Odisha Day, also known as Utkala Divas, is celebrated every year on the 1st of April. The day is remembered for the formation of the state of Odisha as a separate province.
Utkal Divas 2021
|Odisha Day (Utkal divas)||Thursday, 1 April 2021||Odisha|
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About Utkal Divas
Odisha got its own identity as a separate state in the year 1936, after disassociating itself from Bihar and Bengal. It is believed that the struggle to regain Odisha’s lost identity was initiated by Utkala Sammilani. After branching out as a separate state, Odisha comprised only six districts. Today, the state boasts of 30 districts.
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The History Behind Odisha Day
History beckons that the present-day Odisha used to form a major portion of the ancient Kalinga. The region witnessed the epic “Kalinga War” led by King Ashoka who invaded and conquered the region in 260 BC. Later, the state was invaded and taken over by the Mughals till the British took over the administrative powers of the region and divided it into small units in 1803.
The western and northern districts became a part of the state of Bengal while the coastal region formed the basis of Bihar and Odisha (then known as Orissa). After decades of struggle under the leadership of Odisha’s eminent leaders, the new province came into existence on the 1st of April 1936. The state saw another facelift, now in terms of its name being changed from Orissa to Odisha.
How Do People Celebrate Odisha Day?
Fireworks competitions are common as different varieties of firecrackers light up the night sky. Different cultural programmes are held across the state. Indigenous songs celebrating the spirit of Odisha are sung in events organised by the Government of Odisha.
You can also be a part of the celebrations if you are in Odisha next year in the month of April.
History Of The Formation Of Odisha
- Orissa was once a part of the kingdom of Kalinga.
- King Ashoka conquered Orissa in 250 BC.
- After that, temples were constructed in various parts such as Puri, Konark and Bhubaneswar under the dynasties of Hindu.
- In the year 1576, coastal Orissa became the part of the Mughal Empire.
- Soon after the Carnatic wars, Orissa’s southern coast was amalgamated with the Presidency of Madras by the East India Company.
- In the year 1912, Orissa and Bihar were formed.
- On 1 April 1936, Odisha was formed.
More About Odisha
The earlier capital city of Odisha was Cuttack whereas the current capital city is Bhubaneswar. In terms of tribal population, Odisha is the 3rd state in the country. Various rulers ruled the state. More than 31% of the state has been covered with forests. On 9 November 2010, the Parliament of India renamed Orissa as Odisha. Oriya language was also retitled as Odia.
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