Learners License

Like swimming and riding a bicycle, knowing how to drive a motor vehicle has also become a life skill these days. The Motor Vehicle Act of 1988 states that a citizen cannot drive a motor vehicle in a public road without holding a valid driving license. But what if you are just beginning to learn the basics of driving a car or a two wheeler? Beginners must hold a valid Learner's License (LLR) in India to practise driving motor vehicles on roads provided they are supervised by a permanent driving license holder.Read on to find more about how to apply online for a Learner's License in India and other know - how's regarding Learner's License.

Overview of Learner's License in India Types of Learning Licence
Eligibility for Learner's License in India Learners Licence Form & Fees
Documents Required to get a Learner's License Apply for Online learning licence
Apply for a Learning License in RTO or Offline Test Procedure for LL in India
Why do you need a LL in India Learners Licence questions and answers
Apply for Learners' Licence

Application for Learner’s License (LL):

To apply for a Learner’s License (LL), applicants have to do the following:

  • Enter ‘Expired Learner’s License Number’.
  • Enter ‘Date of Birth’.
  • Click on ‘Submit’.

Overview of Learner's License in India

To be able to legally drive a vehicle on Indian roads, you must hold a valid Driving License. The first step to obtaining a Driving License in India is getting a Learner's License. A Learner's License is a document issued by the respective state Regional Transport Office (RTO) and Regional Transport Authority (RTO) and acts as a provisional & restricted License. One must be familiar with road sense and rules to get a Learner's License. In India, Learner's License is issued to the candidate after he passes a written or online test that will test his knowledge on road rules. After you get a Learner's License, you will be allowed to practise driving on public roads provided that you are accompanied by a person who holds a permanent Driving License. You must obtain a Learner's License for the pertinent class of vehicle before you can get a Driving License.

Each region and state in India has its own RTO or RTA office in all major cities from where you can get your Learner's License. Also, many state RTOs now have their own online portal in which you can apply for a Learner's License without any hassles right from the comfort of your home. With all applications forms for Learner's License readily available online and websites offering mock Learner's License tests, getting a LLR has become a cake walk.

Types of Learner's License in India

Driving License and Learner's License in India are awarded based on the class of motor vehicle. Depending on the class of the vehicle, the eligibility criteria also vary. Here are some of the most common class of vehicles.

Category of Use License Class Vehicle Type
Personal use MC 50CC (Motorcycle 50 cc) Motorcycles with engine capacity of 50 cc or less than 50 cc
LMV - NT Light Motor Vehicle used for non transport purposes
FVG Motorcycles of any engine capacity but with no gears like scooters and mopeds
MC EX50CC Motorcycles with a capacity of 50 CC or more, motorcycles with gear and Light Motor Vehicles (LMVs) including cars
MCWG or M / CYCL.WG All types of Motorcycles including Motorcycle with gear
Commercial Use HGMV Heavy Goods Motor Vehicle
LMV - TR Light Motor Vehicle used for commercial purposes
HPMV All India driving permit for trucks and cars or open license / Heavy Passenger Motor Vehicle
LMV - NT Light Motor Vehicle for non transport purposes
MGV Medium Goods Vehicle

Eligibility for Learner's License in India

Depending on the class of motor vehicle and the type of learner's license sought for, the eligibility criteria for Learning License differs. The eligibility conditions for various types of Learner's License offered in India is given below.

Type of Learner's License Eligibility Criteria
Motorcycles with gear The candidate must be aged at least 18 years.
Motorcycles without gear with up to 50 cc capacity The candidate must be aged at least 16 years. For candidates less than 18 years of age, the consent from guardian or parent must be obtained.
General Requirement for obtaining a Learner's License The Learner's License applicant must be fluent with traffic rules & regulations. The applicant must have valid address proof and age proof documents.
Commercial Heavy Vehicles and Transport Vehicles The applicant must have finished 8th standard of schooling. The applicant must be at least 18 years old. In some states, the minimum age requirement is 20 years.

Learner's Licence Form

Individuals who are looking at obtaining a driving licence in India are required to fulfil certain conditions. One of the key conditions is having a learner's licence Form.

The application form for a learner's licence consists of two sections to be filled out, as follows:

  • Particulars to be furnished by the applicant: The applicant is required to enter the following details when applying for a learner's licence-
    • Personal details such as name, address, date of birth, place of birth.
    • Educational qualification.
    • Type of Indian citizenship (by birth, naturalization) along with documentation.
    • Blood group.
    • Previous driving licences held with details (if any).
    • Driving school certificate (if required).
    • Exemption from medical test (if applicable).
  • Declaration that particulars entered in the previous section are true, along with the signature of the parent/guardian of the applicant.

Fees for Learning Licence

The fee to be paid when applying for a learner's licence is Rs. 30 for one class of vehicle. The applicants will have to make the payment at the time of submitting the documents and application form of Learning Licence DL.

OLD Fee for Learner’s Licence – Rs. 30

*Revised fee in January – 2017 – Rs. 150

Documents Required to get a Learner's License in India

Having all the necessary documents in place will ensure a fast and hassle free Learner's License application process. A candidate applying for a Learner's License must submit the following documents at the RTO while filing an application. Candidates planning to make an online application must keep a scanned copy of the documents given below ready for upload. To apply for a Learner's License in India, the following documents will be required.

  • Proof of Address (any one document from the list given below)
    • Recent electricity or telephone bill
    • LIC Bond
    • Aadhaar Card
    • Passport
    • House agreement
    • Ration Card
  • Age Proof (any one document of the below given list of documents)
    • PAN Card
    • Birth Certificate
    • Transfer certificate from any school for any class with date of birth printed on it.
    • 10th Class mark sheet
    • Passport
  • Application Fees for Learner's License
  • If you are residing in other cities, you can submit the rental agreement with a copy of a recent utility bill like electricity bill or gas bill as current address proof.
  • At least six copies of passport size photographs
  • Medical Certificate - Form 1 A and 1 which is to be signed by a certified Government doctor (if applicable).
  • Completely filled application form. (You can download the form from the state RTO portal or you can procure the form from the nearest RTO office)

How to Apply for a Learning License Online in India?

A plenty of state RTO websites in India allow you to file online applications for Learner's License in India. Though the steps for filing a Learner's License application varies from site to site, read the general procedure given below to get an overall idea of how to file an Learner's License application online.

  • Google to find the transport department's website for your state or the RTO website. See if the website has the online Learner's License application facility.
  • If the state transport department offers the facility to file a Learner's License application online, read the instructions carefully on how to do it. Generally, you will be asked to fill up information like father's name, district, postal code, Aadhaar card number and locality. Also, you will be required to upload documents like age proof and address proof online before you submit the form.
  • Also, for Learner's License applications, some state RTOs offer the feature where you can select the Learner's License test slot. You will also be able to make a payment towards the Learner's License application & test online or you will get a receipt in mail which you will have to present at the test venue.
  • In some websites, you will be able to download the application which you will have to later present it at the RTO before taking the test. Remember, you must also submit other documents in original at the RTO before taking the test.
  • Be present at the RTO / Learner's License test facility to take the Learner's License test as per the slot that you have selected.

How to Apply for a Learner's License in RTO or Offline in India?

If you are not familiar with the process of filing an online application for Learner's License or if your state Transport Department does not offer the online Learner's License application facility, you can easily apply for a Learner's License directly at the RTO office. Read the steps given below to understand how to apply for a Learner's License at the RTO.

  • You will have to obtain either Form 2 which is for the application of Learner's License with passport photographs or Form 3 which is for Learner's License application with photographs. These forms can be downloaded online or can be directly procured from the RTO office.
  • Fill the application form completely and attach photographs wherever necessary. Attach age proof and address proof documents. Visit the RTO for your locality and submit the application form. Also, schedule a Learner's License test by choosing a slot.
  • Be present at the Learner's License test facility on the date and time that you have chosen. Once you pass the test, the Learner's License will be sent to the registered address or will be directly offered on the spot depending on the RTO.
  • If you are taking driving lessons under the guidance of a driving school, they will assist you in getting a Learner's License.

Test Procedure for LL in India

All Learner's License applicants will be required to take either an online test or a written test that will check the applicant's knowledge on road rules and safety signals. You will have to pass the test successfully to get your Learner's License. Here are some of the important points regarding the Learner's License test.

  • Be present at the test venue at least half an hour before the designated time.
  • Enquire at the RTO about the Learner's License test. Most of the RTOs hand over a printed notice containing the important points like road signals and rules which will be tested.
  • If you have applied for Learner's License test online, you will have to submit the confirmation slip at the designated counter and make the payment before you can take the test.
  • Generally, you will have to answer multiple choice questions either online or on paper. You will get certain number of answers correctly to get your Learner's License. In case you fail the test, you will be allowed to retake the test after a week's time.
  • Also, you can apply for a Driving License 30 days after the issue date of Learner's License. The application for permanent Driving License must be filed within 180 days of issue date of Learner's License.

Why do you need a LL in India?

Here are some of the reasons as to why you need a Learner's License in India.

  • To learn driving a motor vehicle, you must first get a Learner's License for that class of vehicle. A Learner's License legally allows you to learn driving with an experienced instructor or driver on Indian roads.
  • If you hold a valid Learner's License, you can practise driving with a permanent Driving License holder. This will help you polish your driving skills before you take your vehicle out.
  • Getting a Driving License is a precursor to getting a Driving License. It is easy to apply and get a permanent Driving License if you hold a valid Learner's License.
  • Holding a Learner's License and practising on roads will help you get familiarized with road rules which will in turn help you when you are driving.

FAQs on Learner's Licence

  1. Is my Learner's License valid throughout India?

    Yes, your Learner's License is valid throughout the country for six months from the date of issue.

  2. Are there any rules that must be followed while learning to drive with a Learner's License?

    Yes, first of all an experienced license holder must accompany you and you cannot carry any person other than your instructor on the pillion. Secondly, you must paste a 'L' sign at the front and rear of your vehicle which will act as a sign for other drivers that you are a novice.

  3. What is the validity period of a LL issued in India?

    In India, a Learner's License is valid for a period of six months. Once the LL has expired, you must either renew your Learner's License or apply for a fresh one depending on the RTO rules.

  4. Will I be asked to drive a motor vehicle to get my Learner's License?

    No, you will not be asked to drive a motor vehicle to get your Learner's License. You will however have to undergo an online or written test containing multiple choice questions which will test your proficiency on road rules and traffic signs.

  5. I need to apply for a LL for a non-gear vehicle and car. Do I have to apply separately?

    No, you can apply for a Learner's License for a car and non-gear vehicle together. Also, you can take a single test for both. However, you will have to pay the application fee for both car and vehicle without gear.

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News About Learner License

  • Driving without your helmet in the Krishna district now means suspension of your driving licence

    If you do not wear your helmet while driving, you can lose your licence for good in Krishna district. The transport department and the police department have made a decision to make wearing helmets mandatory, with effective from January 2021.

    In spite of the enforcement of campaigns that had been conducted by the RTA and police department, a lot of two-wheeler drivers do not wear helmets.

    11 November 2020

  • Validity of driving licenses extended by the Punjab government

    The validity of driving licenses that have expired between 1 February 2020 and the end of this year has been extended until 31 December 2020. The main reason for the extension is the coronavirus pandemic. According to the Transport Minister, driving licenses that have expired in February will be valid until 31 December. Fresh instructions regarding documents were issued by the Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. According to the Transport Minister, authorities were concerned that there would inconvenience in case there is a rush to renew the driving licenses.

    27 August 2020

  • Mild to medium colour blind individuals can apply for a driving license

    According to the Government of India, driving licenses will be provided to Divyagjan citizens. Earlier, colour blind individuals were not allowed to apply for a driving license.

    However, mild to medium colour bling individuals can now apply for a driving license, according to the Union Road Transport and Highways Ministry. The move comes as part of the ministry’s plan to allow differently-abled individuals to avail various transport-related services. A notification has been issued by the Road Transport and Highways Ministry to make the relevant changes in the respective forms. According to a statement made by the government, a notification has been issued by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways to toward amendment to Form 1 and Form 1A of the Central Motor Vehicles (CMV) Rules so that mild to medium colour blind individuals can apply for a driving license. Earlier, several representations were received by the Ministry that colour blind individuals were not allowed to get a driving license due to the difficulty in getting a medical certificate. The recommendations that were made will allow mild to medium colour blind individuals to get a license and restrictions will be in place only for severe colour blind individuals.

    1 July 2020

  • Government seeks suggestions for amending MV rules

    The government has now reinvited suggestions from stakeholders, and the general public on the amendment regarding motor vehicle rules about registration of new vehicles, driving licence, and also recall of defected ones. For all defective vehicles, the government has proposed that there will be fines which range from Rs.10 lakh to Rs.1 crore and this will be on the basis of the number of vehicles and also the type of vehicles.

    This notification had been reissued for providing time to all stakeholders for examining this in view of the current situation which arises from the lockdown. MoRTH in a statement had said that they have reinvited suggestions and also comments from stakeholders and the notifications had been earlier issued on 18 March. It had been felt that the stakeholders required an opportunity for examining the notification and also give comments and suggestions.

    11 June 2020

  • Nagpur - Students can apply for a learner’s driving licence in their college

    The transport authority in Nagpur has enabled various colleges to issue learner's driving licences to eligible students. In a bid to reduce the increasing number of licence applications coming from youngsters, the government has taken this initiative for the convenience of the applicants. The applicants no longer have to visit the RTO to apply for a learner's licences, instead, they can choose to carry out the application process from within their college campus itself. The RTO will ensure the availability of necessary tools and support that the colleges might require to carry out this task. Though the learner's licence can be obtained from the college, they must visit the RTO to apply for the permanent Driving Licence.

    18 August 2017

  • Nagpur: Cashless payments for Learner's Licence and Drivers Licence

    The city RTO has decided to accept only online payment for a Learner's or Driver's Licence. After the implementation of software Sarathi 4.0, the application process for a learner or driver's licence has been digitalized. Though the convenience of net banking and payments through debit/credit cards will help applicants in making an easy payment, it might turn out to be challenging task for applicants who are from the lower-middle class and do not have access to a bank account itself. The RTOs are already working towards facilitating payment systems for everyone, however, online payments will be the only payment option in the future.

    27 July 2017

  • Now, an app for LL

    The government in Delhi will soon launch a mobile app to help those planning to apply for a Learners License.

    Through the app, one learn about the basic principles of driving and also apply for the required license. The objective of this move is to provide all services that can be availed online through the mobile app.

    The plan is to make available training content related to traffic rules and regulations and question banks to test the user applying for license.

    Speaking to the media, an official said that the government is trying finalise on this and ponder over what more can be done. A developer will be assigned for the project once the final proposal is in place.

    13 June 2017

  • Four school lose their learner permits

    At least four driving schools in Noida have lost their authority to issue driving certificates, the transport department reported recently. This action was taken after a local organisation made a complaint that these driving schools were using private vehicles to teach their students.

    Jan Swabhiman Seva Samiti's president, Arvind Kumar Pandey said that he had written to the deputy transport commissioner of Meerut Zone about driving schools using private vehicles that are not registered to teach how to drive.

    Schools that have been named in the complaint are Gaurav Motor Driving School, Sector 53, Yogendra Driving School, Sector 12, Anu Motor Driving School, Sector 66, and Motor Driving School, Sector 41. The DTC has issued an enquiry into this problem on May 20, holding the driving certificates that are issued by the above listed schools till the inquiry is completed.

    The DTC had issued licenses to 16 different driving schools in the Meerut Zone to give driving certificates to people who were willing to learn how to drive a four-wheeler. Those who have received their certificates from the schools that have been listed in the complaint are not being let to take a driving test and have been issued a Driving Licence without taking one.

    5 June 2017

  • Visit the e-governance centre for RTO for booking appoints for Learner's Licence

    Mumbai: Now taking an appointment for a Learner's Licence, uploading documents, paying road tax, and carrying out vehicle transfers have become easy through the e-governance centre for Mumbai's RTOs. The Sarathi 4.0 and Vahan 4.0 are the software provided by the RTO for licence applications and vehicle registrations, however, many applicants are facing issues on the online portal. The applicants are now given a choice to visit the nearest e-governance centre for RTO in order to carry out their work related to licence, tax payment, and vehicle transfers for Rs.20 only. One of the authorized official at the e-governance centre will assist the applicant in filling out forms, making payments, etc.

    10 May 2017

  • LL Slot Booking Waiting Time Lowered by RTO

    Just two years ago, the online slot booking was implemented by the transport department for learner’s licences as well as permanent driving licences. The Regional Transport Office in Nagpur has now effectively lowered the waiting time for online slot bookings so far as Learning License is concerned. Though no time period existed earlier, the department has now taken an initiative to cap the same to three months. Sharad Jichkar, the Regional Transport Officer, however, has confirmed that Learner’s Licence bookings on the internet are full until May 2017.

    22 March 2017

  • Government: College students can apply for their learner’s license

    New Delhi: In an effort to offer an easy application process for the Driving Licence, the government has announced that soon the college students can apply for their learner’s licence in their college itself. Considering the fact the most amount of individuals who apply for their learner’s license are youngsters, by extending the application services to college, the Regional Transport Office will be able to issue more licenses. It will also help the RTO is reducing the backlog of pending learner’s license from their local office. The students will need to visit the RTO to get their driving test inspected by an authorized RTO officer. The government is also implementing various steps to digitize the entire application process.

    23 February 2017

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