Passport is issued by the Indian Government certify that holders are citizens of the Republic of India by birth or naturalization. This is as per the Passports Act, 1967. The CPV (Consular Passport & Visa) Division of the External Affairs Ministry works as central passport organization and it is also responsible for Indian passport issuance. The issuance of passport happens across 37 different locations around the country. There are 162 diplomatic missions abroad where Indian Passport is issued. These include consulates, High Commissions and Embassies.
What is an Indian Passport?
A Indian passport is an officially-issued document that permits the holder to travel to and from foreign countries. It also confirms that the holder is a citizen of the issuing country, as well as confirming the holder’s identity.
Why is a Passport Necessary?
A passport is a document issued by the government of the holder’s country certifying the holder’s identity and citizenship. It is necessary if an individual wishes to travel to a foreign country as it serves as the only acceptable form of identification. It can also be used as an identity document within the holder’s country or overseas.
Types Of Passport In India
There are 3 main types of passports issued by GOI under the Passport Act, 1967. They are -
- Type P / Ordinary passport- ‘P’ denotes ‘Personal’. These are Ordinary passports issued to ordinary individuals. They are general purpose passports that citizens normally use for travel on holiday or business.
- Type S / Official passport- ‘S’ denotes ‘Service’. These are Official passports issued to people travelling abroad on official government/state work.
- Type D / Diplomatic passport - ‘D’ denotes ‘Diplomat’. These are Diplomatic passports issued to people who always travel on official government work including those posted abroad.
Along with this, some passport offices in overseas missions and India can issue regular Indo-Sri Lankan passports and Indo-Bangladesh passports to the Indian citizens residing in Puducherry, Tamil Nadu, the North-Eastern states and West Bengal. The Indo-Sri Lanka passport and the Indo-Bangladesh passport are only valid for traveling to Sri Lanka and Bangladesh respectively and they cannot be used for traveling to any other foreign country.
What Does An Indian Passport Look Like?
The modern-day Indian passports come with a deep blue-black cover. The prints on the passport are golden in colour. At the centre of the front cover, the Emblem of India is printed. On top of the emblem, the word ‘Passport’ is inscribed in Hindi and English language. ‘Republic of India’ is inscribed in those two languages below the emblem on the cover page. Any standard passport has 36 pages in it. However, if an individual travels frequently, then he/she can apply for a passport that has 60 pages.
Identity Of Passport Holder
The following information is provided on the opening cover:
- Type (S-stands for Service; D-stands for Diplomat; P-stands for Personal)
- Passport number
- Country code
- Given name(s)
- Place of birth
- Date of birth
- Date of issue
- Place of issue
- Date of expiry
- Signature of the passport holder
- Photo of the passport holder
- Information page comes to an end with MRZ (Machine Readable Passport) zone
The following information is present on the closing end:
- File number
- Old passport number
- Name of spouse
- Name of mother
- Name of father or the legal guardian
What Are The Documents Required For Passport ?
The following documents are to be submitted when applying for an Indian passport:
|Sl No.||Required Documents|
|4||Income tax assessment order|
|5||Gas connection proof|
|7||Registered rent agreement|
|8||Voter ID card|
|9||Telephone bill (mobile or landline)|
|10||Copy of spouse’s passport (provided the applicant’s current address matches the one mentioned in the spouse’s passport)|
|11||Active bank account passbook containing the applicant’s photograph (in case of public sector, private sector, regional banks only)|
|12||Letter from reputed employer|
|13||Copy of parent’s passport (for minor applicants)|
|14||Proof of date of birth document|
|15||Municipal birth certificate|
|16||Documentary proof for non-ECR categories (if applicable)|
Know more About documents required for passport renewal
How To Apply For Passport
To apply for passport online, one will have to log into the PSP site, online, at www.passportindia.gov.in and get an appointment or time slot to go to the PSK. This entails registering on the site i.e. creating a user id, or, if already registered, it entails logging in to the site with a valid id.
Users of the site will have to specify what kind of application it is i.e. fresh or reissue, normal or tatkal, type of passport i.e. regular, diplomatic or official. Users can also apply online for Police Clearance Certificate (PCC) and Identity Certificate. The required forms will have to be filled and either submitted online or downloaded and uploaded later. Applications that have been submitted or saved can also be viewed on the site. Information on documents required can be obtained here. It also features a fee calculator to know how much has to be paid. Fee payment is also processed online. One can find details of those PSKs that provide appointments only if fees are paid online first. The site eventually provides a user an application receipt.
To apply passport offline , applicants can download and print passport forms and submit them at passport collection centers or buy the form and submit it at the centers. However, other than PSKs, only applications for new passports will be accepted at collection centers.
For certain applicants such as minors, handicapped and senior citizens, applications can be submitted at PSKs without appointments i.e. as walk-ins. In this case, applications should be submitted online for generation of ARN. This ARN is required for walk-in without appointment. This is for cases such as tatkaal or getting PCC.
New Passport Application System In India
A new system for passport issuance was approved by the Union Cabinet in 2007. This system was approved under the Passport Seva Project. According to this project, activities associated with issuance of passports, dispatch of passports, linking them online with the police department for verification and centralized passport printing will be taken care of by the system. The new system has made the application process quick and hassle free. The applicant must apply for fresh or reissuance of passport via any of the 77 Passport Seva Kendras working across India.
Other travel documents may be issued under the Passport Act 1967. These include:
- Emergency Certificates
- Certificate of Identity
Fees Structure For Indian Passport
|Renew passport or fresh passport with validity for 10 years (36 pages, regular size)||Rs.1,500|
|Renew passport or fresh passport with validity for 10 years (60 pages, jumbo size)||Rs.2,000|
|Renewal or First time applicant with ‘tatkal’ service and 10 years validity (36 pages, regular size)||Rs.3,500|
|Renewal or First time applicant with ‘tatkal’ service and 10 years validity (60 pages, jumbo size)||Rs.4,000|
|New passport for minors with validity for 5 years||Rs.1,000|
|Replacement in case of lost, theft or damage of passport (36 pages, regular size)||Rs.3,000|
|Replacement in case of lost, theft or damage of passport (60 pages, jumbo size)||Rs.3,500|
How To Take Appointment For Passport
When applying for a passport in India, the applicant is required to present himself/herself to a Regional Passport Office for the purpose of verification of the information submitted in the application form.
An applicant is required to make an appointment for this purpose, which can be done in the following steps:
Step 1: Login To the online Passport Seva portal with registered login Id.
Step 2:Click on Apply for Fresh /reissue passport .
Step 3:Fill the required details in the form and submit.
Step 4: Click the "Pay and Schedule Appointment" link on the "View Saved/Submitted Applications" screen to schedule an appointment whereupon an appointment slot will be allotted to them.
A note from the President of India is there on every valid passport. This particular note address the authorities of all the territories. The note is as follows:
“These are to request and require in the Name of the President of the Republic of India all those whom it may concern to allow the bearer to pass freely without let or hindrance, and to afford him or her, every assistance and protection of which he or she may stand in need.
By order of the President of the Republic of India”
This page that contains the note is duly signed and stamped in the President’s name by the issuing authority.
Other Information about Passport
Passport Application Form Filling Guidelines
If you have decided to apply for a passport then there are a few things you are going to have to know. The first is that you have to apply for the passport using the prescribed application form. The form might seem a bit confusing at first however, there are some guidelines that you need to follow while filling out the forms. These guidelines help you determine what needs to be filled up, where and how. Read More about guideline to fill passport application form
How to Track Passport Status
Once you have applied for a passport, the next question on your mind will be about how you can find out what happened to that application. That is why you should know that the passport applications can be tracked. Tracking the applications status will let you know if your application has been processed or not. Once the application enters the system, it goes through various status like application submitted, under review, printed, etc. The tracking helps you keep track of this and can be done online or using mobile application and SMS’. Here is how you can track your passport applications status in India
Procedure for Police Verification of Passport
Once you apply for a passport, irrespective of the application being for a regular one or a tatkal passport, you will have to get a police verification done for it. There are only few cases where a police verification will not be required. Should you want to know what you are required to do in order to get the police verification done you will need to know how the issuance of a passport hinges on said verification. If you have questions about the way a police verifications work, then you can find the relevant information here. Here know about how police verification done for passport
How to Apply Student Passport
If you are a student who is planning to pursue an education outside India, the very first thing you will need is a passport. The actual process of apply for a student passport is not very different from applying for a regular passport. You still need to follow the same process and have certain documents to support your application. You will also have to get the police verification done along with visiting your PSK for an interview. Know about procedure for applying passport for students
Processing of Passport Applications At Passport Seva Kendra
While applying for a passport, an individual is required to visit the Passport Seva Kendra (PSK) on the scheduled date to finish the last part of the application process. Final verification and approval takes place at PSK. Read More About Processing of Passport Applications At Passport Seva Kendra.
How To Check ECR/ECNR Passport Status
The ECR(Emigration Check Required) and ECNR(Emigration Check Not Required) status on the passport denote whether the individual needs emigration clearance for travelling to the specific 18 countries as listed by the Government of India. The information regarding the status will be given on the second page of the passport. For more information Check ECR/ECNR Passport Status.
How To Change The Address In Passport Application Form
In case of change in address or relocating, it is always advisable for the individual to update the address in the passport. The person can update the address by applying for a re-issue of the passport. The person can do it online or offline according to his/her convenience. For more information about change the address In passport application form.
How To Apply For Passport For Government Employees
The individual has to first send ‘’Prior Intimation Letter’’ to the controlling authority before applying for the passport. Informing them prior to applying will speed up the whole process of application. The rest of the process is quite same as that of the regular candidates. For more information about how to apply for passport for government employees.
Features Of New Indian Passport
The passport come with several features which are as follows:
- Since November 25, 2015, all the Indian Passports that are handwritten have become invalid. The recent Indian Passports have all the personal details about the passport holder printed on the second page.
- The new passports have added security features on them. The holder picture is also printed on the right side of the document’s second page.
- Emigration check is required for all people who hold ECR passports. This is necessary for preventing exploitation of the workers of Indian origin, especially the ones who are less educated and unskilled. The ECNR passports can be availed by:
- Indians holding at least the matriculation certificate
- Indian born in a foreign country
- Official or Diplomatic passport holders
- Gazetted Government servants
- All individuals who pay income tax
- The professional degree holders and graduates like lawyers, doctors, engineers, scientists, chartered accountants, etc.
- Dependent children and spouses
- Seamen in possession of CDC
- All individuals above the age of 50 years
- All nurses who possess qualifications that are recognized under the Indian Nursing Council Act of 1947
- All children above the age of 18 years
- All individuals who have stayed in foreign countries for more than 3 years
- All people who have diplomas from SCVT (State Council of Vocational Training) or NVCT (National Council for Vocational Training)
- Languages that are printed on the passport are Hindi and English.
Passport Issuing Authorities and Collection Centers
As mentioned, the MEA works through the CPO and PSKs in India and Embassies/Consulates outside India for the issuance of passports and carrying out related services.
- MEA - The Ministry of External Affairs is the government arm under whose purview falls all matters related to passports. There is only 1 MEA.
- CPV - The Consular Passport and Visa is the MEA division through which the MEA works for the issuance of passports. The CPV at Patiala House, New Delhi, processes applications for Official and Diplomatic passports.
- PO/RPO - Passport Offices/Regional Passport Offices issue / deny issue of / impound passports. POs carry out back-end passport-related processes and services. They exercise authority over PSKs. They process applications, print and send out approved passports. They deal with the MEA, state police and state administration. They also handle financial, legal and RTI activities. There are 37 passport offices in India.
- PSK - Passport Seva Kendras are extensions of POs through which front-end passport-related processes and services are carried out. It is the physical space where applicants must physically present themselves after getting an online appointment. This is where required documents are submitted, photographs taken and applications are reviewed before being passed on to the Passport Office for processing. There are 77 PSKs in India functioning under the PPP model under which human and technological resources are provided by TCS.
- PSLK - Passport Seva Laghu Kendras are also extensions of POs providing similar services as PSKs, except that these were set up to cover certain areas such as eastern and north-eastern areas.They help ease the burden of PSKs in these regions who handle applications from a large jurisdiction. There are 16 PSLKs in India but these do not function under the PPP model. They are entirely est up, operated and controlled by the government.
- DPC, SPC, CSC - District Passport Cells, Speed Post Centers and Citizen Service Centers can only process applications for fresh passports and not reissue, tatkaal or other cases. They also cannot provide other related services.
- Indian Missions Abroad - The MEA works through about 180 Indian Mission / Posts for issuance of passports outside India. These include Indian Embassies, High Commissions and Consulates.
Passport Services FAQs
What kind of Passport Services are available through the online portal, PSKs, and Passport Office?
The Passport Office offers the following services:
- Issue of Fresh Passport:Only those applying for passports for the first time in their lives can apply through this facility. If you have ever held a valid Indian passport, ever, you must apply through “Re-issue of Passport”.
- Re-issue of Passport:This option must be taken if:
- There is any change in your name / spelling of your name / appearance.
- Misprinted passport has been received.
- Passport of inferior quality has been received.
- The passport has expired (exists past its Validity date).
- Pages in the passport have all been stamped – no free pages.
- Passport has been torn, fire-damaged, water-damaged, etc.
- Passport has been misplaced or lost.
- Passport has been stolen.
- Miscellaneous Services:
- Issue of Police Clearance Certificate (PCC).
- What are the different kinds of passports one can apply for?
Depending on the requirement and the status of the applicant, there are 3 types of passports that the Indian Government issues:
- Ordinary Passport:
- This has a blue cover.
- It is the most common passport that is issued to regular Indian citizens to facilitate international travel.
- It can have either 36 or 60 pages.
- The validity of this passport, if issued under normal circumstances, is 10 years.
- Renewal under normal circumstances will extend the validity of the passport by another 10 years.
- Diplomatic Passport:
- This has a maroon cover.
- This passport is issued to members of the national government, judiciary, diplomats, official public couriers, statutory authorities, and other person that has been authorized by the government.
- Official Passport:
- This has a grey cover.
- This passport is issued to non-gazetted servants, or any other person that has been authorized by the government, or any government deputed person who is abroad on government business.
- Ordinary Passport:
- What is the passport application process for online applications?
A simple process exists to apply for a new or a re-issue of an existing passport. Follow these steps:
- Fill out the online application form through the e-Form Submission portal, or the Online Form Submission.
- Fill out the online Police Clearance Certificate (PCC) through either of the above mentioned form submission portals.
- Go to the PSK (Passport Seva Kendra) and register your fingerprint and photographs as part of the required biometrics registration for passports.
How many types of passport are there in India?
There are mainly three type of passports which are issued in India. They are Regular passport (Type P), Official passport(Type S) and Diplomatic passport(Type D). Regular passports are issued to ordinary citizens for vacations, studies etc. Official passports are issued to those individuals who are representing the Indian government on official business. Diplomatic passport are issued to Indian Diplomats and top ranking government officers.
What is P Type passport in India?
P Type passport is a regular passport which is issued to an ordinary citizen for personal trips such as vacations, business trips, study etc. ‘P’ stands for ‘personal’.
How is passport issued in India?
The CVP(Consular Passport and Visa) division is responsible for issuing passports in India. Applicants can get their passports issued either by applying online on the Passport Seva page or they can directly visit the Passport Seva Kendras. The passports will be issued to the applicants after document verification and police verification.
Is a permanent address necessary for a passport in India?
No, a permanent address is not mandatory for a passport in India. However, it is mandatory for the applicant to give the present or current address because only the present address will be endorsed on the passport.
How many days it will take to get a passport?
In India, the number of days required to receive the passport varies depending on whether it is tatkal passport or normal passport. It requires around 7-14 days to get a tatkal passport and 30-45 days to receive a normal passport.
What is Red passport in India?
Red Passport is the diplomatic passport which is issued to Indian diplomats, top ranking government officials and diplomatic couriers for their trips abroad. It has a maroon cover. It is also called as Type D passport. ‘D’ stands for ‘Diplomatic’.
What is passport issuing authority in India?
The passport issuing authority is the concerned regional passport office(RPO) where all the crucial decisions regarding verification, printing and dispatch of passport is taken. It is basically the agency that issued your passport.
Is it necessary to have Birth Certificate for passport?
It is mandatory to submit birth certificate while issuing passport in India if the applicant is born on or after 26th January, 1989. If the applicant is born before this date, he/she can provide any other certificate as the proof for Date of Birth.
Who issues passports in India?
The Consumer Passport and Visa(CVP) Division of the Ministry of External Affairs is responsible for issuing passports in India.
What is the validity of passport in India?
An Indian passport is normally valid for 10 years after which the passport holder has to apply for its renewal. However, for a minor, the validity is restricted to 5 years or till they attain the age of 18. Any minor from the age of 15-18 years can either apply for a passport with the validity of 10 years or for a passport which is valid till they attain the age of 18.
What is Passport File Number?
Passport File Number is the unique Passport Reference File Number which is given to every individual who applies for the passport in India. The applicant can track the status of their online application form with the help of this number.
2 Day Passport Camp for 400 Applicants
Saturday saw the launch of a 2 day passport seva camp for people who want to apply for a passport and are from Mandya, Mysore and Chamarajanagar districts. They are allowed to submit their applications at the zilla panchayat office. Approximately 400 passport aspirants have gotten the appointment at this camp post online applications. They had also booked slots for the verification of their documents once they had paid their requisite fees.
The 400 applicants were divided into 200 each for Saturday and Sunday. K. Rameshwarappa, Deputy Director of Food and Civil Supplies Department, was appointed as the nodal officer and stated that there weren't any major problems in the camp, so far.
28th November 2016
More Passport Seva Kendras needed in South Gujrat Towns
Residents of Bharuch, Vyara and Valsad have made a request to the Ministry of External Affairs to provide Passport Seva Kendras in their towns to facilitate ease in application for passports. Surat Metropolitan Region, a social group from south Gujrat has made appeals to Members of Parliament in Surat and Navsari to address the issue in Parliament and raise the issue with the Ministry of External Affairs as thousands of applicants from the south Gujrat region need to travel long distances to other towns to apply for their passports. Presently residents of Valsad and Tapi have to travel to the only Passport Seva Kendra in Surat and applicants from Bharuch need to travel to Ahmedabad.
3rd November 2016
Government Likely to Issue E-Passports from Next Year
The External Affairs ministry has announced that government will soon be launching an e-passport system and procurement of machines for the same are underway. The digital passport system will engage foolproof techniques to monitor data and check identities. Also, the e-passport will be issued immediately after successful police verification of the individual.
An e-passport is fitted with a chip that carries all the information printed in a regular passport. Official reports suggest that the new passports are likely to be issued from next year onwards and the India Security Press (ISP), Nasik is tasked with the responsibility of making them.
5th October 2016
Passport office in Udaipur to be functional by February
Residents of south Rajasthan will not have to travel all the way to Jodhpur or Jaipur for their passport issuance. According to the additional secretary, D M Mulay, Udaipur will soon have its own passport office.
A 2 day passport camp was inaugurated by Mulay. There he stated that a new passport office will be set up in Udaipur so that it is convenient for the people living there. He also appreciated the all the efforts that were made by the representatives in Udaipur for their hard work. Apart for the regional passport office in Jaipur, the only two place which has passport offices in entire Rajasthan are Jodhpur and Sikar.
22nd September 2016
Old Passports to be Replaced by New Smart E-Passport
Digital passports or biometric passports as they are also called, E-passports come with an electronic chip that contains all the details and information that is usually printed on the data page of an individual’s passport. The data will be secured by the E-passport and the menace of fake passports is also expected to be curbed with the smart new E-document. Out of the 193 UN member states at the moment, 93 are issuing E-passports, and the government has made plans to issue to E-passports to Indian citizens as well.
4th August 2016
Petition Arises For Father’s Name to Not be Mandatory
A petition on Change.org might be a game changer for the passport requirement of Father’s name. Single mother, Priyanka Gupta, started the petition because she did not want to include the father’s name in her daughter’s passport as he was not a part of her life. The petition sparked quite a response and has been taken up by Women and Child Development Minister Maneka Gandhi. In light of the increased number of single parents, Maneka Gandhi has submitted a request to Minister for External Affairs Sushma Swaraj to modify the rules. The Delhi High Court stated on July 15th, 2016, that it is not mandatory to enter the father’s name if the applicant desired so. The move will provide a sense of dignity to the women who are single-handedly raising their children in the absence of the father.
22nd July 2016
Passport Camps To Speed up Process in Pune
The Pune Passport Office is thinking of organising passport camps for the next 10 days to speed up the application process for over 150 applicants.
The camps, which would be conducted daily till the 1st of July, 2016, have helped reduce the processing period to fewer than 10 days.
Having an extended passport camp would take the pressure off officials at the Passport Seva Kendra as a large number of applications could be processed over the days of the camp.
A new Passport Seva Kendra will be set up in Solapur in October 2016 to help with the application processing and take the burden off the current one in Mundhwa. This would also cater to the large number of applications being made from the city.
21st June 2016
Jalandhar RPO Emerges As the Best In The Country
In a performance review, that took into account various aspects of the process of issuing a passport, Jalandhar RPO (Regional Passport Office) has emerged as the best performing unit with a score of 9.6 out of 10 in its category. The performance review was done for the period of 2015-16 and the RPO that came in second was the Coimbatore RPO with a score of 8.6. Both the RPOs are categorized as Category B RPOs. The parameters that these RPOs were judged on were things like number of files processed in a single day, the time taken to process applications, the number of pending applications and the time taken to print and dispatch an approved passport. The Jalandhar RPO reported a time of 1 day for printing and dispatching the passport. The RPO even reported that it had resolved almost all the grievances that it had received. It received 292 grievances of which it reported solving or addressing 291.
16th June 2016
Indian Passport Issuance In UAE To Happen In 5-8 Days
Officials in the Indian Mission in the UAE have announced that as a result of a streamlined process, they will be able to issue Indian passports in as little as 5 to 8 days. The delays that were being caused till now were because of a backlog of approximately 36,000 applications that was created when there was a switch from handwritten passports to machine read ones.
Apparently the staff of about 35 people worked long hours for over a month to ensure that the backlog was cleared. At the moment the Indian Consulate is issuing anywhere up to 16,000 to 18,000 passports a month and clearing out the backlog will only serve to ensure that they can keep up the pace.
3rd June 2016
Pune Passport Camp witnesses over 1000 visitors
Aspirants are thronging the passport maha camp which has been organized by the Pune Regional Passport Office at Shri Shivaji Preparatory Military School located on Shivaji Road. This camp was organized so as to reduce the availability cycle for applications which has increased to 20 days from a previous number of 4 days.
According to RPO officials in Pune, this cycle suffered due to numerous public holidays thereby reducing the acceptance of applications. Since its inauguration on 5 May, 2016, the camp has witnessed over 1000 applicants. From the next week, 500 applications would be processed per day at the camp which is in addition to the 120 tatkal applications and 1200 normal quota applications that are processed each day.
Visitors were satisfied at their experience and lauded the organization and ease of application processes.
23rd May 2016