May Day or International Workers’ Day is celebrated all over the world, including India on the 1st of May. Like in most countries, on May Day, public and Government offices, schools, and colleges remain closed. It commemorates the notorious Haymarket affair in 1886 in the US, though in India, the day came into prominence only in 1923.
May Day/Labour Day 2020
|1 May 2020||Friday||Most Indian states|
May Day/Labour Day 2019
|May Day/International Workers’ Day||2019||1 May||Wednesday||Karnataka, Goa, Kerala, West Bengal, Tripura, Tamil Nadu, Assam, Kerala, Jharkhand, Goa and Bihar|
Significance of May Day in India
May Day celebrates the contribution and sacrifice of workers to and for the society. The day’s importance dates back to the times when workers in the United States started protesting against draconian labour laws, workers’ rights violations, poor working conditions, and dreadful work hours. May Day is synonymous to workers’ struggles and the subsequent empowerment in the late 19th century.
It was on this day when a police contingent opened fire and killed at least two of the striking workers demanding 8-hour work day instead of gruelling 16-hour work day. Following the infamous murder of peaceful protestors, more workers joined the protests and it was only in 1916 that the US began to recognise the eight-hour work timings.
However, in India, people started observing the day from 1 May 1923 after the Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan initiated and Comrade Singaravelar helmed the celebrations. A resolution stating the government should allow everybody a national holiday on Labour Day. Since then May Day is observed annually.
Speeches given by workers’ union leaders and cultural events are common on this day. Schools, colleges, and offices are usually closed on this day.
History of May Day Or International Workers’ Day
In Chicago, the USA, a union of workers had announced a general strike in 1886 for an 8-hour workday. The strike had turned violent. To control the crowd, the policemen started shelling. Bombs were thrown into the public. Many workers were killed and a few were injured. An overseas movement started with marches and uprisings happening annually on International Workers’ Day after a few years.
For the first time, May Day was celebrated in India in the year 1923 in Chennai, the capital city of Tamil Nadu. Currently, parades will be organised by trade associations across the country. Contests will be organised for students to make them understand the relevance of equality for the working community. On the day, speeches will be given by politicians. May Day celebrates the rights of labourers. The International Labour Organisation conducts various events and programs to mark the day.
May Day – A Global Day
May Day is celebrated internationally. The Bank Holiday is not confirmed on 1 May. Instead, it is celebrated on the first Monday of May every year. The official commendation of the Soviet Union was given to May Day in the 20th century. In England, the celebrations consist of Morris dancing and dancing around a Maypole. In Germany, in 1933, Labour Day was declared as an official holiday. It is a holiday in India and is celebrated in many states. India celebrates Labour Day by different names. In Hindi, it is called Kamgar Din. In Marathi, it is called Kamgar Din, and Uzhaipalar Dhinam in Tamil.
May Day or Labour Day or International Workers’ Day is a countrywide holiday in a majority of European nations including Sweden, France, Poland, Finland, Norway, Spain, Germany, Italy, etc. Panama, Cuba, Mexico, Guyana, Peru, Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina and Chile also celebrate the day. In Canada, the United States of America (USA) and Australia, May Day is celebrated at various times of the year.
May Day or Labour Day is celebrated in order to pay respect to the working class, which was once asked to work for more than 8 hours a day and was paid less. The day is exclusively dedicated to workers who should know their rights. Under no circumstances should workers be asked to work for more than 8 hours a day. Working hours may be extended, but the extra remuneration should be paid in addition to regular wages. May Day is basically a festival for workers across the globe and it respects them. It is also a traditional northern hemisphere spring festival.
List of Monthly Holidays
May Day 2021-2028 (First Monday of May)
|3 May 2021||Monday||May Day/International Workers’ Day/Labour Day|
|2 May 2022||Monday||May Day/International Workers’ Day/Labour Day|
|1 May 2023||Monday||May Day/International Workers’ Day/Labour Day|
|6 May 2024||Monday||May Day/International Workers’ Day/Labour Day|
|5 May 2025||Monday||May Day/International Workers’ Day/Labour Day|
|4 May 2026||Monday||May Day/International Workers’ Day/Labour Day|
|3 May 2027||Monday||May Day/International Workers’ Day/Labour Day|
|1 May 2028||Monday||May Day/International Workers’ Day/Labour Day|
List of Trading Holidays 2019
May Day is also referred to as Labour Day or International Workers’ Day. The day was promoted by the international labour movements. It is a celebration of the working class. Every year, May Day falls on 1 May. A pan-national organisation of socialist and communist political parties had selected the date to celebrate May Day in the year 1886. In a few countries, International Workers’ Day is a public holiday. The working class celebrates the day by taking part in dancing and singing competitions.
May Day 2019
May Day falls on Wednesday, 1 May 2019. The day is celebrated by Goa, Bihar, Kerala, Tripura, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Assam, Karnataka and Jharkhand.