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A CIBIL report is computed by TransUnion CIBIL, which is the first credit bureau in the country. The information about all your loans (home, auto, and personal), credit cards, bill payments, enquiries, and CIBIL score are present in your CIBIL report.
A CIBIL report is prepared by the TransUnion CIBIL credit bureau. It is a detailed summary of your credit history. It records the type of loans (home, auto, and personal) and credit cards that have been availed by you over a period of time.
A CIBIL report is also known as a credit information report. It helps lenders take sound decisions about lending credit to potential borrowers. CIBIL collects your credit data from lenders such as banks, credit card companies, non-banking finance companies (NBFC), and housing finance companies. With the help of your report, lenders can measure your creditworthiness and decide if you have the ability to repay the borrowed amount.A CIBIL report contains six main sections. Let’s learn about them in detail.
A CIBIL score is a 3-digit number that falls in the range of 300-900. It is calculated by the CIBIL credit bureau after taking into consideration factors such as credit history and repayment behavior. A CIBIL score in the range of 750-900 is considered as a good score. A higher CIBIL score suggests you have a high creditworthiness. It increases your chances of getting a good deal on loan interest rates as well as credit cards.
As the name suggests, this section contains your personal information such as name, date of birth, unique identification numbers like PAN and Aadhaar. You need to make sure that the personal details are accurate in the report. These details are reported to the bureau by the bank.
This section will have your mobile number, telephone number, residential address, and email address.
This section of the CIBIL report contains your employment information. It will specify the type of your occupation such as salaried, professional, or business. It will also mention your monthly or annual income as reported by banks.
This is the most important section of your CIBIL report as it contains records of your credit accounts. It will mention the loans and credit cards you have taken. The report will also mention the lenders’ names and loan amounts. The report will record your defaults, late payments, amount overdue, current balance, date opened, and date of last payment.
It contains a month-on-month record of your payments toward your loan EMIs as well as credit card bills for up to the last 3 years. You should ensure that the loan details reflected in the account are accurate. Discrepancies in your credit report can reduce your chances of getting a loan approval.
This section records all the enquiries made by lenders in the past. An enquiry takes place when a lender pulls out your CIBIL report from the bureau to check your creditworthiness. The date and purpose of the enquiry is also mentioned in the report. The enquiry amount is also recorded in the report. It is advised to avoid making multiple credit enquiries in a short span of time as it may trigger hard enquiries from lenders, making you appear credit-hungry.
When you apply for a loan or a credit card, lenders will check your credit report to know your credit status. It will help them know if you have been a responsible borrower in the past. A CIBIL report that displays prompt payment behaviour, low number of credit inquiries, and good credit history will increase your chances of getting approvals for future loans.
As per RBI’s mandate in 2017, all the credit bureaus in the country are required to offer one free detailed credit report to consumers with credit history every calendar year. You can visit CIBIL’s official website and get your free CIBIL report. You can check your Experian credit report by visiting BankBazaar.
Currently, there are 3 types of subscription plans you can choose to get your CIBIL Report:
Step 1: Once you select the plan, you will need to create an account by filling up basic information like email address, name, mobile number, date of birth, and identity proof (driver’s license, PAN card, passport, voter ID, ration card number).
Step 2: Verify your identity. CIBIL will either send you an OTP to verify your details or ask some questions to confirm your identity.
Step 3: Make the payment.
It is a good habit to check your CIBIL report from time-to-time as it gives you an idea of your credit status.
A CIBIL report is a summary of your detailed credit behaviour. It consists of various sections that offer detailed information ranging from your personal information, home or auto loan availed, overdraft facilities, personal loan, and much more. In addition, the CIBIL report consists of your CIBIL score and history. There are several key terms and keywords that are present in your CIBIL report that will help you understand the report in a better way.
Cash Limit: Cash limit refers to the amount of cash on your credit card that you are allowed to use.
Amount Overdue: It indicates the total amount that has not been paid to the lender in a specific time.
NA/NH: NA means No Activity while NH means No History. This means you have no credit history or not even a credit history to get scored. The NA/NH term also means you have no credit activity for a couple of years. Finally, it also suggests that you do not have any add-on credit cards and have no credit exposure.
DPD: Days Past Due refers to the number of days that have passed since the due date of the payment. It must be noted that anything over zero or even ‘Standard’ is bad.
Written-Off Amount: When a loan is written off there is an interest and principal component. This field reflects the total interest and principal amount written-off.
Written-Off and Settled Status: If the status of an account is mentioned as written off, it implies that the borrower was unable to pay the outstanding dues for more than 180 days and as a result, the lender has written off the unpaid dues. If the status of an account is mentioned as settled, it implies that, the borrower in consent with the lender, has partly paid the dues against the total outstanding amount.
SMA: Special Mention Account refers to a special account created for reporting a standard account that is moving towards a sub-standard.
CN: Control Number acts as a reference number in case there is some incorrect information in the credit report. It is presented at the top of the document.
Repayment Tenure: It refers to the term of your loan. In order to understand it accurately, repayment tenure should be read with ‘Payment Frequency’.
SUB: Sub-standard refers to accounts (loan/credit card) payments that are made after 90 days.
LSS: It refers to the account where the loss has been identified and remains uncollectible.
DBT: It means an account that has continued to remain in the sub-standard account status for 12 months.
Actual Payment Amount: It is the amount you have paid the lender if it is different from the EMI amount. The actual payment amount can be higher or lower than the EMI amount.
Current Balance: It refers to the amount that you still owe on a certain credit facility.
STD: This entry is termed as (Standard) and is found against loan/credit card accounts, if the credit payments are made in a timely manner, or within 90 days from the due date.
RBI has made it mandatory for banks to comply with an individual's desire to access his or her credit report. If a bank declines a credit card or loan application, you can ask for the control number of your CIBIL credit report. You can then contact CIBIL at email@example.com and communicate details of errors in the report.
Yes, you need to apply for credit reports using forms published by CIBIL. You can get these forms from their website.
Yes, if you want just the credit report then you can apply for it without having to take the TransUnion score along with it.
If you check your CIBIL score for free or purchase any of the subscriptions plan online, you can access your report instantly upon successful authentication. In case of unsuccessful authentication, you will need to upload your KYC documents for verification. Upon verification, your CIBIL credit report will sent to your registered mailing address in 7 business days via Courier/ Speed Post/ Express Delivery.
Along with the application form, you will need to send an ID proof and an address proof. This applies even to companies, in whose case you will have to send the ID and address proof of the authorised signatory.
Yes. The supporting documents, ID and address proof should reach CIBIL within 7 days of your application for the generation of a credit report.
It will be sent within 7 business days via Courier/ Speed Post/ Express Delivery.
The delivery service will make only two attempts to deliver the report at your address. If you are not there to receive it a second time then it will be returned to CIBIL and you will have to apply for the report all over again.
CIBIL will tolerate up to 3 mistakes on the credit report. If you make more than 3 mistakes then your application will not be processed.
If your details are wrong but match another person then the report will be generated and sent to them at your cost.
If your address proof does not match the one that CIBIL has on record then your application will not be processed. You can update your address by sending KYC documents along with any other supporting documents needed.
You can pay for the credit report using a demand draft, credit card, debit card or through net banking.
The Reserve bank of India recently called attention to the staggering credit growth in the public sector. It had also encouraged public sector banks (PSB) to take up measures to improve loan growth. A senior banker who works for a PSB had noted that the private sector is witnessing high credit growth. He had added that the public sector should ensure that loan growth picks up in this space as well.
An anonymous PSB executive had said that after the asset quality review, all state-owned banks have reported that their staff spent a huge chunk of their time on resolutions and recoveries. Hence, there was less light thrown on sales and business development.
Recent figures point to muted credit growth as the economy saw a decline to 8.5% in January. This decline has been associated with the slowdown in loans to the services sector. There has been a drop to 8.9% from 23.9% in January 2019 when it comes to advances to this sector.
5 March 2020
The commercial lending exposure in India has dropped down by 2.6% mirroring the economic slowdown witnessed by the Indian economy. The commercia lender exposure fell Rs 1,70,000 crore, to Rs 63.8 lakh crore in the June quarter of 2019-20 from Rs 65.5 lakh crore in March 2019 according to a study by TransUnion CIBIL- SIDBI study.
Despite several cuts in the interest rates, MSMEs have shown a drop-in credit exposure. According to the study, entities having less than Rs 25 crore credit exposure have reported a lower credit growth rate of 12 per cent in the year ended June 2019 as against a growth rate of 23.1 per cent last year. Very small segment (less than Rs 10 lakh exposure) have registered a credit growth of only 11.3 per cent in June as against a growth rate of 26.2 per cent last year.
22 October 2019
The small, medium enterprises (SME) recorded a 15.6% increase in credit lending as of March 2019, according to a latest report by credit bureau TransUnion CIBIL. Meanwhile, micro-enterprises that have a credit exposure less than Rs.1 crore, recorded an increase of 19.8 per cent year-on-year (YoY) to Rs.4.8 lakh crores from Rs.4 lakh crores, reported Financial Express.
The report further stated that growth in credit for SMEs was at 15.6 per cent YoY to Rs.11.1 lakh crores from Rs.9.6 lakh crores. Total credit exposure as of March 2019 was Rs.116.7 lakh crores with maximum share to corporate segment with 55 per cent with Rs.64.1 lakh crores exposure. The gross non-performing asset (NPA) ratio of the small and medium enterprises (SMEs) segment was at 10.8% for the quarter ended March 2019, according to the July 2019 edition of the MSME Pulse report by Transunion Cibil and Small Industries Development Bank of India (Sidbi).The NPA also declined with the overall gross NPA rate in commercial lending went down to 16.0 per cent in March this year from 17.2 per cent in March 2018.
As of March 2019, the total on-balance sheet commercial lending exposure in India stood at Rs 64.1 lakh crore, with the micro and SME segments constituting Rs 15.9 lakh crore, or nearly 25% of all commercial credit outstanding. Large corporates accounted for Rs 42.3 lakh crore, or 66% of all outstanding commercial loans.
23 July 2019
Owing to weak consumer sentiments and softening of commodity prices, India Inc has delivered a six-quarter low revenue growth of 10% in the fourth quarter of FY19, as per a latest report from ICRA. The credit rating agency stated that financial results released by 642 companies in the corporate sector show revenue growth in Q4FY19 hit a six-quarter low at 10%. The revenue growth in consumer-linked sectors was only 3.8% in the fourth quarter of FY19 on a year-on-year basis, down from 27.9% in the third quarter of FY19. The revenue growth in commodity-linked sectors stood at 12.4% in Q4FY19 year-on-year, down from 51.4% in Q3FY19. ICRA’s Vice President (corporate sector ratings), Shamsher Dewan told PTI that since second half of FY19, the weakness in the consumer-linked sectors was visible across most consumer-oriented sectors such as passenger vehicles, two-wheelers, consumer durables and FMCG. The ICRA report further added that several sectors such as consumer durables, airlines, cement, and consumer food reported a sequential improvement in margins. This was mainly because of price hike initiated by companies in select sectors, lower cost of imports and softening in commodity prices.
The credit rating agency stated that despite the reduction in debt levels and planned de-leveraging plans along with some improvement in operating profits, the coverage indicators would continue to remain weak for telecom companies over the near-term. Dewan further added that the commodity prices were higher on a year-on-year basis for both FY19 and Q4 FY19. Prices of key commodities such as oil, steel and aluminum had reduced on a sequential basis which supported an improvement in the EBITDA margins on a quarter-on-quarter.
17 June 2019
ICRA has revised McLeod Russel's term loans credit rating. The credit rating agency has downgraded the tea firm’s term loans as well as fund-based bank facilities from ICRA A to ICRA BBB-. ICRA has also given a negative outlook to the term loans. Meanwhile, the credit rating firm has slashed the non-fund based bank facilities from ICRA A2+ to ICRA A3. As on 31 March 2018, the company’s exposure to group firms was Rs.650 crore. This recorded an increase to Rs.1,000 crore by 31 March 2019.
Earlier in April, credit rating agency had revised credit rating and outlook on McLeod Russle. As per ICRA, the rating revisions have factored in further deterioration in McLeod’s liquidity profile due to a slower-than-anticipated progress on asset monetisation and continued pressure on the profitability of the core tea operations of the company. It also added that a majority of the proceeds from the sale of the second tranche of tea estates has been received recently with a delay. However, the tea company’s overall leveraging still remains high.
9 May 2019
The Supreme Court (SC) has cancelled the 12 February RBI circular regarding bad loans. The move from the apex body is expected to bring delays in the bankruptcy proceedings. On Tuesday, the SC quashed the RBI circular and called it as “ultra vires as a whole”. This means the RBI had gone beyond its powers — and thus “of no effect in law”. The order was handed out by a bench headed by justice RF Nariman. As per the RBI circular, it was compulsory for banks to recognize a day's default in the companies and resolve the problem in 180 days. In case of a failure, such accounts must be referred to NLCTs for resolution for large account of Rs.2,000 crore and above. Speaking on the RBI ruling, Moody's credit rating agency stated that voiding of the circular will be credit negative for banks as it will significantly tighten stressed loan recognition and resolution for large borrowers.
The credit rating agency also said the resolution of stressed loans impacted by the circular will be further delayed as the process may have to be started afresh. The circular also withdrew the loan resolution mechanisms the RBI had implemented, such as Corporate Debt Restructuring and Strategic Debt Restructuring. The credit agency had estimated total debt impacted due to the 12 February circular to be around Rs.3.8 lakh crore across 70 large borrowers of which Rs.2 lakh crore across 34 borrowers were in the power sector. Moody’s further revealed that the 92% of this debt have been classified as non-performing by banks as of March 2018 and also made provisions of over 25-40% on these accounts.
4 April 2019
Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) sector witnessing a promising growth potential in today’s Indian economy. The dynamic sector has been driven by digitisation and data driven decisions. MSMEs are being able to access finances in a quick and affordable way due to a significant increase in digitisation.
Thanks to a number of initiatives by the government such as MUDRA, PMEGP, CGTMSE, the MSME sector has seen growth even further. As per a latest report from TransUnion CIBIL- SIDBI MSME Pulse Report, commercial credit growth recovery has recorded an increase of 13.5% year-on-year (YoY) in the September 2018 quarter. Giving further insights, the report stated that there is a significant improvement in turn-around-time (TAT) on lending to MSMEs across credit institutions. TAT has registered an improvement for MSME segment underwriting to 26 days in 2018, as against 32 days in 2016. The study also revealed that 6.5 million businesses have taken loans from the banking sector for business. It further states that the total on-balance sheet credit exposure in India stood at Rs.105.5 lakh crores as of September 2018 of which MSME credit accounts for Rs.24.7 lakh crores, including credit to MSME entities and credit to individuals for business purposes.
27 February 2019
India Ratings and Research, the popular credit rating agency has downgraded PNB Housing Finance Ltd’s (PNBHFL) non-convertible debentures (NCDs) from “AAA” to “AA+”. The move comes from the credit rating agency following a change in the approach for ratings. As per the new norms, the credit assessment is based on the credit profile of PNBHFL, as against the previous approach that factored in the credit strength of the sponsor, Punjab National Bank. PNBHFL is among the top-five housing finance companies (HFCs) in India in terms of assets under management (AUM). PNB owns 32.8% stake in (HFCs) and has a 6% market share of housing loans. The credit rating agency has resolved the Rating-on-Watch Negative (RWN) status for HFCs due to the outcome of the stake sale and clarity regarding the new shareholders and its philosophy is limited at this stage. It also has a diversified funding profile with second largest outstanding deposits within HFCs. The change in the ratings approach comes at a time when the credit profile of the sponsor is weak as well as its stated intention to divest its stake in the company. PNBHFL provides housing loans to individuals, which formed 58% of the total loans in H1FY19. Loans against property to individuals and wholesale loans such as high-ticket construction finance to builders, commercial term loans and lease rental discounting together formed the balance. Its loan products are mainly towards the medium-to-large ticket loans in metro and Tier-I cities (total 57 cities and towns across India), where competitive intensity in the mortgage space is on the higher side.
10 January 2019
A credit report is a summary of your current as well as past credit accounts and payments behaviour. It is computed by the credit bureaus in the country and comprises credit score, detailed credit information related to your credit accounts, loans, payment history, and closed accounts. Moreover, the credit report also includes personal information, details of your credit cards, credit limit, and credit inquiries. Lenders like banks and non-banking finance companies use a credit report to understand the creditworthiness of loan as well as credit card applicants. Let’s take a look at some of the reasons why you should keep a track of your credit report:
• Incorrect credit account information: First and foremost, you should check your credit report to see whether there are any incorrect records your credit accounts or duplication of the same loan or credit card account. In some cases, your credit accounts can get mixed with someone else’s details and hampers our credit score.
• Errors in personal information: Your credit report can have errors related to your personal information like name, address, mobile number, among others. If you come across any errors, you can raise a dispute to the respective credit bureau.
• Check for an identity theft You can also be a victim of fraud which can result in a drop in your credit score. If you come across accounts that are not yours, you should get it fixed at the earliest.
• An unexpected drop in your credit score: If there is an unexpected drop in your credit score, it might be due to some error in your credit report. There could also be a possibility of fraudulent activity or some error in your credit report.
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) made it mandatory for all the credit bureaus in the country to offer one credit report for free to all the consumers in one financial year. As there are four credit bureaus in the country - TransUnion CIBIL, Equifax, Experian and CRIF Highmark, you can get four credit reports in a year.
24 December 2018
Cred, the new fintech venture from Freecharge co-founder Kunal Shah is all set to roll out in December 2018. The platform aims to reward credit card users for making timely bill payments and offer various benefits to them. Cred has received $25 million in funding from Sequoia Capital and Ribbit Capital,. Users who pay their credit card bills through Cred earn points. These points can be redeemed at various POS including movies and food delivery services. The platform has already teamed up with a total of 30 brands including Airbnb, Cultfit, BookMyShow, Urban Ladder, Ixigo, CureFit, Furlenco, and FreshMenu, among others. The Cred platform will be available for those with credit score (CIBIL score) of 750 and above. The platform which is currently in the pilot stage has already received strong response. It will roll out to the public by the end of December. According to Shah, the main aim of the platform is to reward people who have displayed consistent good repayment behaviour in the longer run. The Cred platform will be free for the consumers, however, merchants will have to pay a small fee.
29 November 2018
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