Odisha Day, also known as Utkala Divas, is celebrated every year on the 1st of April. The day is remembered for the formation of the state of Odisha as a separate province.
Utkal divas 2020
|Odisha Day (Utkal divas)||Wednesday, 1 April 2020||Odisha|
Odisha Day 2019
|Odisha Day||Monday, 1 April 2019||Odisha|
About Utkal Divas
Odisha got its own identity as a separate state in the year 1936, after disassociating itself from Bihar and Bengal. It is believed that the struggle to regain Odisha’s lost identity was initiated by Utkala Sammilani. After branching out as a separate state, Odisha comprised only six districts. Today, the state boasts of 30 districts.
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The history behind Odisha Day
History beckons that the present-day Odisha used to form a major portion of the ancient Kalinga. The region witnessed the epic “Kalinga War” led by King Ashoka who invaded and conquered the region in 260 BC. Later, the state was invaded and taken over by the Mughals till the British took over the administrative powers of the region and divided it into small units in 1803.
The western and northern districts became a part of the state of Bengal while the coastal region formed the basis of Bihar and Odisha (then known as Orissa). After decades of struggle under the leadership of Odisha’s eminent leaders, the new province came into existence on the 1st of April 1936. The state saw another facelift, now in terms of its name being changed from Orissa to Odisha.
How Do People Celebrate Odisha Day?
Fireworks competitions are common as different varieties of firecrackers light up the night sky. Different cultural programmes are held across the state. Indigenous songs celebrating the spirit of Odisha are sung in events organised by the Government of Odisha.
You can also be a part of the celebrations if you are in Odisha next year in the month of April.
History of the formation of Odisha
- Orissa was once a part of the kingdom of Kalinga.
- King Ashoka conquered Orissa in 250 BC.
- After that, temples were constructed in various parts such as Puri, Konark and Bhubaneswar under the dynasties of Hindu.
- In the year 1576, coastal Orissa became the part of the Mughal Empire.
- Soon after the Carnatic wars, Orissa’s southern coast was amalgamated with the Presidency of Madras by the East India Company.
- In the year 1912, Orissa and Bihar were formed.
- On 1 April 1936, Odisha was formed.
More about Odisha
The earlier capital city of Odisha was Cuttack whereas the current capital city is Bhubaneswar. In terms of tribal population, Odisha is the 3rd state in the country. Various rulers ruled the state. More than 31% of the state has been covered with forests. On 9 November 2010, the Parliament of India renamed Orissa as Odisha. Oriya language was also retitled as Odia.
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Utkala Dibasa or Utkal Divas or Odisha Day falls every year on 1 April. The day celebrates the formation of the Orissa region under the British rule in India. Odisha Day is a restricted holiday in Odisha. Earlier, Odisha used to be called Orissa.
On 1 April every year, the Indian state of Odisha celebrates Odisha Day in the remembrance of creation of the state as a distinct sphere on the opening day of April 1936. The administrative identity was fully lost in 1568 after the death and conquest of Mukunda Dev, the last king. As a result, the new state was formed based on the language on 1 April 1936. The prime revolt of the distinct state extended for 30 years from the first day of Utkal Sammilani, which led to the creation of a distinct Province of Odisha.
Formerly, the state used to be called Orissa. Like mentioned earlier, Odisha Day is celebrated every year on 1 April. In 2018, the day falls on Sunday. In 2019, the day falls on Monday. In the year 1576, the attackers of Mughal Empire captured Orissa and the neighboring areas. This concluded the supremacy of the last Odisha’s Hindu emperor. The area was later controlled by the British in the year 1803. In the year 1912, the domain of Odisha and Bihar was detached from West Bengal. Ultimately, on 1 April 1936, Odisha turned out to be a distinct sphere.
Odisha Day is celebrated across the state of Odisha. Jhankis and commercial outlets make Odisha Day even more attractive. Competitions are organised by local politicians. Firework competitions are commonly seen and are beautiful to watch. The families of Odia also organise various types of cultural events. Artists will perform Odisha dances. Local leaders deliver speeches.
History Of Odisha Day
Orissa was the Kalinga kingdom’s centre earlier even though it was provisionally attacked by Maurya and King Ashoka retained it approximately for 100 years. Several Hindu families ascended and constructed temples at the three cities – Konarak, Puri and Bhubaneswar since the Kingdom of Kalinga decayed. In the year 1958, the attackers of Afgan transmitted the state to the province of Mughal. The state of Orissa separated among the kings of West Bengal and Maharashtra. In the year 1803, Orissa was attacked by the British.
How Odisha Day is celebrated
Odisha Day is also called as Utkal Divas and is celebrated every year on 1 April throughout the state of Odisha. On the day, competitions shall be organised by renowned local politicians. The most commonly organised competition is fireworks and the competition is being enjoyed by many people across the state.