Aadhaar Card is a document for which even NRIs (Non-Resident Indian) along with the rest of India can apply. The initiative was facilitated by the Planning Commission in order to ensure that each resident of India had a unique identification in addition to ensuring that welfare services are delivered efficiently and effectively. The card comes with a distinctive 12-digit aadhar number that is unique to each individual, and while the card was initially granted only to Indian residents, the Central Government has now made a provision to issue the same to NRIs as well. Any non-resident Indian staying in India for more than 182 days or 12 months can apply for Aadhaar.
An Aadhaar Card is linked with the centralised database and includes demographic, biometric and other relevant data of an individual, which is instrumental in identifying an individual. The details gathered from NRIs will make UIDAI’s database more rich and accurate since the project is well-received and accepted in India, and the government now wants to make it a success the world over.
Procedure for NRIs to Avail an Aadhaar Card
The requirements and procedure to avail an Aadhaar card for an NRI is similar to the process that an Indian resident has to go through. An NRI can apply for the 12-digit Aadhaar UID in two ways: online or offline. The individual will need to visit the official website of Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) or the UIDAI-approved enrolment centres to apply for the Aadhar Card online and offline respectively.
The non-resident Indian applying for Aadhar card can visit the UIDAI website and find an UIDAI affiliated enrolment centre near to him/her. Once the enrolment centre is selected, the person will have to fix an appointment for the enrolment. Following are the steps which an NRI can observe to avail an Aadhaar card at the Aadhar enrolment centre:
Step 1. Submission of Documents
The first step to availing an Aadhaar card is to submit all the relevant documents that establish the identity of the non-resident Indian. The documents he/she will have to furnish will include birth certificate, photo ID card and school certificate. NRIs will also be requested to produce the connection they have with another country where they hold a Green card. The submitted documents will then be verified by the officials to determine whether or not the individual is eligible for an Aadhaar card.
Step 2. Finger-Tip Scanning
After an NRI has submitted his/her documents, he/she will be called for a biometric scanning where all ten of his/her fingers will be scanned to establish the unique identity. The biometric scan is necessary to ensure that identification of the individual is unique and accurate, so the person will have to visit the Aadhaar card enrolment centre to complete the process.
Step 2. Iris Scanning
The fingertips will not be the only thing being scanned to establish a person’s perfect identity. The authorities will also scan his/her iris to ensure that the identity will never have the risk of being confused with someone else’s. The iris scanning will also be held in the Aadhaar enrolment centre after the fingertips have been scanned.
Step 3. Photograph
Once the scanning procedures are complete, the Aadhaar applicants will have to have their photograph taken by the web-camera at the enrolment centre. The photograph will then be added to the Aadhaar documents and they will receive the physical copy of Aadhaar Card from the UIDAI.
It takes around three months for the authorities to dispatch the Aadhaar card, but one can track the status of his/her Aadhaar card online by visiting the UIDAI website with the enrolment number (EID) mentioned in the acknowledgement slip.
The amount of time taken for UIDAI card to dispatch an NRI’s Aadhaar card is the same as the amount of time taken to grant a resident’s Aadhaar card. By following the simple aforementioned steps, one can avail the Aadhaar card with relative ease.
The UIDAI also provides facilities for both residents and non-resident Indians to download e-Aadhaar card from its website. The digital copy of Aadhar is equally accepted for all kinds of services.
Read more about: Procedure to download e-Aadhaar
Should An NRI Hold An Aadhaar Card?
As per rules, only those who have resided in India for a period of 182 can apply for an Aadhaar card.
Aadhaar card cannot be applied online. The NRI applying for the card needs to be present in India to do so.
NRIS, Aadhar and Income Tax Returns
It is not mandatory for NRIs to give Aadhaar card details while filing income tax returns for income not earned in India. NRIs have to mandatorily file returns for any income that is earned in India. For example, there are many Indians in foreign countries such as the US, UK or the Gulf, and these NRIs regularly file income tax returns but do not hold an Aadhaar card. This created panic about NRIs when the Indian government made linking of PAN with Aadhaar mandatory for filing income tax returns.
In fact, Dr Ajay Bhushan Pandey, CEO, Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), has said that exemptions need to be given to NRIs in this aspect. The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) also made an announcement stating that NRIs will be exempted from the PAN-Aadhaar linking rule. The rule of providing Aadhaar data for filing income tax returns or for applying for a PAN, will not apply for NRIs, the CBDT announced in a report.
Can an NRI hold an Aadhaar card?
It is further clarified that only those who have resided in India for 182 days are considered Indian residents. This is immediately preceding the application date for government documents such as the Aadhaar. And only a resident individual is allowed to obtain an Aadhaar card.
Will an NRI’s PAN card be blocked if it is not linked with Aadhaar?
Only a resident of India is permitted to obtain an Aadhaar card. The rule will not apply to residents of other countries and hence it is not a must for an NRI to link his/her Aadhaar card with PAN.
In case an NRI hold an Aadhaar card? How can they link it?
- Visit the e-filing Income Tax portal and login by providing username and password
- Click on the pop-up window that allows you to link PAN with Aadhaar
- Provide details such as gender, date of birth, name. These details should match the details submitted at the time of registration
- Confirm details and initiate the linking process
- A confirmation message will be sent to the respective user upon linking of the PAN with the Aadhaar card
Best Credit Cards for you