CIBIL which stands for Credit Information Bureau (India) Limited, is an ISO 27001:2005 company. A first of its kind, it is India’s premier Credit Information Company (CIC). Founded in the year 2000, it has established itself as a key participant of the Indian financial system. The company records credit related information of individuals as submitted by registered member institutions. CIBIL works in association with TransUnion International Inc. and Dun and Bradstreet.
CIBIL has two major segments viz. the Consumer Bureau and the Commercial Bureau. The Consumer Bureau maintains credit records of individuals while the Commercial Bureau maintains credit records of institutions/companies.
As India’s leading CIC (Credit Information Company), CIBIL enjoys considerable clout in the Indian credit system. But who makes up this prestigious institution?
CIBIL has a diverse ownership structure consisting of well-known banking and non-banking companies. Its major stakeholder is Trans Union International Inc. with about 66% of the total share. The remaining 34% is held by 8 other parties with stakes ranging between 1% to 6% each.
TransUnion deals in data analytics to help businesses in decisioning processes for better risk management. It is also a leader in information management.
|Trans Union Interantional Inc.||66%|
|ICICI Bank Ltd.||6%|
|Bank of Baroda||5%|
|Bank of India||5%|
|Indian Overseas Bank||5%|
|Union Bank of India||5%|
|Aditya Birla Trustee Co. Pvt. Ltd.||4%|
|India Alternatives Pvt. Equity Fund||2.9%|
|India Infoline Finance Ltd.||1%|
An individual’s or company’s credit history is evaluated to generate a Credit Information Report (CIR) from which is derived a credit score known as the CIBIL TransUnion Score. This report and score form an integral part of a lender’s credit approval process. Credit scores range between 300 and 900. The higher the score, the more creditworthy the borrower is, which translates to quick approvals and better interest rates.
CIBIL provides credit reports and scores to those who inquire for them. This includes individuals, institutions and lenders. When an application for a loan or credit card is submitted, lenders check the applicant’s credit scores to ascertain whether it satisfies eligibility criteria. In general, a score of 750 or higher is considered good.
Prior to the introduction of credit information bureaus in India, credit was dispelled based on the apparent creditworthiness of customers. There was little to no tracking of credit histories nor was there any useful analysis or collation of credit data of various borrowing entities. This led to defaults which were loss-making propositions for lending institutions.
As time passed, regulators began emphasising on the need for stricter credit approval mechanisms. Based on recommendations by the Siddiqui Committee, India’s first credit information company was set up. CIBIL has been in operation since the year 2000 and brought in much-needed transparency to the credit system. In 2004, consumer bureau services were launched followed by commercial bureau services in 2006.
The CIBIL TransUnion score was first brought to banks in 2007 and later to individuals in 2011. Two noteworthy services were launched in the year 2010 viz. CIBIL Detect and CIBIL Mortgage Check. These were information databases on activities considered highly risky in nature and mortgages respectively.
Today, almost all banks rely heavily on credit scores from credit bureaus to analyse borrowers’ creditworthiness. By reviewing credit information reports (CIRs), lending institutions are now able to assess and manage risk better. This helps in reduction of NPAs contributing to a healthier overall credit system in the country. Borrowers are now able to access their credit reports and scores to better understand their chances when it comes to being approved for a loan. They can work towards building their credibility before opting for a loan thereby rejecting their chances of rejection. Awareness on CIBIL and its services is on the rise with many initiatives being launched to educate the masses on the need to maintain financial discipline and the consequences of lapses.
CIBIL works with the mission and vision to provide customers solutions that will facilitate making the best decisions, supported by suitable technology and services to make the required information available to them in the best way possible. Even with the presence of other credit bureaus in India, it is always the company’s endeavour to be their audience’s first choice.
- CIBIL Score
A numeric score, released by CIBIL, indicating an individual's creditworthiness. It is calculated based on credit data collected from member financial institutions that have extended credit to individuals in the form of loans or credit cards. Higher the score, stronger the individual's creditworthiness. CIBIL scores a.k.a. credit scores, are widely used as a key parameter when determining a borrower's eligibility for a loan or credit card. Read on to find out how CIBIL scores are computed and how it affects your loan and credit card approval.
- CIBIL Report
A comprehensive report compiling an individual's credit information, sourced by CIBIL from various member lending financial institutions viz. banks and credit card issuers. A CIBIL report a.k.a. credit report contains pertinent information about an individual's borrowing history and repayment patterns including delays and defaults. This report acts as a key source of credit information to assess a borrower's creditworthiness. Information in this report helps an individual understand how his/her credit score has been affected. Read more about what a CIBIL Report Contains.
- Factors that affect CIBIL Scores
CIBIL scores are determined based on a number of factors including how often and regularly you service debt obligations. Find out what impacts your credit score resulting in a good or bad credit rating.
- Top CIBIL Improvement Factors
Dogged by a bad credit report or credit score? Mediocre credit ratings have your bank officers on edge about how much they ought to lend you? Learn about how you can get your CIBIL rating to look better than ever before.
- Facts about CIBIL scores
Do you think CIBIL scores are just an elaborate government ploy to get you to pay your credit card bills on time? Does your mom worry that the neighbour’s son has a better credit score than you? Get the real deal on CIBIL scores and what they mean to you with these important facts about credit scores.
- FAQs: CIBIL/Credit Score
Did you know….For all those questions left unanswered and more, we list out the most popular questions about CIBIL, credit ratings, reports and scores. Find out all you need to know about CIBIL but don’t want to ask.
- Factors that affect CIBIL scores
What goes into the making of a good CIBIL score? In this segment, we deconstruct a credit score to find out what you should or should not do to get a good credit score.
- Good habits for a good CIBIL score
CIBIL reports are built over a period of time and so also your score. A good credit rating is a reflection of your credit habits. What are good credit habits? Read on to know what you should be doing for a good CIBIL rating?
- Mistakes that can negatively impact your CIBIL score
You might get your cheque in the box just in time to clear a payment due on your loan or credit card, but paying your bills isn’t the only way to stay in CIBIL’s good books.Get the inside scoop on the mistakes you should avoid to keep your credit score from going bad.
- Hidden facts about CIBIL scores
Knowing your credit report is great; but when it comes to CIBIL, there’s more than meets the score. Get the dope on the lesser known facts about credit scores including how they are computed and what really gets your CIBIL report going.
- CIBIL score for Home Loan
The right credit score will make you feel right at home at any bank. Home loans are often high quantum, long-term loans that make lenders wary about whose homes they’re financing. What CIBIL score should you have to impress your bank for the most affordable housing loan?
- CIBIL score for Personal Loan
Nothing personal about your creditworthiness when it comes to taking out a personal loan. Being an unsecured loan, you’ll want to have your credit score in just the right range to make sure you get your bank to fund you instantly. How high should your credit score be to get the best personal loan in town?
- CIBIL score for Car Loan
Fuel your dream ride with a range of car loans that suit your pocket. Walk in with a good CIBIL score and drive away with a new set of wheels. Check if your CIBIL score qualifies you for the car loan of your choice.
- CIBIL Myths
If you think CIBIL is a secret service agency that runs an underground operation of loan and credit card dealers, think again! Get your facts straight and but those myths about CIBIL and credit scores.
- What’s next for CIBIL
Getting a loan or a credit card? Let’s talk CIBIL. Like ‘em or love ‘em, CIBIL is definitely here to stay and is getting bigger. Credit assessment is finding new applications in India’s diverse financial system. Insurance? Utilities? What other products and services will CIBIL make its mark on next?
- Solutions to your CIBIL credit report problems What’s a model borrower like you doing with a bad credit report? Maybe your bank forgot to record a payment or they got your payment dates wrong. Whatever got you at the wrong end of the stick, we help you find a way to get your CIBIL report back in order.
- CIBIL / Credit Report Checklist
How is a credit report built at CIBIL? What are the key points to look out for when reading a CIBIL credit report? Check off what you need to look out for with our handy CIBIL report checklist.
- CIBIL Score vs. CIBIL Report
A CIBIL score is a numeric representation of your creditworthiness based on information contained in your report. A CIBIL report is a comprehensive record of your credit transactions based on your credit history. This is just one of the many differences between a CIBIL score and a CIBIL report.
Founded in 2000, the Credit Information Bureau of India Limited (CIBIL) collects a record of an individual’s loans and credit cards. CIBIL, which is ISO 27001:2005 certified, is divided into two divisions, namely, consumer bureau and commercial bureau. The consumer bureau (launched in 2004) has over 260 million records while the commercial bureau (launched in 2006) has over 12 million records. TransUnion International and Dun and Bradstreet are CIBIL’s technical partners.Q. What’s a CIBIL score?
Banks, as part of their due diligence process, gauge the creditworthiness of individuals based on credit scores. The information listed on your credit report includes several variables that CIBIL uses to set your credit score. CIBIL score, therefore, reflects the extent of the probability of a default. An individual’s credit history is submitted to CIBIL by banks and financial institutions on a monthly basis.Q. Is there only one credit bureau in the country?
In addition to CIBIL, there are three other credit bureaus in India, namely, Experian Credit Information Co. of India Pvt. Ltd, Equifax Credit Information Services Pvt. Ltd and CRIF High Mark Credit Information Services Pvt. Ltd. Since all the three have different scoring patterns, your score may vary. Nevertheless, if you have a good CIBIL score, you will get favourable scores by others too.Q. Will checking your score have negative repercussions?
Experts suggest checking one’s CIBIL score once a year. The practice is often considered a ‘soft inquiry’ as opposed to credit card issuers asking CIBIL for your score, known as a ‘hard inquiry’ (mentioned in the ‘enquiry section’ of your report). Also, if you apply for a loan with various banks at the same time, it will result in hard inquiries which may have a negative impact your score.Q. What’s a control number?
The control number is a nine digit unique number that helps CIBIL track your credit report. The control number is generated if and when banks access your credit report.Q. What happens if there is no information available for the details I provide?
If there is no information available for CIBIL to generate a credit report for you, then the money that you paid towards the report will be refunded.Q. How does the CIBIL scoring system work?
CIBIL’s scoring system takes into account all your previous credit information from all types of loans to credit cards, etc. and considers your performance (whether you’ve paid on time or delayed payments, or defaulted on payments entirely) and collates all this information into a numerical score. The score is on a scale from 300-900, and scores above 700 are eligible for loans from most of the established lenders. The closer your score is to 900, the better your chances are of having a loan or credit card approved. In addition to a numerical score, lenders from whom you’ve previously borrowed are able to leave comments about your credit performance against the score. Whether the comments they leave are good or bad is entirely up to you and how manage your finances.
Tips to Improve Your Credit Score
Maintaining a good Credit Score is very important. Let’s give you some ways to improve your Credit Score. Follow these tips and you’re on the right track.
Be Regular With Bill Payments
Start paying those bills on time and your Credit Score will gradually improve.
Foot The Entire Bill
Paying only the minimum amount due on your Credit Card is not a good idea. Pay the full bill.
Increase Your Credit Limit
If you have a lower credit limit and still max out your Credit Card, that hurts your Credit Score. Boost your Credit Limit and use a lower limit. That’s better.
Foreclosing Loans? Not A Good Idea
If you think making a lump-sum payment on your loan will boost your Credit Score, think again. Pay your EMIs on time to show that you have a good repayment history. Ready to improve your Credit Score? Let’s get you started by getting you the perfect Credit Card.
CIBIL launches its online marketplace
TransUnion CIBIL Limited, India’s first Credit Information Company (CIC), has launched an online marketplace to allow its customers to assess and choose the best loan for them. CIBIL has collaborated with 13 banks to offer retail loans like, loans against property, personal loans, credit cards, home loans and business loans. The online marketplace will take the individual’s credit score and repayment capacity into consideration, allowing the individual to select the most suited loan for him/her. Customers can access this marketplace free of charge, and CIBIL is charge a fee to the 13 associated banks. CIBIL’s new marketplace will give stiff competition to other online loan aggregators, as CIBIL customers will be able to access their CIBIL scores before applying for a loan. The procedure to apply for a loan on the CIBIL marketplace will be simple, as customer will be able to check their CIBIL scores and submit their eKYC documents online along with their income details.
31st March 2017
TransUnion’s Stake in CIBIL Rises After ICICI and Bank of Baroda Sell Stake
With banks attempting to raise credit from non-core asset sales, ICICI Bank and Bank of Baroda have both sold their stake in CIBIL, resulting in TransUnion now holding over 77.1% of the company.
The recent poor financial performance by the banks is seen as the reason behind the sales.
TransUnion, an American company, bought out the Bank of Baroda’s 5% and ICICI Bank’s 6% stakes in CIBIL.
This transaction took place after the Reserve Bank of India recently allowed 100% foreign direct investment in credit information companies.
CIBIL was set up in 2000 as a joint venture between TransUnion and a consortium of Indian banks. Many of them, such as HDFC and State Bank of India, have already sold their stakes to TransUnion.
While the amount raised by the two banks from the sale is not known yet, both banks saw increases in their trading values after the news of the sale was made public.
14th July 2016
Bajaj Predicts Fewer Defaults if Rains Hold Steady
Bajaj Finance has predicted that loan defaults would be fewer if the monsoon is adequate this season, with uptake being high. As the monsoon drives the economy, a good monsoon would result in a depreciation in lending take-up, according to the company.
Helping lenders bring down their default ratio, the CIBIL score provides them with information relating to the applicant’s credit history, allowing them to make an informed choice before sanctioning a loan.
One of the largest providers of consumer durable finance in the country, Bajaj has cornered over 90% of the market in the sector, which is slated to rise as they cut losses from defaults.
The company has set itself a target of 30% growth for the coming year, with growth being driven by the mobile phone financing market.
The company has also expanded its presence through tie-ups with electronics chains such as Sangeetha Mobiles in Bangalore and Vijay Sales in the western region of the country.
28th June 2016
Poor Credit Scores Affect Your Chances of Availing Credit
Credit scores as calculated by credit information agencies such as CIBIL, Equifax or Experian, and these scores reflect the credit worthiness of a potential borrower to a lender. Although individuals with high credit scores do not usually receive benefits such as low interest rates, financial institutions refrain from lending high amount of money to individuals with low credit scores. Usually, banks and financial institutions require a potential borrower to maintain a credit score in excess of 750 if they want to be confident enough to lend you the money.
15th June 2016
Social Media could soon be a substitute for Credit Scores
Social media profiles may soon act as a supplement to your CIBIL score. It may also be used as an alternative method of assessing your creditworthiness. For individuals who have a good number of friends, followers, likes and updates, this may bode well with banks when it comes to processing and approving loans and other lines of credit. This might seem far-fetched right now, but it may happen in the near future. A few agencies have already implemented this idea. The connections a person has on social media could help banks determine if the customer can repay the loan. Their online reputation, the value of their opinions, and professional contacts could be used to measure their social standing and help in assessing the risk involved. This method would move the norms away from the traditional path. It would be referred to as “big data scoring” as social media holds vast amounts of valuable data. The social media platforms that would play a role include LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter and Google Plus.
7th June 2016
Social Media may soon play a role in Loan Approval
Banks and financial companies have a growing interest in social media which might soon play a role in your credibility. Social media houses a ton of information which might come in handy for banks to determine the social worth of a person and even determine the risk of a customer. Assessing the customer’s personal details and social media connections can help banks determine their repayment capacity. An individual’s popularity may play an important role in determining the creditworthiness of a person. Some agencies have already started using this method especially for first-time borrowers and those who have just started working. Social media that is being looked into includes Facebook, Google Plus and LinkedIn.
1st June 2016
Hospitals Propose for Patient Accountability through CIBIL
With constant issues of patients not paying their bills, hospitals are proposing more convenient solutions to remedy the problem. The Association of Hospitals represents more than 50 private medical facilities and is submitting many proposals, one of which is to hold customers accountable through CIBIL. The Association plans to submit these proposals to the board appointed by the Bombay High Court. Another proposal is to obtain the patient’s or relative’s authorization of a task on stamp paper. This will ensure that in case of non-payment, then criminal or civic redressal can be sought.
On the other hand, protesters claim that the reason for non-payment clashes is due to the lack of transparency in the private hospitals’ billing process.
26th May 2016
CIBIL Partners With IBM For Data Security Solutions
The credit information company CIBIL has entered into an agreement with IBM to procure security solutions for its data. CIBIL holds sensitive information related to the financial dealings of people which could make them the target for cyber-attacks. This is exactly what IBM will prevent from happening. IBM is going to provide CIBIL with real time assessment of possible suspicious activity along with log monitoring through IBM X Force Intelligence. A Security Operations Center (SOC) has also been set up to deal with phishing attacks and the deal will also include regular daily scans of the CIBIL website to ensure security.
23rd May 2016
CIBIL Seminar In Mumbai Explains Credit Reports
Credit Information Bureau (India) Limited (CIBIL) held a seminar on the role of credit bureaus and importance of credit reports, in association with Moneylife Foundation and Softcell Technologies, in Mumbai last week.
The seminar consisted of sessions on various topics such as: keeping your money safe from fraud, multi-level marketing schemes, chit funds and financial mistakes such as excessive spending on credit cards; safe and smart investments; discussion on the role of CIBIL and the credit information report; and how to improve credit score, among others.
During the seminar, it was clarified that the CIBIL credit report takes into account 4 parameters: 30% weightage to past performance; 25% weightage to credit type and duration; 25% weightage to leverage and the remaining 20% is based on other factors.
11th May 2016
With Banks Wary of Lending, Peer-to-Peer Lending Gains Traction
The high number of non-performing assets (NPAs) has made banks cautious about lending – whether it is secured loan or unsecured loan. In this scenario, peer-to-peer (P2P) lending is gaining a foothold in the Indian market.
P2P lending works on the concept of crowd-funding, wherein those who have excess money offer funds to those who need it. The CIBIL ratings of borrowers do not count in this case. This is mainly available online currently.
This P2P lending is mostly an unregulated sector, though legally, crowd-funding falls under the ambit of SEBI and RBI controls lending and borrowing. If P2P lending is made to conform to the rules of a Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC), a certain amount of regulation and trust can be brought into it.
But for P2P lending – which is beneficial to borrowers – to grow to $50 billion in India in the next few years, RBI and SEBI need to think differently and bring in innovative and pragmatic regulations around P2P lending.
4th May 2015