ITR - Income Tax Return - e-filing Income Tax

Income Tax Return or ITR is the process of filing tax returns at the end of a financial year. Earlier, it could be done offline but now the entire process is completely online. E-filing of income tax can be done through the official website.

Tax is a central element to the revenue generation system of the Indian government. Among the multitude of taxes present in the system, income tax is the one that deals with the taxation of the earning of every individual, firm or organisation in a financial year. The earning or income could be in the form of regular wages, interest, dividends, capital gains or any other profits.

What is Income Tax Return?

Income Tax Return is a proof that you have paid your income tax. It contains details about your annual income and the amount of tax you have paid. Every year, Indian citizens who earn taxable income have to file Income Tax Return (ITR). Filing ITR will help you in getting a refund in case you pay more tax than what you are required to pay. If you fail to file your ITR, you might have to pay penalty or face legal consequences.

Income Tax Return
Income Tax Return (ITR)

ITR Filing Due Date 2018-19 :

The due date for filing ITR for 2018-2019 for Individuals/Body of Individuals (BOI)/Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) /Association of Persons (AOP) is 31st July, 2018. Individuals whose accounts need to be audited must file their IT Returns by 30 Sep 2018. Individuals who are required to provide a report as has been referred to in section 92E, must file their returns by 30th Nov 2018.

Income Tax :

Income Tax is a kind of tax that is imposed by the government directly on the annual income of an individual. Income tax is imposed on both earned and unearned income. Earned income includes salary, wage, etc., and unearned income includes interest, rent, etc. Every Indian citizen who earn an income have to pay income tax at the end of the financial year. The interest rate varies depending on the income tax slab.

Income Tax Slab

(Declared in the Budget for Financial Year 2018 – 2019) :

For Individuals and HUF (Age - Below 60 years) :

Income Tax Slab Tax Rate
Up to Rs.2,50,000 NIL
Above Rs.2,50,000 and up to Rs.5,00,000 5%
Above Rs.5,00,000 and up to Rs.10,00,000 20%
Above Rs.10,00,000 30%

*10% of tax will be taken as surcharge if total income is between Rs.50 Lakhs and Rs.1 crore.

*15% of tax will be taken paid as surcharge if total income is above Rs.1 crore.

For Individuals and HUF (Age - 60 years and above, but below 80 years) :

Income Tax Slab Tax Rate
Up to Rs.3,00,000 NIL
Above Rs.3,00,000 and up to Rs.5,00,000 5%
Above Rs.5,00,000 and up to Rs.10,00,000 20%
Above Rs.10,00,000 30%

*10% of tax will be taken as surcharge if total income is between Rs.50 Lakhs and Rs.1 crore.

*15% of tax will be taken as surcharge if total income is above Rs.1 crore.

For Super Senior Citizens (Age - 80 years and above) :

Income Tax Slab Tax Rate
Up to Rs.5,00,000 NIL
Above Rs.5,00,000 and up to Rs.10,00,000 20%
Above Rs.10,00,000 30%

*10% of tax will be taken as surcharge if total income is between Rs.50 Lakhs and Rs.1 crore.

*15% of tax will be taken as surcharge if total income is above Rs.1 crore.

Income Tax Slab (2016 – 2017) :

For Individuals and HUF (Age - Below 60 years) :

Income Tax Slab Tax Rate
Up to Rs.2,50,000 NIL
Above Rs.2,50,000 and up to Rs.5,00,000 10% of the amount exceeding Rs.2,50,000
Above Rs.5,00,000 and up to Rs.10,00,000 20% of the amount exceeding Rs.5,00,000
Above Rs.10,00,000 30% of the amount exceeding Rs.10,00,000

*12% surcharge has to be paid if total income is more than Rs.1 crore.

For Senior Citizens (Age - 60 years and above, but below 80 years) :

Income Tax Slab Tax Rate
Up to Rs.3,00,000 NIL
Above Rs.3,00,000 and up to Rs.5,00,000 10%
Above Rs.5,00,000 and up to Rs.10,00,000 20%
Above Rs.10,00,000 30%

*12% surcharge has to be paid if total income is more than Rs.1 crore.

For Super Senior Citizens (Age - 80 years and above) :

Income Tax Slab Tax Rate
Up to Rs.5,00,000 NIL
Above Rs.5,00,000 and up to Rs.10,00,000 20%
Above Rs.10,00,000 30%

*12% surcharge has to be paid if total income is more than Rs.1 crore.

What is a Return of Income?

A return of income is a defined form which can list out the particulars of income and the taxes paid on the same by an individual, firm or organisation in a financial year. This in turn can be presented to the Income Tax Department. There are differing forms for incomes of different status and nature and they are readily available on the online portal of the Income Tax Department of India.

There are currently nine different forms available for filing of income tax returns. They go from ITR-1 to ITR-7 and also include the ITR-4S and ITR-V.

Income Tax Return
Income Tax Return Online

Filing an Income Tax Return - Is it Necessary?

Currently (as of 2018), is mandatory for one to file income tax returns in India if the following conditions are applicable -

  • If the gross total annual income (before deductions under 80C to 80U) is Rs. 2,50,000 (for ages less than 60 years), Rs. 3,00,000 (for ages 60 years but less than 80 years) and Rs. 5,00,000 (for ages 80 years and above)
  • If it’s a company or firm, irrespective of the profit or loss made in a financial year
  • If a tax refund needs to be claimed
  • If a loss under a head of income needs to be carried forward
  • If being a resident of India, one has an asset or financial interest in any entity located outside India
  • If being a resident of India, one is a signing authority in a foreign account
  • If one receives income derived from property held under a trust for charitable or religious purposes or a political party or a research association, news agency, educational or medical institution, trade union, a not for profit university or educational institution, a hospital, infrastructure debt fund, any authority, body or trust
  • If one is applying for a loan or a visa

If an NRI derives any or all of his/her income through sources in India, that income is liable to be taxable in India, and income tax returns for the same will be necessary.

With the implementation of e-filing of Income Tax Returns, the following cases will require an e-filing of Income Tax:

  • In case a refund is required
  • In case the gross total annual income exceeds Rs. 5,00,000
  • In case an income tax refund is required
  • ITR-3, 4,5,6,7 have to be mandatorily e-filed

Income Tax Returns - Explanation on the Forms:

The various forms that are available for the purpose of income tax returns have the following functionality -

Form Name Brief
ITR-1 Otherwise known as SAHAJ, deals with income of an individual with salary or pension or income from one house property or other sources (not including lotteries or race horses)
ITR-2 Applicable for individuals or Hindu Undivided Families having any income other than ‘Profits and gains of business or profession’
ITR-3 Applicable for individuals or Hindu Undivided Families having income sources from ‘Profits and gains of business or profession’
ITR-4S Known as SUGAM, it is applicable to individuals and HUFs opting for presumptive taxation scheme under Section 44AD/44AE
ITR-4 Applicable for an individual or a HUF carrying out a proprietary business or profession
ITR-5 For entities being a firm, LLP, AOP, BOI, artificial juridical person, co-operative society and local authority. This, however, does not include trusts, political parties, institutions, colleges or entities who are required to file the return of income under Section 139(4A), 139 (4B), 139(4C) or 139(4B)
ITR-6 Applicable to companies other than the ones which claim a deduction under section 11
ITR-7 Applicable to all entities who should furnish a return of income under Section 139(4A), 139 (4B), 139(4C) or 139(4B)
ITR-V The acknowledgement form of filing a return of income

How to File Income Tax Return Online? - E-filing of Income Tax Returns

Further to the different forms available for filing tax returns, there are a few things that become a prerequisite to filing for an income tax return online. They are -

  • Bank statements
  • Form 16
  • Copy of the previous year’s return

Having the documents ready, the following steps need to be observed to allow for a smooth filing of income tax return online. The URL that needs to be followed is e-Filling

The steps further to that are -

  1. Registration - The Permanent Account Number (PAN) is the user ID
  2. Tax Credit Statement (Form 26AS) - This needs to be checked for the previous financial year. This will list all the taxes deducted that are actually deposited with the Income Tax Department.
  3. The Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) of the Form 16 should tally with the ones in Form 26AS
  4. Tax Return for the current year - Under the ‘Download’ menu, click on Income Tax Return Forms and choose the current financial year. The appropriate ITR form should be downloaded. There is an option to complete the process on the portal itself, through the ‘Quick e-file ITR’ link
  5. Return Preparation Software - It is a spreadsheet that can be used through Microsoft Office, Open Office or other online spreadsheet applications and it should be filled in using the details from Form 16
  6. Find out the tax payable by clicking the ‘Calculate Tax’ tab. If applicable, pay the tax and fill in the details of the challan in the tax return
  7. Confirm all the information through the ‘Validate’ tab
  8. Generate an ‘XML file’ and save it on your local disk on the computer
  9. Upload Return - After selecting the current financial year in the ‘Upload Return’ link on the portal’s left hand navigation area, select the XML file that had been saved earlier. There might be an option to digitally sign the file. In case you have a digital signature, choose ‘Yes’ else ‘No’
  10. ITR - V - If the process of filing has been completed successfully, the website will flash an appropriate message and you will be able to download the acknowledgement form, the ITR-V
  11. A printed copy of the ITR-V needs to be signed by you and sent to the Income Tax Department office nearest to you through normal or Speed Post within 120 days of filing the return

Apart from the official site operated by the Government of India, there are many private portals that allow filing of returns and charge a specific fee depending upon the service level they offer.

Benefits of Filing Income Tax Return Online

Though it might be a tedious process to keep a track of every nifty detail needed in order to file the proper details for the Income Tax Return, it actually helps a lot when it is done in the earnest and ahead of time, preferably, online -

  1. Online filing of returns ends by July 31 or every financial year, and being a month or two in advance in filing the income tax returns actually ensures one encounters lesser traffic and the entire process goes much smoother.
  2. In case one has missed filing tax returns for the previous year, every additional day till July 31 increases the penal interest. Thus, filing a tax return in advance is very advisable.
  3. Creating a favourable financial history - Online filing of the income tax returns actually creates a history of your financial records with the tax department in a much faster and easier way. This history is favoured by a lot of organisations, be it financial or otherwise, whom you might have a business relationship with in the future.
  4. Proof of financial record - Having an ITR-V form is always handy, since one can readily furnish the same as a proof for any kind of financial liability or opening a line of credit.

What is to be done after the filing of ITR?

After an assessee has successfully filed his/her income tax returns online, a 15-digit acknowledgement number will be generated by the portal. The assessee will be required to verify the tax returns after this. This verification can be done using Netbanking.

How to e-File ITR offline?

To e-File ITR offline for 2018-2019, you have to

  • Visit the website of the Income Tax Department of India and choose the option for e-filing.
  • On selecting this option, you will be directed to another website where you can select the ITR form that is applicable to you.
  • For 2018-2019, the IT Department has two utilities and you can download any one of them. These utilities are Excel Utility and Java Utility.

If you choose Excel Utility, then:

  • After downloading the utility, open the file and fill the form.
  • Validate the information, calculate the tax and click on Generate XML.
  • Save the form and upload it on the e-filing website of the IT Department.

Once you have uploaded the form and attached all the documents, click on submit.

If you download JAVA utility, then:

  • After downloading the utility, open it and click on ‘Prefill’.
  • Enter User ID, Password, DOB/DOI and choose Prefill Address.
  • Enter details, calculate the tax and save the XML file.
  • Click on Submit.

You have to attach the following documents as well:

  • Bank Statement.
  • Copy of Previous Year’s ITR.
  • TDS Certificates.
  • Deductions or Savings Certificates.
  • Interest Statement displaying that you had received interest during the financial year.
  • Balance Sheet, Profit and Loss Account Statement and other Audit Reports (if applicable).

This process is the same for all the ITR forms.

Frequently Asked Questions:

I am a self-employed professional. My income this year is below the minimum income tax slab, but it was higher in the previous 2 years and I had filed ITRs then. Do I have to file a return this year?

A) Ideally, if your income is below the minimum slab, you do not need to file your income tax return. But if you have been filing it previously, it would be better if you file a return this year declaring low income. This is because the Income Tax Department may construe your non-filing as a delay or non-compliance because of your past record of filing ITR. They might send you a notice. In case you do not want to file ITR, be prepared to reply to the income tax notice if it comes into your mail box.

If I have already paid advance taxes and have no dues or refunds, can I skip filing of income tax return?

A) No, you have to file your ITR especially if you have paid the taxes. It is not an optional activity. An ITR gives the government a complete record of how your income is distributed – assets, total income, tax liability, tax paid and refunds. This helps them monitor people for tax fraud of any kind. If you fail to file ITR, you are liable to pay penalty or face scrutiny and prosecution.

Is an ITR useful to me in daily life?

A) Of course, yes. You’ll find a duly-filed ITR very useful as a proof of income when you have to apply for a bank loan, when you have to make accident claims in third party insurance, for immigration and visa, for appointment in judicial and class 1 jobs, for winning government tenders, for registration in professional panels, for seeking funding for a startup, etc.

How long do we need to wait to get income tax refund?

A) Refunds are disbursed only after your ITR is processed. This may take up to 1 year after you file your return. It is also possible that even if you are claiming refund, the taxman may have ascertained that you are not liable for a refund for various reasons such as a calculation error on your part. If you think your calculations are right and you have to get a refund, then you can write to the I-T Department again. Sometimes, you do not get a refund because of wrong PAN or bank account number on the ITR, or the cheque not reaching you because of wrong address or you not being at home when the postman reached. If you filed your ITR online, you can check the status of your refund through your Income Tax e-filing account.

Best Way to File Income Tax Return:

  • There are multiple ways of filing Income Tax Return. You can file your ITR yourself or take the help of a chartered accountant. The easiest way is to file your tax online yourself. You can do so on the website of the Income Tax Department. All you have to do is fill the relevant columns on the ITR form and submit it. You can also choose to file your ITR using any third-party e-filing website as well. If you find it difficult to file your ITR yourself and need expert advice, then it is best to take the help of a chartered accountant.
  • Can I File Income Tax Return after Due Date?

  • Yes, you can file your Income Tax Return after the due date. Due to unavoidable circumstances sometimes people are unable to file their ITR by the due date. In such cases, they have the option of filing a belated return under Section 139 (4) before the end of Assessment Year or before the Assessment is completed (whichever is earlier).
  • How to Check the Status of Income Tax Return?

  • Once you file your Income Tax Return, you can check the status of Income Tax Refund on the website of the Income Tax Department of India. You can check the status after 10 days, starting from the date the refund is sent by entering your Permanent Account Number and selecting the Assessment Year.
  • Income Tax Return for Salaried Individuals:

  • Individuals who earn income from salary and interest have to fill and submit ITR 1 (SAHAJ) form while filing their Income Tax Return.
  • Income Tax Return Notice:

  • If you do not file your Income Tax Return in an Assessment Year, then you may receive a notice from the Income Tax (IT) Department. The IT Department keeps a track on financial transactions and activities of individuals who are identified as non-filers. If there is a discrepancy with the amount of tax that you have declared in your ITR, then you may receive a notice from the IT Department. You may also receive a notice if the department wants to review any documents related to the ITR that you have filed.
  • News About Income Tax Return

    • Delhi High Court Seeks Extension for TAR and ITR Filing

      In a plea to the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT), the Delhi High Court has asked to extend the filing date of Income Tax Returns (ITR) and Tax Audit Report (TAR).

      The petitioner has issued a notice in which a request to extend the due date of filing returns has been raised. This is as per Section 139(1) of the Income Tax Act, 1961. In case of TAR, the provisions are laid under Section 44AB of the Act.

      Even though CBDT has already extended the due date to 15 October 2018 from 30 November 2018, the petitioner has asked for a further extension till 31 December 2018.

      22 October 2018

    • Income Tax Departments Slaps OVL with Service Tax Demand to the Tune of Rs.7,666.10 Crore

      ONGC Videsh Ltd. has been slapped with a service tax demand to the tune of Rs.7,666.10 crore by the Income Tax Department on remittance made by the firm to its international subsidiaries over the past decade, according to source. ONGC Videsh Ltd., the international arm of the ONGC (Oil and Natural Gas Corporation), has stakes in more than 40 projects in 20 nations from New Zealand to Venezuela. According to the service tax department, the global units are rendering a service to ONGC Videsh Ltd. and the company, as a result, must pay service tax. The tax demand is relevant to the 2006 to 2017 period.

      26 September 2018

    • The Importance of Checking the Status of Your Income Tax Returns

      After you have filed your returns and they have been verified by the authorities, their status can be checked online. Your account with the Income Tax Department will show ‘ITR Processed’ once it has been processed. But in case of discrepancies, the Central Processing Centre in Bangalore will propose some changes. Here are the various kinds of ITR status:

      • Successfully e-verified: This means that your returns were submitted on time and they have been duly verified by the Income Tax Department.
      • Processed: This means that after your returns were e-verified, the department has processed them after finding no discrepancies.
      • Defective: This means that there are some discrepancies in your returns, and they will have to be rectified with 15 days from when you receive the notice.
      • Case transferred to Assessing Officer: This means that your returns have been transferred to the jurisdictional assessing officer for processing. You will have to wait for a communication from the officer, and then explain the discrepancy.

      Checking your income tax returns is easy online. Just visit the e-filing website of the Income Tax Department and follow the instructions.

      31 August 2018

    • Some confusing pairs of income tax terms

      There are certain terms related to income tax that might be confusing. These terms might lead the taxpayers into a fix or in certain cases, the taxpayer might even end up making a mistake in their return filing. This might pose a huge problem and might prove to be very costly for the taxpayer. In the following list some of these confusing combinations have been mentioned:

      (1) Financial Year (FY) and Assessment Year (AY): The Financial Year or FY is the year in which the taxpayers earn the income and also pay the taxes on the income that is earned. A financial year starts on 1 April and ends on 31 March. Assessment Year or AY, on the other hand, is the year after the financial year. The income earned during a financial year is assessed in the assessment year. The beginning of an assessment year is also the 1st of April and it ends on the 31st of March. The end of a financial year marks the beginning of the assessment year for that financial year.

      (2) Advance Tax and Self-assessment tax: Advance tax has to be paid by salaried taxpayers in case their tax liability for a financial year exceeds the limit of Rs.10,000 after the TDS is taken into account. Self-assessment tax, on the other hand, is the outstanding tax liability that is calculated by the taxpayer after taking his/her TDS and advance tax into consideration.

      (3) Exemption and Deduction: Both exemption and deduction helps reduce the tax liability. However, they can be availed under different sections of the Income Tax Act. Exemptions are excluded from the gross total income. Deductions are reduced from the total taxable income as per Section 80 of Chapter VI-A.

      20 August 2018

    • 8 documents that you need to file your income tax return

      The deadline for the filing of income tax returns is approaching. It is better to start collecting the important documents right away to save yourself from the last moment rush. Listed below are the documents that are needed to file your income tax returns:

      • Form 16
      • Statement 26AS
      • Capital Gain Tax
      • Home Loan Statement
      • IT Login details
      • Aadhaar card
      • PAN card
      • Details of Savings Bank Account

      Keeping these documents readily available will make it easier for you to file your income tax returns.

      11 June 2018

    • Amendment of belated ITR law

      A recent amendment was made to the Finance Act, 2016 that reduced the time period for filing belated ITR (Income Tax Returns) from 24 months to 12 months. Further amendments regarding revision of the belated ITR was also made.

      Section 139(4) of the Finance Act, 2016 deals with the filing of belated ITR. Initially, a period of 24 months was permitted for taxpayers to file their ITR. However, recent amendments made in the Act allow only 12 months after the relevant FY for the taxpayer to file the ITR. Section 139(5) of the Finance Act deals with the filing of revised returns. An amendment has been made to allow revision of belated returns. Further amendments in Finance Act, 2017 allows only 12 months for the belated returns to be revised.

      10 March 2018

    • Income Tax Returns Witness Growth by 25%

      The income tax returns filed for FY 2016-17 have increased by almost 25% in comparison with the previous financial year. The Finance Ministry released the official figures earlier this week, stating that around 2.82 crore individuals filed returns in comparison with the 2.26 crore just a year ago. Advance tax collections have also recorded a healthy rise of around 42%.

      21 August 2017

    • Card payments and loans over Rs.2 lakh in cash to be shown in ITR

      Cash payments that are over Rs.2 lakh for the purpose of paying loans or credit card bills during the 50 day period after demonetization will have to be disclosed in the new one-page Income Tax return form. A few days back, the tax department notified new Income Tax Return forms for filing of returns for the financial year of 2016-2017.

      In addition to providing for declared income, tax paid and exemption claimed, the forms will also have a new column that provides for declaration of deposit of more than Rs.2 lakh made during the 50 day period post demonetization.

      9 April 2017

    • Filing IT Returns To Become Easier With New IT Form

      A new income tax filing form is to be introduced from April 1st, 2017 to simplify income tax filing for salaried individuals.

      The form, called ‘Sahaj’, will club some of the sections pertaining to claiming deductions in ITR1. The form will be a three-page one and eligible individuals will be able to file their returns using the new form from April 1st, 2017. The deadline for filing income tax returns is July 31st, 2017.

      The form, available for the assessment year 2017-18, has removed a number of deductions under Chapter VIA, with only the most used ones being kept.

      Among the sections being retained are Section 80C and mediclaim under Section 80D. Individuals who wish to claim deductions under other sections will be able to do so by choosing a particular option on the form.

      The move is aimed at encouraging more individuals to file their income tax returns. Data released by the government reveals only 6 crore out of 29 crore individuals who are eligible actually file their returns.

      29 March 2017

    • Income Tax Returns To Shape India’s Future: Indian Finance Minister, Arun Jaitley

      Arun Jaitley, Union Finance Minister, is of the belief that acknowledging the taxpayers for doing their bit through their contribution as well as promptly filing their IT Returns, is expected to be very important in nation building. The Finance Minister also added that this would henceforth help in changing people’s attitude about paying taxes in time. Finance Minister Jaitley was made the statements when presenting Certificates of Government’s appreciation and acknowledgement of taxpayers for their contribution towards nation building here today. Mr. jaitley believes that with time people will see the advantage of paying taxes.

      21 September 2016

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