The Vikram Samvat is a calendar system that is used by the Hindu and Sikh community in several parts of the Indian subcontinent. It is based on the solar sidereal years and lunar months. While it is the official calendar of Nepal, in India it is used as the regional calendar in several states, most notably in the west, north, and central India.
Vikram Samvat New Year Date 2021
|Vikram Samvat New Year||5 November 2021, Friday||several states|
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Vikram Samvat New Year 2021
In the year 2021, the first day in the Vikram Samvat calendar falls on 5 November, Friday. This day is also a regional public holiday in the state of Gujarat, where it is usually observed on the day after the festival of Diwali. In the Hindu calendar, this day falls on the first day in the month of Kartik, which is the eighth month in the calendar, having a new moon.
However, the common new year’s day is the start of the month called Chaitra, which is the month of April in the Gregorian calendar.
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Origin of the Vikram Samvat Calendar System
The Vikram Samvat calendar system originates in the era called ‘'Vikrama’' which can be traced back to an inscription that dates back to the year 842 CE. There is also an inscription dating back to the year 971 which is associated with King Vikramaditya. Many historians dispute this and believe that it was King Chandragupta II who conferred upon himself the title of Vikramaditya and also changed the name of that era to ‘'Vikrama Samvat’'.
While being similar to the Gregorian calendar, there are also major differences with that system. The Vikram Samvat calendar does not adjust the mismatch between the 12 lunar cycles by adding days to the lunar month, like the Gregorian calendar does. Instead, the Vikram Samvat calendar adds an extra month to the calendar every three years or one time every 19 years, thus not making any changes in the lunar month. Hence, it is a lunisolar calendar. This extra month was called ‘'adhik maas’' and can also be seen in the Jewish and Chinese calendar system. Early Buddhist followers also used the Vikram Samvat calendar system.
Divisions of the year in Vikram Samvat System
In the Vikram Samvat system, solar sidereal years and lunar months are used. There are 12 months in this lunar year with two fortnights in each month having 30 lunar days, which are called ‘'tithis’'.
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