Buddha Purnima also known as Buddha Jayanti or Vesak is a Buddhist festival. The festival marks the birth, enlightenment and death of Gautama Buddha and is celebrated by the Buddhist community across the country as well as in countries like Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia etc. The festival holds special importance and is celebrated with a lot of enthusiasm.
The date varies year to year in the Gregorian calendar and is typically celebrated on the full moon day of Vesakh. The date of the festival typically falls in the month of April or May. This is because the exact date is based on the Asian lunisolar calendars. If it is a leap year, the festival falls in the month of June.
When Is Buddha Purnima/Vesak 2020 Celebrated
|Thursday, 7 May 2020||Buddha Purnima||Haryana, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu Kashmir, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Maharashtra, Andaman and Nicobar|
Buddha Purnima Holiday In 2019
|Saturday, 18 May 2019||Buddha Purnima||Haryana, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu Kashmir, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Maharashtra, Andaman and Nicobar|
About Gautama Buddha
Gautam Buddha is born as Siddhartha Gautama to King Suddhodana. He was brought up in great luxury. Since it was predicted at his birth that the prince would go on become a great monarch, he was kept isolated from the outside world so that he wouldn’t get influenced towards a religious life. However, at the age of 29, the prince decided to see more of the world and began excursions off the palace grounds in his chariot. On his trips, he saw an old man, a sick man, and a corpse. Since, Siddhartha Gautama had been protected from the miseries of aging, sickness, and death his charioteer had to explain what they were. Towards the end of the trip, he saw a monk and was impressed with the man’s peaceful demeanor. Hence, he decided to go into the world to discover how the man could be so serene despite such sufferings all around him.
He left the palace and became a wandering ascetic. He studied medication under Alara Kalama and Udraka Ramaputra and soon mastered their systems. He reached high states of mystical realization but as he was unsatisfied, he went out in search of nirvana, the highest level of enlightenment. He seated himself under a banyan tree and seeked to attain enlightenment. Once, he attained enlightenment, he went about preaching about it and founded Buddhism.
Celebration of Buddha Purnima
On the day of the festival, Buddha idols are worshipped as well as prayer meets are held. Devotees visit Buddhist shrines, recite Buddhist scriptures and take part in religious discussions and group meditations.
On the occasion of the festival, the Mahabodhi temple in Bodhgaya is beautified with hued decorations and special prayers are held under the Bodhi tree, where Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment. The national museum in Delhi lets people see the holy remains of Lord Buddha on the occasion. A sweet dish called ‘Kheer’ which is made using rice and milk is prepared on the day of the festival.
History Of Buddha Purnima
Since many centuries, Vesak is a traditional celebration in the Mahayana Buddhist. In 563 BCE, Gautam Buddha was born in Lumbini as per the Theravada Tripitaka scriptures. Today, Lumbini is a part of Nepal. In 1950, Vesak was earlier pondered as Buddha Purnima. It was decided in the first conference of the World Fellowship of Buddhists. In 1999, the celebrations of Vesak was recognised as Buddha Purnima. Vesak is an important day for Buddhists. The day celebrates the birth, death and enlightenment of Buddha. In the Buddhist community, it is one of the widely celebrated festivals.
Since Buddha Purnima is a gazetted holiday in India, post offices, government offices and even banking institutions will remain closed. Shops owned by Buddhists may remain closed on the festival day. They also can have reduced working hours. The transportation system will not be disturbed.
List of Trading Holidays 2019
During Vesak, dharma wheel symbol is commonly seen. Dharma wheel is also called dharmachakra. It has eight ribs. The great teachings of Gautam Buddha are represented through this wheel. The precious eightfold path of the Buddhist community is symbolised through eight struts.
Buddha Purnima Holiday Dates 2021-2025
|26 May 2021||Wednesday||Buddha Purnima|
|16 May 2022||Monday||Buddha Purnima|
|5 May 2023||Friday||Buddha Purnima|
|23 May 2024||Thursday||Buddha Purnima|
|12 May 2025||Monday||Buddha Purnima|
List of Monthly Holidays
Buddha Purnima or Buddha Jayanti or Vesak is a famous festival celebrated by the Buddhist community. The festival marks the birthday of Gautama Buddha. It is usually celebrated in the month of May and falls on the full moon day. In India, Buddha Purnima is a gazetted holiday in various states, including Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Maharashtra, Jammu and Kashmir, Arunachal Pradesh, Andaman and Nicobar. The festival is also internationally celebrated in countries such as Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Indonesia etc.
Celebrations Of Buddha Purnima
The Buddhist community makes a visit to temples on the festival day in order to listen to monks give speeches. They spend the entire day in temples. A few temples exhibit a small statue of Buddha. They will place the statue in a basin occupied with water. The people who visit temples decant water over the statue. This signifies the beginning of something. A majority of Buddhists will listen to the teachings of Buddha on the festival day. Only vegetarian food is preferred on the festival day. A few Buddhists donate money and food to charities. The same celebrations may be expected during Buddha Purnima 2019.
About Gautam Buddha
Gautam Buddha was a divine leader. The community of Buddhism was established based on his teachings. He spent his childhood luxuriously. His mother passed away when he was a child. A few scholars had predicted that he will become either a famous ruler or a spiritual leader. It was expected by his father that one day he will become a renowned king. He was interested in spirituals. Hence, he became a spiritual leader.