Electricity Bill

According to a data compiled by global consultant Wood Mackenzie, since 2019, the cost of electricity generation from fossil fuel has been found to be cheapest in India after taking into consideration countries in the Asia Pacific region (APAC). The cost of generation of fossil fuel in India was $44.5 per MWh (Rs.3.05 per unit) in India.

Electricity is an important part of every human’s life and hence there are various state-run entities who provide electricity to their customers. However, as customers you must know how much electricity you are consuming, and the tariffs charged for the same.

What is even more important for you to know is how you can pay your electricity bills. Gone are the days when you had to stand in queues to pay your bills. Today, with the advent of internet, it has become extremely simple to complete the payment of your electricity bills in few clicks.

We will have a look at everything you need to know about your electricity bills.

Components of Your Electricity Bills

It is important to know the components of your electricity bills so that you have an idea regarding the consumption and how is the board charging you. We will have a look at the components of your electricity bills which are given below:

  • Tariff: When you receive your electricity bill, there are two things that you must initially look at – tariffs and category. There are two types of tariff codes – Low Tension (LT) and High Tension (HT). LT codes are usually used for personal offices and housing connections. HT codes are generally used for larger industries and complexes.
  • Category: You must also check the category under which your connection falls. You must check whether your connection category is residential, industrial, or commercial.

Based on your tariffs and category, your electricity bill is generated and hence, it is your responsibility to check that your bill is being generated under the right tariff and category.

  • Units consumed: Units consumed is nothing but the number of KWH (Kilo-Watt per hour) consumed in one month. If you keep a 100-watt bulb switched on for 10 hours, then there is a consumption of 1 KWH. The calculation of total units consumed is done on the basis of your electricity usage. Lesser the units consumed, lower will be your electricity bill amount.

After having a look at the units consumed, you can also have an idea regarding which appliance in your house consumes the most units. For example, your electricity bill amount may rise if you use an air conditioner during summers as the appliance has heavy unit-consumption.

  • Connected Load and types of supplies: Connected Load is the total supply provided to the meter where the unit is in KWH. The connection load also determines if the connection will be a single or a three phase. Your supply will be three phases if the load is higher.
  • Fuel Adjustment Charge (FACs): FAC is the extra cost of power which you generate due to increase in fuel prices. Since the fuel used mostly is coal, the production rates of coal are likely to decrease which means that FAC will increase.

Tariff Structure and Charges

It is important to understand the tariff structure and charges mentioned in your electricity bill so that you are aware of what you are being charged.

  • Tariff structure: Tariff structure is determining the rate at which the unit consumed is chargeable. It shows by how much the rates have increased depending upon the increase in the consumption.
  • Fuel surcharge: The cost of generation may vary on a monthly basis even though the tariff structure may remain consistent. The surcharge is the change in the cost of electricity generation. The surcharge is applied per unit.
  • Electricity duty: Some states in India apply duty on supply for electricity.
  • Fixed charges: This is generally a fixed amount which is generated upon the type of connection and the connection load.
  • Units consumed: Based on the reading on the meter, you can determine the number of units consumed and the amount you will be charged accordingly.

Types of Payment Modes

You can pay your electricity bill both online and offline. If you wish to pay your electricity bill online, you can do so using your credit card, debit card, net banking, e-wallets, and UPI.

If you wish to pay your electricity bill offline, you can do so using your credit card, debit card, UPI, cheque, demand draft, and cash.

How to Pay Electricity Bill Online?

The process to pay your electricity bill is given below:

  • Visit the official website of the state electricity board
  • Log in to the customer portal using your credentials
  • Once you have logged in, you can view the bill amount. You will most likely get the ‘Quick Pay’ option where you have the option of paying the entire amount or an amount of your choice.
  • Once you have chosen the amount you wish to pay, click on ‘proceed’
  • Select the mode of payment, and provide the details required
  • You will be taken through the payment gateway section. Enter the relevant details such as ‘One Time Password’ (OTP) and click on ‘Submit’
  • Your payment has been completed. You will receive the receipt of your payment which you can save for future reference

Note: Payment portal for different boards may be different

Through e-wallets

There are various e-wallets such as Paytm, Amazon Pay, Mobikwik, Freecharge, etc., where you can directly pay the electricity bill without having to go through hassle of visiting the official website of your state electricity board. We will list down the steps that you will have to employ in order to pay your electricity bill using e-wallets below:

  • Log in to the e-wallet website or mobile app through which you wish to pay your electricity bill
  • On the main page you will find ‘Electricity’
  • Click on ‘Electricity’ section, and you will be directed to a new page
  • Select the Indian state in which you reside, followed by the electricity board. The next step will require you to enter either the ‘Consumer ID’ or the ‘Account ID’. Click on ‘Proceed’
  • The bill will be fetched, and you will be showed the amount you will have to pay
  • You can then proceed and complete the process of paying your electricity bill through the e-wallet
  • Once the payment has been done, you will receive a confirmation for the same

How to pay electricity bill offline?

You can pay your electricity bill offline by visiting the nearest section office. Do not forget to carry your electricity bill along with you. You can then complete the payment of your electricity bill offline by swiping your credit card, debit card, pay using UPI, through cheque, demand draft in the name of the electricity board, or by simply paying through cash.

State and its respective Electricity Boards

State Electricity Board
Andhra Pradesh Eastern Power Distribution Co Ltd (APEPDCL)
Southern Power Distribution Co Ltd (APSPDCL)
Assam Assam Power (APDCL NON-RAPDR)
Assam Power (APDCL RAPDR)
Bihar North Bihar Power Distribution Company Ltd
South Bihar Power Distribution Company Ltd
Chattisgarh Chhattisgarh State Power Distribution Co. Ltd
Dadra and Nagar Haveli DNH Power Distribution Company Limited
Daman and Diu Daman and Diu Electricity
Goa Goa Electricity Department
Gujarat Dakshin Gujarat Vij Company Limited (DGVCL)
Madhya Gujarat Vij Company Limited (MGVCL)
Paschim Gujarat Vij Company Limited (PGVCL)
Torrent Power - Ahmedabad
Torrent Power - Surat
Uttar Gujarat Vij Company Limited (UGVCL)
Haryana Dakshin Haryana Bijli Vitran Nigam (DHBVN)
Uttar Haryana Bijli Vitran Nigam Limited (UHBVN)
Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh State Electricity Board
Jharkhand Jamshedpur Utilities & Services Company Ltd (JUSCO)
Jharkhand Bijli Vitran Nigam Limited (JBVNL)
Karnataka Bangalore Electricity (BESCOM)
Chamundeshwari Electricity Supply Corporation Limited
Gulbarga Electricity Supply Company Limited (GESCOM)
Hubli Electricity
Mangalore Electricity Supply Co. Ltd (MESCOM)
Kerala Kerala State Electricity Board Ltd. (KSEBL)
Madhya Pradesh M.P. Madhya Kshetra Vidyut Vitaran - RURAL
Madhya Pradesh Paschim Kshetra Vidyut Vitaran Company LTD-Indore
M.P. Poorv Kshetra Vidyut Vitaran - URBAN
Madhya Pradesh Madhya Kshetra Vidyut Vitaran Company LTD-Bhopal
Madhya Pradesh Poorv Kshetra Vidyut Vitaran Company LTD-Jabalpur
Maharashtra Adani Electricity
B.E.S.T Mumbai
Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company Ltd ( MSEDCL)/ Mahavitran
Tata Power - Mumbai
Torrent Power - Bhiwandi
Meghalaya Meghalaya Power Dist Corp Ltd
Mizoram Power & Electricity Department - Mizoram
Nagaland Department of Power, Nagaland
New Delhi BSES Rajdhani Power Limited
BSES Yamuna Power Limited
New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) - Electricity
Tata Power - Delhi
Odisha CESU, Odisha
WESCO - Odisha
Puducherry Government of Puducherry Electricity Department
Punjab Punjab State Power Corporation Ltd. (PSPCL)
Rajasthan Ajmer Vidyut Vitran Nigam Limited (AVVNL)
Bharatpur Electricity Services Ltd. (BESL)
Bikaner Electricity Supply Limited (BkESL)
Jaipur Vidyut Vitran Nigam (JVVNL)
Jodhpur Vidyut Vitran Nigam Limited (JDVVNL)
Kota Electricity Distribution Limited (KEDL)
TP Ajmer Distribution Ltd (TPADL)
Sikkim Sikkim Power - URBAN
Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB)
Telangana Northern Power Distribution of Telangana Ltd
Telangana State Southern Power Distribution Company Limited(TSSPDCL)
Tripura Tripura Electricity
Uttar Pradesh Kanpur Electricity Supply Company Ltd
Noida Power Company
Torrent Power - Agra
Uttar Pradesh Power Corp Ltd (UPPCL) - RURAL
Uttar Pradesh Power Corp Ltd (UPPCL) - URBAN
Uttarakhand Uttarakhand Power Corporation Limited
West Bengal Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation (CESC)
Durgapur Projects Limited
West Bengal State Electricity Distribution Co. Ltd (WBSEDCL)

FAQs of Electricity Bill

  1. How can I check my electricity bill?

    Ans: State electricity boards are generally known to provide the hard copy of the electricity board to its customers. If you do not receive the hard copy of the bill, you can get in touch with the state electricity board department and request them to provide you a hard copy of the electricity bill.

    You can also view your electricity bill by visiting the official website of the state electricity board and log in to the customer portal using your login credentials. Once you have entered the portal, you can view the electricity bill.

    You can also use e-wallets such as PayTM, Amazon Pay, etc., where on providing details such as state, electricity board, and consumer ID, you can view your electricity bill.

  2. Which state has highest electricity rates in India?

    Ans: Maharashtra has the highest domestic power tariffs in India of Rs.8.80 per unit. The other states which have the highest electricity rates in India are West Bengal, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, and Andhra Pradesh. Maharashtra also had the highest non-domestic power tariffs in India.

  3. How do I reduce my electricity bill?

    Ans: One of the methods through which you can reduce your electricity bill by always turning off the electronic appliances that you are not using. This will always ensure that lesser units are being consumed. You can also switch to LED to reduce the consumption. You must also buy appliances with ‘Energy’ rating marked on them. These appliances are known to use 10% to 50% less electricity.

  4. How do I know if my electric meter is faulty?

    Ans: One of the ways to check if your electric meter is faulty by taking the reading for 7 days and check if the readings are consistent. If it is not, contact your state electricity board. You must then switch off all the electric appliances in your house and switch them back on one by one. This way you will be able to know if your electric meter is faulty or not.

  5. Is electricity cheap in India?

    Ans: According to a data compiled by global consultant Wood Mackenzie, since 2019, the cost of electricity generation from fossil fuel has been found to be cheapest in India after taking into consideration countries in the Asia Pacific region (APAC). The cost of generation of fossil fuel in India was $44.5 per MWh (Rs.3.05 per unit) in India.

News About Electricity Bill

  • Subsidy give up option to be provided by the Delhi government on the electricity bill

    On 5 May 2022, an announcement was made by the Delhi government that an option will be provided to give up subsidies on electricity bills. Subsidy will be provided to consumers who choose the scheme and the new rule will come into effect from 1 October 2022. Consumers will be asked if they wish to avail the scheme on the electricity bill.

    6 May 2022

  • MP government waives electricity bills of Covid peak period

    On Wednesday, the state cabinet, led by chief minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan, cancelled electricity dues during the COVID-19 peak period. Electricity bills amounting to Rs.5,334 crore were waived which has benefited 88 lakh customers. During the COVID-19 peak in Madhya Pradesh, many low-income users in the state had difficulties paying their power bills.

    The Mukhya Mantri Bijli Billon Mein Rahat Yojana -2022 was authorised by the council of ministers with the goal of helping such customers. According to a state government announcement, the scheme's benefits would be reflected in bills issued after 1 April 2022. Eligible customers must submit an application in the required manner to be eligible for this scheme.

    5 May 2022

  • Domestic power bill to increase by 10-40 paise per unit

    Power Minister Ramkrishna Sudin Dhavalikar stated that domestic electricity bills would witness a rise of 10 to 40 paise per unit. He even pointed out that the power tariff of state was lesser that of Maharashtra’s and Karnataka’s. The state government has started purchasing 125MW of extra power for industries.

    28 April 2022

  • Consumers will get free electricity units up to 125

    Just before the Assembly Election in this year, the government of Himachal Pradesh had announced that all electricity bills up to 125 units will be free for the people staying in the state. Presiding over the 75th state-level Himachal Day function that was held at the historic Chowgan in Chamba, Chief Minister Jairam Thakur had said that people who are consuming up to 125 units of electricity will get ‘zero bill’ from July 1.

    19 April 2022

  • Madhya Pradesh state electricity board increased electricity bill by 2.64%

    Madhya Pradesh Electricity Regulatory Commission (MPERC) increased the electricity rates by 2.64% on 31 March 2022. According to the new tariff plan, the customers using up to 30 units of electricity per month need to pay Rs.3.34 per unit.

    11 April 2022

  • Electricity bills to rise post hike in electricity rates by MPERC

    The Madhya Pradesh Electricity Regulatory Commission (MPERC) announced a hike of 2.64% in electricity charges on 31 March 2022 which has now come into effect. According to the new rates, a customer using up to 30 units of electricity every month will be charged Rs 3.34 per unit against Rs 3.25 earlier, while those using electricity in the range of 32 to 50 units, 51 to 150 units and 151 to 300 units slabs will also be charged more.

    10 April 2022

  • Rajasthan to give out free electricity from the month of April

    The Chief Minister of Rajasthan Ashok Gehlot has recently presented the budget for the state in which he has announced relief to the people.

    As per the budget speech, up to 50 units of free electricity has been suggested to be given out for domestic use in the state.

    1 March 2022

  • UP officials hold internal meeting on free power

    As the seven-phase assembly elections in Uttar Pradesh near their halfway point, authorities have begun preparing to confront the task of honouring and implementing the free power pledge made by the new administration in March.

    To get things started, energy department officials, including UP Power Corporation Ltd (UPPCL) Chairman M Devraj and managing director Pankaj Kumar, met with Chief Secretary DS Mishra on Tuesday for an 'internal' meeting to discuss the road map for implementing the free power agenda by the next government.

    23 February 2022

  • Domestic electricity bill to be computed as per the new formula in Uttarakhand

    If you are a resident of Uttarakhand, then your domestic electricity bills will now be sent to you on a daily basis.

    The computation of monthly electricity bills will be done in 25 to 35 days while the bi-monthly billing will be done in 55 to 65 days. This new formula is being implemented with the intention to reduce energy and fixed charges by 8%. This new formula will also ensure there are no irregularities in the billing amount.

    22 February 2022

  • Electricity bills to reduce by 25% according to the Power Minister

    According to the Minister of State of Power and New Renewable Energy, RK Singh, consumers may save up to 25% on their monthly electricity bills.

    Consumers will get this benefit thanks to the Rs.90,000 crore that was provided by the government under the Aatmanirbhar Bharat economic package. The package was announced on 13 May 2020 with the main focus of helping Discoms clear any pending dues to Gencos. According to RK Singh, Gencos will be providing discounts so that procurement costs will be reduced to Discoms. He further added that the discounts will be passed on to consumers. Residential consumers will make a direct saving ranging between 20% and 25% on their electricity bills. In the case of industrial consumers, the Discom is expected to defer the fixed charges and collect them back in the three instalments later. Loans that are available to Discoms will help them pay Gencos for the power they have already procured. The loans are also available at a low rate of interest. Discoms are unable to make any payments at the moment because their receipts have fallen to their lowest levels. The demand has come down significantly after commercial and industrial units were shut because of the coronavirus outbreak and the subsequent lockdown.

    18 May 2020

  • Relief for DISCOM in the latest announcement by India FM

    India Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced that Power Distribution Companies (DISCOM) will be provided reliefs after the sector has faced problems in demand reduction due to unprecedented cash flow.

    The government announced that it will infuse Rs.90,000 crores to DISCOMs against receivables.

    Loans will also be offered against State Guarantees for exclusive purpose of discharging liabilities of DISCOMS to GENCOS.

    Discounts to DISCOMS will be provided by Central Public Sector Generation Companies which will ultimately be passed to the consumers.

    13 May 2020

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