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Individuals who have availed loans from lenders or banks before 1 April, 2016 will be paying the base rate and not MCLR. MCLR or marginal cost of funds based lending rate, when compared to the base rate compared, is seen to be lower by 5 to 50 basis points. This happens as the marginal cost of funds based lending rate is closely linked with the repo rate. Thus, there is better transmission of Reserve Bank of India’s rate cut to the borrower.
The MCLR is a reference rate or internal benchmark for the financial institution. Marginal cost of funds based lending rate defines the process used to determine the minimum home loan rate of interest. The MCLR method was introduced in the Indian financial system by the Reserve Bank of India in the year 2016. The MCLR system has replaced the base rate system that was introduced in the year 2010. Thus, renewal of credit limits and sanctioning of loans is done as per MCLR norms.
|Banks||3 years||2 years||1 years||6 months||3 months||1 months||Overnight|
|IDFC First Bank MCLR||NA||NA||9.60%||9.25%||8.85%||8.50%||8.50%|
|Bank of India MCLR||8.00%||NA||7.80%||7.55%||7.35%||7.30%||6.95%|
|Nainital Bank MCLR||9.10%||8.40%||8.10%||7.95%||7.85%||7.80%||7.80%|
|Jammu and Kashmir Bank MCLR||9.20%||9.15%||8.70%||8.55%||8.25%||8.05%||7.95%|
|Central Bank of India MCLR||NA||NA||8.15%||8.05%||7.85%||7.50%||7.50%|
|Bandhan Bank MCLR||10.96%||10.96%||10.96%||8.21%||8.21%||6.71%||6.71%|
|UCO Bank MCLR||NA||NA||8.35%||8.25%||8.00%||7.80%||7.60%|
|Punjab and Sind Bank MCLR||NA||NA||8.50%||8.25%||8.10%||7.60%||7.50%|
|Bank of Baroda MCLR||NA||NA||8.55%||8.40%||8.30%||8.20%||7.90%|
|Federal Bank MCLR||NA||NA||9.20%||9.15%||9.05%||9.00%||8.95%|
|Standard Chartered MCLR||8.10%||7.80%||7.30%||6.90%||6.65%||6.50%||6.10%|
|IDBI Bank MCLR||9.40%||9.00%||8.40%||8.30%||8.10%||7.80%||7.65%|
|Indian Overseas Bank MCLR||8.55%||8.50%||8.45%||8.35%||8.20%||7.90%||7.80%|
MCLR (marginal cost of funds based lending rate) is the lowest interest rate that a bank or lender can offer. Most banks cannot offer interest rates lower than the marginal cost of funds based lending rate. However, certain exceptions can be made when allowed by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
MCLR is closely linked with the repo rate and fund costs of the banks. Thus, if there is a change in the repo rate, it will have an impact on your home loan floating rate of interest. If a bank brings down the marginal cost of funds based lending rate, the floating rate of interest associated with your home loan also comes down. This will not be affecting your equated monthly instalments but the tenure of the loan will get impacted.
RBI Guidelines About MCLR:
In order to calculate the marginal cost of funds based lending rate, you must consider all the borrowing sources for a bank. A bank borrows from several sources including, fixed deposit, current accounts, savings accounts, etc. The rate of interest in these borrowing sources can be used by you for the calculation of marginal borrowing cost. You must understand that the source of a bank’s funds is not only borrowing, but also the equity (retained or infused earnings). Thus, return on equity can also be expected.
The formula prescribed by the Reserve Bank of India for calculation of MCLR is given below:
Marginal cost of funds = Marginal borrowing cost x 92% + return on the net worth x 8%
Banks must also maintain a cash reserve ratio of 4%. On this deposit, no interest is earned by the bank. Under MCLR, banks can avail some allowance called Negative Carry on CRR. Also, the operating costs must be considered and taken care of. There are several expenses of a bank that includes raising funds, opening branches, paying salary to its employees etc. These are not charged to the customers. Finally comes the discount or tenor premium. The reset period for the interest rate is called the tenor. It is directly proportional to the reset period i.e. the tenor is higher if the reset period is higher.
Thus, MCLR depends on
The decision to switch to MCLR from base rate depends majorly on the actual benefits and the transfer cost. Various banks charge differently for this switch. However, there are certain banks that allow you to convert home loan to MCLR without charging anything.
Example: Consider you have borrowed an amount of Rs.40 lakh as home loan and you intend to repay it over a tenure of 20 years. The base associated with your home loan stands at 9.95%. After a period of three years from the commencement of the loan tenure, you would have paid an amount of Rs.38,468 as your monthly instalments. You have also paid an interest amount of Rs.11,63,514. If you choose to continue on the same path with your base rate, you will be paying a total interest of Rs.52,32,428. However, if you choose you switch to MCLR for your home loan at 8.55% for the remaining tenure (17 years in this case), you will be paying an interest of Rs.34,00,396. This is the amount that you pay for 17 years. So, the total interest that you pay for your home loan is (Rs.11,63,514 + Rs.34,00,396) which comes up to Rs.45,63,910. It shows that you save a substantial amount of Rs.6,68,518 by switching to MCLR from base rate.
So, a spending a few thousand for converting to MCLR from base rate can reward you a hefty sum in the long run.
Bank of Baroda has increased the Marginal Cost of Funds based Lending Rate (MCLR) for overnight and one-year tenures by five basis points, effective 12 April 2023. The new MCLR rate for overnight and one-year tenure is 7.95% and 8.60%, respectively. The MCLR lending rate for other tenures remains unchanged. This move by the Bank of Baroda may lead to an increase in interest rates for borrowers who have availed of loans on a floating rate basis linked to the MCLR. Borrowers should check with the bank regarding the impact of the MCLR rate hike on their loan EMIs.
13 April 2023
South Indian Bank, a private sector bank, has released an official notification regarding a revision of its Marginal Cost of Funds Based Lending Rates (MCLR) for various tenors. The bank has increased its MCLR by 15-20 basis points, with the overnight MCLR at 8.65%, the one-month MCLR at 8.70%, the three-month MCLR at 8.80%, the six-month MCLR at 9%, and the one-year MCLR at 9.35%, as per the filing. The bank last updated its MCLR on 20 January 2023, with the overnight MCLR at 8.45%, the one-month MCLR at 8.50%, the three-month MCLR at 8.65%, the six-month MCLR at 8.85%, and the one-year MCLR at 9.20%, according to the information available on the bank's website.
21 February 2023
Bank of Baroda hiked its Marginal Cost of Funds-based Lending Rate (MCLR) by five basis points (bps) across tenors in response to the Reserve Bank of India's (RBI's) interest rate hike last week. The new MCLR came into effect on 12 February 2023, which has made consumer loans such as auto or home loans more expensive for borrowers. The overnight tenor MCLR has risen from 7.85% to 7.90%, while the MCLR for one month and three months has increased from 8.15% to 8.20% and 8.25% to 8.30%, respectively. The RBI cited sticky core inflation and raised the policy rate by 25 basis points to 6.5% last week, marking the sixth time the interest rate has been raised by the RBI since May 2022 and increasing the total amount of the increase to 250 basis points.
15 February 2023
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