According to the Hindu calendar, Gudi Padwa is celebrated on the first day of Chaitra month, marking the start of the Marathi New Year. The word ‘Padwa’ is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Pratipada’, which refers to the first day of a lunar fortnight and ‘Gudi’ refers to a flag.
A flag decorated with a bright cloth along with neem leaves and garlands is unfurled at every household and hence the name Gudi Padwa. Similarly, other states such as Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Karnataka observe this day as Ugadi.
Gudi Padwa is considered auspicious as it’s believed that on this day Lord Brahma created the universe. Also, referred to as Gudi Padva is mainly celebrated by Maharashtrians. According to the Gregorian or English calendar, Gudi Padwa falls during late March or early April.
When is the Gudi Padwa in 2019?
History of Gudi Padwa
As per the Hindu mythology, on this day Lord Brahma created the universe and is believed that on this day Lord Rama killed Bali. Gudi Padwa is one of the most auspicious days in the Hindu calendar. It’s considered that Maharashtra’s most celebrated warrior figure Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was the first to begin celebrations after a victory.
Gudi Padwa Date
Interesting Facts About Gudi Padwa
- Rangoli is a significant aspect of Gudi Padwa and the streets are full of such Rangolis as people celebrate Gudi Padwa with much a lot of enthusiasm.
- People of western Maharashtra dress in traditional attire and perform dances during the procession celebrating Gudi Padwa or the onset of the new year.
- Women folks flood the streets dressed in vibrant and colourful attire to commemorate the region’s rich culture and history.
- The festival also marks the victory of good over evil as Lord Rama returned to Ayodhya after defeating Ravan.
- Gudi Padwa is celebrated with preparation and sharing sweets such as shrikhand, puri and puran poli. Konkanis prepare dishes such as Kanangachi kheer – an Indian sweet dessert made of sweet potato, coconut milk, rice and jaggery.
Rituals of Gudi Padwa
- Colourful rangolis are drawn at the entrance of the house and the flag or Gudi is hoisted at the front of the house.
- On the flag, yellow silk adornments along with flowers and mango tree leaves are decorated.
- The day is marked with auspicious Swastika with turmeric and vermillion and candles are lit.
- Serve water to the needy.
The Significance of Gudi Padwa
- It’s believed that by hoisting the Gudi at home, can keep evil spirits away and bring luck and prosperity to your life.
- Gudi Padwa signifies the victory of good over evil as it commemorates Lord Rama’s victory over Ravana.
- The day is also the start of the spring season and considered as the harvest festival.
- The festival is also known by different names in different other states such as Samvatsar Padvo, Ugadi, Yugadi, Cheti Chand or Navreh. In the northeastern state of Manipur, it’s known as Sajibu Nongma Panba Cheiraoba.
- Many consider this day as auspicious to buy gold or a new vehicle.