The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), which is now recognised as a statutory authority, was set up on 12 July 2016 by the Government of India as per the provisions of the Aadhaar Act 2016. UIDAI is headquartered in New Delhi and has around 8 regional offices in India.
The main objective of UIDAI is to issue a 12-digit unique identification number (UID) to each individual in order to:
- Do away with duplication of identities
- Verify and authenticate identity in a cost-effective manner
When was the first Aadhaar issued?
UID number, referred to as Aadhaar, was issued for the first time in 2010 to an individual who was residing at Nandurbar, Maharashtra.
Initially, the UIDAI was operating as a part of the Planning Commission, which has now become the NITI Ayog. However, in 2015, after the government revised ‘Allocation of Business Rules’ to attach UIDAI under the aegis of the Electronics and Information Technology Department.
The body is now responsible for the enrollment, authentication and management of all stages in the development of the Aadhaar life cycle.
Services Provided by UIDAI
- Locating an enrollment centre
- Checking status of Aadhaar
- Downloading Aadhaar
- Retrieval of UID/ Enrollment ID (EID)
- Order re-print
- Update details online
- Update via post
- Update at enrollment centre
- Checking of ‘update status’
- Requesting address validation letter
- Online address update status
- View update history
- Verification of Aadhaar number
- Verification of mobile number and email ID
- Locking and unlocking of biometrics
- Aadhaar and bank account link status check
- Logging of complaints
- Checking status of complaint
- Virtual ID generation/retrieval
- Paperless e-KYC
- SMS services
You can read more about these services on https://uidai.gov.in/
Vision and Mission
The key vision of the body is to enable people with a UID and a digital platform to be able to authenticate themselves from anywhere and at any point of time.
- Good governance through the efficient delivery of subsidies
- Compliance to the Aadhaar Act 2016
- Create a procedural system of the issuing, authenticating and updating of Aadhaar numbers
- Enable confidentiality and security of identity-related information
Core Values of UIDAI
- Good governance
- Inclusive nation building
- Strive to provide good quality services
- Focus on continuous learning and quality enhancement
Who is part of it?
Dr. Ajay Bhushan Pandey – CEO
Dr. Pandey is the CEO of the Unique Identification Authority of India. He is the administrative head and legal representative of the body. Pandey has served as an IAS officer and has close to 3 decades of experience.
Dr. Anand Deshpande – Part-time Member
Dr.Deshpande is a part-time member of the body. He holds a Ph.D. in Computer Science from the Indiana University in the USA.
UIDAI Regional Offices
|Office by region||States or Union Territories covered|
|Mumbai||Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Dadar & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu|
|Delhi||Madhya Pradesh, Delhi, Uttarakhand and Rajasthan|
|Bengaluru||Kerala, Tamil Naidu, Pondicherry, Lakshadweep and Karnataka|
|Chandigarh||Chandigarh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh|
|Guwahati||Tripura and Sikkim, Mizoram, Nagaland, Manipur, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh and Assam|
|Hyderabad||Andaman and Nicobar, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh|
|Ranchi||West Bengal, Jharkhand, Bihar|
Aadhaar Act 2016
The Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016, also referred to as the ‘Aadhaar Act 2016’, was passed on 25 March 2016. Given below are the key highlights of the Act:
- All residents of India are entitled to obtain a 12-digit Aadhaar number by submitting demographic and biometric information
- Once an Aadhaar number is issued, it cannot be re-issued to anyone else
- The UIDAI is an Authority established by the Central Government to oversee functions assigned under the Act
- ‘Authentication’ is a process by which the demographic and biometric information along with the Aadhaar number is submitted to the Central Identities Data Repository for verification
Enrollment agencies and Registrars are part of the system and help enrolling individuals. A Registrar is recognised by the UIDAI and they also appoint Enrollment agencies that help collect biometric and demographic information.
People can enroll for Aadhaar cards at various enrollment centres that are set up by enrollment agencies, in co-ordination with Registrars.
The Unique Identification Authority of India has developed a mobile app known as m-Aadhaar, which can be downloaded from the Google Playstore.
The following services are offered through the app:
- Profile creation – Aadhaar profile can only be created if you have a registered mobile number
- You can lock and unlock your biometrics
- Virtual ID generation
How to create your profile on m-Aadhaar app?
- Step 1: Key in the 12-digit Aadhaar number
- Step 2: Ensure mobile data connection is active, key in inputs and click on the ‘Verify’ button
- Step 3: An OPT will be sent to your registered mobile number
How to generate virtual ID on m-Aadhaar app?
- Step 1: Choose the ‘VID Generation’ button from the side menu
- Step 2: Either generate VID or use an already existing one
- Step 3: You can see the VID on the screen
Any queries or grievances related to Aadhaar enrollment and Aadhaar updation can be addressed through Contact Centres set up by UIDAI.
Complaints can also be lodged through post or through https://pgportal.gov.in/.
Now you can download and print your Aadhaar at any time from UIDIA Govt site, UMANG App, DigiLocker, mAadhaar App and many other ways as per your convenience.
FAQ on UIDAI
- When I link my bank accounts, mutual funds and mobile phones with Aadhaar, will the UIDAI not get this information?
When you link your bank account, mobile phone, mutual fund, etc, UIDAI does not receive the information. The only information it receives is your Aadhaar number and the biometric which you had provided at the time of authentication.
- What is ‘Order Aadhaar Reprint’ service?
Order Aadhaar Reprint is a new service launched by UIDAI which allows you to reprint your Aadhaar letter by paying a nominal fee of Rs.50.
What is the password of e-Aadhaar?
The first four letters of your name in capitals and the year of your date of birth will be your password. For example, if your name is Aditya and you were born in the year 1992 then your password will be ADIT1992. However, the first 4 letter may not be required depending on the name. For example, if your name is Lee and you were born in 1995 then the password will be LEE1995.
What is masked Aadhaar?
Mask Aadhaar allows you to mask the first 8 digits of your Aadhaar number upon downloading the e-version of your Aadhaar. This provides more security. When you mask your Aadhaar, the first 8 digits are replaced by xxxxxxxx followed by the last 4 digits of your Aadhaar number.
- I need to update my mobile number. How can I do that?
If you wish to update your mobile number, then you can do so by visiting the Permanent Enrolment Centre.
- Can I update my address in my local language?
Yes, you can update or correct your address in your local language. The languages in which you can update your address are Assamese, Bengali, English, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu.
- I do not have any document proof of my address. Can I still update my address in my Aadhaar?
Yes, in case you don’t have the necessary documents as proof of your address, you can still update your address in Aadhaar with the help of an Aadhaar verifier by sending an online request for Address Validation Letter. You can update the address with the address of your present residence where the address verifier (family, relative, friends, landlord, etc.) who are allowing you to use their address as proof of residence.
- How can I download e-Aadhaar?
You can download e-Aadhaar using any one of the two processes:
- Using your Enrolment Number: You can download the e-Aadhaar using the 28 digits Enrolment number along with full name and pin code. During the download process, you will receive a One-Time Password (OTP) on your registered mobile phone. You can enter the OTP to download your e-Adhaar. You can also use the mobile application to download the e-Aadhaar using the same process and entering a TOTP which you will receive on your registered mobile number.
- Using your Aadhaar Number: You can download the e-Aadhaar by entering your 12 digits Aadhaar number along with your full name and pin code. You will receive an OTP on your registered mobile number which upon entering you can download the e-Aadhaar. ou can also use the mobile application to download the e-Aadhaar using the same process and entering a TOTP which you will receive on your registered mobile number.