Buddha Purnima or Buddha Jayanti or Vesak is a famous festival celebrated by the Buddhist community. The festival marks the birthday of Gautama Buddha. It is usually celebrated in the month of May and falls on the full moon day. In India, Buddha Purnima is a gazetted holiday in various states, including Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Maharashtra, Jammu and Kashmir, Arunachal Pradesh, Andaman and Nicobar. The festival is also internationally celebrated in countries such as Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Indonesia etc.
Buddha Purnima Holiday In 2019
|2019||18 May||Saturday||Buddha Purnima||Haryana, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu Kashmir, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Maharashtra, Andaman and Nicobar|
List of Monthly Holidays 2019
Buddha Purnima Holiday Dates 2020-2025
|2020||May 7||Thursday||Buddha Purnima|
|2021||May 26||Wednesday||Buddha Purnima|
|2022||May 16||Monday||Buddha Purnima|
|2023||May 5||Friday||Buddha Purnima|
|2024||May 23||Thursday||Buddha Purnima|
|2025||May 12||Monday||Buddha Purnima|
Celebrations Of Buddha Purnima
The Buddhist community makes a visit to temples on the festival day in order to listen to monks give speeches. They spend the entire day in temples. A few temples exhibit a small statue of Buddha. They will place the statue in a basin occupied with water. The people who visit temples decant water over the statue. This signifies the beginning of something. A majority of Buddhists will listen to the teachings of Buddha on the festival day. Only vegetarian food is preferred on the festival day. A few Buddhists donate money and food to charities. The same celebrations may be expected during Buddha Purnima 2019.
History Of Buddha Purnima
Since many centuries, Vesak is a traditional celebration in the Mahayana Buddhist. In 563 BCE, Gautam Buddha was born in Lumbini as per the Theravada Tripitaka scriptures. Today, Lumbini is a part of Nepal. In 1950, Vesak was earlier pondered as Buddha Purnima. It was decided in the first conference of the World Fellowship of Buddhists. In 1999, the celebrations of Vesak was recognised as Buddha Purnima. Vesak is an important day for Buddhists. The day celebrates the birth, death and enlightenment of Buddha. In the Buddhist community, it is one of the widely celebrated festivals.
Since Buddha Purnima is a gazetted holiday in India, post offices, government offices and even banking institutions will remain closed. Shops owned by Buddhists may remain closed on the festival day. They also can have reduced working hours. The transportation system will not be disturbed.
During Vesak, dharma wheel symbol is commonly seen. Dharma wheel is also called dharmachakra. It has eight ribs. The great teachings of Gautam Buddha are represented through this wheel. The precious eightfold path of the Buddhist community is symbolised through eight struts.
About Gautam Buddha
Gautam Buddha was a divine leader. The community of Buddhism was established based on his teachings. He spent his childhood luxuriously. His mother passed away when he was a child. A few scholars had predicted that he will become either a famous ruler or a spiritual leader. It was expected by his father that one day he will become a renowned king. He was interested in spirituals. Hence, he became a spiritual leader.