The process to electronically file Income Tax Returns (ITR) by using the internet is called E-filing. The process to e-file ITR is quick, easy, and can be completed from the comfort of an individual’s home or office. E-filing ITR can also help in saving money as you would not have to hire an individual to file ITR.
A step by step guide on how to log in or register on the e-filing portal
- Step 1: Visit the e-filing website https://incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in
- Step 2: Register or Login to e-file your returns
In case you have registered yourself on the portal earlier, click on the ‘Login Here’ button.
In case you have not registered yourself on the portal, click on the ‘Register Yourself’ button.
- Step 3: Select the User Type
In order to register yourself with the Income Tax Department, you will have to choose your ‘User Type’ first. The options available to you include Individual, Hindu Undivided Family (HUF), Other than Individual/HUF, External Agency, Chartered Accountants, Tax Dedcutor and Collector, and Third-Party Software Utility Developer.
Next, you will have to enter your current address and your permanent address before entering the Captcha code and hitting ‘Submit’
- Step 4: Basic details must be filled up
You will then have to fill in your personal information such as your name, your PAN and your date of birth. You can then use PAN as your user ID whenever you log in to the e-filing portal. You will also have to enter your contact details such as your mobile number and email ID.
- Step 5: Verification of PAN
- Step 6: Activation of Account
Your PAN will then be verified by the system and your transaction ID as well as contact details will be displayed on the screen.
Lastly, you will have to activate your Income Tax Department account through the link sent to your email ID
A step by step guide on how to e-file income tax returns on the portal
Follow the steps mentioned below to e-file your income tax returns using the income tax e-filing portal:
- Step 1: Calculate your income tax liability as per the provisions of the income tax laws.
- Step 2: Use your Form 26AS to summarise your TDS payment for all the 4 quarters of the assessment year.
- Step 3: On the basis of the definition provided by the Income Tax Department (ITD) for each ITR form, determine the category that you fall under and choose an ITR form accordingly.
- Step 4: Visit the official e-filing website at https://incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in.
- Step 5: Click on the ‘IT Return Preparation Software’ option under the ‘Download’ section on the home page.
- Step 6: Download the offline utility after choosing the assessment year. You can download either the Java utility file or the MS-Excel file.
- Step 7: Once you have downloaded the offline utility file, fill up the fields with the relevant information of your income, tax payable, and receivable refunds.
- Step 8: After filling up the form, click on the ‘Validate’ button on the form itself to make sure that all the necessary fields have been filled up.
- Step 9: After the validation, click on the ‘Generate XML’ button. This will convert your file in to an XML file.
- Step 10: Log in to your income tax e-filing portal once again using your credentials.
- Step 11: Navigate to the ‘Income Tax Return’ option under the ‘e-file’ option from the main menu.
- Step 12: Fill up the fields with the relevant information such as your PAN, Assessment Year, ITR Form Number, and Submission Mode. Use the drop-down menu to select ‘Upload XML’ under the ‘Submission Mode’ field.
- Step 13: Click on the ‘Continue’ button and upload the XML file which you have saved in your computer.
- Step 14: Click on the ‘Submit’ button and select a mode of verification from the list – Electronic Verification Code (EVC), Aadhaar OTP, and so on.
A step by step guide on how to file ITR offline – for Super Senior Citizens
Super senior citizens (individuals who are 80 years old and above) are given the option to file ITR offline during the financial year. Another instance where the ITR can be filed offline is if an individual or HUF has an income of less than Rs.5 lakh and are not entitled to receive a refund.
The step-by-step procedure to file returns offline is mentioned below:
- Individuals must request for a Form 16.
- Next, you will need to submit the ITR returns in the paper form at the Income Tax Department.
- Once the form has been submitted, you will receive an acknowledgement slip from the Income Tax Department.
Didn't File Your Income Tax Returns? Here’s What You Can Do
In case you do not file your income tax returns, you will have to submit a response on the e-filing portal. Here are the steps to do it:
- Log in to the e-filing website (https://incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in).
- Click on the ‘Compliance’ tab and you will get two options, viz. ‘View and submit my compliance’ and ‘View my submission’. The first option will display the information for the assessment years when the return was not filed as per the records of the Income Tax Department or if the department needs third party details.
- You can then select one of the options on-screen, viz. ‘the return has been filed’, or ‘the return has not been filed’.
- If you select ‘the return has not been filed’, you will get the following options, viz. ‘return under preparation’, ‘no taxable income’, ‘business has been closed’, and ‘others’. Choose the relevant option and click on ‘Submit’.
FAQ's on How to file ITR
- What are the different forms that are available as per the Income Tax Law
- Should I attach any documents when I file the Income Tax Returns?
- Does the Income Tax Department provide the e-filing utility?
- What is the difference between e-payment and e-filing?
- Will I face any criminal prosecution in case the tax returns for my taxable income is not filed?
The different forms that are available as per the Income Tax Law are ITR-1, ITR-2, ITR-3, ITR-4, ITR-5, ITR-6, ITR-7 and ITR-V.
No, you need not submit any documents when you file the Income Tax Returns. However, the relevant documents must be retained and must be provided to tax authorities if requested.
Yes, the e-filing utility has been provided by the Income Tax Department. The e-filed returns can be generated, and then be furnished electronically.
The process of electronically furnishing the returns is e-filing. E-payment is the payment of tax by using State Bank of India’s debit/credit card or by net banking.
Yes, in case the tax is not paid, you may have to pay additional interest, penalties, or may face prosecution. Depending on the amount of tax that must be paid, the prosecution will vary.