Bhagat Singh Martyrdom Day 2020

Every year, on the 23rd of March, Bhagat Singh’s Martyrdom Day 2020 is observed. Bhagat Singh was one of the revolutionaries who gave his life for the freedom of India. He and two of his associates, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru were executed on the order of the British Government on March 1931. He was 23 years old. As a tribute to the martyrs, the Government of India declared March 23rd as Martyrdom’s Days.

When is Bhagat Singh’s Martyrdom Day in 2020 Celebrated

Festival Name Date States
Bhagat Singh’s Martyrdom Day Monday, 23 March 2020 Many States

History of Bhagat Singh’s Martyrdom Day

Bhagat Singh and his associate Shivaram Rajguru shot a 21-year-old police office officer, John Saunders, in December 1928. However, their main intention was to assassinate James Scott. They believed that Scott was the main figure behind Lala Lajpat Rai’s death. Lajpat Rai was one of the prominent freedom fighters who died after succumbing to the injuries he underwent after a British battalion allegedly led by Scott lathi-charged the protesters.

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After evading the British police for the next few months, Bhagat Singh along with another freedom fighter and revolutionary, Batukeshwar Dutt, appeared at the Legislative Assembly and caused explosions by detonating two bombs. However, the main reason to cause the explosions was to garner the British Government’s attention and not to harm anyone. They raised pro-freedom slogans in the assembly, showered leaflets bearing their manifesto, and later surrendered themselves.

While in jail, Bhagat Singh joined educationist and freedom fighter Jatin Das’s hunger strike movement, demanding better prison conditions for Indian prisoners. Jatin Das died from starvation while in the jail in September 1929. Bhagat Singh was later convicted and hanged in March 1931.

Singh’s popularity has grown over the past few decades. He was a learned man, an atheist, and a proponent of class struggle. To pay homage to Singh’s contribution in India’s freedom struggle, May 23rd is observed as Martyrdom Day. Other than Singh, people also pay respect to Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru, Bhagat Singh’s two other associates who were hanged to death on the same day.

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