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Despite the various upgrades in technology and greener ideas across the Globe, rate of poverty has not declined, of multiple efforts in countries that have 3 billion strong demographic of living below the poverty line. This accounts for 50% of the population. But higher or middle urban dwellers in South Asian countries, such as India are not are unable to foresee, what hits them financially considering that we generally do not understand the repercussions of poverty in our lives. While this has been finally noticed by the Indian Government, it is a particular scheme that takes limelight to make it better for homeless people in India.
Some of the main facts that one should be aware of, is that the slum or homeless populations are growing at 34% and are expected to reach a whopping 18 million soon. Also, there are 2 million non-slum poor in urban cities that also need a home. While, our Prime Minister is no Sunny Deol to fight physically for the poor or fight the rich by throwing their exploding cars into the air, Shri Narendra Modi has come up with the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, which is a housing project for the 20 million people we just discussed earlier.
If this scheme does work, it would at least help to reduce India's major contribution with one of the highest homeless populations in the World. This scheme which seems more realistic and closer to Detective Feluda's 'Mogojasthro' (cognitive weapon) than Sunny Deol's 'Dhaii Kilo Ka Haath' might be something that has some true potential or is an ambitious project with little effectiveness, only time will say. However, to start with, let us take a closer look at the scheme. It would also improve the quality of life for urban people, regardless of their income groups. Also, it is essential to understand that the plans for rural and urban PMAY are different in many ways. But it is essential to know the body that manages and administers this Government scheme.
Under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY), the main proposal was to constrict 20 million homes for the those people belonging to the Low Income Families and Economically Weaker Sections in the identified urban and semi urban areas by 2022. The central government has already pushed the subsidy of INR 2 lakh crores for this. Housing for all 2022 has mainly four categories, which are:
As per these components, government aid will be an amount between INR 1 lakh and INR 2.30 lakhs based on the beneficiary's eligibility.
On 2nd January, 2017, Narendra Modi, the Prime Minister of India, doubled the loan amount under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) that is eligible for interest subsidy for urban areas.
The government will now provide the following under this scheme:
Apart from the above, the government will create 2 new middle income categories in urban areas under PMAY.
Home loan interest rate is around 9% at present. So, if 4% interest subsidy on a loan of up to Rs.9 Lakhs is applied, then the E.I.R (Effective Interest Rate) would be 5%, which will benefit the borrowers.
This is the rural project under PMAY which is set to target to create a crore houses in the rural regions of the country as an effort to provide better housing for people living in isolation and in villages under Panchayats. While the urban projects are already in action considering that the validation and selection of beneficiaries have already been completed as of September 2016, there are is perhaps a larger need of housing in the rural areas as well. The Gramin Yojana under PMAY has been hence devised to be able to cater to the people who live or reside in the rural areas of India. Now, this is more recent but has received much importance considering that agriculture is still largely the biggest industry in India and a lot people in India are hence populated in rural areas as well. But most people do not receive enough aid for housing, residing in kaccha houses made of mud or clay which is not safe when these regions face floods, drought, tornadoes or even bad weather, hence the Gramin Yojana was devised by the current Indian Government.
The rural section of PMAY is known as the Gramin and is dedicated to serve the housing developments of the rural parts of the country. Most of the union territories and states ate intended to be covered under this scheme and the project. Based on archives and records of the Ministry of Housing, under the Govt. of India, the current government has made thorough analysis that the number of housing units necessary for the project to successful provide housing for people in the rural areas is a crore. While the number is nothing as compared to actually the cost in the project, it will definitely be challenging over the point beyond of simply financing. These are going to be sanctioned houses, which will be constructed only for the people or families residing in the rural areas, since there is already an urban plan that is independant of this project.
Gramin PMAY will cost the Government approximately Rs. 81,975 crore which has been sanctioned so far. Though this is almost two-thirds of the funds that is being utilized for urban PMAY the entire funds will be required to be used only for building pucca houses for all the people living in the rural areas. It will also be utilized for construction as well as developing housing facilities for the people residing in the most remote villages and areas of the country whether it is the Himalayas or the Andamans. It is essential to note that based on information available so far the cost of the whole project will be shared between the concerned State Government as well as the Central Government.
Though the project is supposed to cover ideally all the villages across the country and provide appropriate housing requirement in these areas, the two union territories namely Delhi NCR and Chandigarh will not get any coverage from this scheme. This is mainly because of the fact that most of the area is covered by urban dwellers and hence being dealt with appropriately. Once all the villages have been covered, work will be started on these two cities because they already get aid from the Government in terms of housing finance.
The central government had sanctioned Rs. 1 lakh for each housing unit being built, initially. However, with higher developmental requirements the new sanctioned amount for each housing unit has been sanctioned to Rs. 1.2 lakhs. For the villages that are situated in hilly or remote areas such as deserts, this sanctioned amount has been revised to be Rs. 1.3 lakh. These amounts are direct subsidies provided by the government and the funds will be shared in terms of expenditure, by both the central government and the state government as mentioned before.
Based on reports released by the Central Government, an additional expenditure of Rs. 21,975 crore will be required for the houses in the rural areas under the Gramin Awas Yojana. But this extra financial costs will be covered through some other source, considering the rest of the costs is already being shared by the Central and State Government. This excess amount is said to be set to be borrowed from National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD). This borrowed amount will then be paid off after the budget has been finalised for the year 2022.
The earlier government conducted a special census in the year 2011 across the country. The census was called the Socio Economic and Caste Census of 2011 (SECC 2011). The goal of this census was to determine and hence draft a list of all the socially and economically backward people in the country. The SECC census is going to be utilized to identify and select the list of beneficiaries under the Gramin plan of the PMAY. The village panchayats along with tehsils will also be considered for consultation of beneficiaries before making the list under the rural housing scheme. This is going to be done in order to ensure transparency of the project and also make sure that only the deserving receive the aid in housing
Based on recent estimates, as of September 2016, the population of the urban dwellers in India increased at an alarming rate and is expected to see a greater rate of growth in the following years. It is said that by 2050, urban dwelling population will rise to 814 million people. The calculation predicted is almost twice the number that already reside in urban areas. The major challenges also include providing people with housing options that are affordable and other major related concerns such as sanitation along with sustainable development. The Ministry also has to ensure a sustainable and safe environment for the urban population.
The EMI calculated will be significantly low under this scheme as the current home loan rate is 10.50% but will be reduced down to a whopping 6.5%, as mentioned earlier. Based on this interest rate the monthly installment payable for this loan, let's say of Rs. 6 lakh for a term of 15 years would come to approximately Rs. 6,632. But the revised rates will allow a higher reduction which will reduce it to EMI of Rs. 4050 at 6.5%. So, people get to benefit a lowering of one-third of what they were paying earlier, which is Rs. 2000. There are 4 aspects of the subsidies:
The following demographics are eligible for the scheme:
Further Reading: Check Home Loan Eligibility .
Here is how the scheme will be played out in 3 phases:
Phase 1: It was expected to start by 2015. 100 cities across the country are targeted and the list can be found in the application form. This phase is supposed to end in March 2017. The cities under this scheme are expected to enjoy affordable housing under the scheme based on the PMAY objectives.
Phase 2: It should ideally start by April 2017 targeting 200 cities in the country and end by March 2017. The objectives remain the same.
Phase 3: The concluding phase will last for 3 years but with the target of all the remaining cities under the scheme. The phase is expected to begin in 2019 and end by March 2022.
The beneficiary of this scheme is defined as the following:
Income Requirements of the Beneficiary for PMAY: The economically weaker sections consist of families with a yearly income of less than 3 lakhs. People who belong to annual income group of Rs. 3 lakhs and up to Rs. 6 lakhs will fall under lower income groups or LIG.
This scheme, as the name suggests is made for people who live in urbanized areas and regions, towns, cities and metropolitans. However, there is another plan following this part.
The Mission or scheme was implemented, starting in 2015 and will continue till 2022. The scheme will directly assist the Urban Local Bodies a.k.a. ULBs as well as other organizations and agencies across union territories and states in the country for 4 basic ideologies or efforts of PMAY which include:
Recently, the Government has proposed a plan to transfer approximately Rs 1.30 lakh crore for the beneficiaries straight to their accounts of beneficiaries under PMAY. The plan or project is supposed to continue for 3 years constructing 1 crore properties, based on a statement by an official made at a Press meet in September. 60% of these properties are supposed to be made for the homeless along with people not living in pucca houses that mainly are resided by people belonging to the Scheduled cases and scheduled tribe communities as was told to PTI in a statement.
So far, under the urban PMAY and rural all the selection and validation of the beneficiaries have been made. This scheme has now become DBT (direct benefit transfer). As the name suggests the money or fund for each beneficiary would be directly transferred to the bank accounts of the selected and validate beneficiaries in the form of installments, over a span of three years. The total funds that are being used for this project is Rs 1.30 lakh crore which includes both State as well as Central Government shares. As we read earlier, the beneficiaries had to get the funds through their banks. But now funds are receivable in their own bank accounts so that there are less hassles dealing with the bank. The constructions are also supposed to start from September 2016, for some of the projects.
Under the scheme, all the housing will be geo tagged for easier transparency and diversion of the funds. There is even an online software that is being used to make sure that the beneficiary records are made available to the Government as well as the parties concerned with the housing. While the Government intends to ensure all goes well, the main aim is to ensure that people both in urban and rural regions in India have the basic necessity of living in a house or apartment. As of now, over 30,000 masons have been trained under the PMAY based on the local geographical aspects of the region or area.
By careful assessment, contemplation and debate, the government has chosen a list of cities and towns from the following states.
The Center has sanctioned INR 439.22 billion for building 683,724 homes for the urban poor. Yes, this also entails the central aid commitment of INR 100.50 billion allotted three months ago (April 2016).
The Home for All Mission, so as to raise official influx of funds to the housing requirements of poor people from urban ad semi-urban regions will put credit linked subsidy too as a demand. This Credit Linked Subsidy Scheme or CLSS will be offered on housing loans availed by deserving applicants (EWS/LIG) for purchase or construct a house in a residential plot. Recipients of Economically Backward Group and Low Income Sector looking for housing loans from any approved financial institute can get house loan at the rate of 6.5 percent for a loan term of up to 15 years. The overall value of the current interest rebate will be around nine percent. There is a slight hitch though. The CLSS shall be availed only for loan sum up to INR 6 lacs and any amount beyond that will have to be availed at the normal interest rate.
Subsidized rate of interest will be given right away along with the home loan account of recipients via financial institute ending up in easily manageable and less loan EMI. Credit linked subsidy can be availed for home loans taken to construct new homes as well as renovate or extend the place (adding room, kitchen etc.) as incremental home loan. The overall area of the house being built as per this constituent of the House for All Mission must be at least up to 30 to 60 square meters for EWS and LIG in that order to get this sponsorship. The recipient, as per his/ her preference, shall construct a home of bigger area but interest grant would be restricted to first INR 6 lacs. National Housing Bank (NHB) and Housing and Urban Development Corporation (HUDCO) have been recognized as Central Nodal Agencies (CNAs) to direct this funding to banks and financiers for tracking the development of this constituent. Government shall inform other such institutes (like CAN) if they deemed fit. But the recipient can avail the benefit of only one perk as per the rules of this scheme.
ICICI Bank, country's largest private lender, has stepped forward to be a part of this benevolent mission and offered subsidized home loans to those applicants eligible for the scheme. AU Housing Finance Limited is another strong contributor.
More about the Technology Sub-mission Appointed for PMAY Scheme:
The government is leaving no stone unturned to ensure topnotch construction quality as they have selected a highly competitive professionals under the Technology Sub-mission. Their predominant function is to implement up-to-date, ground-breaking and ecofriendly technologies and construction material for quicker completion of the buildings. The Technology Sub-Mission will enable preparing and picking the best layout and plans keeping in mind the geographic and climatic conditions of the city. They will also aid the state government and Municipal Corporations to deploy effective disaster management systems.
The Technology Sub-Mission will coordinate with various regulatory and administrative bodies for mainstreaming and up scaling deployment of modern construction technologies and material in place of conventional construction. The Technology Sub-Mission will also coordinate with other agencies working in green and energy efficient technologies, climate change etc.
Other functions of Technology Sub-Mission:
Simply check whether you are eligible under the scheme and apply by completing the following instructions:
The bank from where the individual is taking the loan will claim the subsidy benefit for the eligible applicants from the National Housing Bank (NHB). The National Housing Bank will then check to investigate whether anyone is making multiple applications under the scheme. Once confirmed, the CLSS or subsidy amount will be given to the borrower's Bank. Once the amount is received, the money would be credited directly to the Loan Account.
Rural India experiences the tragedy of people who cannot afford a sustainable roof over their head which is the majority of the population. The houses that they own own or reside in, instead are sustainable or even appropriate for live leave alone nurturing their growing families. The majority of the people living in rural areas do not have access to suitable financial requirements to build houses that can be sustained. Also home loan facilities, which urban dwellers have easy access to are not available to the. Most banks will not sanction loans to this demographic of the Indian society since they do not have the monetary strength to back or even collaterals or guarantees to protect their interests. If somehow they manage to get help from the local or village money lenders, they are charged with exorbitant interests or worse extorted of all that they have due to their lack of education. The current government has hence come up with a plan to provide villages of each and every state by the name of Gramin, and is intends to ensure the target of 1 crore housing units to people residing in rural regions. Even for urban dwellers, this demographic cannot be ignored considering that the basic needs of man starts with food and clothing, whose resources are obviously obtained from people living in rural India.
Based on information provided by the Central government, this project is supposed to provide housing units and facilities to people living in the rural areas and is supposed to be completed within three years, which means by 2019. The government is set to start their work for the same by 2016 itself which includes the construction of a crore pucca houses for the rural people and hence be completed by 2019. For the urban project the deadline is 2022 but the rural project has to be taken care of, first since the requirement is higher and the urban plans are already in place and being implemented.
One of the biggest challenges in this project is the requirement of time and the target set for work completion which is 2019. While the project has several other challenges to overcome the second most important challenge is the expenditure, which has to be maintained within the given funds sanctioned. Hence to overcome both these challenges as well as do it in the best way possible as intended with major requirements being eco-friendly construction technologies to be used, the current government is going to set up a national level supporting organization to have access to technical support for the whole project. The technical support agnecy would be controlled by the National Technical Support Agency (NTSA). This decision has been made to make sure that the project is being implemented well along with apt allocation of resources to help remove the naturally and manmade discrepancies from the project system.
As mentioned several times earlier the funding has to be shared between both the Central Government and the State Government. This is another challenge in itself. Hence, a basic plan has been set for bearing costs by both the bodies. In regions which are plain and not hilly or remote the central government is set to will bear 60 percent of project cost on a per unit basis under the rural housing scheme and therefore the rest 40 percent is set to be borne by the state government. In the case of North Eastern states as well as remote regions of the country that have been already listed the Government will bear 90 percent of the per unit cost of construction while the remaining 10 percent will be borne by the relevant state government especially north east states.
This ministry under the Indian Government exists with the highest authority when it comes to policy formulation, administrating and implementing support programmers and sponsors. They are also expected to organize and implement various activities under both Central and State Governments along with other nodal authorities and monitor the programmers concerning all the issues of urban employment, poverty and housing in the country. The Ministry was established on May 13, 1952, known earlier as the Ministry of Works, Housing & Supply.
Eventually it was called Ministry of Works & Housing since a new Ministry of Supplies was established. In September 1985 it was renamed hence as the Ministry of Urban Development with the intention to enhance and improve urban issues of importance. On March 8, 1995 an autonomous Department of Urban Employment & Poverty Alleviation was changed to be called Ministry of Urban Affairs & Employment.
The Ministry consisted of 2 separate departments which included Department of Urban Development along with the Department of Urban Employment & Poverty Alleviation. These 2 departments later on April 9, 1999 were merged thereafter to the Ministry of Urban Development. This Ministry however, had a bifurcation and came to be known as Ministry of Urban Development along with the Ministry of Urban Employment and Poverty Alleviation since October 16, 1999. Again these two ministries were merged to be known as Ministry of Urban Development and Poverty Alleviation. But currently it is known as HUPA or Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation.
The other ministries however are involved in the scheme. This is how they have to converge to make the PMAY a success in urban areas:
You still may have some questions, regarding some terms that you may not be familiar with or some queries that you may have about. Here are some of these most commonly asked questions about PMAY and PMAY Gramin:
Yes, this scheme gives priority to women who are running a family within the lower income groups. However, if your husband, father or any other family member that you reside with has applied, your application will be rejected.
You simply need to apply as a senior citizen, since all senior citizens are provided the priority for having access to Ground floor housing. However, ensure that you apply early since the priorities among senior citizens for ground floor is also shared with differently abled beneficiaries as well.
People refer to Direct Benefit Transfer as DBT. This means that the beneficiaries will receive the funds they are expected to receive, in the form of installments, under the scheme, directly in their bank accounts, instead of having to go through random offices and banks. The funds allocated for the rural housing scheme under PMAY will also be sent off to the beneficiaries through direct fund transfer to the bank accounts of the listed and identified beneficiaries. Labour allocation and labour training for the Awas Yojana
The importance of transparency in the whole housing project is essential, right from the scheme rules and regulations being created to the basic requirement of sanitation being implemented in the housing. All of that must be followed, which requires geo tagging, to have all information available for parties involved, whenever needed. Geo tagging, basically means adding metadata to a photograph or map of your home located in the map. It also helps retain updated satellite imagery of the progress of the project. This helps to remotely monitor each unit, without having to be there in person.
The PMAY project is supposed to last until 2022. But, this is the date, which ensures that all the regions in India have beneficiaries, who can avail the scheme. The construction and ultimately the beneficiaries moving in may take longer.
Simply go online, and check for the list of cities in the the first Phase of the PLAY project.
Transgenders often belong to low income groups and economically challenged groups. As long as they also cover all the other eligibility requirements, such as documentation or a single applicant from a family, this demographic will not be ignored by this scheme. However if you are not in the income groups required by the schemes, you will not be eligible for the scheme.
Your annual income should not be more than Rs. 6 lakhs. However, there are no lower limits for the PMAY income requirement.
Eco-friendly projects do not mean that the PMAY constructions will make the ultimate housing price expensive. It only means that it will ensure that the environment is not harmed in anyway. It is essential to ensure that people in the future and that too in the near future do not perish due to environmental hazards, considering that global warming is a real phenomenon and is hitting our country, more than we realize.
These are basically nodal agencies that are identified by the Ministry or Government to function as bodies which implement Credit linked subsidy.
Area enclosed within the walls, actual area to lay the carpet. This area does not include the thickness of the inner walls
The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act enables the Government to hire enough labour for construction of homes under PMAY in the rural regions. The beneficiaries under the P M Awas Yojana will have access to unskilled labour for 90 days through MGNREGA. Already 30,000 masons have been trained for the purpose as of September 2016.
Let us take a look at the equation to quickly understand what FAR means:
Floor Area Ratio = Total covered area on all the floors x 100 divided by Plot area.
However, some cities or towns may have varied definitions. The definitions that have been promoted by the region will be considered under such conditions to remove any sort of confusion.
These agencies comprise of any Urban Local Bodies, Housing Boards, Development Authorities, etc., unlike nodal agencies that have been picked by State Government or SLSMC for the purpose of implementing Housing for PMAY missions.
This term simply ensures the availability of a particular amount that is additional on the built up with respect to the surrendered or relinquished area of land which allows the owner to use an added built up area for himself/herself in some other land.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi had announced the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) on the New Year’s evening. This scheme is named as Credit Linked Subsidy Scheme (CLSS) for Middle Income Group (MIG). It allows induvial in the middle-income group to avail subsidy on home loan interest amount. An individual can avail for as much as 3-4% of subsidy on home loan interest plan under this scheme. An individual can save as much as Rs.2,000 on EMIs. The scheme is applicable for a house, flat, or properties bought on or after 1st of January 2017. This scheme will provide relief to first-time house buyers in the middle-income group. The government is also working with banks and builders to facilitate the subsidy scheme.
10th April 2017
As per the announcement on the 31st December, 2016, Prime Minister Narendra Modi took an initiative of ‘Housing for All’ scheme. Under this Credit Linked Subsidy Scheme (CLSS) for Middle Income Groups (MIG), an individual with annual incomes above Rs.6 lakh and up to Rs.18 lakh per year is eligible for interest subsidy on housing loans under the new CLSS(MIG). The subsidy is provided to borrowers who are buying their first house. The borrower will need to approach the lender in order to take advantage of the subsidy. This subsidy can help the borrower reduce the EMI up to Rs.2000.
5th April 2017
While addressing the nation on the New Year's evening, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had announced various changes for the benefit of the Indian economy. Since then, the government has taken various initiatives including the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, this scheme enables middle-income groups to earn subsidy on home loan interest rates. The scheme offers an interest subsidy of 4 percent on loans up to Rs.9 lakh for individuals with income of Rs.12 lakh per year, and a 3 per cent subsidy on loans up to Rs.12 lakh for income of Rs.18 lakh per year. The Credit Linked Subsidy Scheme for Middle Income Groups - CLSS (MIG) is available for borrowers who are buying their first house with the loan. The scheme is also applicable for the home loans that were taken since 1st of January, 2017. There are speculations that this scheme could lower the regular home loan interest rates in the realty sector.
3rd April 2017
Since the announcement on the New Year's evening by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the government has introduced and implemented various schemes for the benefit of the people in the middle-income group. The Credit Linked Subsidy Scheme for Middle Income Groups – CLSS(MIG) enables the individuals in the middle-income group to avail a subsidy for 3-4% on the home loan interest. This scheme is a part of the 'Housing for All' initiative that is improving the reality sector in India. The government has brought together some of the major reality companies and banks to provide affordable housing to the home loan borrowers. The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana is being implemented in various parts of the country for the loans taken after the 1st of January.
31st March 2017
The ceiling for annual income in Kerala under the Pradhan Mantri Yojana Housing For All-2022 scheme has been raised. According to the new rates, city residents with annual incomes of up to Rs.18 lakh a year can receive an interest subsidy of 3% for home loans up to Rs.12 lakh.Those with an annual income up to Rs.12 lakh a year are eligible for a 4% interest subsidy on housing loans up to Rs.9 lakh. This scheme is in addition to the existing scheme which provides housing loans of up to Rs.6 lakh to city residents with an annual income lower than Rs.6 lakh at 6.5% interest per annum.
The loans will be available for the construction, purchase or renovation of homes and a separate subsidy will be payable to government officials who pay income tax if they choose a loan under the scheme.
23rd March 2017
The Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation has approved construction of 90,095 houses to assist India’s urban poor under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) scheme. The investment for these houses has been Rs.5,590 crore with a central assistance of Rs.1,188 crore. Under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana scheme 16,51,687 houses have been approved for construction with a total investment of Rs.25,819 crore. The PMAY has seen large success throughout the country and has helped many of the poorer sections of society in India by pro[viding them with pucca houses, thereby, improving their living conditions.
7th March 2017
The government is reworking on Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY). Through PMAY, the government aims to provide housing to all by 2022 and solve the housing problem of India’s urban poor. Two changes are currently made to the scheme. First one is related to the people included in the scheme. Initially only the people belonging to LIG (low income group) and EWS (economically weaker section) categories who earn Rs.6 lakhs and Rs.3 lakhs respectively. The government is planning to add two new subsidy slabs, which will include people who earn up to Rs.18 lakhs and Rs.12 lakhs p.a. in the scheme. The second important change is that 30 sq.m limit will be applicable only in 4 metropolitan cities, in the other cities, 60 sq.m limit will be applicable.
14th February 2017
In an effort to increase the number of homes built in rural areas under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) scheme to 33%, the government has decided to provide an interest subvention 3% and 4% for loans of Rs.12 lakh and Rs.9 lakh respectively. The subvention of interest rates by the government is expected to boost the number of homes being built in semi-urban and rural areas by lower income groups. The aim of this move is to make funds more accessible to lower income groups to build homes and is part of the Prime Minister’s vision of Housing for All by 2022.
31st January 2017
Nagaland is set to get 2,422 houses under the central government’s ‘housing for all’ scheme, also known as the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana. The construction of the houses was recently approved by the Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation Ministry.
In the latest series of approvals, the Modi government has approved the construction of 52,319 housing units for the urban poor with the division as follows:
Uttar Pradesh - 11,286 housing units
Madhya Pradesh - 25,097 housing units
Chattisgarh - 8,941 housing units
Maharashtra - 3,805 housing units
Nagaland - 2,422 housing units
Puducherry – 720 housing units
Daman – 48 housing units
The construction would necessitate an investment of Rs.2,946 crore along with central government aid of Rs.778 crore.
So far the HUPA Ministry has sanctioned construction of 13,43,805 housing units for the urban poor under this scheme, requiring investment worth Rs.72,781 crore and central government aid of Rs.19,633 crore.
22nd December 2016
The government has loosened a number of green norms to accommodate extensive construction projects under the ‘housing for all’ scheme.
In a notice issued by the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, it says that projects covering more than 1,50,000 sqm have been exempted from seeking clearance under the prevention of water and air pollution acts. The reason behind this was cited as providing greater ease for doing business with responsibility. Another reason given is aligning permissions for the construction sector.
However, according to Environmental Lawyer Ritwick Dutta, the projects under Indira Awas Yojana, renamed Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojana, providing housing for the economically backward, did not require an Environmental Impact Assessment. EIA was required only for construction over 20,000 sq mt.
As per the new notice, builders would need to follow only the environmental stipulations under bye-laws —9 environmental stipulations for construction projects between 5,000 and 20,000 sq mt; 17 stipulations in 20,000 and 50,000 sq mt range; 20 stipulations for those between 50,000 and 1,50,000 sq mt.
Projects falling within these proportions would only need permission from municipal authorities without needing an EIA or any clearances coming under existing environmental protection laws.
Dutta lamented that in the current times when environmental restrictions on the building sector should be strengthened due to increasing pollution rates, the government decided to completely disregard the protection laws.
15th December 2016