In India, a valid driving license, insurance coverage and a Pollution Under Control Certificate are legal mandatory requirements for a car. An insurance coverage is mandated by the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, for all cars plying on Indian roads. Similarly, the Central Motor Vehicle Rule, 1989 mandates the PUC Certification.
The smoke emitted from vehicles, if left unchecked, could pollute the environment to a great extent. PUC is a certification mark that is provided to vehicles that undergo the PUC Test successfully. The certification indicates that the vehicle’s emissions are in alignment with standard pollution norms and are not harmful to the environment. All vehicles on Indian roads are mandated to carry a valid PUC certification.
Validity and Cost
- When you purchase a new car, a PUC certificate is provided for it and the validity of this certificate is 1 year. Following that your car would need to undergo the PUC test at regular intervals and a new certificate will be issued each time.
- The validity of the new certificate is usually 6 months. In case an adverse reading is observed in the PUC test, the validity of the certificate will be decided on the basis of that reading.
- If cars exhibit higher levels of emission than the prescribed limits, the registration number of the vehicle will be informed to the RTO, Deputy RTO or Assistant RTO by the testing centre within one day.
- The cost of the PUC test is quite minimal. It varies from Rs. 60 to Rs. 100, based on the vehicle that is being tested and its fuel type.
PUC Test Procedure
In the case of diesel vehicles, the accelerator is fully pressed and the readings of pollution levels are observed. This is repeated five times and the average constitutes the final reading.
For petrol vehicles, the car is kept idling without pressing the accelerator. Only one reading is taken and this constitutes the final reading.
Test Criteria and Certificate
All vehicles that are tested for PUC should fall within the following limits.
|Vehicle Type||Percentage of CO||Hydrocarbon measured in ppm|
|2 and 3 wheeled vehicles (2 or 4 stroke) that are manufactured on or before 31st March 2000||4.5||9000|
|2 and 3 wheeled vehicles (2 stroke) that are manufactured after 31st March 2000||3.5||6000|
|2 and 3 wheeled vehicles (4 stroke) that are manufactured after 31st March 2000||3.5||4500|
|4 wheeled vehicles that are manufactured as per the Pre Bharat Stage II Norms||3||1500|
|4 wheeled vehicles that are manufactured as per the Pre Bharat Stage II, Stage III or subsequent Norms||0.5||750|
PUC testing can be done at any authorised petrol pumps or independent testing centres. The certificates are also issued at the location of the tests.
The PUC certificate contains the following information,
- The serial number of the issued certificate
- The vehicle’s license plate number
- The date on which the test was conducted
- The expiry date of the PUC certificate
- The readings and observations from the test
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PUC certificate is an important document that you should carry at all times when you are driving the tested vehicle. When requested by a traffic official, if you are unable to furnish this document, you will have to bear the penalties. You should also ensure that it is renewed as soon as it expires to avoid fines.
If a vehicle does not carry a valid PUC certificate, it is liable for prosecution as per Section 190(2) of the Motor Vehicles Act. The driver will be charged Rs. 1000 if it is a first-time offense, and Rs. 2000 for every subsequent offense.
In case you are carrying a valid PUC certificate, but your vehicle is visibly polluting the environment, the certificate of your vehicle will be cancelled and you will be required to procure a new certificate within 1 week. If you fail to do so, you will be prosecuted under Section 190(2) of the Motor Vehicles Act.
- Which vehicles require PUC Certification?
- Will I have to take a new PUC Certificate when I travel to a different state in India?
- Who has the authority to conduct a Pollution Under Control test?
- What are the requirements for undergoing a pollution check?
- When should a car be tested for pollution?
All motor vehicles plying on Indian roads are required to have a valid PUC Certificate.
No, the PUC Certificate is valid across the entire country.
The person conducting the PUC test should have a minimum qualification of a degree in motor mechanics or automobile engineering issued by a recognised body. The individual should also know the procedures involved in making minor repairs/adjustments on the vehicle that would bring down the pollution levels. These changes should also not bring about any negative impact on the engine performance.
You will have to take your car to the pollution testing centre and appear in person for the same. There is no other requirement for the pollution check.
You should conduct the PUC test when you buy a new vehicle. A PUC Certificate is always provided with the new car. This certificate will have a validity of 1 year. Following that you will have to get the vehicle certified again on a periodic basis.
GST Update: GST of 18% is applicable on car insurance effective from the 1st of July, 2017
Brand New Articles on Car Insurance
Car insurance is a protective mechanism that offers you a safety net to tide through unprecedented events, such as accidents, auto theft, natural disasters, etc. However, it is often heard that raising a claim under your car insurance can cause a premium hike at renewal. It is important to separate the fact from fiction and understand whether filing claims can actually increase renewal premium.
Overall, it is understood that you should refrain from raising claims under car insurance if the incurred loss is small. This will help preserve the No Claim Bonus, and insurers will not consider you to be in the high-risk category.
This page clarifies how the premiums can rise after a claim and what you should do to ensure that you get a good deal on your car insurance.
The Indian law mandates that all vehicles plying on the roads are protected by at least a minimum of third-party liability insurance. But it is highly recommended that you buy a comprehensive car insurance policy to get maximum protection for your car.
The physical damage cover offered by car insurance companies is of two types:
- Comprehensive cover
- Collision cover
This page elaborates on the protection offered by physical damage cover, and should be read by all car owners.
In India, all vehicles on the roads should be insured with a minimum insurance cover, referred to as the third-party liability cover. This is mandated by law. The third-party liability cover offers protection from legal liability to injuries/death of a third party in an accident. It also offers protection to the property of a third party in an accident. It does not protect the car owner or the insured car itself from accidents, thefts, natural calamities, etc.
The third-party liability cover is also referred to as a liability-only plan or act-only policy. This page elaborates on the third-party liability insurance cover and the general exclusions under it.
According to the Motor Vehicles Act, all car owners should equip their vehicles with a minimum of third-party liability insurance. This is the cheapest form of car insurance and also the simplest.
The comprehensive auto insurance policy has extensive coverage when compared to the liability-only plan. However, it is also more expensive. Apart from the extent of coverage, there are several other factors that influence the premium of your car insurance. This page takes a look at these factors in detail.
If your insured car meets with an accident, it is imperative that you raise a claim as quickly as possible. If your claim is delayed, the insurance company may refuse to honour the claim. So, be aware of the timelines within which you should report an accident or theft. This information will be provided in your car insurance policy document. Read through the document carefully so that you are aware of the nuances in the fine print.
This page explains the need to raise a car insurance claim quickly through a case study.
News about pollution under control certificate
Graded Response Action Plan to Combat Pollution in Delhi
The Graded Response Action Plan that is targeted at controlling air pollution in Delhi-NCR has come into force. The plan will operate in the following manner:
- The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) will monitor the quality of the air from various stations situated in Delhi-NCR region.
- Daily reports will be sent to the authority that has implemented the plan, the Environment Pollution Control Authority (EPCA). EPCA will then take a decision on the next steps.
- If the pollution level of any station shows a sudden spurt, a dedicated team will analyse the situation and take an action accordingly.
- The CPCB has authorised all state pollution control boards to form teams that will monitor pollution levels across Delhi-NCR and raise flags for violations. Currently, there are 40 teams for the same.
- The transport department is also checking buses that enter the state for valid pollution under control (PUC) papers. Similarly, other commercial vehicles will also be monitored.
- Additionally, the Delhi Pollution Control Committee will set up a control room where people can lodge complaints. These grievances will be forwarded to the CPCB that will take further action.
The neighbouring states have also shown interest in emulating the roadmap followed by Delhi-NCR.
26th October 2017
Insurers awaiting guidelines for linking motor insurance to PUC Certificate
General insurance providers are waiting for guidelines from either the IRDAI or the government for the implementation of the Supreme Court order to link PUC Certificate to motor insurance at renewal. The Supreme Court had issued the order last week in a bid to contain pollution.
As per the proposal, the motor insurance of a vehicle cannot be renewed unless the owner furnishes a Pollution Under Control (PUC) Certificate.
Sanjay Datta, chief of claims and underwriting at ICICI Lombard General Insurance, mentioned that the company is awaiting confirmation on the procedure of linking insurance to PUC Certificate. He also stated that the use of telematics will enable insurers to give cross subsidy to car insurance policyholders, and this was not offered earlier. Datta further mentioned that the company has seen 14% growth in total premium for the April-June quarter.
22nd August 2017