Lakshmi Puja is celebrated in India with great fervour and is one of the most important holidays. Goddess Lakshmi is known as the goddess of wealth and Lakshmi Puja is performed to bring fortune and prosperity to the house and the family in future. Goddess Lakshmi is the wife of Lord Vishnu. Lakshmi Puja is performed on the eve of ‘amavasya tithi’ which falls on the third day of Diwali.
The date of Lakshmi Puja for the next 3 years and the states in which it is celebrated is mentioned in the table below:
|2019||27 October 2019||Sunday||Lakshmi Puja|
|2020||31 October 2020||Saturday||Lakshmi Puja|
|2021||20 October 2021||Wednesday||Lakshmi Puja|
Lakshmi Puja - Festive Activities
A puja is held in honour of Goddess Lakshmi to bring wealth and prosperity to the family in the future. All the members of the family dress up in newly-bought traditional clothes. As per hindu mythology since it is believed that Goddess Lakshmi will visit the cleanest house first, the houses are cleaned vigorously on this auspicious day. The puja requires the five deities to be worshipped which are:
- Before any auspicious activity, Lord Ganesha is worshipped as Vighneshwara.
- The three different incarnations of Goddess Lakshmi.
- The goddess of wealth, Mahalakshmi.
- The goddess of learning, Saraswati.
- The treasurer of all gods, Lord Kubera is also worshipped.
The women of the household are seen as an embodiment of Goddess Lakshmi herself. Small lamps known as ‘diyas’ are lit and placed at different places in and around the house to attract the goddess of wealth and prosperity, Goddess Lakshmi. After all the rituals of the puja are performed, people go outside their houses and burst firecrackers. As per mythology, this signifies a way of chasing away malicious spirits. After the firecrackers, people go back into their houses to enjoy the special feast that has been prepared and enjoy it with their neighbouring families. People also visit their friends’ and relatives’ houses and give gifts and sweets to each other.
A unique thing that happens on the eve of this auspicious day is the initiation of new things. Whether it be making a new investment, closing an old account or buying something new, people consider starting something new and bringing an end to something on this day as fortuitous.
Things Require To Perform Lakshmi Puja
While performing the Lakshmi puja, the following ingredients are required:
- New idols of Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi for worship.
- Account books or ‘Bahi-Khata’ as its known traditionally.
- A yellow cloth, a red silk cloth to cover the idol of Goddess Lakshmi and an inkpot with a pen.
- A red cloth to be kept where Lord Ganesha’s idol is to be placed.
- The idols of Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi have to be kept on a wooden stool.
- Five big earthen lamps or ‘diyas’ are to be kept for worship.
- 25 small earthen lamps or ‘diyas’.
- An earthen ‘kalash’.
- Three garlands made of freshly plucked flowers.
- Leaves plucked from tulsi and bilva plants.
- Sweets, fruits like banana and apple and parched rice.
- Three pans made from betel leaves.
- A stick that can be used as a pan. It should be made of pomegranate or bilva plant.
- Durva grass.
- Twigs of the following trees are also required: Peepal, Banyan, Bakul, Palash and Mango.
- Ten herbs are required for performing the rituals of Lakshmi puja. They are Musta, Champak, Sunhi, Daru Haradi, Haradi, Shaileya, Kustha, Bach, Jatamasi and Mura.
- Mud that has to be taken from the following different places: Horse stable, Elephant stable, cow shelter, ant heap, royal palace, lowland and a river confluence.
The Lakshmi puja is an integral part of the festival of Diwali and is celebrated in millions of households across the country with great joy and excitement.