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Aadhaar Card

What is Aadhaar?

The Aadhaar is a unique one-time government-issued identity card that is assigned to all Indian residents. It is a 12-digit random number that records the individual’s biometric and demographic data. Applying for an Aadhaar is voluntary and free of cost.

The Aadhaar program was constituted in 2016 when the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) was set up. All Aadhaar cards are issued through this body, which collects the cardholder’s demographic and biometric data to enable a more streamlined and transparent method of allocating certain government benefits and subsidies to citizens.

Being a government-issued document, it can be used as proof of identity as well as proof of address for the purpose of opening a bank account, applying for loans and government subsidies.

An Aadhaar card carries the following information:

  1. Demographic information
    • Name
    • Date of birth/age
    • Address
    • EID- the enrolment number
    • Barcode
  2. Biometric information
    • Photograph
    • Iris scan (both eyes)
    • Fingerprints (all ten)

How to Enrol for Aadhaar?

The Aadhaar application process can be done from any authorised Aadhaar Enrolment Centre/ Permanent Enrolment Centre. You can find an updated list of existing Aadhaar Enrolment Centres on the UIDAI website.

In an effort to simplify the enrolment process, the UIDAI has also authorised over 10,000 post offices and bank branches to operate as Permanent Enrol Centres. Applicants can follow the 3 simple steps listed below to complete the enrolment process.

  • Step 1: Locate the nearest Aadhaar enrolment centre.
  • Step 2: Fill in the application form and submit required documents.
  • Step 3: Complete biometrics and collect acknowledgement.

In the case of applicants who do not have the required documents, UIDAI has made arrangement for the following modes of enrolment:

  • Head of Family (HoF) based application: Under this enrolment process, the Head of Family (with a valid Aadhaar) can submit documents proving his/her relationship to the applicant. The applicant’s enrolment will then be processed after successful verification of these details.
  • Introducer-based application: In cases where the applicant has no valid proof of identity or address documents, an Introducer appointed by a Registrar can assist in the enrolment process. The Introducer can be contacted through the Aadhaar Enrolment Centre.

Baal Aadhaar

In case of minor applicants below the age of 5, the process is listed below:

  • The parents’ biometric details will be captured at the time of enrolment. When the child turns 15 years, he/she will have to visit a centre to update his/her biometric data.
  • Parent’s Aadhaar is to be provided when submitting the application form and documents at the Enrolment Centre.

How to Download/Print Aadhaar Card

In an effort to make the Aadhaar more accessible, the UIDAI has made arrangement for the electronic storage and retrieval of Aadhaar details. Known as the e-Aadhaar, this card is available in a PDF format and can be downloaded from the UIDAI website.

The e-Aadhaar can be accessed through the official UIDAI website by using any of the following:

  • With Aadhaar number.
  • With VID (Virtual ID).
  • With EID (Enrolment ID).

Find A detailed guide on how to download/print your e-Aadhaar card from the UIDAI Website.

Aadhaar Card Eligibility

The eligibility criteria for an Aadhaar card is as follows:

  • All Indian citizens are eligible to apply for an Aadhaar card.
  • NRIs (Non Resident Indians) who have lived in the country for a continuous period of 182 days are permitted to apply.

Aadhaar Services

To make the Aadhaar process more transparent and streamlined, the UIDAI has made available various services relating to Aadhaar processes and features. A brief summary of each is provided below:

  1. Verify Aadhaar Number

    Applicants can verify if their Aadhaar card is active or has been deactivated as follows:

    • Visit the UIDAI website and click on the ‘My Aadhaar’ tab.
    • Click on the ‘Verify Aadhaar Number’ tab and enter your Aadhaar number along with the security CAPTCHA.
    • The current status of your Aadhaar card will appear on screen.

    Find a comprehensive guide to Verify Aadhaar Number

  2. Verify mobile number or email registered with Aadhaar:

    Providing an email address and mobile number when applying for an Aadhaar card is advisable as it makes getting updates on services easier. As an applicant, you can also receive notifications on additional features or information pertaining to your Aadhaar remotely. Follow the steps listed here to verify the mobile number or email address registered with your Aadhaar.

  3. Retrieve your Aadhaar number:

    If you have misplaced or lost your Aadhaar card, UIDAI has simplified the retrieval process. You can retrieve your Aadhaar card, VID or EID electronically by following the steps listed here.

    It is important to note that retrieval of Aadhaar information requires you to have a registered mobile number.

  4. Check status of Aadhaar linking:

    To avail most government subsidies and schemes, applicants have to link their Aadhaar card to their bank account for disbursement of the subsidy. You can check the current status of the linking process as listed below:

    • On the official UIDAI website, navigate to the ‘My Aadhaar’ tab and select the ‘Aadhaar Services’ tab.
    • Enter your Aadhaar/ VID number and the security code.
    • An OTP will be generated and sent to your registered mobile number, and the current linking status will be displayed on screen.

    Find a detailed guide on Link Aadhaar with Bank Account

  5. Generate Virtual ID (VID):

    To ensure data protection and safeguard the information provided under Aadhaar, the UIDAI initiated the VID. This offers limited KYC (Know Your Customer) access to vendors/merchants seeking Aadhaar information for various services.

  6. Lock/Unlock your biometrics:

    Your Aadhaar card contains both demographic as well as biometric data, which is used to authenticate your identity when availing various services. When sharing your Aadhaar information with a vendor/merchant for verification, there is a chance of misuse. In order to maintain the security of this data, the UIDAI permits Aadhaar card holders to lock access to their biometric information. This can be unlocked at the card holder’s discretion.

  7. Check authentication history:

    Each time you provide your Aadhaar card for any purpose, the details of the Authorised User Agencies (AUA) accessing this information is logged in the Aadhaar system. You can check your authentication history which lists the AUA and the information they have accessed. This process enables you to verify who has accessed your Aadhaar data. This feature is especially helpful when it comes to managing the security of your information.

    Find a guide on how to check your authentication history.

  8. Offline verification of Aadhaar:

    Aadhar paperless e-KYC is a sharable and secure document that can be used for offline verification of Aadhar identification. As an Aadhaar cardholder, you can share proof of identity and address information in a secure, tamper-proof format to vendors/service providers.

    Generating the Aadhaar Paperless Offline e-KYC can be done as follows:

    • Visit the UIDAI website and click on the ‘My Services’ tab.
    • Click on the ‘Aadhaar Paperless Offline e-KYC’ under the ‘Aadhaar Services’ tab.
    • Enter your Aadhaar number and the security code, after which you will receive an OTP on your registered mobile number.
    • After the OTP has been successfully verified, a downloadable XML file will be available.

Aadhaar Information

  1. Find Information About Aadhaar Enrolment Centres

    Applicants can find information on Aadhaar Enrolment Centres as well as Permanent Enrolment Centres on the UIDAI website, which lists current enrolment centres by state and city. A detailed guide on how to find existing Aadhaar Enrolment Centres can be found here.

  2. Check Status of Aadhaar Application Online

    Applicants who wish to track the status of their Aadhaar application can do so through the official UIDAI website. You will need to mention your enrolment ID, which can be found on the acknowledgment slip issued after you submit your application.

    Find a detailed guide to checking your Aadhaar status online.

  3. How to update Aadhaar details online?

    If your Aadhaar details have errors or you wish to change information after you have submitted your application, you can update are correct this information online by visiting the UIDAI website. Both demographic data as well as biometric information can be updated.

    Find a step-by-step guide on the process to update Aadhaar details online.

  4. How to Add Your Mobile Number To Aadhaar Card

    Adding your mobile number to Aadhaar card is important as availing Aadhaar services and making changes/updating details in your Aadhaar card requires two-factor authorisation, with an OTP being sent to your registered mobile number.

    In order to add your mobile number, you will have to visit a Permanent Aadhaar Centre and submit an application to add the same to your card.

    Find a guide on how to update mobile number in Aadhaar.

  5. eAadhaar

    The eAadhaar is an electronic copy of your Aadhaar card and can be used in lieu of a physical copy of the card. It is accepted universally and can be downloaded from the UIDAI website. The eAadhaar is saved in a PDF format and is password protected. You can also choose to download a masked copy of your Aadhaar, which will hide your Aadhaar number.

  6. mAadhaar

    With a view to making the Aadhaar card and its allied services more universally available, the UIDAI has released mAadhaar which is a mobile application for Android devices. The app contains the user’s Aadhaar information in a digitised form and enables accessibility on the go.

    Users can add up to 3 profiles on their app and perform a wide variety of services such as locking their biometrics and access their e-KYC for Aadhaar. Find a more comprehensive guide to the mAadhaar app, including linking your mobile number.

  7. Aadhaar Enrolment Centres

    To facilitate seamless and efficient applications, the UIDAI has set up Aadhaar Enrolment Centres as well as Permanent Enrolment Centres across the country, with many located in major cities such as Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai Hyderabad, Bangalore, etc. Applicants can find active centres close to their area of residence by visiting the UIDAI website.

Aadhaar FAQs

  1. I have lost my Aadhaar letter. Can I get a reprint?

    Yes, the UIDAI has launched a new service called the ‘Order Aadhaar Reprint’ service. You can apply for the same on the UIDAI website/through the mAadhaar app and get a reprint of your Aadhaar letter for a nominal fee of Rs.50.

  2. I do not have access to internet/mAadhaar app. How do I access online services?

    You can sign up for the Aadhaar SMS service by sending an SMS to 1947 from your registered mobile number. You can access features and services available online/on the mAadhaar app such as locking/unlocking biometric, generating a Virtual ID etc.

  3. I do not have documentary proof for my current address. Can I still update it in my Aadhaar?

    Yes, you can still update your address through Address Verifier by applying for an Address Verification Letter on the UIDAI website. This is to be submitted along with your application form.

  4. I would like to update my name on my Aadhaar. Can I update it online through the Self Service Update Portal (SSUP)?

    No, only addresses can be updated through the SSUP. For updating name, date of birth, photograph, mobile number etc., you will have to visit a Permanent Enrolment Centre and update the details.

  5. How long is the Aadhaar card valid?

    The Aadhaar card is valid for life.

  6. Are e-Aadhaar and the Aadhaar card the same thing?

    Yes, Aadhaar card and e-Aadhaar are same. The only difference being the Aadhaar card is a document sent to the applicant through the post by UIDAI while the e-Aadhaar is a digital version that can be downloaded from the UIDAI website.

  7. What information is contained in the e-Aadhaar QR code?

    The Aadhaar QR code contains the cardholder’s demographic details such as name, date of birth, photograph, gender (if provided) and the Masked Aadhaar number.

  8. Is it mandatory to link my PAN with Aadhaar in order to file my tax returns?

    Yes, as per the new provisions of the Finance Act, it is mandatory for all taxpayers to link their PAN with Aadhaar.

  9. Do I need to carry originals when updating my details at an Enrolment Centre?

    Yes, you are required to carry originals of all documents whose details you are updating at an Enrolment Centre.

  10. My first Aadhaar application was rejected, can I re-apply?

    Usually an Aadhaar application is rejected due to technical/quality reasons. You are permitted to reapply for your Aadhaar.

This article is intended for informational purposes only. For more information please refer the link(s) provided above or visit https://uidai.gov.in/

News About Aadhar Card

  • MSEDCL Starts Wallet Payment System

    The Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company Limited (MSEDCL) has started a mobile wallet payment system which gives its users Rs.5 as commission for every bill payment made.

    This wallet system is only for individuals who have been approved to collect bills. These individuals can collect payments from other people and then pay the bills to MSEDCL. They will then receive Rs.5 as commission for every bill they pay.

    To apply for this wallet system, those eligible to collect bill payments must provide their Aadhaar card, GST number, a cancelled cheque, and their PAN card details.

    The application process is an online process and will require the approved individual to first make a Rs.5,000 recharge.

    The Mumbai head office will sanction the payment wallet system and it can be opened by any major individual, trader, shop owner, meter reading agency, or bill distribution agency.

    16 July 2019

  • Government of Assam will integrate land records with Aadhaar numbers in an attempt to 'purify' them

    The Assam Government is all set to start the exercise of ‘purifying’ land records by integrating them to Aadhaar records of the landholders. In addition to this, the government also plans to increase the fee of many revenue related services, some of which have been the same since 1960.

    Sarbananda Sonowal, Chief Minister of Assam has directed his revenue department to conduct the exercise as a pilot project and then expand its implementation all around the state. Sonowal had indicated the importance of an error-free land system for the proper management of land revenue securing rights of the pattadars.

    He has asked the department to initiate the steps to introduce ‘single patta for single pattadar in single village’ system in Assam. This system is already existent in Andhra Pradesh.

    Mr. Sonowal has also directed the revenue department to carry out a survey for non-cadastral villages in Assam in adopting the latest technology in a timely manner.

    There will also be an introduction of advanced monitoring of applications which are submitted to the circle offices, due to increased public grievances in the delay of issuing land-related documents. There will also be a centralised monitoring system to track the pendency rate and disposal of applications by the circles.

    Along with this, Mr. Sonowal has also instructed the revenue department to conduct an orientation program and refresher course for the circle and lot officers.

    17 July 2019

  • Virtual vaults placed in Tamil Nadu for citizens to store their certificates

    The government of Tamil Nadu promises to make a huge leap in e-governance by maintaining a virtual vault for every citizen of Tamil Nadu. This vault will electronically store and record important certificates like birth certificate, Identity details, etc. The Rs.90 crore project will be installed using blockchain technology, ensuring that citizens need not apply for a service, but the government will provide it as a predicative service from birth to death.

    When a child is born, the software used by the health department will issue a ‘Makkal’ number. The birth certificate then will be transferred to the vault. After six months, the parents will be notified via text that the child is ready for vaccination. After the child turns five, the parents will be notified to register an Aadhhar card for the child.

    16 July 2019

  • Maharashtra government to provide labourers with smart cards

    Maharashtra Building and Other Construction Worker's Welfare Board (MBOCWWB) will ensure that all labourers will be issued smart cards with a unique number assigned to it. These cards will help labourers avail government schemes easily and also will help the government keep track of the labourers. This was implemented after the government was unable to keep track of workers subject to accidents at construction sites.

    15 July 2019

  • A penalty of Rs.10,000 to be implemented for incorrect entry of Aadhaar number for transactions

    Going forward, you might have to pay a fine of Rs.10,000 every time you enter the wrong Aadhaar number for the high-value transactions you make. This penalty will be applicable from 1 September 2019 after the relevant laws are in place and a formal notice is issued.

    In the Union budget 2019, Finance Minister, Nirmala Sitharaman stressed on the fact that PAN card and Aadhaar card will be made interchangeable. For the citizens who do not possess a PAN card can now file their Income Tax returns with the Aadhaar card.

    A speech during the budget mentioned that the PAN card will be issued to a person on the basis of Aadhaar card after receiving data from the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI). For the people who have linked their PAN card with the Aadhaar card can use the latter in place of the former.

    According to recent data, over 41 crore PAN numbers have been generated along with 120 crore Aadhaar numbers have been issued. Out of the total number, only 22 crore PAN cards are linked with the Aadhaar.

    15 July 2019

  • PAN not linked to Aadhaar by 1 September will be deactivated

    The government of India will be temporarily deactivating all PAN cards which are not linked to your Aadhaar card by 31 August 2019.

    During the Union Budget 2019, Finance Minister, Nirmala Sitharaman mentioned that PAN card and Aadhaar card can be interchangeable and used accordingly.

    If your PAN card is not linked to your Aadhaar, the government might deem the card is fake and can deactivate it. However, during the Budget, it was also mentioned that if you do not hold a PAN card or if it has been deactivated, you can still file your Income Tax returns with your Aadhaar card. Now, instead of PAN, your Aadhaar can be used for other transactions where your PAN card was previously necessary such as buying and selling financial products such as mutual funds, bullion, etc.

    You can link your Aadhaar with PAN through the Income Tax website portal or through SMS as well.

    14 July 2019

  • Aadhaar can be used instead of PAN for transactions over Rs.50,000

    Aadhaar can now be used instead of PAN for transactions that are more than Rs.50,000. Banks and other financial institutions are making necessary changes to their backend processes to ensure acceptance of the 12-digit ID. This was stated by Revenue Secretary Ajay Bhushan Pandey.

    12 July 2019

  • Aadhaar data allowed to be used for the state schemes

    The Government of India has allowed the use of Aadhaar for funds distribution through the state schemes. This has been done via a recent amendment to the Aadhaar Act. Both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha approved the amendments to the law that allows voluntary use of Aadhaar as identity proof. Along with this, a new clause was also inserted by the government that gives permission to the states to use Aadhaar data for implementation of schemes.

    11 July 2019

  • Deadline for Linking Aadhaar with PAN is Still 30 September 2019

    Despite media reports that stated the deadline to link Aadhaar and PAN is 31 August 2019, there is no notification on the CBDT (Central Board of Direct Taxes) website to verify these reports. The deadline continues to be 30 September 2019 as reported on the CBDT website. The deadline of 30 September 2019 has been mentioned in a press release dated 31 March 2019.

    11 July 2019

  • UIDAI to Collect Biometric Data of 40 Lakh Individuals in Assam: Data Under Control of Home and Political Department

    UIDAI (Unique Identification Authority of India) is helping the Government of Assam build a biometric database which will including residents who are not currently a part of the NRC (National Register of Citizens).

    Sensitive biometric data of around 40 lakh individuals from Assam will be collected by UIDAI. However, the collected data will be controlled by Assam’s Home and Political Department. This department overseas NRC, prisons, as well as police, among others. This information was brought to light as per correspondence reviewed by Huffpost India. Both, UIDAI and the Assamese government have refused to provide information about the collaboration.

    This initiative has confirmed the fear of using the controversial Aadhaar database to surveil people.

    10 July 2019

  • Proposal made for Aadhaar Card to be accepted for filing of taxes during Union Budget 2019

    In a move to benefit all taxpayers in the country, during the Union Budget 2019, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has proposed to accept Aadhaar card for filing of taxes.

    According to reports over 120 crore Indians possess an Aadhaar card and in order to ease the process, taxpayers who do not have a PAN can input their Aadhaar card number to file their taxes.

    The proposal has been made to make Aadhaar card and PAN interchangeable to file taxes.

    5 July 2019

  • As IT return deadline closes in, only 56% have linked their PAN to Aadhaar

    As per the ITD (Income Tax Department), only a mere 56% have linked their PAN to Aadhaar. Out of around 45 crore PANs issued, only around 25 crore have been linked to Aadhaar. The mandate to link these documents was issued by the supreme court, and only 56% of PAN card holders have done so as on March 31, 2019.

    The last date for linking this has been extended several times by the government and is currently been extended to September 30, 2019. Although there has been an extension in the date, people filing their Income Tax Returns (ITR) must link their PAN card to Aadhaar by July 31, 2019, as they will have to quote their Aadhaar number to file the return.

    21 June 2019

  • Aadhaar number not mandatory for the second instalment under the PM KISAN scheme

    The second installment of Rs.2,000 under the PM-KISAN scheme will be provided to small and marginal farmers in the month of April. The second installment doesn’t require the farmers to provide their Aadhaar details. 

    The PM-KISAN scheme by initiated by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi on February. Since then, over 1 crore farmers received Rs.2,000 each. This was the first instalment under the scheme. 

    This scheme promises to pay Rs.6,000 a year to over 12 crore small and marginal farmer families in the country. The PM-KISAN scheme has allotted Rs.75 crore towards the initiative and is funded by the central government. 

    During the payment of the first installment, farmers were required to provide Aadhaar details. However, this time, the government has mentioned it’s not mandatory for them to do so. 

    Farmers entitled to receive the benefit must be a part of a family comprising of a wife, husband, and minor children below the age of 18.

    5 April 2019

  • Deadline for linking PAN to Aadhaar extended by 6 months

    The government extends the deadline for linking PAN to Aadhaar by 6 months. The citizens of the nation have time till September 30, 2019 to link these details. 

    In June of 2018, the government had said to link the two identity numbers together. This was aimed particularly to eradicate fake PAN cards from the system and to track financial transactions with ease. 

    However, Aadhar will still be mandatory for filing ITR (Income Tax Returns).

    5 April 2019

  • UIDAI planning to introduce Aadhaar Seva Kendras in 53 cities

    Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) is planning to set up Aadhaar Seva Kendras in 53 cities across the country. The setting up of the Seva Kendras is similar to the concept of Passport Seva Kendras where enrolment and update services will be carried out. The mega project of setting up Aadhaar centres will be UIDAI’s own and the services will be run under the authority’s supervision. The centres will be in addition to nearly 30,000 centres that are being run by banks, post offices, and in government offices offering similar Aadhaar services. The estimated cost for the entire project is Rs.300-400 crore.

    As per sources, the centres are aimed at offering convenience to individuals who are looking to avail Aadhaar enrolment and update services and are being conceptualised as grander versions of existing bank or post office run units. It needs to be mentioned that the move comes after the Supreme court recently placed restrictions on the use of Aadhaar. The Seva Kendras are expected to be made operational by April 2019.

    21 November 2018

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