Voter ID (Epic Card)

What is a Voter ID Card?

A Voter ID Card, also known as the Electors Photo Identity Card (EPIC) is a photo identity card that is issued by the Election Commission of India to all individuals who are eligible to vote.

The primary purpose of this card is to improve the accuracy of the electoral roll and to help prevent cases of electoral fraud. Additionally, it also serves as an identification proof when individual’s cast their vote. This card is commonly known by other names such as an election card, voter’s card, Voter ID, etc.

Registration Process:


  • Form 6 will need to be filled. Voters who have moved from another constituency and first-time voters will also need to fill this form.
  • In the case of an NRI Voter, Form 6A will need to be filled.
  • In the case of Deletion or Objection in electoral roll, Form 7 will need to be filled.
  • In case of any change in gender, type of relation, name of relative, age, date of birth, address, EPIC Number, age, photo, and name, Form 8 will need to be filled.
  • Form 8A will need to be filled in case you are shifting from one residence to another in the same constituency.


  • You will need to fill two copies of Form 16. The form is available at offices of Booth Level Officers and Electoral Registration Officers/Assistant Electoral Registration Officers. The form is available free of cost.
  • When you visit the Electoral Registration Officer/Assistant Electoral Registration Officer, the filled forms and documents must be provided. You can also send them via post to the Booth Level Officer.
  • In case of any queries, you can call 1905.

Documents Required For Voter ID Card:

Election Card

While applying for a Voters ID , you have to submit the following documents:

  • Identity Proof.
  • Address Proof.
  • Photograph.

Voter ID Card Eligibility:

In order to apply for/obtain a Voter’s ID card, individuals must conform to the following criteria:

  • You must be Indian citizen.
  • Applicant must not be below 18 years of age.
  • Permanent address.
  • You must not be disqualified as an elector.

Track Voter ID Application Status Online:

The step-by-step procedure to track your Voter ID application status online is mentioned below:

  • Visit
  • Click on ‘Track Application Status’.
  • Enter the Reference ID and click on ‘Track Status’.
  • The details will be displayed on the next page.

What to do if your Voter ID card is not received?

If the voter id verification process is taking time and you haven’t received the card after the application, you are recommended to visit the DEO with your reference number.

How to Verify Voter ID?

Individuals can verify the Voter ID by checking the details on the Electoral Roll. You can visit the official website of National Voters Services Portal and click on ‘Search in Electoral Roll’. You can either provide various personal details or check the Electoral Roll by providing the EPIC Number.

How to vote without Voter ID Card?

To be eligible to vote in India, a person has to register himself or herself as a registered voter. The person can either register for the same offline or can visit the election commission website and get registered there. If the person is already a registered voter, then he or she can vote without the voter ID card. The following list of documents are accepted in case the person does not have his or her voter ID:

  • Passport
  • Driving license
  • Service Identity Cards with photographs issued to employees by Central, State Govt, Public Sector Undertakings, Public Limited Companies.
  • Passbooks with Photograph issued by Bank or Post Office
  • PAN card
  • Aadhar card
  • Smart Card issued by Registrar General of India (RGI) under the National Population Register
  • Pension order with a photo
  • MNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act Job Card
  • Health Insurance Smart Card issued under the scheme of the Ministry of Labour

Fields Included In a Voter ID Card:

The Voter ID that is issued by the Election Commission of India to all eligible Voters comprises of the below-mentioned fields:

  • A hologram sticker.
  • Serial number.
  • Photograph of the card holder.
  • Name of elector / card holder.
  • Card holder’s parent’s Name.
  • Card holder’s gender.
  • Elector’s / card holder’s age as on the date of issue of the card.
  • The individual’s complete address is mentioned on the rear side of the card along with the authority’s signature.

Uses of a Election Card or Voter ID Card:

The Voter ID can be used for the below-mentioned purposes:

  • The card serves as an accepted form of personal identity.
  • The Voter ID Card acts as an acknowledgement that the card holder is a registered voter.
  • The card includes several identification features like the applicant’s signature, photograph, fingerprints, etc., which provide added assurance for the card holder.
  • In case of an election, the card carries provisions (by way of marking) to prevent the holder from voting multiple times.
  • The Voter ID card can be designed to suit electoral requirements of a population with low literacy population.
  • It is especially helpful as a form of identification for voters with no fixed address.

Necessity of Voter ID:

The Voter ID Card is an important document for Indian citizens for a variety of reasons. Some of them are:

  • Proof of Identity – The Voter ID card is an important document for Indian citizens as it is a valid form of an identification proof. The Voter ID card is accepted at various offices and institutions that require the individual to furnish a valid form of identification. Also, almost all government run agencies, insurance providers, claim firms, mortgage providers like banks ask applicants to provide a Voter ID number in order to process their request.
  • Casting Votes – The Voter ID card is essential if you wish to cast your vote during any election. If you hold a valid Voter ID card and your name is present in the electoral roll of your local area, you can cast your vote.
  • Registration In Electoral Roll Of A Non-Domicile State – The Voter ID serves yet another purpose of allowing individuals to register their name in the electoral roll of a state other than their state of domicile. This is especially helpful if a person has migrated from another state and wishes to enrol in the electoral list of his local area / constituency.

Things to keep in mind while applying for a New Voter ID:

Voter ID is one of the most important documents needed for Indian citizens as it enables them to carry out their voting duty. Voting is the foundation of a democratic country and it is imperative for every individual to do so. There are certain things to keep in mind prior to applying for a voter ID.

  • Applicants will have to be above the age of 18 as it is legally impossible for them to vote otherwise.
  • They should be of sound mind and should not be bankrupt.
  • They should fill out the relevant forms such as Form 6 for application and ensure that they provide relevant original documents.
  • Individuals should apply for a Voter ID only through government websites or centres or those that have been approved by the government, else they might just receive a fake document.
  • Individuals should ensure that all details in their application forms are correct, such as the spelling of their name, birth date and so on. If this is not corrected in the beginning, their Voter ID will have the wrong information printed on it.
  • Applicants should also ensure that the information that is being provided is legally correct and is not fake.
  • Once applicants receive their Voter ID, they will have to check the document to see if all the information is correct.

Know more about Voter ID Pages:

Voter ID Status

Once you have applied for your Voter ID, you can track its status in the easiest and most convenient ways. Find out how to track the status of your application through the official ECI website, through SMS or by using the helpline service. Learn about the information you are required to provide in order to track the status of your Voter ID. Using these methods, you can find out whether your card is active or still being processed.

Voter ID Registration

There are multiple avenues for Voter ID registration, knowing when and how to apply is important to get your Voter ID on time in order to be able to exercise your right to vote. Find out the different ways to apply online and offline and get your Voter ID in the easiest way. Procedures are different for general electors, service electors and NRI electors. Learn about your procedure, documents required and the correct form to use to get your Voter ID.

Apply for Voter ID Card Online

Applying for a Voter ID usually entails a long and tedious process. But the Government of India has simplified this process by digitizing it and making it available online. Online applications are faster and more convenient and are delivered within a month. Learn where to obtain the application form, how to fill it in, how to upload your documents and finally submit your application. The online application services can be used by all eligible electors including NRIs.

Voter ID Verification

Once you have applied for your Voter ID, it is important to track its status to know whether your card has been approved and your name has been added to the electoral roll. Verification entails a team being sent to your registered address. You might receive you card without any verification, but if either of the two does not take place within two months, you need to address the issue promptly. Find out the methods of verification, tracking your status, and redressal of any issues.

Voters ID Card Forms

Applying for your Voter ID can be a hassle if you get muddled up in the different forms available and the multiple avenues for registration. There are various forms available for modifications and changes to the Voter ID details as well. In order to keep the process clean and simple, you should be aware of which form you require according to your eligibility. Find out the correct form to use according to your category and desired request.

How to Apply for Duplicate Voter ID Card

For individuals who have lost or misplaced their Voter ID, or have even have it stolen from them, procedures are in place to apply for a duplicate card. In case the card is damaged or unusable, an individual can get a new card by following the right procedure. Duplicate cards are issued offline as well as through an online process. Find out which form to use, the documents to submit and how to go about getting a new Voter ID.

How to Rectify Address in Voter ID

Rectifying a wrong address or any errors made in the spelling of your address on your Voter ID card can be done through a simple and fast process. A Voter’s ID allows an individual to participate in the elections but also serves as proof of identification and residence. It is important to have up to date and accurate details mentioned on the card. The facility for correcting the registered address is available online and offline. Find out the step-by-step procedure, which form to use, documents required and other important details.

Find out Process of Change/Correct Name in Voter ID Card

A change in the name mentioned on the Voter’s ID can be for a number of reasons that include a legal change in name, change due to marriage or an error made in the card. A Voter’s ID is one of the important documents of identification and should be updated as needed. The lengthy process to rectify the name has been simplified and made more user-friendly by the Government of India. Applicants can use online and offline methods to get the issue resolved quickly. The step-by-step process has been detailed to ensure that applicants use the correct form and submit the required documents to facilitate smooth processing.

Find Out Process to Change Voter ID Card Address Online

Changing your place of residence will mostly mean you have changed your constituency as well. In these cases, your name will have to be deleted from the previous electoral roll and added to the electoral roll of your new constituency. The facility for updating your new address and shifting your constituency is available online and offline. All your other details will be retained, but a new Voter ID card will be issued to you. Learn about the forms required, the procedure and documents required to finish this process smoothly and without any hassle.

Election Commission

Voting is the basis of a democracy and requires monitoring and laws to govern its processes and facilities. The Election Commission plays a pivotal role in the elections of India. The Commission and the Election Laws enable smooth conduct of elections, settlement of disputes and prevent fraudulent practices. Learn more about the commission, election laws, electoral rolls, polling, and information related to the candidates. Be aware of what is considered to be corrupt practices, and the grievance redressal mechanisms in place to address these issues.

All You Need to know about NRI Voter ID Card

Indians who are currently residing abroad still have the right to vote and the need to include them into the electoral rolls has been addressed by the Government. NRIs can apply online, or offline if they are in the country, and get their Voter ID issued. Know more about the eligibility criteria, the form required, the documents to be submitted and the process of being included in the electoral rolls. Currently, NRIs have to be present in their constituency to cast their vote and cannot do it remotely.

Color Voter ID

Originally, Voter ID cards were simple black and white cards with the details of the voter, a hologram sticker, a unique serial number and a stamped signature of the issuing authority. As we move into the digital age of India, these old cards simply don’t cut it anymore. The Government has introduced color Voter ID cards. Both new and old applicants can get their color Voter ID. Find out more about how and where to register for the new card, and the fees payable.

Election Laws in India

When we talk about laws, rules, commission and politics, it can seem complicated and incomprehensible. But once simplified, it all becomes much easier to understand. Learn about the Government of India, Election Laws and the process of our democracy in a more simplified manner. Find out more about the details of elections that include election requisites, election symbols, the Model Code of Conduct, and the structure of the Government of India. Redressal of issues, disputes and doubts related to elections is also an important part of the election process.

About Electoral Roll and how to use it to get details

The Electoral Roll is an integral part of the elections process in India. All eligible and registered voters are mentioned in the Electoral Roll and this helps in identifying the voters, tallying results and figuring out the statistics related to voting. Find out how to search for your name in the Electoral Rolls to ensure you are a registered voter. You can also learn more about deletion, correction of transposition of your name in the Electoral Rolls.

All about EVM

EVMs are Electronic Voting Machines that revolutionised the process of voting in India. EVMs are used in the State and General Elections and helped make the process more user-friendly, secure and fast. These machines are independent of electricity and save paper. Even with its own limitations, EVMs helped simplify the tedious voting process including casting votes, counting, tallying and generating the results. Find out more about EVMs and how they changed the way India votes.

All you need to know about SVEEP

The right to vote is a privilege that was won after a great struggle by our freedom fighters. The importance of voting is sometimes lost amongst the hustle and bustle of life, or there is an a apathy towards it. The Election Commission of India introduced a programme called SVEEP which is the Systematic Voters’ Education and Electoral Participation. It aims at informing the citizens about the importance of voting and how each vote plays an pivotal role in the election process. The programme centers around motivating more citizens to vote. Learn more about its objectives, structure, process, events and facilities.

Frequently Asked Questions on Voter ID Card

How can I correct my voter ID?

In order to make corrections on your Voter ID, you will need to fill Form 8 online. You can also download the form and submit it at the ERO/AERO.

What documents do I need to submit as proof of residence?

The documents that need to be submitted as proof of residence for voter ID are:

  1. A copy of the applicant’s passport
  2. Gas bill
  3. Electricity bill
  4. Water bill
  5. Ration card
  6. Bank passbook
  7. Aadhar card
What is age declaration in Form 6?

As per the age declaration in Form 6, any applicant who turns 18 as per January 1 of the year in which he or she has applied for a voter ID.

How long does it take to get voter ID?

It takes about 5 to 7 weeks for the applicant to receive the voter ID after applying for one.

How long does it take to change address in voter ID?

It usually takes 2 to 3 weeks for the changes to be made in the voter ID after the applicant has applied for the changes.

How can I change my constituency in voter ID?

In order to change the constituency, fill Form 8A. You can either submit the form online or offline to the electoral office near you.

How can I change my voter ID address?

In order to change the voter ID address, fill form 8A and then submit it to either the electoral office near you or online.

Can I download a soft copy of my voter ID?

No, a soft copy of the voter ID cannot be downloaded.


Read Voter ID news or Enjoy it on the go Google Play

  • Voter ID must be provided in order to avail treatments at hospitals in Delhi

    On 7 June 2020, the list of documents was issued by the Delhi Government that can be submitted by individuals to make them eligible for treatment at a private or state-run hospital.

    However, these documents can be provided for specialised surgeries. The list of documents that can be submitted are the Aadhaar Card issued before 7 June 2020, electricity bill, telephone bill, water bill, income tax return, drivers’ license, passport, ration card, post office passbook, bank passbook, and Voter’s ID. According to the Chief Minister of Delhi, beds will be reserved at private and city hospitals for the people of Delhi. According to an order, nursing homes and private hospitals must ensure that treatment is provided for residents of Delhi. Currently, the population in Delhi is at 19.1 million out of which 14.6 million are eligible voters. According to senior officials, the difference in the number could be either residents who vote in other states or minors. The Lieutenant Governor’s office must approve the order for it to come into effect.

    26 June 2020

  • Eligible migrant workers to find their way into the voters' list

    In Bihar, eligible migrant workers are set to be included in the voters list. The Chief Electoral officer HR Srinivasa had said that SSPs, SPs and DMs, will start the special summary revision of their voters' list for the next assembly elections.

    This process of updating the list is now underway. A lot of efforts are being made for adding the people who have now returned to the state but do not have their names on the voters' list. Around 25 lakh workers from various parts of this state have now come back.

    8 June 2020

  • Cases of voter ID card fraud detected in Delhi

    Two incidents related to voter ID card fraud have been detected in Delhi. The incidents have been detected after unauthorized private websites have been found to offer voter ID card related services in exchange for money. Given the incidents, the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of Delhi have warned people against online fraud.

    In a statement released by the CEO office, Delhi individuals have been advised to visit the official website of Election Commission of India (ECI) or CEO Delhi’s website for any query or call on the voter helpline number 1950. The CEO office, Delhi had requested DCP, Election, Delhi Police to lodge a FIR and take necessary action against the offenders at the earliest.

    It must be noted here that as per the ECI website, no charges are required to be paid by public while submitting online application related to voter ID.

    2 June 2020

  • BPF president to approach State Election Commission

    Hagrama Mohillary, Assam’s BTC supremo and the president of Bodoland People’s Front (BPF) has alleged Pramod Boro, the president of United People’s Party Liberal (UPPL) of having two voter IDs. Addressing a press conference, Mohillary stated that Boro was violating clauses of the Representation of the People Act, 1950. He added that he will file a move at the State Election Commission against Boro over the possession of two voter IDs.

    As per Section 17 of the Representation of the People Act, 1950, no person is entitled to be enrolled as a voter in more than one constituency. It must be noted here Pramod Boro is contesting the BTC polls from Goibari and Kokilabari BTC constituency.

    3 April 2020

  • Add ‘Divyang’ as prefix to PWDs name on voter id list

    Hemant Goyal, the National Vice-President of Divyang Adhikar Mahasangh in a letter to Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) asked for the inserting of the word ‘Divyang’ as a prefix the name of the voter in order to identify specially disabled people better.

    The letter has been forwarded by the office of CEO to the Election Commission of India (ECI) for its perusal. Goyal had written a separate letter to the CEO asking for guidelines to be drafted for the political parties to ensure that interpreters are assigned in public meetings for assistance to the hearing-impaired persons, making arrangement for wheelchairs in these meeting, and that manifestos of the political parties must be published in Braille.

    17 March 2020

  • Voter ID, driver’s license data used to screen Delhi rioters

    Union Home Minister Amit Shah on Wednesday stated that the government used voter ID, driver’s license and other databases to screen people involved in Delhi riots. He added that a total of 1,100 people were identified using the face recognition software. Of the 1,100, 300 people came from Uttar Pradesh to carry out the violence, the minister stated.

    The Home Minister’s statement goes against the response of Delhi police to a Right to information (RTI) query. The police had said that the facial recognition software is used in accordance with Identification of Criminals Act. It added that face data is acquired as per the request received from kith and kinnes of victims and Identification of Prisoners Act. It must be noted here that screening crowds using such databases is considered illegal in the country as it goes against the concept of innocent until proven guilty.

    The Delhi Police’s system has been developed by Delhi-based INNEFU Labs. As per its founder Tarun Wig, the software is designed in such a way that any database can be plugged into it and INNEFU has no control over the same.

    12 March 2020

  • EC proposes digital voter cards and e-filing systems

    Launching a digital version of the electoral photo identity card (EPIC) was one of the main recommendations made by the nine groups have been set up by the Election Commission. A few other propositions that were made include e-filing of nominations and discovering new methods to make sure that there is participation of migrant voters who are registered at previous locations.

    The EC had created nine working groups that consist of senior Commission officials and state chief electoral office. This was done in an attempt to collate all election-related inputs and analyse this information in the context of institutional and legal frameworks. These groups are also supposed to provide future pathways that will add value to the entire electoral process.

    9 March 2020

  • Best voter sex ratio recorded in West Bengal amidst ‘NRC fears’

    West Bengal’s electoral rolls for 263 of 294 constituencies showed the best results when it came to the state’s voter gender ratio. With a ratio of 956 women for every 1,000 men, this is the state’s best sex ratio ever.

    The state had witnessed an increase of 1.5% for its new voters and of this, 55.6% had been women. Experts have said that this boost has been bolstered by the debate over CAA-NPR-NRC. People have flocked to get identification papers and a lion’s share of the adult population want their voice to be heard through voting.

    The state has always had a very healthy voter gender ratio. In the year, 2016, it was 934 and this number had risen by 0.4% to 938 by the next year. The figure had been 942 in the year, 2018 and by 2019, it had risen to 949.

    28 February 2020

  • Centre working on changes so the Aadhaar can be linked with Voter ID

    The Central Government has informed the Election Commission that they would make changes to the Aadhaar Act so that the Aadhaar number can be linked to the Voter ID.

    According to the government, the linking of the Aadhaar number with the Voter ID will give remote voting rights, remove bogus entries, and clean up electoral rolls. According to various Electoral Commission sources, the Central Government may be making the legal changes to ensure that the Aadhaar number is linked to the Voter ID. During the meeting on 19 February 2020, the law ministry had informed the Electoral Commission that the required changes will be made to the Aadhaar Act. Any amendment made will give power to the Electoral Commission to link the Aadhaar and Voter ID. According to various sources in the government, the law ministry may soon put forward a note before the Union Cabinet. According to Electoral Commission officials, the linking of Aadhaar and Voter ID will allow citizens to vote from anywhere. There has been a demand for linking the Aadhaar and Voter ID since 2015.

    24 February 2020

  • High Court dismisses petition reiterating voter IDs are not proof of citizenship

    The petition of one Munindra Biswas with regard to citizenship was dismissed by the Gauhati High Court stating that voter IDs are no proof of citizenship. Biswas had challenged the verdict of a foreigners’ tribunal in Tinsukia district of Assam after he was declared a foreigner in July 2019. The petitioner who claimed that his father had migrated to Tinsukia from Nadia in West Bengal in 1965 had furnished a registered sales deed, another sales deed, copy of the voters’ list of 1997 which contained his name as well as his Electoral Photo Identity Card (EPIC).

    The court dismissed the petition saying that the tribunal was correct in refusing to rely on sales deed of land as they were private documents and subject to verification. It also observed that Biswas had failed to prove that his name appeared in any voters list prior to 1971 and that his parents migrated to the state in 1965.

    It must be noted here that as per Assam NRC, individuals must prove that they or their ancestors have lived in the state before 24 March 1971.

    19 February 2020

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Voter ID Card by State

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