What is MSME Loan?
Government of India enacted the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006 which defines Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises as follows:
Enterprises that manufacture or produce or process or preserve goods
- Micro enterprise: Where an enterprise investment in plant and machinery does not exceed Rs.25 lakhs.
- Small enterprise: Where the investment in plant and machinery is more than Rs.25 lakh, but does not exceed Rs.5 crore.
- Medium enterprise: Where the investment in plant and machinery is more than Rs.5 crore but does not exceed Rs.10 crore.
Enterprises that provide service and whose investment in equipment, land or building is not directly related to the service that it renders
- Micro enterprise: Where an enterprise investment in equipment does not exceed Rs.10 lakhs.
- Small enterprise: Where the investment in equipment is more than Rs.10 lakh, but does not exceed Rs.2 crore.
- Medium enterprise: Where the investment in equipment is more than Rs.2 crore but does not exceed Rs.5 crore.
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MSME (Micro Small and Medium Enterprises) Loan Scheme
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Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises was set up by Ministry of MSME, Government of India and SIDBI. The main aim was to facilitate flow of credit to MSME sector without the need for collateral or any third party guarantee. The objective of the scheme is to give importance to the project viability and secure the credit facility on the asset that is being financed.
The Guarantee Trust will make good the loss if the borrower fails to discharge his liability. Up to 85% of the outstanding amount that is defaulted and the loss incurred by the lender will be covered by the Guarantee Trust. Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises will cover for credit facilities up to Rs.1,00,00,000 that the lender has funded without any collateral or third party guarantee. To avail the guarantee cover, Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises charges an annual service fee. This fee is borne by the borrower.
The fee that is payable to the Trust is one-time guarantee fee of 1.5% and annual service fee is 0.75% on credit facilities sanctioned. For loans up to Rs.5 lakh, the one-time guarantee fee is 1% and annual service fee is 0.5%. For loans in the North-east Area, the one-time guarantee fee is set at 0.75%.
MSME Loan Eligibility criteria
The MSME Loan is offered to the priority sector. The priority sector impacts a large section of the population, the weaker sections and sectors that are employment intensive such as agriculture, education, housing, export credit, micro and small enterprises and others as expressed by the government.
MSME Loan Limit and Interest rate
Certain targets are set for banks’ lending to the Micro and Small Enterprises. The banks’ have to achieve a 20% growth in credit to micro and small enterprises and 10% annual growth in the number of micro enterprises accounts and 60% of total lending to Micro and Small Enterprises sector. The banks have to follow the following:
- 40% of the total advances must go to micro and small enterprises involved in manufacturing having investment in plant and machinery up to Rs.10 lakh and for service enterprises having investment in equipment up to Rs.4 lakh.
- 20% of the total advance to micro and small enterprises should go to manufacturing enterprises that have above Rs.10 lakh till Rs.25 lakh investment in the plant and machinery and for service enterprises that have investments in equipment above Rs.4 lakh up to Rs.10 lakh.
- To simplify, 60% of the advances must go to micro enterprises.
The banks must sanction the loan after careful appraisal of genuine working capital requirement of the borrower and considering the business cycle and short term credit requirement.
Small Scale Industry units’ working capital requirement is minimum 20% of their estimated turnover up to Rs.5 crore.
The rate of interest have been deregulated by the Reserve Bank of India and it is governed by the bank’s lending policy.
Banks are instructed not to accept collateral in the case the loan amount is up to Rs.10 lakh. If the track record of the borrower is good, the limit may be increased loans up to Rs.25 lakh.
Other services offered to MSE Entrepreneurs
Apart from offering loans to MSE Entrepreneurs, the banks will also provide the following:
- Rural Self-Employment Training Institutes:
Here short duration skill upgradation programmes are conducted to help the existing entrepreneurs to keep up with the changing global market.
- Financial literacy and consultancy support:
Through Financial Literacy Centres, banks provide assistance to MSE entrepreneurs with financial, operational skills that includes accounting, finance, business planning etc.
Restructuring of Sick Units
A Micro or Small Enterprise is said to be sick if the any of the borrowal account of the enterprise remains NPA for 3 months or more or if there is erosion in the net worth due to accumulated losses to the extent of 50% of its net worth.
The symptoms of sickness are as follows:
- Lack of healthy movement of stocks and rising level on inventory.
- Inability of the party to promptly honour the cheques.
- Delayed submission of stock statements.
- Unhealthy fluctuations in CC account.
- Default in paying the interest charged on the borrower’s account.
- Frequent request to grant excess limit without corresponding increase in sale.
- Capacity utilization is low.
- Current ratio is poor.
If the units are deemed sick, then they must be restructured with proactive approach to avoid further deterioration. Service enterprises are rehabilitated through debt restructuring mechanism. Service enterprises that need concessions are restructures and relief measures are offered.
MSME Loan Branches
Public sectors banks have been directed to open at least one specialized MSME branch in each district. The banks can categorise the general branch that has 60% or more advances to MSME sector as a specialized MSME branch.
The branch must be easily accessible by the entrepreneurs and it must equip personnel having requisite expertise. Those branches must focus on rendering service to the MSME sector and it can occasionally render other services to other sectors and borrowers.
There are 2032 specialised MSME branches as on March, 2013. List of Banks that have MSME care centres:
- Allahabad Bank
- Bank of Baroda
- Oriental Bank of Commerce
- Andhra Bank
- State Bank of Bikaner and Jaipur
- State Bank of Hyderabad
- Bank of India
- Bank of Maharashtra
- State Bank of Travancore
- Canara Bank
- Dena Bank
- Indian Bank
- Indian Overseas Bank
- Punjab and Sind Bank
- Punjab National Bank
- Syndicate Bank
- UCO Bank
- Union Bank of India
- United Bank of India
- Vijaya Bank
- State Bank of Mysore
- Corporation Bank
- IDBI Bank
- State Bank of Patiala
- State Bank of India
- Central Bank of India
- State Bank of Indore
MSME Loan Application
The MSME Loan application requires you to fill in the following details:
- Application date.
- Name of the enterprise.
- Registered office address.
- Address of the factory or shop.
- If the enterprise belongs to SC/ ST/ OBC/ Minority community
- Telephone number.
- E-mail address.
- Mobile number.
- PAN Card number.
- Constitution (proprietorship, partnership firm, private limited company, limited company, cooperative society).
- Date of establishment
- State where the business is located.
- Branch where the business is located.
- Name of proprietors or partners or directors along with their age, academic qualification, address, telephone number and experience.
- Existing activity.
- Name of associate concerns and nature of association.
- Mention the existing credit facilities, if any.
- List out the proposed credit facilities.
- If it is a Term Loan requirement, then the details of the machinery must be given. It should contain the details of type of machine, purpose of the machine, whether it is imported, name of supplier, cost of the machine, contribution made by the promoter and the loan required.
- Project cost detail that includes the land development, construction of building, purchase of plant and machinery, purchase of vehicles, purchase of other assets, contingencies, interest during holiday period and working capital margin.
- Project means of finance, that must include owner’s contribution, unsecured loan, subsidy and term loan.
- Details of the collateral offered if any and detail of third party guarantee, if any.
- Statutory obligations status must be mentioned. Statutory obligations are registration under Shops and Establishment Act, registration under SSI (Provisional and final), Drug license, latest Sales Tax Return filed, latest Income Tax Return files and any other statutory dues remaining outstanding.
A GST rate of 18% will be applicable on banking services and products from 01 July, 2017.
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