The International Literacy Day (ILD) is celebrated every year on 8 September to draw attention to improvements in world literacy rates. This is also the time for governments across the world, civil society and stakeholders to reflect upon the world’s literacy challenges that lie before them. In 2021, the International Literacy Day will be celebrated on 8 September, like every year and it will fall on a Wednesday. The International Literacy Day was first held in 1966.
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When will International Literacy Day be Celebrated in 2021?
|8 September 2021||Wednesday||Across the world|
At the 14th session of UNESCO’s General Conference held on 26 October 1966; 8 September was officially declared as the International Literacy Day.
The International Literacy Day 2019 theme is ‘Literacy and Multilingualism’, with emphasis on linguistic diversity in literacy development and education to focus on issues such as the uneven distribution of literacy across populations and countries, and to achieve ‘Sustainable Development Goals’. During this occasion, the main features of multilingualism in the digitised and globalised world will be discussed along with the impact for literacy in practice and policies to achieve significant addition in multilingual contexts.
International Literacy Day from 2022 to 2024
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History of International Literacy Day
From the basic concept of reading, writing and numeracy skills, the UNESCO has evolved the concept of literacy to a foundation for lifelong learning and functional literacy.
- This was the year, during the World Conference of Ministries on the Eradication of Illiteracy held in Tehran, Iran, when the concept of functional literacy was introduced with literacy as the base for development.
- UNESCO’s General Conference declares 8 September as World or International Literacy Day.
- The International Symposium for Literacy was organised by UNESCO in Persepolis, Iran and adopts the Persepolis Declaration. The declaration proclaims that literacy as a contribution to the liberation of man and not restricted to the learning to read, write and numeracy.
- The United Nations declares 1990 as International Literacy year and the important role of literacy was highlighted at the World Conference on Education for All.
- During the 5th International Conference on Adult Learning, the importance of adult literacy was highlighted, in Hamburg, Germany.
- At the World Education Forum held in Dakar, Senegal, the Dakar Framework for Action was adopted and goals such as to meet the basic learning requirements of youth and adults and cut adult literacy by 50%.
- Taking lead of the UN Literacy Decade, UNESCO envisions Literacy for All.
- During the 6th International Conference on the education of adults, the Belem Framework for Action is adopted.
- At the World Education Forum, the Incheon Declaration was adopted, summarising the commitment to Education 2030 to provide lifelong learning for all and quality, equitable and inclusive education.
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