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  • In India, purchase of land has been one of the age old forms of investment. Conventionally, investors are inclined towards purchasing property either as an investment for future resale or for building a house. So, in case you’re planning to purchase a piece of land or vacant plot, a plot or land loan might be the right choice for you.

    What is plot loan?

    Plot loans, also known as land loans, are a unique banking product designed to facilitate the purchase of a plot of land. A plot / land loan may often be confused with a home loan, as the latter also concerns the purchase of an existing / construction of new flat or house. However, land loans too addresses a similar need, with the prime difference that they are availed for the purchase of the land on which construction has to be carried out subsequently.

    While home loans may be obtained with relative ease, a land loan might not be as easy to get. The reason behind this being, land loans concern not only the purchase of land but also the subsequent development of property on the land. When it comes to land loans, lenders operate at a higher risk, as land loans carry significantly higher risk, as compared to home loans. Here, the lender requires assurance about returns on the investment. For this reason, if you wish to up your chances of obtaining a land loan, it would be beneficial if you can provide adequate assurance to the lender about your development plans on the purchased property.

    For lenders, an undeveloped property is a greater risk than a developed property, as it is much easier for the landowner to dismiss an undeveloped property rather than a property which will be utilized as a source of income. For example, if you wish to obtain a land loan for farming purposes, your chances of getting the loan might be higher, as compared to someone, who wishes to purely to purchase the property, but does not have any concrete plans on its development.

    In India, several leading banks like ICICI, Axis Bank, HDFC Bank, Punjab National Bank, IDBI, Federal Bank, etc. offer plot loans to customers for the purchase of land.

    Features & benefits of plot / land loans:

    Plot/land loans have been around for a while and are accompanied by a distinct set of features. Listed below are some of the notable features and benefits of land loans.

    1. Location & type of property:

      While home loans are available for all kinds or types or properties, a land loan may only be availed for the purchase of a residential plot. Another limitation in availing a plot loan is that the land in question must be located within the limits of the respective municipality or corporation. A plot loan is usually taken for the purchase of land with the idea of constructing a house.

    2. Loan to value ratio (LTV):

      Loan to value or LTV basically implies to the amount of loan you can get against a property. While the LTV ratio for home loans may be anywhere between “80% to 85%, for plot loans it is significantly lower and could be capped at a maximum of 70% of the land value. So, if you are considering taking a plot loan to purchase land and construct a house thereupon, expect to bear about 30% of the total cost of the land.

    3. Tax benefits:

      Contrary to popular belief, a land loan will not fetch you any tax benefits. You may however, avail tax benefits on a land loan, only if you plan to construct a house on the plot in the near future. In this case, the tax deduction will only be applicable on the construction amount of the loan and after the completion of the construction.

    4. Tenure:

      Compared to home loans, which usually carry longer tenure, a land loan is accompanied by a relatively shorter tenure. While the tenure for home loans may stretch up to a period of 30 years, the maximum available tenure for a land loan may stretch from 15 - 20 years.

    5. Loan amount limit:

      Plot loans offered by banks are often accompanied by a fixed upper limit. You may take the loan only up to a certain limit, as specified under the policy. Like other loans, different banks may carry different upper limits when it comes to land loans, so you must find out which suits you best based on your financial requirements.

    6. Clauses included:

      If you wish to opt for a land loan, do keep in mind, there are certain pre-requisites which you will have to observe. The most prominent clause of any land loan is that it requires the borrower to begin construction on the acquired plot of land within a specified period of time.

    7. Prepayment charges:

      Since a plot loan is not the same as a home loan, it is very likely that the loan provider may charge a prepayment penalty. In order to be sure, do enquire with your loan provider about the same beforehand.

    8. Interest rates:

      Like other types of loans, the interest rates on plot loans can also be floating or fixed, depending on the bank and the prevailing market conditions. However, interest rates on plot loans are relatively higher as compared to other types of loans like home loans or auto loans.

    9. EMIs:

      Home loans are usually characterized by shorter tenures and higher EMIs. This is for the reason that plot loans are sanctioned for a shorter duration as compared to most other types of loans. EMIs on plot loans are also dependent on a number of other factors like the repayment capacity of the borrower, borrower’s age, etc.

    10. Down payment:

      When it comes to land loans, down payments for them are usually higher. The loan to value ratio for land loans prevails around 70%, which means that the borrower would have to shell out around 30% of the plot value themselves.

    Plot loan eligibilty criteria

    Land loans may be obtained by individuals who are residents of India and aged above 21 years. While NRIs also constitute a prominent part of property buyers segment in India, there are not many banks which extend plot loans to this category of individuals. Also, interest rates on plot loans might also be slightly higher for NRIs.

    Documents required for plot loan

    Listed below is the list of basic documents which one may be required to furnish, in order to apply for a plot loan. The documentation requirements are subject to change depending on the eligibility criteria laid down by different lending institutions.

    1. Duly filled Application form
    2. Applicant’s photograph
    3. Proof of Identity
    4. Proof of Residence
    5. Most recent salary slip
    6. Bank statement for the last 6 months
    7. Form 16
    8. Cheque for loan processing fee

    Additionally, you may also be required to provide the following documents pertaining to the land.

    • Original documents pertaining to ownership of the land
    • ‘No Encumbrance’ Certificate for the plot
    • Layouts / drawings of the plot, duly approved by the Town Planning Authority.
    • Revenue receipts
    • Land records
    • Tax receipts for taxes paid by the landowner

    Plot Loan FAQ

    1. Will I get any tax benefits, if I take a plot loan?

      You may avail tax benefits on a construction loan, which forms a part of a plot loan. This implies that the loan combines the cost not only for purchasing the land but also to carry out construction on the purchased plot. A plot loan taken solely for the purpose of purchasing a plot or piece of land will not attract any tax benefit.

    2. I am a salaried individual. I wish to purchase a plot in order to begin construction of a house within the next 6 months. Am I eligible for a plot loan?

      Yes, you would be eligible for a plot loan, as the loan includes a clause which requires the borrower to begin construction of a house within a specified period of time.

    3. Can a plot loan be taken for purchasing agricultural or commercial land which is outside the city’s municipal or corporation limits?

      No, plot loans may only be taken for pieces of land which are located within the municipal limits and the land is meant for residential purposes.

    4. Does a loan for construction include the cost of labor and raw materials?

      Yes, a loan for construction will include both these costs.

    5. I am a self-employed Indian resident. Am I eligible for a plot loan?

      Yes, plot loans are also open to self-employed individuals who hold a healthy credit history.

      

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    Plot Loan Reviews

    • ICICI Bank Home Loan
      "Excellent Loan"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have taken home loan from ICICI Bank, my loan was sanction on time and its going to be disbursed soon. The amount of the loan is 18 lakh . the bank informed me that for construction plan I have to pay for 3 lakh. The interest rate is 8.65% but the bank will be reducing the rate by 1.5% from next month.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , new delhi
      Reviewed on Mar 21, 2020
    • IndusInd Bank
      IndusInd Bank Home Loan
      "Not good loan"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I have taken INDUSIND home loan because my friend suggested it to me.The tenure of the loan is for 17 years with an interest rate of 11.5%. For submission of documents i have to run up and down apart from that it was fine.But it would have been good if the procedure is little short and not to deduct any installment from account without clearing the check first.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , ahmedabad
      Reviewed on Mar 20, 2020
    • LIC Housing Home Loan
      "Best housing loan "
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      Before 4 years ago, purchased my home loan from LIC Housing finance. Due to the low interest rates, i have selected LIC Housing. Taken the loan amount of Rs. 14 lakhs and i am paying the EMI amount of Rs. 12940 per month. Total duration of the loan is 15 years.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , tirupur
      Reviewed on Mar 20, 2020
    • Tamilnad Mercantile Bank Home Loan
      "Average Service"
      0.5 2.0/5 "Expected more"
      I have taken home loan directly through Tamilnad Mercantile Bank.The rate of interest and the processing fee was high .This loan was sanctioned on time and i have uploaded the documents through online . The service was average according to my concern.
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , surat
      Reviewed on Mar 15, 2020
    • Syndicate Bank Home Loan
      "Easy loan approval"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have taken home loan directly through SYNDICATE BANK. The rate of interest and the processing fee was nominal.This loan was processed on faster basis without any hassles.They gave a clear picture about the loan process .There was proper notification from bank end and i am satisfied with the service .
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Mar 14, 2020
    • ICICI Bank Home Loan
      "Disappointed with ICICI"
      0.5 0.5/5 "Unacceptable"
      I hand applied for the Home construction loan @ Rabakavi Branch, Karnataka. We provided all the legal & Income documents. Loan got approved but they dragged it for 4 Months for the final steps and did not disburse finally saying legal issues which are absurd.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , rabkavi banhatti
      Reviewed on Mar 14, 2020
    • review Home Loan
      "Supporting finance"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      Long back ago, i have taken the home loan from GIC Housing finance. Its because of the immediate process, i have selected this bank. Interest rates were normal because it was 8.35%. I bought the loan amount of Rs. 2.5 lakhs and the documentation process was hassle free. I have chosen a duration of 10 years to close this loan. I have already close the loan 5 years before and they have given me a NOC letter also.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , chennai
      Reviewed on Mar 13, 2020
    • SBI Home Loan
      "Easy loan approval"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have taken home loan directly through SBI .The rate of interest was nominal and this loan is still active .Everything was good to me when availed this loan .The loan process was clearly shared by the agent .I am really satisfied with the service . Without any hassles got this loan.
      Was this review helpful? 5
      , indore
      Reviewed on Mar 13, 2020
    • Indiabulls Home Loan
      "Need to improve customer service "
      0.5 2.0/5 "Expected more"
      At an Initial I took home loan from DHFL on sudden from their end transferred the process to INDIA BULLS without any intimation. But one issue was faced that my documents not submitted to INDIA BULLS hence I have submitted again. The amount sufficient was fine. EMI need to pay of 36K. The rate of interest is started with 8.35% gradually increased hence on last months was 8.90%. Their service is not good coordination with me.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , thane
      Reviewed on Mar 12, 2020
    • review Home Loan
      "Home loan closer conditions"
      0.5 1.0/5 "Really Bad"
      Hi All, If any of the builder suggest to go for this bank don't ever go for it... For every 6 months they increase the ROI even RBI is decreasing... Pre closer is a hell for me ...bi have provided a cheque after 15 days they started processing the request to close... From my pocket I paid 30000 rs extra for closing...
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Mar 11, 2020
    • Indiabulls Home Loan
      "Good service"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I took home loan from INDIA BULLS, some people suggested to take a loan from this bank so chosen it. They have sanctioned the loan amount of 15L with tenure period of 15 years. Rate of interest is nominal. EMI need to pay of 17K. The processing fee is applicable. Since I am going to buy a plot so taken this loan offer.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Mar 11, 2020
    • LIC Housing Home Loan
      "Very good home loan and need to improve the interest rate"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      My home loan was taken from LIC Housing because their processing time and charges are less but interest rate is little bit high when i compared to other Government banks. They have taken 1 week to sanctioned the loan. Documentation process is as usual like other banks. They have provided me a interest rate of 8.45%.
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , kolkata
      Reviewed on Mar 10, 2020
    • Union Bank of India Home Loan
      "Average Service"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I have taken home loan directly through Union Bank Of India .The rate of interest and the processing fee was nominal and submitted documents through the agent ,This loan is still active and i have taken this loan for home construction. There are more hidden charges which was informed later this was the only issue. I have been informed that will receive Rs.7000 to 8000 due to good credit score but it was not happened.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , chennai
      Reviewed on Mar 09, 2020
    • HDFC Limited Home Loan
      "Excellent service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      HDFC people guided to take Pradhan Mantri scheme for the home loan. The amount was sanctioned of 25L and subsidiary amount of 2.67L. The tenure period of 20 years. An interest rate was fine of 8.5%. Pre closure is applicable with nominal charge. The process was good hence they have sanctioned the loan within 20 days. EMI need to pay of 22413 rupees.
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , kanchipuram
      Reviewed on Mar 09, 2020
    • LIC Housing Home Loan
      "Need to decrease the interest rate"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      From LIC, they offered a home loan and the loan amount was Rs. 27,00,000. The rate of interest was high 9.15% with the duration period of 20 years and i am paying EMI of Rs.24,000 and they given this loan very faster . LIC have a good customer service.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , lucknow
      Reviewed on Mar 09, 2020
    • HDFC Limited Home Loan
      "Comfortable process "
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I got home loan offer from HDFC Limited on one year back. I applied via online, the amount was sufficient with tenure period of 15 years. The rate of interest is moderate. I took this loan to buy an apartment. EMI need to pay of 36K. Pre closure is applicable but there is locking period of 6 months. Their service is good.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , alleppey
      Reviewed on Mar 07, 2020
    • HDFC Limited Home Loan
      "Best Service"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have taken home loan directly through Hdfc Ltd.The rate of interest and the processing fee was nominal.This loan was processed on faster basis without any hassles.The agent gave a clear picture about the loan process .There was proper notification from bank end and i am satisfied with the service .
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , chennai
      Reviewed on Mar 06, 2020
    • review Home Loan
      "Good service"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I took home loan from MAGMA HOUSING FINANCE on 6 months back , the loan duration of 20 years for the amount of 18L. The amount was sanctioned by one month. To buy the flat taken this loan. EMI need to pay of 15,600 rupees. There is pre closure is applicable. The customer service is good.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , vadodara
      Reviewed on Mar 06, 2020
    • review Home Loan
      "Average Loan Service"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I bought my home loan from Fullerton but an interest rates are high. In the call centre, there is no proper response for any kind of inquiry and if I sent a mail only they will send the reply after 48 hours. They have sanctioned the loan amount of Rs. 10L and they have not provided the loan as per their committed time.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , chennai
      Reviewed on Mar 06, 2020
    • HDFC Limited Home Loan
      "Good Loan Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      In HDFC, they were forcing me to taking a home insurance when i availed my home loan. Its just because of my landlord person since he was having their existing loan with HDFC hence have continued the same. They have offered me an interest rate of 9.25% and i need to pay the EMI amount of Rs. 10000 for the loan amount of Rs. 10 lakhs.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , rajkot
      Reviewed on Mar 05, 2020
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