Many countries around the world use a unique identity system whereby each citizen receives a number that hold all details pertinent to their identity under it. The government of India has also sought such a system India and have called it Aadhaar, which is also referred to as UID. They then intend to use this number to provide benefits to the citizens through the Aadhaar number. These benefits could include things like various subsidies that the government provides, include things like the subsidy on gas. The project is run by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) and was introduced in January 2009. The project has faced some problems since its inception with claims being made that the project was not constitutionally sound as it involved the collection of biometric data of the citizens by the government.
The general idea of the program is to issue every citizen with a unique number to help identify them and provide them the benefit of schemes announced by the government. This unique identity involved the issuance of a 12 digit Aadhaar number and an Aadhaar card. The idea was also that the project would also serve as an identity card for everyone and would then be linked to other services like UAN, bank accounts and pension schemes.
What is Aadhar Card ?
The Aadhar card is a card that is issued once the application has been approved and an Aadhar number has been assigned. If you have already received the Aadhar number and want the card in a hurry, then you can download it as a pdf file using your enrolment number or the Aadhar number. It must, however, be noted that having a card is not mandatory to avail the benefits of Aadhar.
Purpose of Aadhaar Card
The purpose of the Aadhaar was to make it simpler for people to avail government subsidies and have one number that would work as proof of address and proof of identity. Another reason that the government has cited for the creation of this was to help curb illegal immigration to the country. What Aadhaar isn’t is a card that can replace the need for drivers licences or passports. It also does not identify a person as part of a family nor can any individual own more than 1 Aadhaar number.
Uses Of Aadhar Card
Universal identity card
The main objective of the creation of Aadhar has always been to create a unique and universal identity card for the citizens of India which would help negate the requirement of different documents for availing various services.
The government of India provides certain subsidies to particular citizens however there have been instances when such welfare has been misused. The Aadhaar number was intended to help solve this problem and ensure that those who require welfare, and are eligible for it, get it. Aadhar is also supposed to be the identification that would prove a person’s eligibility to enrol in government programs like Right to education and the Sarva Shikhsha Abhiyaan.
According to the PAHAL DBTL Scheme, those people who had an Aadhaar card could use it to avail a subsidy on gas cylinders. To be able to avail it, they would have to have an Aadhar card that is linked to the gas connection and also to a bank account.
When it comes to getting new landline or cell phone connections, the Aadhaar card can be used to replace KYC documents like identity proofs and proof of address.
The advantage of having a bank account linked to the Aadhaar number is that when and if you qualify for a government welfare scheme and you need to receive monetary advances, they can be transferred to the linked bank account post haste.
The Aadhaar card comes with no validity conditions and remains valid throughout the life of the person.
Aadhaar Number Details
Contrary to popular belief, Aadhar is not just a card. The Aadhar number is the unique number under which an individual’s details are stored.
What Is Aadhaar Number?
The Aadhaar number is the 12 digit unique identification number that a person can take, under which they can consolidate other information about them such as bank accounts held, passports, phone connections etc. It also hold biometric data about the person to whom it is issue.
Format of the number
When a person is assigned an Aadhaar number, they get a 12 digit number assigned to them. There are 12 numbers in this digit so that the identity of 100 billion people can be stored under various numbers. These 100 billion identities are provided by the first 11 digits of the Aadhaar number and the last digit is meant as a check-digit to help prevent errors in data entry.
Details Of Aadhar Card
The card issued in association with the Aadhaar number displays the basic details of the person. These details include:
- The name of the person.
- The Aadhar number.
- The enrolment number (EID)
- A photograph.
- The address of the person, as per the records.
- The person's date of birth.
- The person’s gender.
- A barcode that represents the Aadhar number itself.
Aadhar Card Vs Aadhar Number
There is a misconception about Aadhaar and it is that the card is what everyone needs to get. The truth is that the main thing with Aadhaar is not the card but the number. That is what holds the key to a person’s identity. It is also not necessary that you have your card in order to avail the benefits of Aadhaar. Quoting the number alone should suffice.
Eligibility Criteria For Aadhar Card
Aadhar is supposed to be a number that can help those residing in India, have one document that can serve a multitude of purposes ranging from a proof of identity to a proof of address. It is something that can even serve as the person’s gateway to access special schemes announced by the government. While it is not mandatory to be in possession of an Aadhaar number, there are some eligibility criteria that people desirous of getting Aadhar numbers have to fulfil. There is no overly technical or complicated list of requirements that you will need to fulfil. It’s all really quite simple as you are about to see.
When it comes to the question of eligibility, one thing needs to be kept in mind and it is that the card is just meant to establish a person’s identity. It does not equate to Indian citizenship and that is exactly why it is available for resident Indians, non-resident Indians and even foreigners residing in India.
The specifics of Aadhar eligibility are:
- Any citizen of India can apply for this card.
- Children below the age of 3 years need not apply for Aadhar.
- Non-resident Indians can also apply for the card.
- Foreigners who are residing in India can also take the card.
Aadhaar For Resident Indians
Every single person living in India, irrespective of race, religion or gender, is eligible to apply for an Aadhaar number. There is even no need to be part of a particular segment of society to be eligible.
Aadhaar For Minors
Even minor are eligible to apply for an Aadhar card though in their case a birth certificate is required along with the proof of identity and address of the parents. They will also have to be 1 year old before they can be enrolled. Once they have their UID, they will need to update their biometric data once they turn 15 years old.
Aadhar For Nris
Even a non-resident Indian is eligible to apply for an Aadhaar card so that they too can participate in the convenience that this system promises to provide.
Aadhaar for foreigners
It may seem a bit odd that a system like Aadhaar card should be available to foreigners but since Aadhar is not a proof of citizenship or India, this card has been made available to foreigners who are residing in India too.
No matter your situation, as the previous words have made abundantly clear, if you live in India then you are eligible for a UID and here is how you can get yourself one.
How To Get An Aadhaar Card
The Aadhaar number is not something that can be applied for online. Citizens can only go online to book an appointment at an Aadhaar centre. Follow the below Process to get aadhar card
- The first step is to book an appointment at the Aadhaar centre. This can be done online through the UIDAI website. On the site is a form that will collect information about your contact details, the number of people who plan to visit the centre and allow you to select an enrolment centre along with a date for the visit.
- Once the appointment is booked, the applicant will have to go there with the appropriate document and also be asked to submit biometric data in the form of fingerprints and records of the iris.
- Once all the information has been provided it will be verified by the authorities.
- Upon successful verification you will receive a notification by SMS or an email informing you that your application has been successful.
- A short while after getting the message, the Aadhaar number will be generated and sent to
Documents Required For Aadhar Card
These are some of the most basic requirements that you will need to abide by to get an Aadhar card.
- Your physical presence is paramount due to the need to collect biometric data.
- You will need to carry document as proof of the following:
- Establishing the age
- Establishing the identity
- Establishing the place residence of the applicant
- Establishing proof of marriage
- To provide proof of the points mentioned above you can carry any or all of the following documents:
- Drivers licence
- Identity cards issued by the government
- Birth certificates
- SSLC certificates
- PAN cards
- Voter identity card
There is just one form that is related to this service. It is known as the enrolment/correction form and can be used to apply for a new Aadhaar number or to have the details of an existing number corrected. The form will collect the basic information of the person along with information about the documents that are being submitted in the capacity of supporting documents.
Fee For Aadhaar Card
This is a service that is being provided for free and has no fee or charges associated with it.Aadhar is a service that is intended to provide the residents of India with an identity card that is valid throughout the country and is treated as a standard beyond question. It is also a card that is meant to make it easier to avail any and all benefits that the government plans to issue. These two facts alone make it a good idea to get an Aadhaar number even though it is not mandatory at the moment.
Know More About Aadhar Card
UIDAI:Unique Identification Authority of India is a central government agency of India which acts as the issuing authority for Aadhar unique identification number (UIN) and is also a part of the Planning Commission of India. It collects biometric and demographic data of residents residing in India and stores the data in a centralised database and issues a 12 digit unique identification number to each resident called Aadhaar number.
How to apply for Aadhaar card? Aadhar card is an identification card that contains one’s demographic as well as biometric details. In order to apply for Aadhaar card, one needs to eligible for it.Applying for an Aadhar card is completely voluntary. The major part of the application process consists of visiting the enrollment centre and booking an appointment online. Learn about the application process, the registration process, and documents to be submitted and availing Aadhar card.
How to book an appointment for Aadhar enrollment? Booking an appointment for Aadhar enrollment is as optional as applying for an Aadhaar card. But booking an appointment for Aadhar Enrollment can be very beneficial and save a lot of time. UIDAI has made the appointment process much easier with a lot of resources. Learn about the advantages of booking an appointment for Aadhar Enrollment, the procedure to book an appointment for Aadhar enrollment.
Aadhaar card correction and enrollment form : One has to follow a certain procedure in order to apply for Aadhaar. The applicant has to book an appointment, submit forms and documents. There are two types of documents one has to submit in order to apply for Aadhar card. The first form is the enrollment form and the second form is the Card Correction form that will come into use in case the applicant needs to change information recorded. Learn more about the two forms in order to apply for Aadhar card.
How to update Aadhaar card details? Aadhar card is an identity card that contains biometric and demographic details of an individual. It is issued to Indian nationals and NRIs. Once the registration process is completed, UIDAI issues unique Aadhaar number. But there are instances where one might realise that they have made a mistake in the details provided after the Aadhaar card has been generated. UIDAI has made a provision to change the details present in the card. Read on to know how to update Aadhar card details.
How to check Aadhar status? One can apply for Aadhaar online and offline. Applying for Aadhaar is an easy process and can be done in no time. One can also check the status of their Aadhar application to know the progress of the application. There are several ways through which one can check their Aadhar application status. The easiest way to check the Aadhar status is through the online portal provided by UIDAI. Learn about the hassle free ways to check your Aadhar status.
How to check Aadhar card update or correction status? Aadhar card contains one’s biometric and demographic information. But sometimes it so happens that there are mistakes in the Aadhaar card issued or the information printed is incorrect. In order to resolve this, UIDAI has made a provision wherein the cardholder can file for correction of details or update the details in the Aadhar card. One can even follow the status of their application for Aadhar card update or correction status. Learn all about how to track the updated Aadhar card status
How to get a duplicate Aadhaar card? Aadhaar card is a very important form of identity proof that contains biometric and demographic details of an individual. There are chances that one might lose or misplace their Aadhar card. UIDAI has made it possible for individuals to avail a duplicate Aadhaar card in case their original Aadhar card is stolen, lost or misplaced. Read on to know how to avail a duplicate Aadhar card.
What to do if Aadhar card is not received? There is a procedure to be followed in order to avail an Aadhaar card. The applicant has to apply for it and then the UIDAI dispatches the card. One can also track the status of their application online. In certain situations, the status enquiry will state that the card has been dispatched but the applicant wouldn’t have received the card. Read on to know what to do when you don’t receive your Aadhaar card.
Documents required for an Aadhaar card : Applying for an Aadhar card is an easy process. In order to register for Aadhar, the applicant has to furnish certain forms along with several other documents. It is very important that the documents submitted are real and consists of accurate information regarding the applicant. Read on to know about the documents that need to be submitted when applying for an Aadhar card.
How to apply for Aadhar without any documents? Applying for Aadhar requires the applicant to submit certain forms and documents. These documents include address proof, identity proof, date of birth proof, etc. But there are certain cases wherein the applicant might not be able to furnish these documents. Read on to learn if it is possible to apply for Aadhaar without any documents and the procedure to be followed.
Common problems with Aadhar and how to resolve it : Despite the best efforts of UIDAI to make the application process easy for the residents of India, there are still a lot of people who face problems with the enrolment process, misplacement of Aadhar card, etc. Learn about the most common problems faced regarding Aadhaar card and the solutions to resolve it.
Aadhaar enquiry and complaints : Even though UIDAI has made everything easy and hassle free when it comes to Aadhar, there are times when an applicant or an Aadhar card holder will face problems regarding their Aadhaar card. Keeping this in mind, UIDAI has come up with several mediums through which one can file their complaints and get their grievance addressed regarding their Aadhaar card. Read on to know how to file a complaint regarding Aadhar card regardless of where you reside in India.
Faqs of Aadhar Card
Q. How long is the Aadhar card valid for?
A. The Aadhaar card or the Aadhar number is valid for life.
Q. Is it mandatory to get an Aadhar card?
A. At the moment it is not mandatory to enrol for Aadhar however it is advisable that you register as it will make it easy for the government to include in special scheme if you are registered with Aadhaar.
Q. Will I still get government subsidies and other benefits without an Aadhar card?
A. Yes. Even if you don’t have an Aadhar card, you can still apply for and avail government schemes applicable to you.
Q. Is e-Aadhar and the Aadhar card the same thing?
Yes. They are the same thing. The only difference between them is that while the Aadhar card is a document sent to you via mail by UIDAI, the e-Aadhar is the same document that you can get online.
Q. What should I do if I have lost my Aadhar card?
A. If you have lost your Aadhar card, you can get a duplicate Aadhar card by downloading a copy of your Aadhar card.
Q. Can I check the status of my Aadhar application or request for corrections?
A. Yes. You can check on the status of your Aadhaar application and requests for correction online or via your registered mobile number.
Q. Can I have more than one Aadhar card?
A. No, each person is allowed only one card.
Q. Who all can take the Aadhaar card?
A. Any person residing in India is eligible to apply for Aadhar. This will even include foreigners and NRIs.
Q. What is the fee charged for getting an Aadhar card?
A. The Aadhar program is completely voluntary and free of charge so you are not required to pay anything for enrolling for Aadhar.
Q. I registered for Aadhar long ago and still have not got the card. What can I do?
A. There is a possibility that even though you registered for Aadhar, you still haven’t got the Aadhar card. There can be two main reasons for this. The first being that your application has been accepted but there has been accepted but there has been a delay in dispatching the document to you. In such cases you can go the UIDAI website and download the e-Aadhaar which is just the same the actual card sent. The other case for non-receipt of Aadhar card is the fact that your application was rejected. In this case you will have to apply for the Aadhar card again.
Q. How do I collect my Aadhaar card once it’s issued?
A. The Aadhaar card will be sent via mail to the address that you have provided at the time of registering.
Q. Is having a mobile number for Aadhaar important?
A. Yes it is since you will be contacted on this number when your application is processed. It is also the number on which the OTP (One time password) for logging into the UIDAI websites will be sent. It will also be needed when you want to request for corrections to Aadhar details online.
Q.How much time does it take to get an Aadhaar card?
A.The time taken to receive your Aadhaar card after enrollment is usually about 60 to 90 days. Sometimes, it can be processed earlier.
Once a resident registers for an Aadhaar card, the biometric and demographic information submitted by the applicant is sent to the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) for screening and verification. This process is carried out at the UIDAI data centre. The Aadhaar package, before release, goes through a de-duplication process to ensure it is error-free. Once all the quality and accuracy tests are completed, the Aadhaar card is generated.
Q.What is meant by EID number?
A.EID is the nothing but a 28-digit number enrollment id issued by the Unique Identification Authority of India. It is mentioned in the Aadhaar acknowledge slip. This number consists of:
- EA code: 4 digits
- Station code: 5 digits
- Sequence: 5 digits
- Date: 8 digits
- Time: 6 digits
Q.Can a US citizen apply for Aadhaar card?
A.According to rules under the provisions of the Aadhaar Act, 2016, an Aadhaar card can only be issued to a person who has been living in India for a total of 182 days. The applicant should have stayed in India for these number of days during a 12-month period, which immediately precedes the date of Aadhar application
Q.How can I know if my Aadhaar number is linked with my bank account?
A.It is possible to check if your Aadhaar has been linked to your bank account. Users can check their status through the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) server.
Aadhaar Mandatory For PAN Application, Income Tax Filing From July 1st
The Supreme Court has upheld the constitutional validity of the Aadhaar card, clarifying that it can be made mandatory for certain purposes. The government had made the Aadhaar card mandatory for the fling of Income Tax Returns from this financial year. PAN card applicants are also required to submit their Aadhaar number when submitting a request.
All income tax returns and all PAN card applications filed after July 1st, 2017 will have to contain the applicant’s Aadhaar number.
Eligible taxpayers are also required to link their Aadhaar and PAN cards in order to file their returns. While there is a provision for non-compliance in the event of taxpayers not having an Aadhaar card, there will be only interim relief granted to such individuals. All taxpayers who possess an Aadhaar card are required to link the same to their PAN card, failing which they will not be permitted to file their income tax returns.
Exceptions to this ruling are individuals who do not wish to apply for an Aadhaar card and are filing their return on investment (ROI) before July 1st, 2017 and individuals who possess a PAN card but are not required to file their ROI under the provisions of the Income Tax Act.
29th June 2017
New facility started for linking PAN and Aadhaar
A new facility has been launched by the Income Tax department for linking an individual’s Permanent Account Number (PAN) and Aadhaar. This procedure has become mandatory now. The official e-filing website of the Income Tax department has put up a hyperlink on the homepage to make things convenient for the taxpayers. This link is necessary for an individual to enter his/her Permanent Account Number and Aadhaar number as the name as per the Aadhaar card. After the verification process is carried out by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), linking will get confirmed. If there is a mismatch in the name provided, the Aadhaar one time password (OTP) will be needed.
OTP is sent on the individual’s registered email id and mobile phone number. Linking will take place without any failure if information like date of birth are exactly the same on the Aadhaar card and the PAN card. According to the Income Tax department, there is no need to be registered with the e-filing website. Anyone can avail the facility for linking their PAN and Aadhaar. Under the Finance Act of 2017, the Government of India has made quoting of Aadhaar mandatory while filing their income tax returns or ITR.
29th May 2017
Centre Plans on Linking Aadhaar with Electricity Bills
The Power Ministry is planning on linking Aadhaar with Electricity Bills. During a Power Ministers Conference, it asked all the states to digitalize the billing process to ensure total collection and to reduce losses. As Electricity is a state matter, the Central government can only recommend changes. Piyush Goyal suggested that electricity bills should be connected with the bank account and auto-debit facility be initiated. According to the Central Government, linking electricity bills with Aadhaar will bring about transparency and promote digitization in the country.
10th May 2017
Aadhaar might be required to travel by air
The Aviation Ministry is working on an initiative to make Aadhaar mandatory for domestic air travels in India. Wipro has been asked to develop an Aadhaar-based biometric authentication system that will enable the airports to identify and verify the travelers during domestic travels. Considering the fact that Aadhaar offers superior authentication capability over the other identification cards and system, the Aviation Ministry is all set to try out this method in the near future. As of now, there is no confirmation on the launch date, however, the government will carry out all trials and checks to trial to ensure this initiative is successful before implementing it across airports in India.
10th April 2017
Aadhaar Card to Soon Become Compulsory for Train Ticket Bookings
According to reports, the Indian Railways is working on a system which will make Aadhaar mandatory for train ticket bookings. This move is being taken to prevent fraudulent bookings and to restrict touts from bulk booking tickets. It will also help in stopping people from impersonating others. On the IRCTC website, people have to enter Aadhaar number for registration. Last year, Railways made Aadhaar compulsory for Senior Citizens to avail concessions.
9th March, 2017
Supreme Court Directs Centre To Link All Mobile Numbers With Aadhaar Details
The Supreme Court has directed the Central government to devise a process to link all mobile numbers with the holder’s Aadhaar number. The court has also notified the Centre that the process should be completed within a year.With over 100 crore mobile numbers currently issued, the court has made it compulsory to link the customer’s Aadhaar number to all mobile numbers registered in his/her name, including pre-paid numbers.
Furthermore, the top court wants the Centre to implement a scheme that will require customers to fill out a form each time their recharge their prepaid mobile numbers, to ensure that there is no misuse of the number. This is being done as a preventive measure, given the large number of mobile numbers being used for banking and transaction-related purposes.
13th February, 2017
PM Modi launched a mobile payment app called BHIM
In a bid to transition India into a cashless economy, PM Modi launched a UPI-based mobile payment app called BHIM on 31st December, 2016. The Bharat Interface for Mobile app is common for all banks and financial institutions. The PM stated that the app will empower small merchants, tribal people, and farmers living in rural India. The app is named after Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar. BHIM doesn't require an internet connection. It is designed to work on basic feature phones and mobile phones. Soon, an aadhaar-based payment feature will be added to the app. This feature requires only the user’s thumb impression. BHIM will allow users to transfer money through their mobile phones by linking their bank accounts, and using a UPI PIN. BHIM will work on feature phones via a USSD platform.
5th January 2017
The aadhaar-based POS terminals deployment extended till June, 2017
On 29th September, RBI had announced that aadhaar-enabled POS terminals were to be installed by January, 2017. However, the rate of deployment of the aadhaar-enabled devices will be slowed down due to the mismatch between the supply and demand of said devices. Therefore, RBI has decided to extend the time for deployment of aadhar-based devices till 30th June 2017.
Manish Patel, Founder of Mswipe, said that there is no clarity as to how the transaction will flow; if customers have to swipe card, punch in the aadhar number, or will biometrics act as the second factor of authentication. Unless these queries have been cleared, POS manufacturers cannot develop aadhaar-enabled POS machines within the mentioned deadline.
27th December 2016
Aadhar cards and android phones to help promote cashless transactions
Regarding the progress on cashless transactions, N Chandrababu Naidu, CM of Andhra Pradesh, at a Chief Minister's’ panel, stated that there are several challenges to migrating to cashless transactions. However, the panel is trying to face the challenges by studying and adopting the best practices available world over. They are looking at Aadhar and Android phones for promoting the electronic payment system. Naidu and NITI Aayog Vice-Chairman, Arvind Panagariya, said that banks will deploy POS machines in a big way to help the government. The panel sub-committee will meet on a day-to-day basis and submit its report to the government in a week’s time.
19th December 2016
Aadhar card details being misused since demonetization
Ever since the government’s decision to scrap the use of old Rs.500 and Rs.1,000 notes, banks and ATMs have witnessed huge queues. The decision for this was to eliminate black money from the system, but a number of people have found a way around it. Despite checking and the need to produce valid IDs in order to exchange old notes, there have been cases where individuals have exchanged their money through bogus means. In a recent incident in Bengaluru, the Aadhar card details of a student were misused by miscreants to exchange their currency.
With the government directing banks to exchange notes only after a valid ID is produced, there have been instances of fake IDs being used. In this instance, the student was not permitted to exchange her currency as someone else had produced her Aadhar to get their notes exchanged. The bank concerned said that they did not have the resources to check who had misused her details, stating that the government should be approached to rectify this.
28th November 2016