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A CIBIL score is a three-digit numeric summary that determines your creditworthiness. Ranging from 300 to 900, the CIBIL score is provided by the Credit Information Bureau (India) Ltd., a credit rating agency which is authorized by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
The role of a CIBIL score is crucial in the issuance of credit cards as well as the loan application process. The higher the score, the more likely it is that the Personal loan or Home loan and Credit Card will be considered and approved.
The full form of CIBIL is Credit Information Bureau (India) Limited (CIBIL). It is an RBI authorised credit bureau which manages and collects information about credit history of a person, company or public and private establishments.
One of the four main credit bureaus in India, CIBIL is associated with numerous major banks, Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs), and housing finance companies. Experian, Equifax, and CRIF Highmark are the other three prominent bureaus. The Reserve Bank of India has granted licenses to each of these credit agencies. The CIBIL score refers to the credit rating determined by CIBIL.
Your creditworthiness as a potential borrower is indicated by your credit rating. Your credit history, including the total amount due, credit card bills, repayment history, the number of credit accounts you have, and the credit utilisation information are taken into account when calculating your credit score.
A good CIBIL score is between 720 and 900 and is solely based on your credit history and behaviour. This helps borrowers avail various benefits such as higher loan amounts, faster loan approvals, and lower interest rates. A CIBIL score of 750 and above is considered a good CIBIL score in the case of an unsecured loan. If you have a good CIBIL score, you are more likely to avail high interest rates as well as get loans faster. You can save a lot of time as well as money.
A CIBIL report, also known as a Credit Information Report (CIR) is a document listing all your borrowings and repayment histories. The CIBIL score or rating is derived out of this data as well as other variables that affect your financial position. CIBIL scores have become the benchmark for creditworthiness in India. The credit report is a report that includes your credit score as well as other details on all your financial transactions related to credit. Your credit score is just a part of the report, which has a 3-digit number which will be anywhere in the range of 300 - 900.
The credit score is a depiction of your creditworthiness, while your report will include payment history, number of loans, your outstanding balances of any loans, the total of your credit limit, and loan details of all loans taken from a diverse pool of lenders. The credit report is more like a report card for your credit, and the credit score is like the percentage you get on your report card. The higher your credit score is, the better it is for you. An average score of 750 is considered good for lenders to provide you with good deals and better rates of interest.
A credit bureau is a company that gathers and analyses information about a person's or a company's credit transactions. These include the borrowing of loans, the use of credit cards, the use of overdrafts, etc., and their repayments. Additionally, information on Income Taxes, timely utility bill payment, and other matters may be included in this analysis. Lending institutions, data collection companies, money collection agencies, and other organisations provide such information. The four credit bureaus in India are listed below:TransUnion Credit Information Bureau (India) Limited:
A CIBIL score is considered good if it lies in the range of 700 and 900. This will be taken into account by banks and NBFCs when considering a loan application for most retail loans, whether it is a home loan or a vehicle loan.
A high CIBIL score, also called a credit score, has many benefits during the loan application process such as:
Here is how you can check your CIBIL score:
CIBIL credit ratings can be checked online by following a few simple steps, as outlined below.
A CIBIL score ranges from 300 – 900, 900 being the highest. Generally, individuals with a CIBIL score of 750 and above are considered as responsible borrowers. Here are the different ranges of a CIBIL score.
NA/NH: If you have no credit history, your CIBIL score will be NA/NH which means it is either “not applicable” or no history”. If you have not used a credit card or have never taken a loan, you will have no credit history. You might want to consider taking credit, as it will help you in building a credit history and get access to credit products.
350 – 549: A CIBIL score in this range is considered as a bad CIBIL score. It means you have been late in paying credit card bills or EMIs for loans. With a CIBIL score in this range, it will be difficult for you to get a loan or a credit card as you are at a high-risk of turning into a defaulter.
550 – 649: A CIBIL score in this range is considered as fair. However, only a handful of lenders would consider offering you credit as this is still not the best CIBIL score range. It suggests you have been struggling to pay the dues on time. The interest rates on the loan could also be higher. You need to take serious measures to improve your CIBIL score even further for better deals on loan.
650 – 749: If your CIBIL score is in this range, you are on the right path. You should continue displaying good credit behaviour and increase your score further. Lenders will consider your credit application and offer you a loan. However, you may still not have the negotiation power to get the best deal on the rate of interest for loan.
750 – 900: This is an excellent CIBIL score. It suggests you have been regular with credit payments and have an impressive payment history. Banks will offer you loans and credit cards as well considering you are at the lowest risk of turning into a defaulter.
A CIBIL score is made up of four main factors. Each factor has a different weightage. Let’s take a look at the factors and how they can affect your CIBIL score.
|Credit Type and Duration||25%|
In order to maintain a high score, you need to be prompt with your monthly credit card bill payments as well as loan EMIs. If you are delaying your payments or are defaulting on EMIs, it will hamper your score. Irregular payment behaviour also suggests that you are struggling to manage your credit health. A recent CIBIL analysis (reported by the Financial Express) revealed that 30-day delinquency can reduce your score by 100 points.
Having a loan or multiple credit cards does not negatively impact your CIBIL score. However, if your credit utilisation ratio is high, it will bring your score down. Ideally, you should only spend up to 30% of your credit limit. A higher credit utilisation ratio suggests you have been increasing your debt and are likely to turn into a defaulter. Therefore, it is advised to keep a tab on your credit expenses and make sure you are not maxing out your limit.
The age of your credit history is the number of years that have passed since you opened your first credit account. CIBIL considers the average number of years for which you have been holding a credit account. Having a good balance of secured (car or home) loans as well as unsecured (credit card) loans helps to boost your score. When you have a healthy credit mix, it suggests that you have good experience in handling different types of accounts. A long credit history with good repayment behaviour makes you a low-risk borrower. It is better to start building your credit history at an early stage as it will be helpful later at the time when you’re planning to buy a house or a car.
A credit inquiry is another factor that is considered while calculating your score. Every time you apply for a loan or a credit card, the lender will check your credit report. This is called a hard inquiry. If you make multiple credit requests within a short period, it will bring your score down. Therefore, it is advised to spread your credit applications throughout the year instead of making them all at once.
Building a CIBIL score is a slow process. You need to show consistent repayment behaviour and handle the available credit in a responsible manner to maintain a good score.
It is important to have a high CIBIL score as it helps banks decide whether to extend a certain amount of credit to you or not. Here are some things that help in improving your CIBIL score:
Your score is affected by many factors in addition to payment history and credit exposure, among others. However, there are some factors that will have no impact on your score. Here’s a list of them:
Any transactions made using your debit card will not affect your CIBIL score. CIBIL only tracks activities related to your credit card payments. Ensure you pay your credit card bills on time to maintain a healthy CIBIL score.
Your CIBIL score will not be negatively impacted by a bounced check. When the business calculates your CIBIL score, these factors are not taken into account. Despite the fact that late and bounced payments are directly reported to CIBIL, your score is unaffected. Unless the bounced check is tied to a loan installment or repayment, they have absolutely little effect on your CIBIL score.
CIBIL only checks your payment status related to any loan you may have availed and your credit card bills. If you have delayed the payment of EMIs and credit card bills, then your CIBIL score gets affected. The amount of cash you have in your savings account or investments made by you have no bearing whatsoever on your CIBIL score.
If you have any bank account which is not operative anymore or may have a negative balance, don’t worry about your CIBIL score getting affected because of it. The number of active savings accounts and negative balances are not tracked by CIBIL. Therefore, inactive accounts are not taken into account for calculating your CIBIL score. To better your financial situation, you should close all inactive accounts.
Your CIBIL score contains important data such as your name, occupation, city of residence, etc. However, if there is any change in any of such demographics, your CIBIL score will remain unaffected.
Unless you are applying for a loan jointly, your spouse's CIBIL score will not have an impact on your own CIBIL score. Only your spouse's low CIBIL score affects your eligibility or likelihood of acceptance. If your spouse has a strong credit score, you should only apply for a loan jointly.
One of the biggest misconceptions is you checking your CIBIL score repeatedly. Generally, you must check your CIBIL score during January or July since that is when your score gets updated. However, if any financial entity raises a hard inquiry asking the CIBIL to show them your CIBIL score, then your numbers drop. You must check your CIBIL score on a regular basis and ensure you take measures to improve your score if they have dropped.
Your CIBILTM score won't be impacted by utility expenses like house taxes, energy bills, or cell phone bills. However, since not paying your debts on time is generally bad, it might affect other aspects of your life.
Your CIBIL score is unaffected by the change in income. Some individuals believe that CIBIL keeps track of your income and expenses. However, CIBIL is unconcerned about this. It just cares about the state of your credit. Your ability to spend money will change as your income changes. You must budget your spending based on your income. If you have credit card bills, or loan EMIs, this could have an impact on your ability to pay them back.
A good CIBIL score is necessary and carries numerous advantages. That’s why an aspiring loan applicant must be informed of the benefits, before applying for a loan. The benefits of a good CIBIL score are mentioned below:
A CIBIL Score is a numeric summary of credit history that is calculated based on the following factors:
|Track Record of Past Payments||
|Previous Settlements, Defaults, Write-offs||
|Loans as Proportion of Income||
|Secured Loans vs. Unsecured Loans and credit cards||
The primary reasons for a low credit score are listed below:
To obtain your credit score and credit report you will need to contact the credit rating agency in India, CIBIL. They will be charges involved to obtain a credit score and credit report. Any individual wanting this report will need to pay an amount of maximum Rs. 500 to obtain this report, the application process with a payment applies to both individuals and institutions. Let’s say a bank or financial institution needs your credit report with your score to check your loan eligibility, even they will need to make a payment for that copy. There are a few websites that will promise to give you, your credit report and score for free, but will ask you to sign up with them or become a member of their website etc.
With the launch of CIBIL Score 2.0, banks will now be able to gauge the creditworthiness and risk of new borrowers. This system provides ranks to customers who have a credit history of less than six months. The risk index is from 1 to 5, with 1 being the highest on the index and 5 being the lowest.
Banks in India can check this database to assess and evaluate a potential borrower and whether the loan should be approved or not. According to the COO of CIBIL, this new credit scoring methodology can help banks identify 10% increment defaulters easily.
Here’s how you know where you rank on the new scoring version.
If your rank is ‘NA’ or ‘NH’:
If your rank is between 1 and 5:
To get approved for loans, you will have to maintain a good credit history and a clean financial record. Even though your history is less than six months old, there are certain steps you can take to improve your score and thus, your creditworthiness.
Lenders will submit all your financial information every 30 to 45 days to CIBIL. This will include your payments, your outstanding balances, delayed payments, and more. If you have borrowed finances from a smaller lender, they might share your information on a quarterly basis.
Once CIBIL receives this data, they will process it so it reflects on your credit report. Now, if you choose to buy your CIBIL report within 45 days of paying your last dues, you may not receive the updated version. Your report may show incorrect current balances or amounts due.
What you should do is look for the ‘Date Reported’ section in your report. If the information submitted by your lender is older than two months, and the payment details are still not displayed correctly, you should raise a dispute for the same.
It’s advised to wait for at least 45 days before you look for your newest report or raise a dispute. Each lender may share their data in their own time. So, even if you clear all your dues for a certain period, these details will not show up on your credit report immediately.
Now let’s say you have the latest report in hand, but the data is inaccurate. So, you decide to raise a dispute with your lender. For example, you made your credit card payment, but it hasn’t reflected in your report. When you’ve resolved this issue, your lender should ideally share the updated data with CIBIL. If they haven’t, there will not be any change in your report or score. You will then have to contact your lender to submit the details to CIBIL. This is because CIBIL cannot change your report unless your lender reports it. Keep in mind though, if the dispute has been resolved in your favour, it will take up to 90 days to reflect in your credit report.
It’s important to thoroughly check your CIBIL report and raise disputes if you find any discrepancies.
Many individuals think that checking their credit scores or requesting a copy of their credit reports may have a negative effect on their credit scores. However, checking your own credit reports or credit scores has no effect on your credit scores. In reality, checking your credit reports and credit scores from time to time is an important method of making sure your personal and account information is accurate. This might assist in identifying signs of potential fraudulent activity.
No, opting for a credit card will not decrease your credit score.
CIBIL is not required to publish the record of the defaulters, however, the CIBIL CIR contains the details of the defaults of a particular individual. The details of such defaults are on record for a maximum of seven years.
The CIBIL Score will change based on the various factors such as any change in loan/credit account, credit repayment history, missed payments, etc. The score can also change when your lender carries out a hard check on your credit report.
The three credit bureaus in India apart from CIBIL or TransUnion Credit Information Bureau (India) Limited), are CRIF High Mark, Experian, and Equifax.
A Credit Information Report (CIR) is the complete summary of your credit history based on the last 5-7 years of credit and loan accounts. The CIBIL Score is a part of the CIR. The score is an indication of your credit/financial health that is calculated based on the various factors that prepare the CIR.
Your CIIBL Score can only be accessed by CIBIL Members such as certain banks, your lender, you, and other authorized establishments.
You can request for your CIBIL report by visiting the cibil website. You will need to enter personal details such as name, PAN card number, date of birth, gender, etc., clear the personal verification process, and make a fee payment in order to access your credit report.
The CIBIL Members such as banks and other government agencies provide financial information of an individual on a monthly basis to CIBIL in exchange for access to the credit reports and scores prepared by CIBIL.
While reviewing loan/credit applications, it becomes essential for the banks to consider the repayment capability of an individual. The credit score and report help the lenders determine the repayment capabilities of an individual.
The credit report will show the total credit/loan amount, EMI details, missed/late payment, lender’s name, and other related information.
CIBIL is not allowed to delete or make any changes to the Credit Information Report (CIR) independently.
CIBIL 2.0 is a new scoring model that TransUnion CIBIL Limited uses to calculate the credit report for individuals. Individuals with a new credit history of 6 months or less are assigned a score based on the risk factors involved in lending to new borrowers.
No. when you requesting for your own credit score/report, it will be considered a soft check that doesn't have any impact on the credit score.
The control number is a nine digit unique number that helps CIBIL track your credit report. The control number is generated if and when banks access your credit report.
RBI has made it mandatory for banks to comply with an individual's desire to access his or her credit report. If a bank declines a credit card or loan application, you can ask for the control number of your credit report. You can then contact CIBIL at email@example.com and communicate details of errors in the report.
More number of personal (unsecured) loans would also affect the score in a negative way since such loans have a high rate of interest compared to car or home loans and, therefore, more likely to result in defaults.
If you have missed payments on any of your loans over the years, your cibil score would be negatively affected. A higher utilization pattern equals to more repayments and, therefore, negatively affect your score.
If you have a zero outstanding balance on your old credit card, there is no reason to unduly worry about it and close it. If you have a credit card with a clear payment history, it will not only reflect your responsible credit behaviour but also keep your utilization rate low, which impacts your score positively.
It's crucial to remember that while a higher CIBIL score implies better creditworthiness, getting a perfect score of 900 is uncommon. A score above 750 is regarded by lenders as good, and borrowers with such scores typically qualify for favourable loan terms.
The length of time it takes to raise a CIBIL score varies depending on a number of variables, including the severity of the credit concerns and your attempts to resolve them. To see a discernible increase in your score, it typically takes several months to a year or more of prudent credit behaviour.
A CIBIL score of zero or one indicates that there is no credit history information available for the borrower or that there is no credit history information available for the borrower. The CIBIL score of '0' is equivalent to the letter 'NA'.
Yes, you can visit the CIBIL’s official website where upon the payment of Rs.550 you can purchase your CIBIL score, the access to which you will have within 3 business days.
While the CIBIL score is significant, lenders also take other variables into account when deciding whether to grant credit, including income, employment history, previous debts, and other criteria. One of the important factors they take into consideration, but not the only one, is the CIBIL score.
TransUnion CIBIL is one of the leading credit information companies in India. The company maintains one of the largest collections of consumer credit information in the world. CIBIL Score plays a key role in the lives of consumers. Banks and other lenders check the CIBIL Score of the applicants before approving their loan or credit card application. Consumers can visit the official website of CIBIL to check their CIBIL Score and Report. CHECK YOUR CIBIL SCORE now.
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