• Overview of Traffic Offences and Penalties in India

    The Indian Road rules is listed under the name, ‘Rules of the Road Regulation’, came into effect in July 1989 and have remained so to date. These rules and guidelines are relevant to the Indian drivers (be it those of two, three and four wheelers including buses and trucks), while on the road to make sure of a systematic traffic and a safe drive. Violating, transgressing or disrespecting any of these rules is a serious offence as according to the city specific traffic police rules as well as the Indian Motor Vehicle Act.

    Implementation of these traffic laws – (decrees, rules, code of practice and acts) can bring down the road accidents considerably. These laws are compulsory by dealing out challans in the name of the lawbreakers, which will motivate them to internalize the law. Penalty payment and legal hassles are always effective punishments. A symptomatic list of the imaginable crimes and their corresponding penalties is categorized below:

    List of Traffic Violation & Fines in India

    Traffic rules violated Fine amount
    Drunk driving Rs. 10,000
    Overloading pillion riders Rs. 2,000 plus licence scrapped for three months
    Over speeding Rs. 1,000 for lmvrs. 2,000 for MMV
    Dangerous driving Rs. 5,000
    Driving without licence Rs. 5,000
    Driving without insurance Rs. 2,000
    Signal jumping Rs. 1,000 plus licence scrapping for three months
    Riding without helmet Rs. 1,000 plus licence scrapping for three months
    Riding without permit Up to rs. 10,000
    Juvenile driving Rs. 25,000 with three years of imprisonment of guardian or owner

    Offences Related to Documents

    Offences Penalty Section
    Driving without carrying a valid driving license INR 5000* Section 181 of the Motor Vehicle Act
    Unauthorised driving of a vehicle without carrying a valid driving license INR 5000* Section 180 of the Motor Vehicle Act
    General INR 500* Section 177 of the Motor Vehicle Act
    Not carrying the required documents as specified in Motor Vehicle Act while driving INR 500 130(3) r/w 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Driving without a valid auto insurance. INR 2000* Section 196 of the Motor Vehicle Act
    Driving without a valid permit Up to INR 10,000* Section 192 A of the Motor Vehicle Act
    Travelling without ticket INR 500* Section 178 of the Motor Vehicle Act
    Driving after being disqualified INR 10,000* Section 182 of the Motor Vehicle Act
    Power of Officers towards impounding documents Suspension of driving license under Section 183, 184, 185, 189, 190, 194C, 194D, and 194E* Section 206 of the Motor Vehicle Act
    Violating licensing conditions (Aggregators) INR 25,000 to INR 1 lakh Section 193 of the Motor Vehicle Act
    Driving without Valid Vehicle Fitness Certificate. Up to INR 5000 and no less than INR 2000 130 r/w 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Vehicle without RC Book (Registration Certificate) INR 2000 39 r/w 192 Motor Vehicle Act

    * Changes made in September - 2019

    Offences Related to Driving

    Offences Penalty Section
    Violation of rules of road regulation INR 500* Section 177A (New) of the Motor Vehicle Act
    Driving by a minor (aged below 18). INR 500 4 r/w 181 Motor Vehicle Act
    Offences made by juveniles (aged below 18 years) Fine amount of Rs.25,000 and 3 years of imprisonment to be faced by the guardian of the individual or owner of the vehicle; The individual is to be tried under the JJ Act and the registration of the vehicle is to be cancelled* Section 199 of the Motor Vehicle Act
    Not obeying the orders of the authorities INR 2,000* Section 179 of the Motor Vehicle Act
    Over speeding of vehicle INR 1,000 for Light Motor Vehicles (LMVs); INR 2,000 for Medium Passenger Vehicles (MPVs)* Section 183 of the Motor Vehicle Act
    Oversize vehicles INR 5,000* Section 182 B of the Motor Vehicle Act
    Letting an unlicensed fellow to drive. INR 1000 5 r/w 180 Motor Vehicle Act
    Driving two wheelers without wearing a helmet INR 1,000 and disqualification of driving license for 3 months* 129 r/w177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Driving without fastening the seat belts INR 1,000* Section 194 B of the Motor Vehicle Act
    Rough/ Reckless/ Negligent Driving INR 1000* Section 177 of the Motor Vehicle Act
    Dangerous driving INR 5,000* Section 184 of the Motor Vehicle Act
    Racing or speeding on public roads INR 5,000* Section 189 of the Motor Vehicle Act
    Not making way for emergency vehicles INR 10,000* Section 194 E of the Motor Vehicle Act
    Not driving in the proper lane. Court Challan 112-183 Motor Vehicle Act
    Driving in the centre and not keeping to left side of the road. INR 100 66 r/w 192 Motor Vehicle Act
    Driving against One Way. INR 100 2 RRR r/w 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Reversing without due caution and care. INR 100 17 (i) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Taking “U” turn during forbidden hours. INR 100 MMVR 233
    Not taking adequate care while taking a “Turn”. INR 100 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Failing to slow down at intersection/ junction. INR 100 12 RRR
    Not carrying on left of traffic island. INR 100 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Carrying people on Footboard. INR 100 3 RRR
    Carrying people to the point that it causes inconvenience (be it for rear-view visibility or gear shifting) to the driver. INR 100 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Tripling on bikes/ two wheelers. INR 100 128/177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Driving on Footpath. INR 100 RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Stopping at pedestrian from crossing or crossing a Stop Line (Zebra Cross). INR 100 RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act

    * Changes made in September - 2019

    Offences Related to Road Marking

    Offences Penalty Section
    Violating the Yellow Line. INR 100 119/177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Violating the Stop Line. INR 100 113(1)/177 DMVR
    Violating the Mandatory Signs. INR 100 119/177 Motor Vehicle Act

    Offences Related to Vehicle Number Plates

    Offences Penalty Section
    Use of Offensive Number Plate for vehicle used in driving. INR 100 CMVR 105 (2) (ii)
    Displaying 'Applied For'. INR 4500 177 Motor Vehicle Act

    Offences Related to Vehicle Lights

    Offences Penalty Section
    Improper use of headlights and/ or taillight for your vehicle used in driving. INR 100 CMVR 105 (2) (ii)
    Using a High Beam when it is not needed. INR 100 177 Motor Vehicle Act

    Offences Related to Horn

    Offences Penalty/Sentence Section
    Driving without a Horn. INR 100 119(1)/177 CMVR
    Improper usage of horn when you drive. INR 100 CMVR 105 (2) (ii)

    Offences Related to Traffic Police

    Offences Penalty/Sentence Section
    Disobeying a Traffic Police Officer in uniform. INR 100 119 Motor Vehicle Act
    Driving against Police Signal. INR 100 22 (a) RRR
    Not complying with the manual Traffic Signal. INR 100 177 Motor Vehicle Act

    Offences Related to Traffic Signal

    Offences Penalty/Sentence Section
    Not complying with the Traffic signal / Sign Board. INR 100 22 (b) RRR
    Failing to give the appropriate Signal. INR 100 239 MMVR
    Signal Jumping. INR 100 177 Motor Vehicle Act

    Offences Related to Speed & Overtaking

    Offences Penalty/Sentence Section
    Driving above the permitted Speed Limits by the Traffic Police. Up to INR 1000 112 - 183 Motor Vehicle Act
    Abetment for Going over the Speed Limit. INR 300 112/ 183 (2) Motor Vehicle Act
    Overtaking hazardously. INR 100 6 (a) RRR r/w 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Failing to deliberate way to sanction Overtaking. INR 100 7 RRR
    Overtaking from the Wrong Side. INR 100 177 Motor Vehicle Act

    Other Offences Related to Driving

    Offences Penalty/Sentence Section
    Purposely disobeying Lawful Directions. INR 500 132/179 Motor Vehicle Act
    Driving under influence of Alcohol and/ or Drugs. INR 10,000 Section 185 of the Motor Vehicle Act
    Using Mobile Phone while Driving. Up to INR 1000 184 Motor Vehicle Act
    Leaving a vehicle in untenanted engine. INR 100 126-177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Leaving vehicle in a dangerous position. INR 100 122 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    In case of an accident involving a minor. INR 1000 184 Motor Vehicle Act
    Playing music while Driving. INR 100 102/ 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Driving without a fixed Silencer. INR 100 120/190 (2)/177 CMVR
    Driving when emotionally, mentally and/ or physically unfit. Court Challan 186 Motor Vehicle Act

    Offences Related to Towing of Automobiles

    Offences Penalty/Sentence Section
    Two-Wheeler. INR 100 RRR 177 Motor Vehicles Act
    Car, Jeep, Cab, Auto Rickshaw. INR 200 RRR 177 Motor Vehicles Act
    Truck, Tanker, Trailer. INR 600 RRR 177 Motor Vehicles Act

    Offences Related to Pollution

    Offences Penalty/Sentence Section
    Smoking in Public Transport is strictly prohibited. INR 100 86 (1) (5)/ 177 DMVR
    Pollution Not Under Control. INR 100 99 (1) (a)/ 177 DMVR
    Using multi-toned and/ or shrill horn. INR 500 119 CMVR
    Blowing Pressure Horn. INR 100 190 (2) Motor Vehicle Act
    Silencer and/ or muffler making a huge noise. INR 500 96 (1)/ 177 DMVR
    Smoky Exhaust (against specifications). INR 500 CMVR 120
    Use of horn in Silence Zone. INR 100 190 (2) Motor Vehicle Act

    Offences Related to Motor Vehicles:

    Offences Penalty/Sentence Section
    Using the vehicle in hazardous conditions. Court Challan 192 Motor Vehicles Act
    When motor vehicle is out of state for more than 12 months. INR 100 47 - 177 Motor Vehicles Act
    Particulars to be printed on transport vehicles. INR 100 84 (G) - 177 Motor Vehicles Act
    Without Wiper INR 100 CMVR 101 5,12 177 Motor Vehicles Act
    Without Side Mirror. INR 100 5, 7/177 Motor Vehicles Act
    Tyres with some kind of defection. INR 100 CMVR 94
    No indication board on left hand drive vehicle. INR 100 120, 177 Motor Vehicles Act
    Selling motor vehicle/ modifying motor vehicle in contravention of Act. INR 300 52/ 191 Motor Vehicles Act, 32/192.66/192 Motor Vehicles Act
    Vehicles that are fitted with tint/ dark glasses or sun films. INR 100 100 CMVR 177 Motor Vehicles Act
    Driving without proper or valid number plate or illuminating the number plate at the back. INR 100 236 MMVR 177 Motor Vehicles Act
    Not displaying public carrier board. INR 100 116 MMVR 177 Motor Vehicles Act
    Use of private automobile for business purposes. Up to INR 5000 but no less than INR 2000 Not Applicable
    Any kind of misbehaviour with commuters, not wearing the uniform or not showing the badge. INR 100 MMVR 21 (18) 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Loading the goods vehicle with more than the permitted weight. INR 2000 plus INR 1000 for every other ton. MMVR 93 (u) (i) 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Transporting goods in a treacherous or hazardous way. Imprisonment and/ or penalty of INR 3000. 29 RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Breach of permit terms and conditions. Imprisonment and/ or penalty of up to INR 5000, not less than INR 2000. Not Applicable
    Usage of coloured/ Tinted light on the vehicle INR 100 97 (2)/ 177 DMVR

    Offences Related to Commercial Vehicles:

    Offences Penalty/Sentence Section
    Working in 'NO ENTRY' Time Up to INR 2000 115/194 Motor Vehicle Act
    Violating the timetable Court Challan 11/177, 2/177, 66/192 Motor Vehicle Act
    High and Long / Load in Vehicles INR 100 29 RRR/177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Carrying animals in goods vehicles in contravention of rules. INR 100 MMVR 83 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Transporting people hazardously or carrying people in goods carrier vehicles. INR 100 MMVR 108 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Carrying Goods in Passenger Vehicles Not Applicable Not Applicable
    Perilous projection of goods. INR 100 229 MMVR, 29 RRR & 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Carrying goods unsafe. INR 100 MMVR 202 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Carrying possessions more than 11 feet high. INR 100 MMVR 93 (u) (i) 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Going over the limit of weight and limitation on Use. Court Challan 113/194(1) Motor Vehicle Act
    Driver refusing to weigh his vehicle. Court Challan 114/194(2) Motor Vehicle Act
    Loading on Tail Board. INR 100 MMVR 202 & 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Misconduct by Taxi or TSR Driver. INR 100 11(3)/ 177 DMVR
    Over Charging by Taxi or TSR Driver. INR 100 11(8)/ 177 DMVR
    Charging without having a Meter. INR 100 11(8)/ 177 DMVR
    Refusal by Taxi or TSR Driver. INR 100 11(9)/ 177 DMVR
    Driving without Khaki Uniform. INR 100 7/ 177 DMVR
    Driver without wearing a Badge. INR 100 22 (1)/ 177 DMVR
    Conductor without the specified Uniform. INR 100 23 (1)/ 177 DMVR
    Conductor without Badge. INR 100 22 (1)/ 177 DMVR
    Stopping without a Bus stop. Court Challan 66/ 192 Motor Vehicle Act
    Power to detain Vehicle driven in infringement of section 3.4,39 or 66(1) MV Act. Court Challan 207 (1) Motor Vehicle Act

    Offences Related to Parking:

    Offences Penalty/Sentence Section
    Parking in the same direction of the flow of traffic. INR 100 22 (a) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Parking away from walkway towards road. INR 100 15 (2) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Parking against flow of traffic. INR 100 15 (2) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Parking causing Obstruction to other vehicles and people. INR 100 15 (2) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Parking on any Taxi Stand. INR 100 15 (2) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Parking in not any specified way. INR 100 15 (1) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Parking at any Corner/ Edge. INR 100 15 (i) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Parking within 15 meters on either side of a Bus Stop, causing inconvenience to those waiting for bus as well as bus drivers. INR 100 15 (2) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Parking on a Bridge. INR 100 15 (2) (i) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Parking at any Traffic Island. INR 100 15 (i) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Parking in ‘No Parking’ Zone. INR 100 15 (2) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Parking on any Pedestrian Crossing. INR 100 15 (2) (iii) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Parking the vehicle on Walkways. INR 100 15(2) (ii) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Parking in front of any gate. INR 100 15 (2) (viii) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
    Any kind of obstruction caused due to the way you have parked your vehicle. INR 100 15(1) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act

    Offences committed by the authorities:

    Offences Penalty/Sentence Section
    Offences by any law enforcement official Two times of the penalty which is relevant to the respective section Under Section 210 B of the Motor Vehicle Act

    Conclusion:

    What a handful, right? Well, these rules and regulations might look sizable. But to a good driver, following them will and should come naturally. Following the above is all the citizens need to do curb road accidents to zero. But unfortunately, that is not the case. Let us continue to spread awareness. Toast to a road accident-free nation.

    FAQs on Traffic Fines

    1. Who can collect the on-spot penalties for traffic violations?

      Any traffic police who is in the post of a branch manager and/or above the rank of assistant sub-inspector of traffic police are authorised to collect on-spot penalties for traffic violations.

    2. Are there any exemptions which are applicable to the use of mobile phones while driving?

      No, there are no exemptions which are applicable to the use of mobile phones while driving. There are no exemptions even if the driver of the vehicle is associated with emergency services (for example, doctors).

    3. What all documents of a vehicle should I carry when I am driving?

      While driving, you will be required to keep a few documents readily available – your driving licence, tax paid receipt, PUC certificate, registration certificate, and insurance certificate. In case of commercial vehicles, you might also be required to carry your vehicle’s fitness certificate and permit.

    4. Is it compulsory for the occupant of the front seat in a car to wear seat belts?

      Yes, it is compulsory for both the driver and the occupant of the front seat to wear seat belts when the car is moving. If found guilty, the traffic police can issue a challan against the violation.

    5. What are the probable reasons for a vehicle being towed away?

      There are a number of reasons which might lead to the towing a vehicle. The vehicle was left unattended or abandoned, it was parked in a no parking spot, it was parked in a way which caused inconvenience to other commuters, or it was parked on the wrong side of the road.

    6. Can I possess more than one driving licence in India?

      No, you are not allowed to possess more than one driving licence in India. In the Motor Vehicle (Amendment) Act 2019, it has been notified that individuals who are found to possess more than one driving licence in India will be penalised for the same.

    7. What happens if I do not appear before the court by the given date?

      If you do not appear before the court by the due date, a warrant will be issued against him or her which may lead to arrest of the individual along with stricter penalties.

    * Disclaimer

    News About Traffic Fines/ RTO Challan

    • Using earphones and receiving calls illegal in Bengaluru while driving

      Clear traffic rules have been drafted by the traffic police department in Bengaluru which clearly states that any person found using bluetooth device or eraphones while riding a two-wheeler vehicle or a four-wheeler vehicle will be fined.

      Many vehicle owners in the city are known to use earphones and bluetooth devices while driving which can cause danger to them as others as well.

      The Bengaluru Police has stated that anyone found violating this rule will be issued appropriate challans.

      The traffic police in Bengaluru have said that a fine of at least Rs.1,000 will be imposed if the vehicle owner is found using earphones, Bluetooth, or their mobile device while driving. Any person riding a two-vehicle can be fined for using earphones or bluetooth under their helmet regardless of whether they are attending a call or not will be fined. Listening to music while riding is also prohibited. The vehicle owner also cannot use their phone while stopping at a red signal or even stick it to their ears.

      If a co-passenger is talking to someone on phone, the driver cannot be part of the conversation. In case. The driver is playing music in their car, the volume should be kept on a level that it doesn’t disturb or affect anyone.

      In case the driver is using Google Maps, the phone must be installed on a phone holder.

      1 October 2021

    • Fines worth Rs.22.77 crore cleared by vehicles owners in Maharashtra

      After Maharashtra traffic police issued an ultimatum to traffic rules’ violators to clear their pending e-challans, as many as 4,84,739 vehicle owners have cleared their fines. The fines collected accounts to Rs.22.77 crore in the state. It needs to be mentioned here that despite the large number of collections made, the number of unpaid challans still stands at 2,100,983 with fines worth a whopping Rs.102.39 crore. Starting 13 September, over one million vehicle owners across the state were sent pre-litigation notices by the additional director general (ADG) of Maharashtra (Traffic) warning them to clear their pending fines levied through e-challans or remain present before the next Lok Adalat. Violators who were sent notices owed the government more than Rs.417.41 crore for traffic violations.

      28 September 2021

    • There will be no driving tests till 30 April in Pune

      Tests for learners’ and permanent licences will not be held in any of the Regional Transport (RTO) in Pune till 30 April. Ajit Shinde, the regional transport officer of Pune, said the appointments of those who had already applied and were waiting for the tests would be rescheduled. “The process of how the appointments would be rescheduled would be shared with them soon,” he said.

      16 April 2021

    • Driving license suspended for 3 months for helmetless riders in Bengaluru

      The Transport Department in Bengaluru continues its campaign to promote awareness of the importance of wearing helmets. It has suspended the driving licence of 360 riders who did not wear helmets. The suspension is for 3 months. The Motor Vehicles Act mandates a fine of Rs.1,000 for riding without a helmet and suspension of driving licence for 3 months. The drive in Bengaluru was conducted in 12 places in the city.

      27 October 2020

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