Like swimming and riding a bicycle, knowing how to drive a motor vehicle has also become a life skill these days. The Motor Vehicle Act of 1988 states that a citizen cannot drive a motor vehicle in a public road without holding a valid driving licence. But what if you are just beginning to learn the basics of driving a car or a two wheeler? Beginners must hold a valid Learner's Licence (LLR) in India to practise driving motor vehicles on roads provided they are supervised by a permanent driving licence holder.Read on to find more about how to apply online for a Learner's Licence in India and other know - how's regarding Learner's Licence.
Application for Learners Licence (LL)
To apply for a Learner’s Licence (LL), applicants have to do the following:
- Enter ‘Expired Learner’s Licence Number’.
- Enter ‘Date of Birth’.
- Click on ‘Submit’.
Overview of Learners Licence in India
To be able to legally drive a vehicle on Indian roads, you must hold a valid Driving Licence. The first step to obtaining a Driving Licence in India is getting a Learner's Licence. A Learner's Licence is a document issued by the respective state Regional Transport Office (RTO) and Regional Transport Authority (RTO) and acts as a provisional & restricted Licence. One must be familiar with road sense and rules to get a Learner's licence. In India, Learner's licence is issued to the candidate after he passes a written or online test that will test his knowledge on road rules. After you get a Learner's licence, you will be allowed to practise driving on public roads provided that you are accompanied by a person who holds a permanent Driving Licence. You must obtain a Learner's licence for the pertinent class of vehicle before you can get a Driving Licence.
Each region and state in India has its own RTO or RTA office in all major cities from where you can get your Learner's Licence. Also, many state RTOs now have their own online portal in which you can apply for a Learner's Licence without any hassles right from the comfort of your home. With all applications forms for Learner's Licence readily available online and websites offering mock Learner's Licence tests, getting a LLR has become a cake walk.
Types of Learners Licence in India
Driving Licence and Learner's Licence in India are awarded based on the class of motor vehicle. Depending on the class of the vehicle, the eligibility criteria also vary. Here are some of the most common class of vehicles.
|Category of Use||License Class||Vehicle Type|
|Personal use||MC 50CC (Motorcycle 50 cc)||Motorcycles with engine capacity of 50 cc or less than 50 cc|
|LMV - NT||Light Motor Vehicle used for non transport purposes|
|FVG||Motorcycles of any engine capacity but with no gears like scooters and mopeds|
|MC EX50CC||Motorcycles with a capacity of 50 CC or more, motorcycles with gear and Light Motor Vehicles (LMVs) including cars|
|MCWG or M / CYCL.WG||All types of Motorcycles including Motorcycle with gear|
|Commercial Use||HGMV||Heavy Goods Motor Vehicle|
|LMV - TR||Light Motor Vehicle used for commercial purposes|
|HPMV||All India driving permit for trucks and cars or open licence / Heavy Passenger Motor Vehicle|
|LMV - NT||Light Motor Vehicle for non transport purposes|
|MGV||Medium Goods Vehicle|
Eligibility for Learners Licence in India
Depending on the class of motor vehicle and the type of learner's licence sought for, the eligibility criteria for Learning Licence differs. The eligibility conditions for various types of Learner's Licence offered in India is given below.
|Type of Learner's Licence||Eligibility Criteria|
|Motorcycles with gear||The candidate must be aged at least 18 years.|
|Motorcycles without gear with up to 50 cc capacity||The candidate must be aged at least 16 years. For candidates less than 18 years of age, the consent from guardian or parent must be obtained.|
|General Requirement for obtaining a Learner's Licence||The Learner's Licence applicant must be fluent with traffic rules & regulations. The applicant must have valid address proof and age proof documents.|
|Commercial Heavy Vehicles and Transport Vehicles||The applicant must have finished 8th standard of schooling. The applicant must be at least 18 years old. In some states, the minimum age requirement is 20 years.|
Learners Licence Form
Individuals who are looking at obtaining a driving licence in India are required to fulfil certain conditions. One of the key conditions is having a learner's licence Form.
The application form for a learner's licence consists of two sections to be filled out, as follows:
Particulars to be furnished by the applicant: The applicant is required to enter the following details when applying for a learner's licence-
- Personal details such as name, address, date of birth, place of birth.
- Educational qualification.
- Type of Indian citizenship (by birth, naturalization) along with documentation.
- Blood group.
- Previous driving licences held with details (if any).
- Driving school certificate (if required).
- Exemption from medical test (if applicable).
- Declaration that particulars entered in the previous section are true, along with the signature of the parent/guardian of the applicant.
Fees for Learning Licence
The fee to be paid when applying for a learner's licence is Rs. 30 for one class of vehicle. The applicants will have to make the payment at the time of submitting the documents and application form of Learning Licence DL.
Documents Required to get a Learner's Licence in India
Having all the necessary documents in place will ensure a fast and hassle free Learner's Licence application process. A candidate applying for a Learner's Licence must submit the following documents at the RTO while filing an application. Candidates planning to make an online application must keep a scanned copy of the documents given below ready for upload. To apply for a Learner's Licence in India, the following documents will be required.
- Proof of Address (any one document from the list given below)
- Recent electricity or telephone bill
- LIC Bond
- Aadhaar Card
- House agreement
- Ration Card
- Age Proof (any one document of the below given list of documents)
- PAN Card
- Birth Certificate
- Transfer certificate from any school for any class with date of birth printed on it.
- 10th Class mark sheet
- Application Fee for Learner's Licence
- If you are residing in other cities, you can submit the rental agreement with a copy of a recent utility bill like electricity bill or gas bill as current address proof.
- At least six copies of passport size photographs
- Medical Certificate - Form 1 A and 1 which is to be signed by a certified Government doctor (if applicable).
- Completely filled application form. (You can download the form from the state RTO portal or you can procure the form from the nearest RTO office)
How to Apply for a Learning Licence Online in India?
A plenty of state RTO websites in India allow you to file online applications for Learner's licence in India. Though the steps for filing a Learner's licence application varies from site to site, read the general procedure given below to get an overall idea of how to file a learner's licence application online.
- Step 1: Google to find the transport department's website for your state or the RTO website. See if the website has the online Learner's licence application facility.
- Step 2: If the state transport department offers the facility to file a Learner's licence application online, read the instructions carefully on how to do it. Generally, you will be asked to fill up information like father's name, district, postal code, Aadhaar card number and locality. Also, you will be required to upload documents like age proof and address proof online before you submit the form.
- Step 3: Also, for Learner's licence applications, some state RTOs offer the feature where you can select the Learner's licence test slot. You will also be able to make a payment towards the Learner's licence application & test online or you will get a receipt in mail which you will have to present at the test venue.
- Step 4: In some websites, you will be able to download the application which you will have to later present it at the RTO before taking the test. Remember, you must also submit other documents in original at the RTO before taking the test.
- Step 5: Be present at the RTO / Learner's licence test facility to take the Learner's licence test as per the slot that you have selected
How to Apply for a Learner's Licence in RTO or Offline in India?
If you are not familiar with the process of filing an online application for Learner's licence or if your state Transport Department does not offer the online Learner's licence application facility, you can easily apply for a Learner's licence directly at the RTO office. Read the steps given below to understand how to apply for a Learner's licence at the RTO.
- Step 1: You will have to obtain either Form 2 which is for the application of Learner's licence with passport photographs or Form 3 which is for Learner's licence application with photographs. These forms can be downloaded online or can be directly procured from the RTO office.
- Step 2: Fill the application form completely and attach photographs wherever necessary. Attach age proof and address proof documents. Visit the RTO for your locality and submit the application form. Also, schedule a Learner's licence test by choosing a slot.
- Step 3: Be present at the Learner's licence test facility on the date and time that you have chosen. Once you pass the test, the Learner's licence will be sent to the registered address or will be directly offered on the spot depending on the RTO.
- Step 4: If you are taking driving lessons under the guidance of a driving school, they will assist you in getting a Learner's licence.
Test Procedure for LL in India
All Learner's License applicants will be required to take either an online test or a written test that will check the applicant's knowledge on road rules and safety signals. You will have to pass the test successfully to get your Learner's License. Here are some of the important points regarding the Learner's License test.
- Be present at the test venue at least half an hour before the designated time.
- Enquire at the RTO about the Learner's License test. Most of the RTOs hand over a printed notice containing the important points like road signals and rules which will be tested.
- If you have applied for Learner's Licence test online, you will have to submit the confirmation slip at the designated counter and make the payment before you can take the test.
- Generally, you will have to answer multiple choice questions either online or on paper. You will get certain number of answers correctly to get your Learner's License. In case you fail the test, you will be allowed to retake the test after a week's time.
- Also, you can apply for a Driving Licence 30 days after the issue date of Learner's Licence. The application for permanent Driving Licence must be filed within 180 days of issue date of Learner's Licence.
Why do you need a LL in India?
Here are some of the reasons as to why you need a Learner's Licence in India.
- To learn driving a motor vehicle, you must first get a Learner's Licence for that class of vehicle. A Learner's Licence legally allows you to learn driving with an experienced instructor or driver on Indian roads.
- If you hold a valid Learner's License, you can practise driving with a permanent Driving Licence holder. This will help you polish your driving skills before you take your vehicle out.
- Getting a Driving Licence is a precursor to getting a Driving Licence. It is easy to apply and get a permanent Driving License if you hold a valid Learner's Licence.
- Holding a Learner's Licence and practising on roads will help you get familiarized with road rules which will in turn help you when you are driving.
FAQs on Learners Licence
Is my Learner's Licence valid throughout India?
Yes, your Learner's Licence is valid throughout the country for six months from the date of issue.
Are there any rules that must be followed while learning to drive with a Learner's Licence?
Yes, first of all an experienced license holder must accompany you and you cannot carry any person other than your instructor on the pillion. Secondly, you must paste a 'L' sign at the front and rear of your vehicle which will act as a sign for other drivers that you are a novice.
What is the validity period of a LL issued in India?
In India, a Learner's License is valid for a period of six months. Once the LL has expired, you must either renew your Learner's License or apply for a fresh one depending on the RTO rules.
Will I be asked to drive a motor vehicle to get my Learner's Licence?
No, you will not be asked to drive a motor vehicle to get your Learner's Licence. You will however have to undergo an online or written test containing multiple choice questions which will test your proficiency on road rules and traffic signs.
I need to apply for a LL for a non-gear vehicle and car. Do I have to apply separately?
No, you can apply for a Learner's License for a car and non-gear vehicle together. Also, you can take a single test for both. However, you will have to pay the application fee for both car and vehicle without gear.