Overview of Traffic Offences and Penalties in India

The Indian Road rules is listed under the name, ‘Rules of the Road Regulation’, came into effect in July 1989 and have remained so to date. These rules and guidelines are relevant to the Indian drivers (be it those of two, three and four wheelers including buses and trucks), while on the road to make sure of a systematic traffic and a safe drive. Violating, transgressing or disrespecting any of these rules is a serious offence as according to the city specific traffic police rules as well as the Indian Motor Vehicle Act.

Implementation of these traffic laws – (decrees, rules, code of practice and acts) can bring down the road accidents considerably. These laws are compulsory by dealing out challans in the name of the lawbreakers, which will motivate them to internalize the law. Penalty payment and legal hassles are always effective punishments. A symptomatic list of the imaginable crimes and their corresponding penalties is categorized below:

List of Traffic Violation & Fines in India:

Offences Related to Documents:

Offences Penalty Section
Driving without carrying a valid driving license INR 5000* Section 181 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Unauthorised driving of a vehicle without carrying a valid driving license INR 5000* Section 180 of the Motor Vehicle Act
General INR 500* Section 177 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Not carrying the required documents as specified in Motor Vehicle Act while driving INR 500 130(3) r/w 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Driving without a valid auto insurance. INR 2000* Section 196 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Driving without a valid permit Up to INR 10,000* Section 192 A of the Motor Vehicle Act
Travelling without ticket INR 500* Section 178 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Driving after being disqualified INR 10,000* Section 182 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Power of Officers towards impounding documents Suspension of driving license under Section 183, 184, 185, 189, 190, 194C, 194D, and 194E* Section 206 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Violating licensing conditions (Aggregators) INR 25,000 to INR 1 lakh Section 193 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Driving without Valid Vehicle Fitness Certificate. Up to INR 5000 and no less than INR 2000 130 r/w 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Vehicle without RC Book (Registration Certificate) INR 2000 39 r/w 192 Motor Vehicle Act

* Changes made in September - 2019

Offences Related to Driving:

Offences Penalty Section
Violation of rules of road regulation INR 500* Section 177A (New) of the Motor Vehicle Act
Driving by a minor (aged below 18). INR 500 4 r/w 181 Motor Vehicle Act
Offences made by juveniles (aged below 18 years) Fine amount of Rs.25,000 and 3 years of imprisonment to be faced by the guardian of the individual or owner of the vehicle; The individual is to be tried under the JJ Act and the registration of the vehicle is to be cancelled* Section 199 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Not obeying the orders of the authorities INR 2,000* Section 179 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Over speeding of vehicle INR 1,000 for Light Motor Vehicles (LMVs); INR 2,000 for Medium Passenger Vehicles (MPVs)* Section 183 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Oversize vehicles INR 5,000* Section 182 B of the Motor Vehicle Act
Letting an unlicensed fellow to drive. INR 1000 5 r/w 180 Motor Vehicle Act
Driving two wheelers without wearing a helmet INR 1,000 and disqualification of driving license for 3 months* 129 r/w177 Motor Vehicle Act
Driving without fastening the seat belts INR 1,000* Section 194 B of the Motor Vehicle Act
Rough/ Reckless/ Negligent Driving INR 1000* Section 177 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Dangerous driving INR 5,000* Section 184 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Racing or speeding on public roads INR 5,000* Section 189 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Not making way for emergency vehicles INR 10,000* Section 194 E of the Motor Vehicle Act
Not driving in the proper lane. Court Challan 112-183 Motor Vehicle Act
Driving in the centre and not keeping to left side of the road. INR 100 66 r/w 192 Motor Vehicle Act
Driving against One Way. INR 100 2 RRR r/w 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Reversing without due caution and care. INR 100 17 (i) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Taking “U” turn during forbidden hours. INR 100 MMVR 233
Not taking adequate care while taking a “Turn”. INR 100 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Failing to slow down at intersection/ junction. INR 100 12 RRR
Not carrying on left of traffic island. INR 100 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Carrying people on Footboard. INR 100 3 RRR
Carrying people to the point that it causes inconvenience (be it for rear-view visibility or gear shifting) to the driver. INR 100 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Tripling on bikes/ two wheelers. INR 100 128/177 Motor Vehicle Act
Driving on Footpath. INR 100 RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Stopping at pedestrian from crossing or crossing a Stop Line (Zebra Cross). INR 100 RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act

* Changes made in September - 2019

Offences Related to Road Marking:

Offences Penalty Section
Violating the Yellow Line. INR 100 119/177 Motor Vehicle Act
Violating the Stop Line. INR 100 113(1)/177 DMVR
Violating the Mandatory Signs. INR 100 119/177 Motor Vehicle Act

Offences Related to Vehicle Number Plates:

Offences Penalty Section
Use of Offensive Number Plate for vehicle used in driving. INR 100 CMVR 105 (2) (ii)
Displaying 'Applied For'. INR 4500 177 Motor Vehicle Act

Offences Related to Vehicle Lights:

Offences Penalty Section
Improper use of headlights and/ or taillight for your vehicle used in driving. INR 100 CMVR 105 (2) (ii)
Using a High Beam when it is not needed. INR 100 177 Motor Vehicle Act

Offences Related to Horn:

Offences Penalty/Sentence Section
Driving without a Horn. INR 100 119(1)/177 CMVR
Improper usage of horn when you drive. INR 100 CMVR 105 (2) (ii)

Offences Related to Traffic Police:

Offences Penalty/Sentence Section
Disobeying a Traffic Police Officer in uniform. INR 100 119 Motor Vehicle Act
Driving against Police Signal. INR 100 22 (a) RRR
Not complying with the manual Traffic Signal. INR 100 177 Motor Vehicle Act

Offences Related to Traffic Signal:

Offences Penalty/Sentence Section
Not complying with the Traffic signal / Sign Board. INR 100 22 (b) RRR
Failing to give the appropriate Signal. INR 100 239 MMVR
Signal Jumping. INR 100 177 Motor Vehicle Act

Offences Related to Speed & Overtaking:

Offences Penalty/Sentence Section
Driving above the permitted Speed Limits by the Traffic Police. Up to INR 1000 112 - 183 Motor Vehicle Act
Abetment for Going over the Speed Limit. INR 300 112/ 183 (2) Motor Vehicle Act
Overtaking hazardously. INR 100 6 (a) RRR r/w 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Failing to deliberate way to sanction Overtaking. INR 100 7 RRR
Overtaking from the Wrong Side. INR 100 177 Motor Vehicle Act

Other Offences Related to Driving:

Offences Penalty/Sentence Section
Purposely disobeying Lawful Directions. INR 500 132/179 Motor Vehicle Act
Driving under influence of Alcohol and/ or Drugs. INR 10,000 Section 185 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Using Mobile Phone while Driving. Up to INR 1000 184 Motor Vehicle Act
Leaving a vehicle in untenanted engine. INR 100 126-177 Motor Vehicle Act
Leaving vehicle in a dangerous position. INR 100 122 177 Motor Vehicle Act
In case of an accident involving a minor. INR 1000 184 Motor Vehicle Act
Playing music while Driving. INR 100 102/ 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Driving without a fixed Silencer. INR 100 120/190 (2)/177 CMVR
Driving when emotionally, mentally and/ or physically unfit. Court Challan 186 Motor Vehicle Act

Offences Related to Towing of Automobiles:

Offences Penalty/Sentence Section
Two-Wheeler. INR 100 RRR 177 Motor Vehicles Act
Car, Jeep, Cab, Auto Rickshaw. INR 200 RRR 177 Motor Vehicles Act
Truck, Tanker, Trailer. INR 600 RRR 177 Motor Vehicles Act

Offences Related to Pollution:

Offences Penalty/Sentence Section
Offences Penalty/ Sentence Section
Smoking in Public Transport is strictly prohibited. INR 100 86 (1) (5)/ 177 DMVR
Pollution Not Under Control. INR 100 99 (1) (a)/ 177 DMVR
Using multi-toned and/ or shrill horn. INR 500 119 CMVR
Blowing Pressure Horn. INR 100 190 (2) Motor Vehicle Act
Silencer and/ or muffler making a huge noise. INR 500 96 (1)/ 177 DMVR
Smoky Exhaust (against specifications). INR 500 CMVR 120
Use of horn in Silence Zone. INR 100 190 (2) Motor Vehicle Act

Offences Related to Motor Vehicles:

Offences Penalty/Sentence Section
Using the vehicle in hazardous conditions. Court Challan 192 Motor Vehicles Act
When motor vehicle is out of state for more than 12 months. INR 100 47 - 177 Motor Vehicles Act
Particulars to be printed on transport vehicles. INR 100 84 (G) - 177 Motor Vehicles Act
Without Wiper INR 100 CMVR 101 5,12 177 Motor Vehicles Act
Without Side Mirror. INR 100 5, 7/177 Motor Vehicles Act
Tyres with some kind of defection. INR 100 CMVR 94
No indication board on left hand drive vehicle. INR 100 120, 177 Motor Vehicles Act
Selling motor vehicle/ modifying motor vehicle in contravention of Act. INR 300 52/ 191 Motor Vehicles Act, 32/192.66/192 Motor Vehicles Act
Vehicles that are fitted with tint/ dark glasses or sun films. INR 100 100 CMVR 177 Motor Vehicles Act
Driving without proper or valid number plate or illuminating the number plate at the back. INR 100 236 MMVR 177 Motor Vehicles Act
Not displaying public carrier board. INR 100 116 MMVR 177 Motor Vehicles Act
Use of private automobile for business purposes. Up to INR 5000 but no less than INR 2000 Not Applicable
Any kind of misbehaviour with commuters, not wearing the uniform or not showing the badge. INR 100 MMVR 21 (18) 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Loading the goods vehicle with more than the permitted weight. INR 2000 plus INR 1000 for every other ton. MMVR 93 (u) (i) 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Transporting goods in a treacherous or hazardous way. Imprisonment and/ or penalty of INR 3000. 29 RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Breach of permit terms and conditions. Imprisonment and/ or penalty of up to INR 5000, not less than INR 2000. Not Applicable
Usage of coloured/ Tinted light on the vehicle INR 100 97 (2)/ 177 DMVR

Offences Related to Commercial Vehicles:

Offences Penalty/Sentence Section
Working in 'NO ENTRY' Time Up to INR 2000 115/194 Motor Vehicle Act
Violating the timetable Court Challan 11/177, 2/177, 66/192 Motor Vehicle Act
High and Long / Load in Vehicles INR 100 29 RRR/177 Motor Vehicle Act
Carrying animals in goods vehicles in contravention of rules. INR 100 MMVR 83 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Transporting people hazardously or carrying people in goods carrier vehicles. INR 100 MMVR 108 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Carrying Goods in Passenger Vehicles Not Applicable Not Applicable
Perilous projection of goods. INR 100 229 MMVR, 29 RRR & 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Carrying goods unsafe. INR 100 MMVR 202 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Carrying possessions more than 11 feet high. INR 100 MMVR 93 (u) (i) 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Going over the limit of weight and limitation on Use. Court Challan 113/194(1) Motor Vehicle Act
Driver refusing to weigh his vehicle. Court Challan 114/194(2) Motor Vehicle Act
Loading on Tail Board. INR 100 MMVR 202 & 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Misconduct by Taxi or TSR Driver. INR 100 11(3)/ 177 DMVR
Over Charging by Taxi or TSR Driver. INR 100 11(8)/ 177 DMVR
Charging without having a Meter. INR 100 11(8)/ 177 DMVR
Refusal by Taxi or TSR Driver. INR 100 11(9)/ 177 DMVR
Driving without Khaki Uniform. INR 100 7/ 177 DMVR
Driver without wearing a Badge. INR 100 22 (1)/ 177 DMVR
Conductor without the specified Uniform. INR 100 23 (1)/ 177 DMVR
Conductor without Badge. INR 100 22 (1)/ 177 DMVR
Stopping without a Bus stop. Court Challan 66/ 192 Motor Vehicle Act
Power to detain Vehicle driven in infringement of section 3.4,39 or 66(1) MV Act. Court Challan 207 (1) Motor Vehicle Act

Offences Related to Parking:

Offences Penalty/Sentence Section
Parking in the same direction of the flow of traffic. INR 100 22 (a) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking away from walkway towards road. INR 100 15 (2) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking against flow of traffic. INR 100 15 (2) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking causing Obstruction to other vehicles and people. INR 100 15 (2) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking on any Taxi Stand. INR 100 15 (2) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking in not any specified way. INR 100 15 (1) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking at any Corner/ Edge. INR 100 15 (i) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking within 15 meters on either side of a Bus Stop, causing inconvenience to those waiting for bus as well as bus drivers. INR 100 15 (2) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking on a Bridge. INR 100 15 (2) (i) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking at any Traffic Island. INR 100 15 (i) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking in ‘No Parking’ Zone. INR 100 15 (2) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking on any Pedestrian Crossing. INR 100 15 (2) (iii) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking the vehicle on Walkways. INR 100 15(2) (ii) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking in front of any gate. INR 100 15 (2) (viii) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Any kind of obstruction caused due to the way you have parked your vehicle. INR 100 15(1) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act

Offences committed by the authorities:

Offences Penalty/Sentence Section
Offences by any law enforcement official Two times of the penalty which is relevant to the respective section Under Section 210 B of the Motor Vehicle Act

Conclusion:

What a handful, right? Well, these rules and regulations might look sizable. But to a good driver, following them will and should come naturally. Following the above is all the citizens need to do curb road accidents to zero. But unfortunately, that is not the case. Let us continue to spread awareness. Toast to a road accident-free nation.

Issued in Public Interest by Chandigarh Traffic Police

From time to time, the traffic police department in India have come up with various rules to make riding safe for the public. Recently, in the month of January, the Chandigarh Traffic Police conducted campaign against drunken driving and over-speeding in various areas. They choose to create awareness about these two topics as from the beginning of 2018 up to 21 January 2018, they have issued 605 challans for drunken driving violations and 891 challans for over-speeding across the city.

Few things drivers in Chandigarh must know

  • Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, Section 185, states that any violator caught for drunken driving for the first time will be charged with a fine of Rs.2,000 or may face imprisonment up to six months, or both.
  • Further, Section 20 (2) of the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, also allows the concerned authorities to disqualify the licence of a drunken driving offender for a period of six month or more.
  • If a person is caught violating the rule for the second time and is charged under Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, Section 185 again, the Court has the authority to cancel the driving licence permanently.
  • If an offender is caught for over-speeding, he/she may lose the driving licence for not less than 3 months under Section 19 of Motor Vehicle Act, 1988.
  • For your information, the maximum speed limit for light motor vehicles in Chandigarh is 60 kmph and the speed limit for two wheelers in the city is 45 kmph.

Let us take the time to applaud the Chandigarh Traffic Police for their sincere efforts. In return, the cops are asking people to avoid drunken driving and over-speeding in the city.

*Disclaimer

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News About Traffic Fines

  • Rs.13 lakh recovered from traffic violators in April

    Shillong Traffic Police have recovered a whopping amount of Rs.13,31,730 as fines during the month of April 2018. The amount is twice the amount recovered in the preceding month under provisions of the Motor Vehicle(s) Act. B.J Laloo, the Superintendent of Police (Traffic) stated that in the month 509 persons were fined for wrong parking, 172 were fined for ‘No Entry’ violations, and 559 persons for driving without wearing the seatbelt. He informed that the driving license of 42 persons was impounded for driving under the influence of alcohol (Drunken Driving). Apart from the above mentioned, 19 persons were fined for permit violation, 49 persons for driving without a helmet and 239 persons were fined for driving without a driving license.

    21 May 2018

  • Strict implementation of traffic rules to resume from April 15

    Police are to resume strict implementation of traffic rules in Vadodara from April 15. As part of that, CCTVs installed at several crossroads in the city will be used to monitor the commuters. The drive was stopped ahead of the assembly elections after commuters protested the move. Manoj Sashidhar, the city police commissioner stated that the decision to resume the drive was taken at the highest level in the government. He added that they were spreading awareness about the drive in a bid to allow people enough time to prepare themselves and do the needful as in buying helmets, wearing seatbeats while driving etc. Amita Vanani, ACP(traffic) informed that the entire system shall remain the same and to begin with they will concentrate only on the main roads where the traffic flow is heavy. Unlike last time, this time a commuter will be fined only once in a day. Repeated offenders will be penalized for the first three times and if caught violating traffic rules for the fourth time, their driving license would be cancelled.

    6 April 2018

  • Traffic violators booked in Tamil Nadu for various offences

    The traffic police officials in Tamil Nadu have booked cases against more than 1,000 offenders for violating various road traffic rules across the state in the month of February.

    The total fine amount that has been collected from all these violators adds up to Rs.1.82 lakh. The offences include 46 cases for drink and drive, 16 cases for driving without a licence, 193 cases for driving without the helmet, 25 cases for taking more than two pillions on a two-wheeler and 77 cases for not having an insurance policy. There were also other related traffic violations for which around 338 cases were registered by the traffic police officials.

    Apart from this 58 people were booked for using their mobile phone while driving and 188 cases were registered for transporting people using commercial vehicles.

    Though the authorities have taken a number of measures to create awareness about road traffic rules, offences still continue to rise. The reason given for accidents on the roads include not following road traffic rules including jumping signals and being careless while driving.

    Apart from this, construction work is taking place on Perundurai Road, Brough Road and EVN Road. There might be a possibility of traffic jams oor congestion in these areas.

    7 March 2018

  • You Can Now Win Cash Rewards By Following Traffic Rules

    To control the traffic situation in the city, The Hyderabad Traffic Police Department announced that they will give cash rewards to people who obey traffic rules diligently. V. Ravinder, Joint Commissioner of Hyderabad Traffic Police proposed this idea. The rule will be implemented shortly as the department is still figuring out the amount of card prize that can be given and the driver selection process.

    V. Ravinder stated that the selection process will be like a lucky draw as there is no other way they can impartially choose the driver who receives the cash prize. The traffic police are planning to use the database of Road Transport Authority to select winners under this plan.

    19 January 2018

  • Nagur Traffic Police Will Now Launch A New Drive To Reduce Underage Driving

    In one of their initiative to curb ubderage driving, the Nagpur Traffic Police is launching a three-day campaign that focuses on taking action against the parents of the undergae drivers who are caught violating the traffic rules.

    Save LIFE Foundation, a road safety advocacy group, in their recent survey figured out that almost 56% of people on Nagpur did not get their driving licence by giving the test.

    Jayesh Bhandarkar, Senior Traffic Police Inspector, stated that if a child below 18 years of age is caught violating the traffic rules without a valid licence, the parents will be punished.

    He further stated that they are going to check areas around the city schools and find out underage children driving on roads. They will also call the parents on spot if the child does not have a driving licence.

    18 August 2017

  • More than 200 DTC drivers challaned in Delhi

    The traffic police department issued challans to over 200 Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) drivers in the national capital.

    Supposedly, the traffic department went with this because the drivers weren’t stopping the buses in their designated stops. This event came about when the transport department organised a special drive to curb the instances of traffic violations.As reports suggest, the drive began on the 4th July when over 80 personnel were deployed in over 20 locations to make sure bus drivers parked in the designated bus stop. Official incharge of the operation said that the department attempted to educate the drivers for a week after which the rule breakers were issued the challans.

    18 August 2017

  • Increasing number of traffic offenses are shocking officials

    The traffic law enforcement officials have detected an increase in the total number of traffic offenses for 2016-2017 compared to the past few years. From overloading of children in school buses to defective commercial vehicles, drunken driving, road accidents, etc. have increased significantly and forcing the traffic law enforcement officials to under the spike in the graph. Additionally, thousands of Driving Licences have been suspended while hundreds of them have been canceled in few of the major states.

    18 July 2017

  • Hyderabad to introduce penalty points for traffic offenders

    Hyderabad Transport Police have come up with a novel way of curbing traffic offenses in the growing city. Supposedly, the department is all set to start with a penalty points system where a certain number of points will be awarded to traffic offenders.

    The system will also include a rule wherein repeat offenders would have their licenses suspended if they began to break the law constantly.

    A source said that offences will be rated anywhere between 1 - 5 points and once if a person hits 12 points. They may lose their license for at least a year. Besides, if they commit repeat offences and rack up 12 points upon reinstatement of the license, they would be barred from driving/riding for over 3 years.

    10 July 2017

  • Panchkula traffic police issues 57 challans to curb underage driving

    In a campaign to check underage driving, traffic police in Panchkula have issued more than 57 challans to underage drivers in the last 10 days. This campaign is scheduled to go on till May 31.

    The traffic cops had arranged nakas near major schools and around areas like Mauli Jagran, Majri Chowk, and Sector 2 among others to stop children under the age of 18 from driving. During the campaign, the police confiscated 12 vehicles that were being driven by minors without any valid paper of the vehicle while five others were issued challans for not possessing a driving licence. Traffic police reported that challans were issued not only to the minors but to their parents also to stop them from handing their vehicles to their wards.

    Traffic police is receiving positive results from parents from penalizing the minors for driving. Suresh Kumar, traffic inspector and SHO, said that they used to summon the parents of the minors who have been penalized and counselled them about the dangers of driving by a minor. The parents are happy about this campaign and most of the children who were issued a challan have started using the public transport.

    5 June 2017

  • Traffic violators will have to pay hefty fines from now on

    According to reports coming out of Nashik, it is being said that traffic violators will be paying hefty penalties once the new law comes into effect.

    With the new rule, those who flout traffic rules will risk losing their license for a period of three months. And if the offenders repeat their mistakes their license will be cancelled permanently without any chance for reapplication.

    This decision was arrived upon by the Traffic Police Department and the Regional Transport Office (RTO) in the city, who have joined hands to make this happen.

    List of offences include jumping signals, driving under the influence of alcohol, using mobile while driving, and rash driving, all of which will incur suspension of driving permits.The department came up with this plan to curb the number of offenses and also to tighten the violation rule which was only limited to collecting fines.

    04 April 2017

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