Bhai Dooj, a Hindu festival is celebrated on the second lunar day of Shukla Paksha in the Vikram Samvat Hindu calendar. Also known as ‘Bhai Phonta’, ‘Bhai Tika’, ‘Bhau Beej’, and ‘Yamadvitiya’, the festival is celebrated in the country during Diwali with a lot of enthusiasm and spirit. In 2021, the festival is scheduled to be celebrated on 6th November.
When is Bhai Phonta Celebrated in 2021 (कब है भाई दूज )
|6 November 2021||Saturday||Bhai Dooj|
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The celebration of ‘Bhai Phonta’ is similar to the festival of Raksha Bandhan. The brothers are invited for a lavish meals by the sisters. The festival signifies a brother’s vow to protect his sister from any harm whereas the sister prays for the welfare for her brother.
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Rituals and traditions of the festival
The festival of Bhai Dooj is celebrated across the country in a traditional way. On the occasion, sisters make a seat for their brothers using rice flour. Once the brother sits on the seat, a paste of vermillion, dahi and rice is applied on the forehead of the brothers as a religious tika. Thereafter, the sister place a flower of Kaddu, betel leaves, betel nuts and coins in the palms of the brother and pour water on it while chanting mantras. Once this is done, a Kalawa is tied on the wrist of the brother and the aarti is performed. The next ritual is to exchange gifts among each and take the blessings of the elders.
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Celebration of Bhai Dooj for the next 3 years
Celebration of Bhai Dooj in different states
Given the fact that the festival is celebrated throughout the country, there are slight variations in the celebration of Bhai Dooj. Listed below are the celebration of the festival in some states of the country. Read on to know more:
- In Maharashtra – In the state, the festival is known as ‘Bhav Bij’. As part of the sibling celebration, brothers are made to sit on the floor where sisters draw a square and consume a bitter fruit known as Karith. Thereafter, sisters apply tilak on the forehead of their brothers and perform the aarti and offer prayers for the welfare of the siling.
- In West Bengal – In West Bengal, the festival is known as ‘Bhai Phonta’. The festival includes a number of rituals. On the day, sisters observe a fast until the ceremony is completed. Sisters apply a tilak of the forehead of her brothers that is made of sandalwood, kajal and ghee before offering prayers for the well-being. A grand feast is organised on the occasion.
- In Bihar – The celebration of Bhai Dooj in Bihar is quite different than in other parts of the country. Here, sisters hurl curses and abuses for their brothers on the occasion before pricking their tongues as a punishment and asking for forgiveness. In return, brothers bless them and offer them gifts.
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