Kazi Nazrul Islam is a Bengali writer, poet, musician, and social revolutionary. In 2021, his birthday is celebrated in Tripura on 26 May. It is a regional public holiday in the state every year.
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Nazrul Islam was born on 24 May 1899 in West Bengal into a Bengali Muslim family. His father was the imam of the local mosque. Nazrul Islam worked as the muezzin in the mosque during his youth, calling the faithful to prayer by reciting the ''adhan''.
He later worked with a theatrical group. He also served in the British Indian Army during the first world war. After his stint in the military, he worked as a journalist in Kolkata, where the seeds of his social reform movement took place.
Nazrul Islam was a prolific writer and music composer. The collection of more than 4000 songs which he wrote and composed is called the Nazrul Geeti and is widely popular even today among the Bengali-speaking population. He also wrote essays, novels, and short stories. These touched upon a diverse range of topics from love and romance to spirituality and freedom. His literary works bestowed upon him the moniker of the ''Rebel Poet'' or ''Bidrohi Kobi'' in Bengali.
His work inspired the independence movement in Bangladesh where he is feted as the national poet.
His birth anniversary is also celebrated in the neighboring country of Bangladesh. Nazrul Islam's work was a source of inspiration for the revolutionaries of the Bangladesh independence movement. He is honored as the National Poet of the country. He was feted and brought with state honors to Dhaka after the country gained independence.
Nazrul and his family moved to Bangladesh on the government's special invitation in 1972. He died there of a neurodegenerative disease on 29 August 1976.