Guru Purnima will be celebrated on 5 July 2021. It is a day to honor the teachers, or ‘'gurus’' in our life. In the Hindu calendar, it falls on the full moon day in the month of ‘'Ashada’'.
Guru Purnima 2021 Date
|Guru Purnima||Sunday, 5 July 2021||Many States|
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The mythology behind Guru Purnima can be traced back to the birth of the sage Ved Vyasa, who is said to be the author of the Mahabharata and the Puranas. He is said to have divided and edited the Vedas into the four parts that are known today. Guru Purnima day is thought to be auspicious for seeking the blessings of Ved Vyasa, who is considered to be the ‘'Maha Guru’'. His blessings are believed to dispel the darkness of ignorance and usher in the light of knowledge.
According to Buddhist lore, this is the day that Gautama Buddha delivered his first sermon to his first five disciples after which his ‘'sangha’ or group of disciples was formed.
According to Jain history, this day is celebrated to venerate Lord Mahavira who became the Guru to Gautam Swami, his first disciple, on this very day.
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From ancient times in India, farmers honored the Divine on this day as a thanksgiving for providing a good rainfall which would be beneficial for the next harvest.
Guru Purnima Rituals
Guru Purnima is celebrated in different ways among people of different faiths.
Guru Purnima in Hinduism:Hindus celebrate Guru Purnima also as ‘'Vyasa Puja’'. Mantras are chanted to venerate the Maha Guru and seek his blessings. Devotional songs and hymns are chanted throughout the day. The Guru Gita, a holy text, is also recited in memory of the Maha Guru. Flowers and gifts are offered and ‘'prasad’' is distributed, sometimes called as ‘'charanamritha’'.
In some ashrams, a puja of sandals is conducted, believing it to be that of Sage Ved Vyasa. Others visit their own spiritual gurus and rededicate their lives and spiritual paths to them.
Fellow disciples are also given respect on this day, as the ‘'Guru Bhai’ which honors each person’s spiritual journey and sees them and oneself as One with the Guru and the Divine.
Some also start their spiritual journey or studies on this day by giving an offering called ‘deeksha’ to their gurus.
Students of Indian classical music celebrate this day by offering respect to their music teachers, reinforcing the sacred bond between teacher and student, known as the ‘guru-shishya parampara’.
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Guru Purnima in Buddhism:Buddhists cdelebrate Guru Purnima by conducting a ritual called as ‘Uposatha’. They honor the eight teachings of the Buddha on this day. Many Buddhist monks use this day to start on their journey of meditation. They also start other ascetic practices on this day.
Secular Traditions: In schools, colleges, and other educational institutions around the country, present and past students visit their teachers and greet them with tokens and words of gratitude and respect. Poems are recited and the teachers give their blessings to the students. Competitions are also conducted for these recitations.
In short, Guru Purnima has been celebrated as Teachers’ Day from ancient times in India.