GST Rates in 2021 - List of Goods and Services Tax Slabs and Rates

The GST rate slabs are decided by the GST Council. The GST Council revises the rate slab of goods and services on a periodic basis. The GST rates are usually high for luxury supplies and low for essential needs. In India GST rate for various goods and services is divided in four slabs: they are 5% GST, 12% GST, 18% GST, & 28% GST.

gst rates
GST Rates

The GST rates for various products have been revised a number of times by GST council since the inception of the Goods and Services Tax (GST). The latest rate revision was brought into effect in the 41th GST Council Meeting which was held on Aug 27, 2020. Prior to that, there have been a number of GST Council Meetings in which certain rates revisions were introduced. The details in respect to these rate revisions and other major things are being discussed below: 

Revision of GST Rates announced in the 41st GST Council Meeting

The 41st GST Council meeting was chaired by the Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman and was held on 27 August 2020. The government will provide an additional 0.5% relaxation in states where the borrowing limit is under the FRBM Act. States can borrow more due to the injury that has been caused by the coronavirus outbreak. Two options have been provided to the states to meet the compensation cess shortfall.

Revision of GST Rates announced in the 40th GST Council Meeting

The 40th GST Council meeting was chaired by the Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman and was held on 12 June 2020. As per the meeting, no late fee will be levied for taxpayers that come under nil tax liability. In case taxpayers file the returns between 1 July 2020 and 30 September 2020, the maximum late fee that can be charged is Rs.500. In the case of small taxpayers (aggregate turnover of up to Rs.5 crore), the rate of interest has been reduced to 9% from 18% p.a. for GST returns that are filed for the months of February, March, and April 2020. However, the returns must be filed before 30 September 2020.

Revision of GST Rates announced in the 39th GST Council Meeting

The following table reflects the changes in the rates applicable to the goods and services:

Goods or commodities New rate Old rate
Handmade matches 12% 5%
Mobile phones 18% 12%
Other handmade matches 12% 18%
Aircraft MRO services 5% along with full ITC 18%

Announced on 14 March 2020, the rates mentioned above are applicable w.e.f. 1 April 2020.

Revision of GST Rates announced in the 38th GST Council Meeting

The following table reflects the changes in the rates applicable to the goods and services:

Goods or commodities New rate Old rate
Sacks of polythene and polypropylene 18% 12%
State owned lotteries 28% 12%
State authorised lotteries 28% 28%
Woven and non-woven fabrics 18% 12%

Announced on 18 December 2019, the rates mentioned above are applicable w.e.f. 1 January 2020. Rates for the lotteries are applicable w.e.f. 1 March 2020.

Revision of GST Rates announced in the 37th GST Council Meeting

Announced on September 20th, 2019, the following table reflects the changes introduced in the rates applicable to the goods and services. These changes are applicable w.e.f. from 1 October 2019.

Goods or commodities New rate Old rate
Plates and cups made of tree products Nil 5%
Caffeinated Beverages 28% + 12% cess 18%
Supplies of Railways wagons & coaches (without the refund of accumulated ITC) 12% 5%
Outdoor Catering (without the ITC) 5% 18%
Diamond Job work 1.50% 5%
Other Job work 12% 18%
Hotels with Room Tariff of Rs.7501 and above 18% 28%
Hotels with Room Tariff from Rs 1,001 to Rs 7,500 12% 18%
Woven or non-woven Polyethylene Packaging bags 12% 18%
Marine fuel 5% 18%
Almond Milk 18% -
Slide fasteners 12% 18%
Wet grinders (consisting of stone as a grinder) 5% 12%
Dried Tamarind Nil 5%
Semi-precious stones- cut & polished 0.25% 3%
Specified goods for petroleum operation under Hydrocarbon Exploration Licensing Policy 5% Applicable rate
Cess on Petrol Motor Vehicles (Capacity of 10-13 passengers) 15% 1%
Cess on Diesel Motor Vehicles (Capacity of 10-13 passengers) 15% 3%

Revision of GST Rates announced in the 36th GST Council Meeting

The following table reflects the changes in the rates applicable to the goods and services:

Goods or commodities New rate Old rate
Electric chargers 5% 18%
Electric vehicles 5% 12%

These rates were revised on July 27th, 2019 and is applicable w.e.f. August 1st, 2019.

Revision of GST Rates announced in the 31st GST Council Meeting

The following table reflects the changes in the rates applicable to the goods and services:

Goods or commodities New rate Old rate
Vegetables which are preserved provisionally but are not suitable for immediate consumption 5% Nil
Cooked or uncooked vegetables which are steamed, frozen or boiled (branded) 5% Nil
Music Books 12% Nil
Parts for manufacturing renewable energy devices falling under chapter 84, 85 or 94 of Tariff - 5%
Natural cork 12% 5%
Fly ash blocks 12% 5%
Walking sticks 12% 5%
Marble rubble 18% 5%
Agglomerated cork 18% 12%
Cork roughly squared or debugged 18% 12%
Articles of Natural cork 18% 12%
Movie Tickets worth Rs.100 or less 18% 12%
Premium on Third party insurance on Vehicles 18% 12%
Accessories for Handicapped Mobility Vehicles 28% 5%
Power banks 28% 18%
Movie Tickets worth more than Rs.100 28% 18%
Video game consoles, equipments used for Billiards and Snooker and other sport related items of HSN code 9504 28% 18%
Retreated & used pneumatic Rubber Tyres 28% 18%
Colour Television Sets & monitors up to “32 Inches” 28% 18%
Digital & Video Camera recorders 28% 18%
Pulleys, transmission shafts, cranks and gear boxes under HSN 8483 28% 18%
Reduction of tax rates on Air travel of pilgrims 28% 18%

Commodities and Services GST rates

The GST Council has proposed a four-tier tax structure wherein rates are either nil or very low so far as essential food items are concerned. The reason for this is that these food items constitute around 50% of the consumer basket, and contributes significantly towards ensuring that widespread inflation is kept in check even after the revised tax slabs under GST have been implemented. Negative items and luxury goods, however, are expected to be taxed at a considerably higher rate in order to maintain revenue neutrality for state and central governments following the implementation of the new GST rates. Other precious metals are likely to see the implementation of an extra concessional GST tax slab as these metals are currently taxed at just 1% under VAT.

Following is a table of commodities and services and the GST rates applicable to them:

Commodities / Services GST Rate
Items that are not listed in any other category, such as electrical appliances, oil, soaps, etc. 18%
All services like professional charges, fees, insurance, banking, restaurants, telecom, etc. 18%
Essential farm produced mass consumption items such as wheat, rice, food grains, etc. NIL
Mass consumption and common use food items like mustard oil, tea, spices, etc., but not including processed foods 5%
Processed foods 12%
Cars and white goods 28%
De-merits and luxury goods and items that fall under the sin category, such as aerated drinks, tobacco, luxury cars, pan masala, etc. 28% + CESS

GST Council implements rate cuts leaving 35 goods in the highest tax bracket

By July 2018, the GST Council reduced tax rates on 191 goods, leaving only 35 items in the 28% tax category. Some of these include:

  • AC
  • Dishwashing machines
  • Digital cameras
  • Cement
  • Video recorders
  • Parts of automobiles
  • Motor vehicles
  • Tyres
  • Yachts
  • Aircrafts
  • Aerated drinks
  • Sin items such as tobacco, cigarette, and pan masala

At the time of GST rollout, there were 226 goods in the highest tax slab. Over a period of 1 year, the GST Council has slashed the taxation rates for 191 items in total. The highest tax slab may be further rationalised to ensure that only sin goods and super luxury goods are taxed at 28%.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's) on GST rates

  1. What is the GST rate for gold?
  2. The GST on gold is 3% of its value. However, if the gold is converted into ornaments, an additional 5% GST is charged on the making charges. Thus, a total of 8% GST is charged on gold ornaments.

  3. What is the GST rate charged on mobile phones?
  4. At present, the GST charged on mobile phones is 12%.

  5. What is the GST rate charged on two wheelers?
  6. At present, the GST charged on mobile phones is 28%, which is the highest slab for GST. However, there have been petitions to reduce the GST on two wheelers to 18%.

  7. What is the GST rate charged on television sets?
  8. At present, the GST charged on television sets is 18% for TVs of up to 32 inches. For TVs that are bigger than 32 inches, the GST charged is 28%.

  9. What is the GST rate for lac?
  10. The GST rate for lac is 3%.

  11. What is the GST rate for coffee?
  12. The GST rate for coffee is 28%.

News About GST Rates

  • Businesses who make an annual income of up to Rs.40 lakh are exempt from GST

    According to a tweet made by the Finance Ministry, the rate of GST has been reduced, the taxpayer base has been doubled, and the compliance has been increased. The GST rate has been reduced for individuals who have to pay tax. Businesses who make a turnover of up to Rs.40 lakh in a year do not have to pay GST. Earlier, the limit was Rs.20 lakh. In case the turnover of the business is up to Rs.1.5 crore, the can opt for the Composite Scheme and pay a 1% tax.

    24 Aug 2020

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