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  • Recurring Deposit (RD) Interest Calculator

    Recurring Deposit is one of the most popularly procured investment schemes in India, by its citizens. This is especially popular among those from the salaried classes as this scheme is easy to procure, affordable and does not require a large amount of deposit. This investment option is provided by almost all banks in India such as Punjab National Bank, State Bank of India, ICICI Bank, IDBI Bank, HDFC Bank, Corporation Bank, Bank of Baroda and so on.

    Under this scheme, customers will have to invest a set amount(subject to a minimum requirement) every month and the can avail a fixed rate of interest from the bank (rates are predetermined), until the period of maturity. At the end of this scheme, customers will receive the maturity amount, which is a sum of their deposit along with the payable interest.

    This scheme is highly advantageous for those who do not have a large amount of money to invest but still wish to invest a certain amount and earn guaranteed returns. This is also a safe investment as there is no chance of the customer losing the money that they have invested.

    Unique Features of a Recurring deposit Scheme, Are As Follows:

    • Customers will have to deposit a fixed amount each month.
    • Tenure or time periods of a Recurring Deposit Scheme is in multiples of 3 months.
    • Interest rate is determined annually.
    • Compounding is done after every quarter and not every month as many believe.

    What is RD Calculator?

    A Recurring Deposit Calculator as the name suggests, is used to find out the maturity value of the recurring deposit. There is a simple formula that is provided with which interest on a Recurring Deposit investment can be calculated. However, there are a few aspects that customers must keep in mind prior to calculating the interest.

    Customers must look at each month’s installment as a separate deposit. Compounding only happens at the end of every financial quarter and not every month. Each monthly deposit will earn a different amount of interest. The amount procured at maturity is the total of enhanced value of each month’s deposit.

    Formula for Calculating Interest on Recurring Deposit

    As mentioned previously, compound interest on a Recurring Deposit amount is only added after the first quarter. Financial Quarters in a year are determined as follows -

    • Quarter 1 is from April to June
    • Quarter 2 is from July to September
    • Quarter 3 is from October to December
    • Quarter 4 is from January to March

    Compounding occurs only after every quarter, hence until then a simple interest calculation will be applicable. For example, in case an individual avails a Recurring Deposit scheme in the month of February, the amount will only provide a simple interest until the month of March, after which interest will be compounded.

    The formula used for Simple Interest is -

    I=Prt

    I stands for Interest

    P stands for Principal

    R is annual interest rate applicable(in decimal)

    T is the tenure or time period of the scheme

    The formula used for calculating Recurring Deposit Interest, provided by the Indian Bank Association, is as follows-

    M =R [ (1+i)n – 1]

    ——————–

    1- (1+i) -?

    M stands for Maturity value

    R stands for Monthly Installment

    i stands for rate of interest divided by 400

    n stands for number of quarters

    By using the above formulas, in case a depositor invests Rs.1,000 in the month of January, using the simple and compound interest formulas provided, he/she will have Rs.12,801.90 as maturity amount at the end of the year at 12% rate of interest.

    In another example, Sheela has procured a Recurring Deposit Scheme for a period of 30 months wherein she invests Rs.10,000 per month. The applicable rate of interest is 5% per annum.

    The amount she receives upon maturity will be Rs.3,20,095 and the amount of interest that has been included in the maturity value is Rs.20,095.

    How Can One Calculate RD Interest Online?

    Customers can easily calculate the interest applicable and maturity amount that can be procured from a Recurring Deposit scheme by using the formulas mentioned above.

    However, customers can also calculate the same online by visiting the website of the bank that they have procured their Recurring Deposit scheme from or most other banks, such as ICICI Bank, SBI Bank and so on. These banks generally have an online calculator which can be used to calculate interest.

    How to Calculate Compound Interest on Recurring Deposit?

    When it comes to Recurring Deposits, interest amount is compounded every quarter. This is then added up and the final amount that customers receive can be determined. The formula used to calculate compound interest is as follows-

    A = P (1 + r/n) ^ nt

    Where

    A represents final amount procured

    P represents principal or the amount that has been invested initially

    r represents annual interest rate, counted in decimal

    n represents the number of times that interest has been compounded per year

    t represents tenure of the scheme

    By using the above formula, the compound interest can be calculated.

    For example,

    Ajay has made an initial investment of Rs.1 lakh for a period of 5 years. The interest rate applicable is 8%. By using the above formula, the final amount that he will get is Rs.1.5 lakh.

    Difference between Simple Interest and Compound Interest

    The cost of borrowing money is known as interest, wherein the borrower pays a certain amount of fee to the lender. This is generally expressed in the form of a percentage and is either compounded or simple. Simple interest is calculated only on the basis of the principal amount of the loan whereas compound interest takes into consideration both the principal amount and the interest that is accumulated.

    Simple interest is determined by multiplying the interest rate, number of periods in that loan with the principal amount.

    The formula for this is -

    I=Prt

    I stands for Interest

    P stands for Principal

    R is annual interest rate applicable(in decimal)

    T is the tenure or time period of the scheme

    Compound interest is determined by multiplying principal amount into 1, added to the yearly rate of interest raised to the number of years minus 1. Unlike simple interest, compound interest is accrued on the principal amount and also the accumulated interest of previous periods.

    The formula used to calculate Compound Interest is -

    A = P (1 + r/n) ^ nt

    Where

    A represents final amount procured

    P represents principal or the amount that has been invested initially

    r represents annual interest rate, counted in decimal

    n represents the number of times that interest has been compounded per year

    t represents tenure of the scheme

    TDS on Interest from Recurring Deposit

    Until the May of 2015, banks did not deduct tax on the Recurring Deposit interest. However, from the 1st of June, 2015, TDS or tax Deduction at Source was applicable on the interest accrued on a Recurring Deposit account.

    If the individual wishes to avoid having the tax deducted at source then they will have to submit Form 15H/15G or Exemption Certificate under Section 197 or any other applicable Tax Exemption Certificate with the bank. This tax exemption certificate or form will have to be provided every financial year for each Recurring Deposit held with the bank.

    Recurring Deposit - Sitemap

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