Owning a car or a two wheeler has become a quintessential part of the modern city dwellers life. Growing population and inadequate public transportation facilities have forced people to turn to their own motor vehicles. But it is not enough if you just own a motor vehicle, to ride a motor vehicle on Indian roads you must be licensed. Yes, you must possess a driving license in India to legally take your motor vehicles on roads. Read on to find more about driving license and how to apply for a driving license in India.
Brief on Driving Licence India
A driving license is basically an official document issued by the Government of India, permitting individuals to operate or drive a motorised vehicle such as a car, motorbike, truck, bus, etc., on a public road, without any supervision. In India, a driving license is issued by the Regional Transport Authority (RTA) or Regional Transport Office (RTO) of that particular state. The Motor Vehicles Act of 1988 states that no individual without the Driving License is authorized to drive a motor vehicle in a public place.
Hence, if you wish to drive a motor vehicle like car or scooter on roads, you must first hold a valid driving license in India. If you are practising to drive a vehicle, you must first get a Learners License which will act as a provisional license and then must take a test to qualify for getting a Driving License. With the advent of online facilities that allow users to apply for a Driving License from the comfort of their homes, getting a driving license has become an easy task.
Types of DL in India
Depending on the class of the vehicle, Indian applicants are awarded different driving licenses. Also, the eligibility criteria varies for driving licenses pertaining to different vehicle classes. Here are some of the popular vehicle classes for which a driving license can be obtained in India.
|Motorcycles with engine capacity of 50 cc or less than 50 cc|
|Motorcycles with gear, motorcycles with a capacity of 50 cc or more, Light Motor Vehicles (LMVs) including cars|
|All Motorcycles types including Motorcycle with gear|
|Motorcycles of any cc but with no gears - including scooters and mopeds|
|Light Motor Vehicle for non transport purposes|
|Light Motor Vehicle intended for commercial purposes|
|Heavy Passenger Motor Vehicle (also referred to as All India driving permit for trucks and cars or open license)|
|Heavy Goods Motor Vehicle|
|Candidates holding a heavy vehicle driving license can apply for heavy trailer license|
Eligibility for Driving License in India
The eligibility for driving license in India depends on the class of vehicle and the type of driving license. The eligibility criteria for different permanent Driving License types in India are given below.
|Type of Permanent Driving License||Eligibility Criteria|
|Motorcycles without gear (with a capacity of up to 50 cc)||The applicant must be at least 16 years old and must have the consent of parent or guardian if he is less than 18 years old.|
|Motorcycles with gear||The applicant should be at least 18 years old.|
|Commercial Heavy Vehicles and Transport Vehicles||The applicant should have completed 8th standard. The applicant must be at least 18 years old (in some states, the minimum age limit is 20 years).|
|General Requirement||The applicant must be conversant with traffic regulations and rules. The applicant must have valid age proof and address proof documents.|
- Know more: How to Apply for LL
Document Required for Driving License
While applying for a driving license, the candidate must submit all documents given below. Timely submission of all necessary documents will ensure a smooth and faster driving license application process. Refer to the list given below to know what documents will be required while making an application for driving license in India.
- Age Proof (any one of the below given documents)
- Birth Certificate
- PAN Card
- 10th Class mark sheet
- Transfer certificate from any school for any class with date of birth printed on it.
Permanent Proof of address (any one from the following):
- Aadhaar Card
- Self-owned house agreement
- Electricity bill (issued in applicants name)
- LIC bond
- Voters ID Card
- Ration card
Current Proof of address (any one from the following):
- Rental agreement and electricity bill
- Rental agreement and LPG bill
- Duly filled application form (to get the application form for driving license, visit the nearest RTO or download it from the online portal for your state)
- 6 passport sized photographs (when applying for Learners Licence)
- 1 passport sized photograph (when applying for driving licence)
- Application Fees
- If you are staying in other cities, as current address proof, you can present the rental agreement with one recent utility bill copy which can be gas bill or electric bill.
- Medical Certificate - Form 1 A and 1 which is to be issued by a certified Government doctor
- For all applicants over the age of 40 years, a Medical certificate is mandatory.
Procedure for Applying New Driving Licence Online
Applicants who are planning to apply for a new driving licence online can do it by visiting the Sarathi website of the Road Transport and Highways Ministry. Choose ‘New Driving Licence’ option from the ‘Sarathi Services’ column on the website’oter-id/verifications homepage. You will be redirected to a new page that has all the information on it. After reading through all the instructions, download the form to your computer and fill it up with the necessary details.
Online Application Process for getting Driving Licence
The process for filling out an online application for a Learner’s Licence or Driving Licence is as follows:
- Visit the Sarathi website and download the driving licence application form.
- Fill in the form as per the instructions provided on the screen and click on ‘Submit’.
- In the case of minor applicants, the form is to be printed out and Part D is to be filled out and signed by the parent/guardian at the nearest RTO.
- Upload the documents to be submitted along with the application form (proof of age, proof of address, learner’s licence number).
- A Web Application Number will be generated after submission, which can be used to track the status of the application.
- Once the application has been processed, a notification will be sent via SMS.
How to Apply for a Driving License in RTO or Offline in India?
The procedure to apply for a Driving License in India is very simple and straightforward. The steps given below will help you understand how to apply for a Driving License offline.
- The applicant has to obtain a Form 4 which is the application form for motor vehicle driving license in india. The Form can be downloaded from the state transport website. Alternatively, the customer can also visit the nearest RTO to procure Form 4.
- Completely fill the application form and submit it with other documents like age proof and address proof at the RTO in the jurisdiction in which you live. Also, schedule a slot for Driving License test at the RTO and pay the fee for taking the test.
- Be present at your Driving License test center on the specified time and date. Once you clear the test, your driving license will be awarded on the spot or will be sent to your registered address.
- Also, if you are taking driving lesson from a Driving school, the school will help you apply for a driving license.
Format of Driving Licence in India:
The driving licence in India has a format. Let us understand this particular format by using an appropriate example:
Let us say that you stay in Bangalore and the vehicle you own has the license plate number KA-01-2009-0004558 (reference use only).
- The first two characters KA indicate the state where the vehicle is registered. In this example, it is Karnataka.
- 01 is the city code.
- 2009 is the year when the license was printed and given to the user.
- The following digits form the unique identification number for the user.
Test Procedure for Driving License in India
You must undergo a driving license which will test your driving skills and knowledge on road rules & signals and pass the test to get your driving license. Here are some of the important points regarding the driving license test procedure in India.
- You can apply for a permanent Driving License after 30 days from the date of issuance of Learners License. The application for permanent Driving License must be filed within 180 days from the issue date of Learners License.
- Submit all relevant documents (including driving license test slot booking slip if you have booked the slot online) and pay the fees for taking the Driving License test at the designated counter. Get the receipt and approach the allotted track cabin to take the test.
- You must be present in person for the Driving License test at least an hour before the allotted time. You will have to take a test before or along with the Motor Vehicle Inspector (MVI) at the designated track.
- Different states have different test tracks and procedures. Generally, for two wheelers, you will be asked to drive a two wheeler in a path designed in shape of number 8. Also, the Motor Vehicle Inspector will check if you are using indicators and relevant hand signals while driving. You will have to trace the shape of number 8 in your vehicle without your legs touching the ground.
- For a four wheeler driving license, the Motor Vehicle Inspector will ask you to ride the car in a track and will note your skills. You must show proper hand signals, use the indicator and apply brakes wherever necessary. Also, shift the gears smoothly and use side & rear view mirrors while driving.
How long does it take to get the Driving Licence after passing the test?
To avail a driving licence test, you must follow a certain procedure:
- You must fill the online form and take an appointment at the RTO office for your learning test. A few multiple choice questions will be asked during your test at the RTO. You will find a wide range of questions on the website, which might be asked during your learning license test. Once you pass that test, you will receive a receipt. With this receipt, you will have to collect your learning licence.
- After one month has passed from the date of issuance of your learning license, you will have to take an appointment for a driving test. During this test, the questions that will be asked will be related to the vehicle for which you are getting the license (two wheeler/four wheeler). Once you pass this exam too, you will get a receipt. This particular receipt will serve as your driving licence till the time you receive the real driving license by speed post.
What to do if your Driving Licence is Lost?
Every driver in India needs to have a driving license. Without this document you are not allowed to drive in the country. If you lose your driving license, you will have to apply for a duplicate one to be able to drive.
Things to do if you lost your Driving Licence:
- Go to the police station that has jurisdiction over the area where you lose your driving licence.
- Lodge a complaint and make sure you get a copy of the First Information Report (FIR).
- Visit the Notary office to get an affidavit on a stamped paper. The affidavit will act as a proof that you took an oath before the concerned officer (executive magistrate/notary public/first class judicial magistrate) that your license is lost.
You will have to pay a small fee for the notary service and the stamped paper.
International Driving Permit (IDP) in India
An international Driving License is issued to a resident Indian who holds a valid Indian Driving License. An international driving permit (IDP) allows an Indian citizen to drive motor vehicle in a foreign country. The international driving permit (IDP) has multiple language translation of the existing driving license and is similar to a passport in appearance. Though the process for obtaining an IDP varies from state to state, the general process flow is mentioned below.
The application process for an international driving license varies from state to state. Do get in touch with the nearest RTO or your State Transport department to know the complete application process and the list of documents required.
Why do you need a Driving License in India?
Apart from the fact that a person must hold a driving license to legally drive a motor vehicle in India, the uses of a driving license are many. Here are some of the reasons as to why you need a driving license in India.
- Important Document of Personal Identification
Often, while travelling or visiting a pub, you are asked to display an ID. At this point, most of us conveniently reach into our wallets to pull our driving licences. So, another rather important purpose which a driving licence fulfils is as a widely recognized form of personal identification. Among other documents like passports, PAN cards, Voter ID Cards, Aadhar Cards, driving licences too are a widely accepted form of personal identification.
- Make Commuting Easier
Commuting these days is an extremely stressful activity. Using public transport might not be everyones cup of tea. Also, owning a vehicle provides you with the freedom of being mobile, as and when you need. Considering that, if you wish to purchase a car or motorbike to commute, you will need to obtain a driving licence prior to doing so.
- Compulsory Legal Requirement
If you wish to drive, in India or even abroad, you are required to hold a valid driving licence to do so. A driving licence is an important document indicating your ability to operate or drive a motorised vehicle.
Driving Licence Valid As ID Proof For Exchanging Old Notes
After the PM announced a ban on Rs.500 and Rs.1000 notes, people have been rushing to the banks to exchange their old notes. When you go to exchange your old Rs.500 and Rs.1000 notes, you can show your Driving Licence as identity proof. Please note that the original document has to be shown at the counter while exchanging the notes.
FAQs on Driving Licence
- How do I start the application process for driving license?
First of all, you must hold a valid Learners License to be able to apply for a driving license. To apply for a driving license, you can get in touch with the Regional Transport Office for your area. Alternatively, you can also visit the online portal for the Transport Department of your state or city to get more details on driving license application process.
- Suppose I get a driving license in bangalore, will it be valid throughout India?
Yes, a driving license obtained in any RTO in India is valid throughout the country.
- What is the validity period for a Driving License in India?
Generally, in India, driving licenses are valid for 20 years from the date of issue or till the holder attains 50 years of age, whichever comes earlier. A driving license for commercial vehicles is valid for up to three years.
- Should I produce a medical certificate to obtain a driving license in India?
If you are under 50 years of age and if you are applying for non - transport license, you do not require a medical license. But, applicants over 50 years of age must produce medical certificate. Similarly, applicants of Transport vehicle License must produce medical certificate irrespective of age.
- What happens if I fail the driving license test?
In case you fail the driving license test, you can apply for a re test after 7 days.
Know more about Driving Licence Pages:
How to apply for a Driving Licence online?
To drive in India, one must have a driving licence (DL). Earlier, people had to visit the RTO of their area and stand in queues to apply for a DL. Now, people can apply online on the website of the RTO (Regional Transport Office) of their state or Union Territory. Driving License is also important because it is considered a valid identity proof in India. The online application process is easy, quick and people can book appointments for their driving test online. To apply, applicants have to fill Form 9, which is divided into 5 categories and submit it along with the required documents. Before applying for a driving licence, applicants have to apply for a learner’s license, which they can do online on the Sarathi website.
Check for How to : Apply for a Driving Licence online
Duplicate Driving Licence in India
Driving licence (DL) is an important document in India because it gives citizens the permission to drive and at the same time acts as a valid identity proof. If people lose their driving license, they can easily get a duplicate DL from the RTO (Regional Transport Office) that issued it. People can apply for a duplicate DL online or directly at the RTO. To apply, they have to fill the application form for availing a duplicate DL and submit it at the RTO along with the required documents.
Read on to find more about : Duplicate Driving Licence in India
Traffic Offences and Penalties in India
In India, when people violate traffic rules, they will be penalised for the same. The road rules in India came in effect from 1989 under the name ‘Rules of the Road Regulation’. It is compulsory for every driver in India to follow these rules. Violating or breaking them is a serious offence as per the traffic rules and the Motor Vehicle Act of India. Get more information about the offences related to documents, driving, road marking, vehicle number plates, horn, etc., and penalties charged for them.
Find Out :Traffic Rules & Regulations in India
If you want to get a driving license in India, you have to first apply for a learner’s license. It is a provisional license that is issued by the Regional Transport Office (RTO). To get this license, people must have an idea about road rules and pass the online test. Learner’s license is issued by the RTO on the basis of vehicle class. To apply for this license, people have to fill up the application form, which is divided into two sections and submit it along with the required documents and fees. People can apply for a learner’s licence online on the RTO websites.
Get more details on : Learning Licence
Driving Licence Test
When you apply for a driving licence (DL) in India, you will be ask to appear for a driving test. The result of this test will decide if you will get a driving license or not. People can book an appointment for driving license test on the RTO website. While booking the appointment, they can choose a slot that is suitable for them from the list of available time slots. For the test, the tracks vary depending on the type of vehicle and drivers are judged on various parameters. If drivers fail the test, they will have to reappear for it.
Check Procedure for : Driving Licence Test
Ambulance Drivers Looking to Avail DLs Will Receive Priority
Applicants who wish to avail Driving Licences will receive priority if the vehicle they want to drive is an ambulance. At present, any individual who wants to drive an ambulance is required to serve a waiting period of almost 45 days to receive a driving licence to drive transport vehicles. Such applicants will now receive their licences in just a day or two.
The Heath Department had made a request to the Regional Transport Office in the recent past to quicken the process so that ambulance operators received their licences sooner. MK Aiyappa, the transport commissioner, spoke about the development, revealing that it was the approach of the Health Department that instigated the RTO to contemplate the move. The Heath Department shared its records, according to which, there are 6,100 ambulances in the state of Karnataka, and that most of them are in Bangalore. He also added that going forward, the department will maintain a database of the individuals who are authorised to drive ambulances, as doing so could ensure that there are enough vehicles in times of emergencies.
Individuals who wish to avail a licence with the intension of driving ambulances should be at least 20 years of age and meet a few other eligibility criteria including passing Class VIII.
22nd March 2017
Delhi: Colleges and institutes might be allowed to issue learner’s driving license
The RTO has witnessed a rise in college students and youngsters applying for their learner’s driving license. The government is planning to allow certain colleges and institutes to carry out an online learner’s driving license. This will help the government in issuing more driving licenses and reducing the backlog of pending applications. By allowing the students to apply for their learner’s license at their college and institutes, the government is aiming to introduce a streamlined system that will empower the government with superior administrative control while maintaining transparency. The Delhi government is in discussion with various colleges and institutes to introduce the new online test system for learner’s Driving Licence.
23rd February 2017
Details Available on Motor Vehicles Department’s Website Regarding Driving License
Nearly six years following the launch of its official website, the MVD (Motor Vehicles Department) has been redesigned for a more use-friendly touch. One of the senior officials of the Motor Vehicles Department, revealed during the re-launch of the website that the site is simple, neat and user-friendly. You can directly visit the link https://transport.maharashtra.gov.in, and book an appointment for a learner’s license as well as a Driving Licence exam online. English and Marathi are the two languages that users can choose from to access all details regarding RTOs, vehicle registration, driving license, taxes, fees and permits. You can also lodge complaints as well as provide feedback using the website which also contains the latest decisions made by the government.
21st February 2017
Need to improve the quality of helmets, govt says BIS
Keeping in mind the ever-increasing number of road accidents in India that involve two-wheelers, the government has decided to take an important step towards curbing this menace. It is holding meetings with the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) to improve the quality of helmets being manufactured in the country.
A new BIS mark will be set which would determine the quality standards of the helmets in India. Every manufacturer will have to abide by this set standard.
According to a study released by the road body IRF and CUTS International, 34% of all the fatal road accidents in the year 2014 were of people on two-wheelers. While addressing an audience at a seminar in New Delhi, the Joint Secretary of MoRTH said that these deaths were caused because of the use of inferior quality helmets such as the ones used at construction sites.
Also, since in humid weather conditions, the riders refrain from using helmets, the government is trying to introduce designs that would be easy-to-wear and will be lighter to provide comfort.He also emphasized on how it is of utmost importance for the Delhi Police to be stern with the riders who ply the roads without a helmet.
16th February 2016
70% of New Driving licences procured by youngsters
Nearly 70% of the New driving licences that were issued in 2016 were procured by youngsters in the age group of 18 to 21 years as the RTOs recorded an increase of 28% overall in the number of new licenses that were issued in 2016 as compared to the number in 2015, according to sources. Transport experts also cautioned that with the increase in the number of driving licenses that were being issued, a sensitization programme for youngsters must also be conducted, on following rules and road safety. A minimum of 70% of all accidents between January 2012 to December 2015 were due to the negligence of drivers.
Bikers are reported to have been seen jumping signals and not stopping at zebra crossings. According to a senior RTO official from Tardeo, over 10,000 citizens apply for new licenses every single month.
09th February 2016
DL and LL fees to increase as per new rules
The Central Motor Vehicles Rules had its 22nd amendment recently. According to it, there will be a substantial rise in fee for Learner’s Licence, Driver’s Licence, Fitness Certificate tests, etc. The fee for registration of new vehicles will also increase.
At Mysuru RTO, vehicle owners were taken aback by the fee hike that happened all of a sudden. There was a small commotion for a while as no one understood why the fee was increased.
As per the RTO officials, this particular circular was issued by Bangalore’s Transport Commissioner. The learner’s licence fee was Rs.30 but it has now been increased to Rs.150. The renewal fee for the LL has gone up from Rs.40 to Rs.200. The DL fee has also gone up from Rs.40 to Rs.200.
19th January 2017
Transport Department Urges Better Road Safety Implementation in Bhubaneshwar
The Transport Department has criticised the poor functioning of the road safety committees that were implemented to reduce the number of road fatalities in Odisha. The Department has urged that the committees, managed by district collectors, meet more regularly and take an active part in the prevention of road fatalities.
The Transport Commissioner has directed all district collectors to revive the committees and has also drawn up a list of their duties, which range from regulating road safety programmes to monitoring road safety measures in districts.
With the rising number of road fatalities in Odisha due to rash driving, the government is looking at steps to curb the alarming increase in fatalities.
Deterrents in the form of confiscation of Driving Licence have also not been effective. Among the measures the government seeks to implement are the re-location of liquor shops to a distance of over 50 metres from highways and the popularisation of Good Samaritan schemes.
22nd December 2016
Online appointments for driving license are a must for autorickshaw drivers
The transport department of Surat has made it mandatory for the autorickshaw drivers to obtain an online appointment for their driving license. Starting on December 1st, the applicants can visit www.sarathi.nic.in to book an appointment. The auto and three-wheeler tempo drivers are no longer required to contact the RTO directly for a license. The Surat Autorickshaw Federation (SAF) is resisting the decision and threatened to cause agitation considering the majority of the drivers are illiterate and not familiar with the online platform.
9th December 2016
Driving Licence Compulsory for the 2016 CISF Exams
The last date for admissions for CISF exams in 2016 has been extended to November 19. However the more important factor for appearing for this exam is to have a driving license, without which candidates will not be allowed to sit for the written exams which is preliminary. But the driving licence has to be either for the heavy motor vehicle, motor cycle with gear and light motor vehicle.
29th November 2016
People with Hearing Problems to Get Driving Licence
People with hearing problems (impairment) will soon get driving licence, if they pass the regular tests. The Road Transport Ministry has observed that driving primarily requires visual skills. It has made provisions for people with hearing problems to get driving licenses and asked all the state governments to comply with it. For safety purposes, people can use cochlear implants or hearing aids. They can also use stickers on both the front and back side of their cars to indicate other drivers that they suffer from a hearing disability.
18th November 2016