Guru Ghasidas Jayanti is an important day that commemorates the birthday of the renowned Guru Ghasidas who was born in the year 1756. It is a regional holiday in the state of Chhattisgarh. He is renowned for his philosophy of social equality.
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Guru Ghasidas Jayanti 2021
Every year, Guru Ghasidas Jayanti falls on 18 December. In the year 2021, this will be a Saturday.
Guru Ghasidas is the teacher or guru of the Satnami sect or Satnampath, which is similar to Sikhism. He spent a great deal of his life in the forests of Chhattisgarh. Ghasidas was born in the district of Girodpuri. After having experienced the evils of the caste system since childhood, he had made up his mind to establish a new way of living that was based on equality. He travelled extensively through the length and breadth of the Chhattisgarh area to understand the social structure and caste system prevalent at the time and to find solutions that would put an end to it. After his death, his teachings were propogated by his son, Guru Balakdas. He was married to Safura Mata. He had two other children, Guru Amardas and Sahodra Mata. His parents were Mata Amarotin and Mahngu Das.
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The Satnami community or sect that was established by him is based on Truth and Equality (sat meaning truth). The symbol that he created for this sect is a log of wood painted white with a white flag hoisted on top of it. This symbol is called the ‘'jaitkhamb’'. The log stands for the pillar of truth and a person who always follows the truth. The white flag symbolises peace.
Proponents or followers of the Satnami sect are only allowed to wear white clothing. They are also supposed to abstain from eating any foods based on animals. They are also prohibited from ingesting any form of alcohol. Idol worship is also strictly barred in this sect.
The government has made a number of tributes to Guru Ghasidas for his contributions to establishing a society based on equality and for striving to eradicate the caste system. A stamp had been issued in his honor in the year 1987. A portion of the Sanjay-Dubri Tiger Reserve was named after Guru Ghasidas. That portion is now called the Guru Ghasidas National Park. A Central University was also named after him, the Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya.
Guru Ghasidas Jayanti Celebrations
Guru Ghasidas Jayanti is not only a regional holiday in Chhattisgarh, it is also celebrated with great fervour and enthusiasm. Cultural programmes are conducted and speeches extolling the life and philosophy of the guru are made all over the state in his honor.
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