A fixed deposit is a financial product offered by banks to help you earn higher rate of interest on your savings than a regular savings account. It is a kind of savings account that pay you a fixed rate of interest on your savings for investing them for a stipulated duration decided by bank. As the name suggest, these are deposits for fixed tenures. You cannot withdraw them prior to maturity. But with advanced notification to bank and paying a penalty fee, you can withdraw your fixed deposits. You can invest in fixed deposits for varying tenures at different interest rates, and earn added benefits on your savings.Loan against domestic FD:
Many banks in India offer loan against fixed deposit accounts. This helps you fulfill your financial requirements by providing funds up 90% of the value of your fixed deposit. Loan against fixed deposit is granted as demand loans or overdraft against deposits. Many top ranking private and public sector banks in India such as SBI, Axis Bank, ICICI Bank and HDFC Bank etc. offer loan against FDs.Loan against NRI FDs:
Likewise, banks like SBI, Axis bank, HDFC Bank and ICICI Bank etc. also provide loan against fixed deposits to non-resident individuals (NRIs). NRIs can invest in NRI fixed deposits through their NRE, NRO and FCNR account and get demand loan or overdraft against their fixed deposit accounts. For example, HDFC Bank offers loan against fixed deposits up to 90% of the value of your NRE fixed deposits. Axis bank offers up to 85% of the value of your NRE fixed deposits opened with it. Loans against NRI fixed deposits can be taken in Indian rupees as well as foreign currency.Benefits of taking a loan against FD:
First, you need to fill a loan application form by putting all the required information. Along with the loan application form, you need to attach your fixed deposit receipt received from the bank. Upon receiving these documents, the bank will grant a loan against your fixed deposit.How to repay your loan against FD?
Bank may offer you a flexible repayment plan. You may be allowed to repay your loan in instalments or lump sum. Also, banks may allow preferred customers to borrow up to a particular limit and repay when cash is available.Points to consider:
Mentioned below is a number of points you need to know before applying for a loan against your fixed deposit account:
If a borrower fails to repay the loan taken against his/her fixed deposit account, bank has the right to close the fixed deposit account to recover its debt. Banks don’t allow the term of loan granted against fixed deposits exceed the remaining tenure of a fixed deposit.