The Regional Transport Office or RTO is a government organisation which maintains a database of drivers and of vehicles for various Indian states and union territories. The RTO issues driving licences sells personalised registrations and maintains the collection of excise duty such as road tax. Insurance check and pollution test of vehicles are also conducted by the Regional Transport Office. There are thousands of RTOs office in India, and you should visit the nearest RTO in your area to get all vehicle and transportation-related work done.

RTO-related things that can be done online

The Internet has made things easy for us in many ways. Gone are the days when you had to visit the RTO, stand in a queue for long hours to submit a DL application. Now you can do most of the tasks online. Some of the most important RTO-related tasks you can do online are:

  • Apply for a DL and submit all the required/necessary documents
  • Book an appointment to visit the RTO
  • Apply for DL renewal
  • Download a copy of your DL etc.

RTO-things that can be done offline

Though you can perform many tasks online sitting at the luxury of your home, there are a few things that require your physical presence. You will have to visit the nearest RTO to get this done. Some of the tasks you will have to visit the RTO for are:

  • To register your new vehicle
  • To take your Driving License test on the track
  • To write your Learner’s License test
  • For accident disputes

RTO Fine

The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways is the apex body that outlines the traffic rules and regulations that are needed to be followed in our country. When a person breaks any one of these rules, it is a punishable offence. The offender will be required to pay hefty fines/penalties or will be imprisoned or both, depending on the type of offence. Some of the common offences and the fine levied against them are mentioned below:

Type of offence City Fine amount (In Rs.)
Driving above the speed limit Bangalore 300
Driving vehicle without a license Kolkata 500
To drive a vehicle without a license Delhi 500
Not carrying mandatory documents Mumbai 100 for the first time and 300 for a subsequent offence
Driving at excessive speed Chennai 300

*Please note that the penalty differs from state to state. Your State Transport Department will declare the updated offence and penalty list from time to time. Please visit your State Transport Department’s official website for accurate details.

Other RTO-related tasks

Most of us visit the RTO only for a driving licence. Although, that is the most common reason people visit the RTO for there are many other tasks that can be carried out in an RTO. Some of the other RTO-related activities are:

  • Booking Duplicate RC: You can apply for a duplicate registration certificate at an RTO in case you have lost your RC book.
  • Vehicle Ownership Transfer: If you have sold your vehicle to someone and you want to transfer the vehicle to his/her name, you can do it at your nearest RTO.

Other RTO-related tasks also include address and name change in RC book, international license (in case you want to travel abroad and need an international license), and vehicle NOC (for people who want to transfer their vehicles from one state to another).

Popular applications people submit in RTO

There are numerous reasons people visit an RTO for. Every task requires a duly-filled application. Some of the common applications RTO officers receive

  • Application for driving licence
  • Renewal of DL
  • Application for learner's license
  • Vehicle registration form
  • Tax challans/receipts
  • International driving permit

These are just a few of the many applications forms available at the RTO.


  1. Where should I go for registration of a vehicle?

    You vehicle needs to be registered at the registering authority under whose jurisdiction your address falls.

  2. Within how many days do I need to register a vehicle?

    Once you have bought a vehicle, make sure to apply for its registration within the next 7 days.

  3. Which documents can be submitted as proof of residence for registration of a vehicle?

    You need to provide a copy of proof of address while registering your vehicle such as passport, landline phone bill, IT return, employer certificate, etc.

  4. For how many years a personal vehicle is registered?

    A personal vehicle is registered for a period of 15 years. After that, you have to renew the certificate of registration for a period of 5 years at a time.

  5. For how many years the certificate of fitness of a transport vehicle stays valid?

    The certificate of fitness is valid for two years and has to be renewed every year thereafter.

  6. What are the eligibility criteria to obtain a Driving License?

    The eligibility criteria to obtain a Driving Licence are-

    • 16 years - For motorcycles with less than 50cc engine capacity.
    • 20 years - For passenger vehicles and all goods vehicles.
    • 18 years - All the remaining vehicles, i.e. vehicles other than motorcycles with an engine capacity not exceeding 50cc and transport vehicles.
  7. What is the minimum educational qualification required to hold a Driving Licence?

    The minimum educational qualification to hold a driving license to drive a transport vehicle is 8th standard. Moreover, the person is required to read and write at least one regional language along with English.

  8. What is the validity period for licenses?

    The validity period is as follows:

    • For learner’s licence – 6 months from the date of issue.
    • For transport vehicle – 3 years from the date of issue.
    • For any other vehicle – 20 years from the date of issue or until the age of 50 years (whichever is earlier). After the applicant turns 50, the license validity reduces to 5 years.


News About RTO

  • Delhi RTO goes Online

    The Delhi government launched the "faceless transport services" program on 11 August 2021 allowing the state to close four of its busiest transport offices in Sarai Kale Khan, IP Depot, Vasant Vihar, and Janakpuri. The programme pushes 95% of all travel-related paperwork online. On Wednesday, Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal and state transport minister Kailash Gahlot introduced the service from the IP Depot RTO, following which they sealed the office's entrance as a symbolic gesture to signal the center's closure.

    13 August 2021

  • Driving test need not be taken at the RTO to get a driving license

    A rule has been amended by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways of the Government of India making it possible for individuals to get a driving license without visiting the Regional Transport Office (RTO). The new rule came into effect on 1 July 2021. The new rule has been notified to accredited driver training centres. The training centres will have simulators and a dedicated driving test. Driving courses will be provided to applicants as well. Once all the lessons have been provided, the individual must clear a test.

    12 July 2021

  • Maharashtra govt. allows applicants to get learners’ license online

    Maharashtra government on Tuesday allowed people to obtain a learners’ license by sitting for a test from home using an Aadhaar-based authentication mechanism. The move has been aimed that easing the process of applying and taking a test for learners’ driving license. In case, an applicant does not prefer the Aadhaar authentication facility, they can follow the existing process to get the learner’s license. For the new online method, the government advises applicants to watch some videos on road safety before taking the test. Answering 60 percent of the questions correctly is necesssary to pass the test. Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray is expected to inaugurate the facility in the next two to three days.

    15 June 2021

  • MoRTH extends the validity of CNG leakage documents and RTO related documents

    With the ongoing lockdown in some states across the country, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highway (MoRTH) has extended the validity of the CNG leakage certificates. Thus, if the eligible documents are expiring any time between 1 February 2020 and June 30 2021, they will be valid till 30 June 2021. The same deadline extension will be applicable to certain RTO related documents as well such as driver’s licence, learner’s licence, fitness permits, and registration certificates.

    27 May 2021

  • You do not have to visit the RTO as services are now online

    If your renewal date is due or you require a duplicate licence, you do not have to visit your Regional Transport Office (RTO) office. Services like change of address in your driving licence, or RC, temporary registration of vehicles, will be accessible online.

    The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) had notified that Aadhar-based authentication for 18 RTO-related services which will be authenticated via Aadhar online.

    9 March 2021

  • Nashik RTO conducts special holiday camps for learner’s license applicants

    The Regional Transport Office (RTO) in Nashik is organising special holiday camps for applicants of learner’s licenses. This is being conducted on weekly holidays. The first camp was held on 7 November while the next camp will be held on 22 November. The camp is being organised in order to facilitate smoother and quicker processing of tests and issuance of learner’s licenses which was impacted by the Covid-19 pandemic. Online application for the learner’s license has been enabled along with uploading the documents online and scheduling of appointments for the test which can be taken within a month of application for it.

    11 November 2020

  • RTO staff in Karnataka launches inspection drive; deploys 40 police inspectors

    The Regional Transport Office has launched an intensive inspection drive all across Karnataka and has deployed 40 inspectors in Bengaluru. In August and September, the number of cases has increased by 3,471 and 3,439 compared to 2,141 and 1,819.

    According to Transport Commissioner, Shivakumar N., the government has given them directions to take strict action against motorists who are breaking safety rules. Many squads of the RTO staff have been fining motorists for a range of offences such as drunk driving, driving without helmet, driving without licence, etc. Most of the violations have been from passenger buses and various heavy vehicles carrying goods who have been driving without renewing their licences and paying the taxes.

    14 October 2020

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