Garia Puja is a religious festival which is celebrated with great fervour in the state of Tripura. The festival is celebrated on the seventh day of the month of Vaisakha to worship Lord Garia, who is known as the lord of the household. As part of the festival, a bamboo pole which symbolises the deity of livestock and wealth is worshipped with flowers and garlands. In 2021, Garia Puja will be celebrated on 21st April.
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The festival of Garia Puja lasts for a period of seven days. The puja begins on the last day of the Chaitra month and ends on the seventh day of the Vaisakha month. The last day of the puja is declared as a regional holiday. Garia Puja is the biggest festival celebrated in Tripura.
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Rituals of Garia Puja
As part of the rituals of the festival, fowls are sacrificed to please the deity. Apart from chick fowls, the ingredients required in the puja include earthen pots, cotton thread, rice, riccha, rice beer, eggs, and wine. The sacrifice of fowls and eggs are carried out during the festival as they are considered symbols of fertility. People pray for well-being of loved ones and better yields from their plantations in the coming year. Following the sacrifice, the priest forecasts the coming year. It needs to be mentioned here that the first harvest of the year is also considered as a sacrifice. During the festival, no one is allowed to cross the shadow of the symbolic god, and children sing and dance to the tune of drums to appease Lord Garia.
Other Attractions of Garia Puja
In addition of the rituals of the puja, Goria dance is an attraction for the people during the festival. The dance is performed by young boys and girls. The group of dancers carry a long-decorated bamboo pole which symbolically depicts Lord Garia and place it in the middle of the courtyard. They chant religious hymns and songs and perform the dance around it. It needs to be mentioned here that the dance form had a total of 108 mudras. Some of these have been forgotten over time and due to cultural factors.
A carnival is also held on the occasion of the festival where the culture of the state can be experienced.
Garia Puja dates for the next five years
For the next five years, Garia Puja will be celebrated on the dates mentioned in the table below:
|21 April 2022||Thursday|
|21 April 2023||Friday|
|21 April 2024||Sunday|
|21 April 2025||Monday|
|21 April 2026||Tuesday|
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