Chhath Puja is celebrated to worship the Sun god. lt is celebrated for a period of 3 days.
When is Chhath Puja in 2019
|Saturday Sunday||2 November 3 November||Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal, Madhesh region of Nepal.|
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Features Of Chhath Puja:
Chhath Puja is a four-day festival that is dedicated to the Sun God. The festival is celebrated in the country six days after Diwali, the festival of lights. Devotees follow different rituals on each of the four days, which are known as Nahay Khay, Lohanda and Kharna, Chhath, and Usha Arghya.
The rituals followed by devotees on the day are explained below:
Nahay Khay: On the first day, devotees take a dip in water bodies and observed a fast throughout the day. They have just one meal on that day. The meal is prepared using rice, pulses, and green gourd in earthen or bronze utensils. The vegetable green gourd has special importance on the first day of the festival.
Lohanda and Kharna: On the second day of the festival, devotees observe a fast without food and water. It is known as ‘Nirjala vrat’. The fast is broken after sunset. Kheer and roti is offered to the sun god as well as to the family members. Family members are also offered rice and bananas.
Chhath: The third day of the festival is considered as the main day of Chhath puja. The day is known as Chhath. On the day, devotees sing songs, take a dip in water bodies, and offer prayers to Sun God and Chhati Maiyya, the wife of Sun God. They observe a fast on the day as well which continues throughout the night.
Usha Arghya: On the fourth day of the festival which is known as Usha Arghya, prayers and sweets are offered. Devotees offer arghya and surya namaskar to the rising sun. The fast is broken after the rituals are carried out.
Chhath Puja Dates from 2020 – 2025:
Listed below are the dates and day when Chhath puja will be celebrated in the country from 2020 to 2029:
|Friday||20 November 2020||Chhath Puja|
|Wednesday||10 November 2021||Chhath Puja|
|Sunday||30 October 2022||Chhath Puja|
|Sunday||19 November 2023||Chhath Puja|
|Thursday||7 November 2024||Chhath Puja|
|Monday||27 October 2025||Chhath Puja|
Note: The dates may vary. Verify with the government gazette.
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Chhath Puja In Different States
- Chhath puja in Bihar: Chhath puja is the main festival of the residents of Bihar. Bakargao in Nalanda and Ular Sun temple in Patna are especially famous for their Chhath celebrations.
- Chhath puja in Uttar Pradesh: Chhath puja is mainly celebrated in the eastern part of Uttar Pradesh. A public holiday is observed on the eve of the festival in the state.
- Chhath puja in Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh: Chhath puja is also celebrated in central India in the states of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.
Chhath puja is one of the most important festivals celebrated in the country and one of the most arduous, too. The fasting for four days is a ritual that is to be followed without fail by the women of the family celebrating the puja.
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