hold till September 30th, after which any accumulated subsidy will lapse. In Imphal, out of the total households, only around 58.8% get LPG cooking gas.
13th July 2016
Oil Companies Stuck Over LPG Eligibility for Govt Scheme
The three major oil companies are in a fix due to the vague eligibility criteria for disbursal of LPG connections under the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana scheme. The scheme provides for free LPG connections for households that are below the poverty line.
While the scheme allows for provision of gas connections for these households, it does not specify what is to be done if the houses are ‘kaccha’ houses.
The aim of the scheme is to provide a clean and safe cooking fuel to households who are unable to afford LPG due to its high cost and thus use unsafe fuels such as wood.
Officials from the companies have categorically stated that they will not sanction any connections where the gas cylinder and the stove are side-by-side as it poses a safety hazard. As of now, the companies have reported that they have not come across applications that could be rejected due to the safety issues after inspection of the properties.
11th July 2016
Subsidy Withdrawal Forces LPG Prices up By Rs.14 in Assam
The government of Assam has backed out of the Rs.14 partial subsidy on domestic LPG cylinders and increased the rate of petrol by 76 paise per litre. The price of diesel was increased by Rs.1.67 per litre. Value Added Tax has also been increased to 6% from 5% on 127 different household goods. A Gazette notification revealed that “the partial exemption granted to oil companies on sale of LPG for domestic use within Assam” has been withdrawn from immediate effect. Ravi Kota, the Commissioner and Secretary of Finance of Assam revealed that the subsidy withdrawal will result in a rise in rates of LPG cylinders by Rs.14 each.
6th July 2016
Forest Department In Udaipur Handing Out Gas Connections
In a bid to save the forests in Udaipur, the forest department has changed its approach and is now encouraging local villages to switch to LPG as a medium for cooking. To make this happen the forest department has gotten itself a grant of up to Rs.1,800 per person and has also encouraged LPG companies to approach these villages. The companies then educate and convince the residents of the village into switching over to LPG instead of wood as a source of fuel. The companies are also providing the residents with the gas connections to help the forest department out.
20th June 2016
Distribution of LPG connection to Women Under Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana
Women from BPL families received 25 LPG connections from the Minister of Uttar Pradesh for Petroleum and Gas Shri Dharmendra Pradhan today launched Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana at Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh. Prime Minister Narendra Modi had launched the PMUY scheme in May 2016 to provide 5 crore LPG connections to the Below Poverty Line Families. The scheme has been launched in the states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan & Uttarakhand, marking another step in the direction of providing LPG connections to over 5 crore Below Poverty Line (BPL) families.
11th June 2016