MUDRA Loan is offered under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY). MUDRA stands for Micro-Units Development and Refinance Agency. Under this scheme, borrowers can avail business loans ranging from Rs.50,000 to Rs.10 lakh on the basis of the Sishu, Kishor, and Tarun categories.
Types of MUDRA Loan
There are three schemes, namely Tarun, Kishor, and Shishu.
|Name of Scheme||Loan Amount|
|Shishu||Up to Rs.50,000|
|Kishor||Rs.50,000 to Rs.5 lakh|
|Tarun||Rs.5 lakh to Rs.10 lakh|
These schemes are designed to help in meeting the requirements of different business activities and sectors as well as the requirements of entrepreneur/business segments.
How to apply for MUDRA loan?
- Ensure that the necessary documents are kept ready. The main documents you will require are your ID proof, address proof, and business proof.
- Approach a lender who is enrolled under the MUDRA scheme and fill up the application form.
- Submit the necessary documents.
Achievements under the PMMY Loan scheme
Purpose of Pradhan Mantri Mudra Loan Yojana
MUDRA loans can be taken for a variety of reasons that help in creating employment and generating income. Here are the main purposes for which MUDRA loans are taken:
- Business loan for shopkeepers, traders, vendors and other activities in the service sector
- Equipment finance for small enterprise units
- Working capital loan via MUDRA cards
- Transport vehicle loans
- People involved in Agri-allied non-farm income generating activities such as poultry farming, bee-keeping, pisciculture, etc. can apply for a Mudra Loan.
- People who use tractors, tillers as well as two wheelers for commercial activities can apply for a Mudra Loan.
Activities covered under Mudra Loan
Given below is the list of activities that are covered under Mudra Loan are:
- Food products sector
- Transport vehicles used for transport of both goods and passengers
- Communities, social, and personal service activities
- Business loans for shopkeepers and traders
- Textile products sector and activities
- Agriculture related activities
- Equipment finance scheme for Micro Units
MUDRA loan eligibility
Indian citizens who have their own business plans for service sector activities, or trading or manufacturing activities and require amounts of up to Rs.10 lakh can apply for MUDRA loans. MUDRA loans can be availed from public sector banks, private sector banks, regional rural banks (RRBs), small finance banks (SFBs), and micro finance institutions (MFIs).
As per the eligibility criteria for MUDRA Loan, an applicant should be:
- At least 18 years old
- An individual
- An MSME
- A trader
- A manufacturer
- A business owner
- A startup businessman
- A small-scale industrialist
- A shopkeeper
- An individual with agricultural engagements
What is the interest rate for MUDRA loan?
The interest rate for MUDRA Loan depends on the profile of the applicant. There are several banks in the public sector as well as the private sector offering MUDRA loans. All the lenders have certain set guidelines are the final rate of interest at which the loan is provided to an applicant is decided by the lender itself. This is done after scrutinising the business requirements of the applicant as well.
Documents Required to apply for MUDRA Loan
The documents required for MUDRA Loan can be listed as follows:
|Particulars||Type of Document|
|Application Form||Duly filled up application form on the basis of the loan category|
|Proof of Identity||Aadhaar card, Voter’s ID card, driving license, passport, etc.|
|Proof of Address||Utility bills (electricity bill, telephone bill, and so on), Aadhaar card, Voter’s ID card, passport, etc.|
|Photographs||2 passport-sized photographs of the applicant|
|Caste Certificate||If applicable|
|Other documents||Quotation of the commodity or items which are to be bought and used for the business|
Benefits of Taking MUDRA Loan
Here are the key features and benefits of MUDRA loan:
- Banking and financial services can be availed in both rural and urban areas.
- Financial backing can be obtained by micro-small businesses and start-ups.
- Business loans can be taken for small amounts at affordable interest rates.
- The borrower’s credit guarantee is taken by the government, so if a borrower is unable to repay the amount borrowed, the responsibility for the loss will be borne by the government.
- Food vendors, shopkeepers and other small business owners can make the most of this scheme.
- Financial aid is available through this scheme in areas where people have no access to basic banking facilities.
- The repayment period of the scheme can extend up to seven years.
- Women borrowers can avail the loan at discounted interest rates.
- Refinance schemes can also be availed with designated lenders.
- Individuals who wish to generate income through micro enterprise activities can avail the Micro Credit Scheme.
- The MUDRA loan scheme is in collaboration with the “Make In India” campaign which the government has initiated to foster innovation, facilitate investment, improve skill development, and build the best manufacturing infrastructure in the country.
- There is no need for collateral or security to avail this scheme.
- The funds borrowed through this scheme can only be used for business purposes.
Latest benefits offered under MUDRA Shishu Category as per Atmanirbhar Abhiyan
The Indian Government under the Atmanirbhar Abhiyan recently announced certain benefits the MUDRA Shishu category will be eligible to receive. The benefits are:
- A relief of up to Rs.1,500 crore will be provided to borrowers under the MUDRA Shishu category.
- Interest subsidy worth Rs.1,500 crore will be provided to MUDRA Shishu borrowers.
- Fast recipients will get a discount of 2% on their interest rate for a period of one year by the Government of India.
What is a MUDRA Card?
When you apply for a MUDRA Loan, you are issued a MUDRA Card which is a debit card. After you successfully apply for the loan, you will be required to open an account along with which the card is issued. You can use the MUDRA Card to withdraw the loan amount which will be disbursed to your MUDRA account after you successfully apply for the loan.
FAQ on MUDRA Loan
1. What kind of clients does MUDRA target?
MUDRA loans are targeted at the Non-Corporate Small Business Segment which consists of millions of partnership firms and proprietorships that operate as service sector units, small industries, small manufacturing units, vegetable or fruit vendors, repair shops, etc. In urban as well as rural regions.
2. Are there any subsidies under the Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana?
No. There are no subsidies under the Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana.
3. Can I avail a MUDRA loan if I have recently graduated from college?
Yes. College graduates who wish to start their own businesses can apply for MUDRA loans. Based on the kind of business you wish to start and the requirements of the project, MUDRA can help you get your business up and running.
4. I am a woman entrepreneur and wish to start my own boutique. Can MUDRA help?
Yes. Women entrepreneurs can make the most of a special refinance scheme offered to women entrepreneurs. The Mahila Uddyami Scheme as it is called, offers an interest rebate of 0.25% when you avail a MUDRA loan from an NBFC or a micro finance institution.
5. Do I need to have a PAN card if I want to avail a MUDRA loan?
PAN cards are not mandatory for those who wish to avail MUDRA loans, but you will have to meet the other KYC requirements set forth by the financing institution.