MCLR (marginal cost of funds based lending rate) is the lowest interest rate that a bank or lender can offer. Most banks cannot offer interest rates lower than the marginal cost of funds based lending rate. However, certain exceptions can be made when allowed by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
The MCLR is a reference rate or internal benchmark for the financial institution. Marginal cost of funds based lending rate defines the process used to determine the minimum home loan rate of interest. The MCLR method was introduced in the Indian financial system by the Reserve Bank of India in the year 2016. The MCLR system has replaced the base rate system that was introduced in the year 2010. Thus, renewal of credit limits and sanctioning of loans is done as per MCLR norms.
|Banks||3 years||2 years||1 year||6 months||3 months||1 months||Overnight|
|IDFC First Bank MCLR||9.20%||8.80%||8.40%||8.30%||8.10%||8.05%||8.05%|
|Bank of India MCLR||7.80%||NA||7.35%||7.30%||7.25%||7.20%||6.70%|
|Nainital Bank MCLR||8.10%||7.70%||7.40%||7.25%||7.15%||7.10%||7.10%|
|Jammu and Kashmir Bank MCLR||7.85%||7.80%||7.35%||7.20%||6.90%||6.70%||6.60%|
|Central Bank of India MCLR||NA||NA||7.10%||7.00%||6.85%||6.55%||6.55%|
|Bandhan Bank MCLR||10.86%||10.33%||8.94%||8.46%||8.27%||8.15%||8.08%|
|UCO Bank MCLR||NA||NA||7.30%||7.20%||6.95%||6.85%||6.70%|
|Punjab and Sind Bank MCLR||NA||NA||7.65%||7.55%||7.45%||7.30%||7.15%|
|Bank of Baroda MCLR||NA||NA||7.40%||7.25%||7.15%||7.00%||6.55%|
|Federal Bank MCLR||NA||NA||7.90%||7.85%||7.80%||7.75%||7.65%|
|Standard Chartered MCLR||7.60%||7.25%||6.65%||6.50%||6.50%||6.40%||6.15%|
|IDBI Bank MCLR||8.60%||8.15%||7.80%||7.45%||7.30%||7.25%||7.05%|
|Indian Overseas Bank MCLR||7.45%||7.45%||7.45%||7.40%||7.40%||6.85%||6.85%|
MCLR is closely linked with the repo rate and fund costs of the banks. Thus, if there is a change in the repo rate, it will have an impact on your home loan’s floating rate of interest. If a bank brings down the marginal cost of funds based lending rate, the floating rate of interest associated with your home loan also comes down. This will not be affecting your equated monthly instalments but the tenure of the loan will get impacted.RBI Guidelines About MCLR:
In order to calculate the marginal cost of funds based lending rate, you must consider all the borrowing sources for a bank. A bank borrows from several sources including, fixed deposit, current accounts, savings accounts, etc. The rate of interest in these borrowing sources can be used by you for the calculation of marginal borrowing cost. You must understand that the source of a bank’s funds is not only borrowing, but also the equity (retained or infused earnings). Thus, return on equity can also be expected.
The formula prescribed by the Reserve Bank of India for calculation of MCLR is given below:
Marginal cost of funds = Marginal borrowing cost x 92% + return on the net worth x 8%
Banks must also maintain a cash reserve ratio of 4%. On this deposit, no interest is earned by the bank. Under MCLR, banks can avail some allowance called Negative Carry on CRR. Also, the operating costs must be considered and taken care of. There are several expenses of a bank that includes raising funds, opening branches, paying salary to its employees etc. These are not charged to the customers. Finally comes the discount or tenor premium. The reset period for the interest rate is called the tenor. It is directly proportional to the reset period i.e. the tenor is higher if the reset period is higher.
Thus, MCLR depends on
The decision to switch to MCLR from base rate depends majorly on the actual benefits and the transfer cost. Various banks charge differently for this switch. However, there are certain banks that allow you to convert home loan to MCLR without charging anything.
Example: Consider you have borrowed an amount of Rs.40 lakh as home loan and you intend to repay it over a tenure of 20 years. The base associated with your home loan stands at 9.95%. After a period of three years from the commencement of the loan tenure, you would have paid an amount of Rs.38,468 as your monthly instalments. You have also paid an interest amount of Rs.11,63,514. If you choose to continue on the same path with your base rate, you will be paying a total interest of Rs.52,32,428. However, if you choose you switch to MCLR for your home loan at 8.55% for the remaining tenure (17 years in this case), you will be paying an interest of Rs.34,00,396. This is the amount that you pay for 17 years. So, the total interest that you pay for your home loan is (Rs.11,63,514 + Rs.34,00,396) which comes up to Rs.45,63,910. It shows that you save a substantial amount of Rs.6,68,518 by switching to MCLR from base rate.
So, a spending a few thousand for converting to MCLR from base rate can reward you a hefty sum in the long run.
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