Tamil New Year 2019

Tamil New Year commences on 14 April and completes on 13 April of the Gregorian calendar year. The festival adheres to the vernal equinox and symbolises the beginning day of the conventional Tamil calendar. In Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka, Tamil New Year will be a public holiday every year.

This year Tamil New Year is on Sunday, 14th April 2019

Tamil New Year 2019-2025

Year Date Day Holiday State
2019 14 April Sunday Tamil New Year Tamil Nadu
2020 14 April Tuesday Tamil New Year Tamil Nadu
2021 14 April Wednesday Tamil New Year Tamil Nadu
2022 14 April Thursday Tamil New Year Tamil Nadu
2023 14 April Friday Tamil New Year Tamil Nadu
2024 14 April Sunday Tamil New Year Tamil Nadu
2025 14 April Monday Tamil New Year Tamil Nadu

Brief Explanation Of Tamil New Year

Tamil New Year is alternatively called Puthandu, which is the opening day of Chitterari, a Tamil month. Chitterai, the starting month of the Tamil solar calendar year, represents the commencement of a fresh calendar year. The entire state of Tamil Nadu celebrates the day with enormous eagerness. It is not only in Tamil Nadu, the festival is also celebrated by the Tamilians spread across the country through different names. Tamil New Year is celebrated as Vishu in Kerala, as Poila Boishak in West Bengal, as Bihu in Assam and as Vaisakhi in the Punjab.

How Is Tamil New Year Celebrated?

  • The celebrations of Puthandu, Tamil New Year, begin a day in advance. The Tamilians organise three fruits on a salver, which include mango, jackfruit and banana. They will also keep money or nonmonetary forms such as silver, jewelry, gold etc. This is the first thing to be sighted on the Tamil New Year’s morning. In Tamil, this practice is called Kanni. The people believe that the ritual of Kanni fetches joy and affluence in the next year.
  • The Tamilians decorate their dwellings. It has been a sign of the amputation of obscurity. They prefer wearing new dresses and exchange the festival wishes among themselves. Kids will get gifts or money from their parents and family members. Puthandu is a very precious day for the people in Tamil Nadu, who would like to perform Brahman Bhoj. They also visit temples in their regions to seek blessings for the upcoming year. The Panchangam will be read by head priests at temples.
  • A few families in Tamil Nadu also perform rituals such as tharpanam in the commemoration of their dynasties on the festival day. A car festival is organised in Tiruvidaimarudur, a place nearby Kumbakonam. Other places in Tamil Nadu, including Tiruchirappali and Kanchipuram, also conduct a car festival on account of the festival. The festival celebrations are special in Madurai. Chatterai Porutkaatchi, a large-scale exhibition, is organised at Meenakshi Amman Temple. The similar celebrations may be observed during Tamil New Year 2019.

Importance Of Puthandu Or Tamil New Year

Like mentioned in the earlier section, Puthandu represents the commencement of Chatterai, which is the very first day of the New Year. It is considered to be a precocious day for the people in the state. A few Tamilian communities believe that Lord Indra, the Price of Harmony, came to the earth on this day to verify peace and serenity. It is also believed that Lord Brahma began the establishment of his world. Tamil New Year is observed as the best day to initiate new things not only in Tamil Nadu but also in southern Indian states.


Puthandu is observed almost on the same day every year even in Sri Lanka. There have been many references to this renowned festival. Nakkirar, an author, stated that the sun moves from Mesha or Chitterai vai 11 signals of the zodiac. Kudulur Kizhaar considered the Mesh Rashi as the beginning of a fresh year.


The people eat a vegetarian food on the festival day. The food consists of Mango Pachadi, which is a blend of chillies, jiggery, neem leaves, flowers, salt and tamarind; payasam, puruppu vadai, appalam, Aviyal, fried appalam, coconut milk, curd, veppam poo rasam etc.

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