• All About Two Wheeler Emissions Test In India

    A driving license, insurance policy document, registration certificate (RC), and the PUC (Pollution Under Control) certificate are some of the documents that a two-wheeler owner must have. Out of the documents mentioned, the PUC is often ignored by people as they are probably not aware of its importance. However, A PUC certificate is a statutory requirement as per the Central Motor Vehicles Act, 1989, and has great significance in preserving the environment from carbon emissions that are emitted by motor vehicles. Here are the rules pertaining to PUC certification and emissions test in India that you must be aware of:

    What Is PUC Certificate?

    PUC stands for ‘Pollution Under Control’. The certificate is issued to the vehicle owner after their vehicle has successfully passed the emissions test. The PUC certificate is a proof that your vehicle meets the pollution control standards and does not harm the environment.

    The PUC Certificate mentions the serial number of the certificate, vehicle license plate number, the date of testing, the date of expiry, emission readings, and more. In some states in India, the regulations also make it mandatory to furnish a PUC certificate at the time of insurance renewal.

    What Information Does A PUC Certificate Provide?

    • The vehicle plate number
    • The date of PUC test
    • PUC Certificate Expiry Date
    • The readings obtained in the emissions test

    Criteria For PUC Testing

    Two-wheelers should meet the below criteria for successful PUC test:

    Vehicle Type Carbon Emissions Hydrocarbons
    2 and 3-wheeler vehicles manufactured on or before March 31st, 2000 (2/4 Stroke vehicles) 4.5% 9,000 PPM
    2 and 3-wheeler vehicles manufactured after March 31st, 2000 (2 Stroke) 3.5% 6,000 PPM
    2 and 3-wheeler vehicles manufactured after March 31st, 2000 (4 Stroke) 3.5% 4,500 PPM
    4-wheelers manufactured based on Pre Bharat Stage II Norms 3% 1,500 PPM
    4-wheelers manufactured according to Pre Bharat Stage II, Stage III or subsequent Norms 0.5% 750 PPM

    Just as all riders need to carry their driving license with them, the vehicle’s PUC certificate should also be carried along while on roads. The traffic cops may check whether you have a valid PUC certificate anytime. Failing to present the document may attract fines and penalties.

    Besides being a legally enforced document, a PUC certificate should be seen by vehicle owners as a responsibility towards the environment. Keeping your vehicle’s emissions in check will not only benefit you but also the whole society.

    Significance Of A PUC Certificate

    The harmful emissions from motor vehicles can affect the environment adversely. The PUC certification therefore determines if your vehicle’s smoke emissions are below the prescribed standards and do not harm the environment. The norm which is mandated as per the Central Motor Vehicle Rule, involves measuring the percentage emission of carbon and hydrocarbons in PPM as per the permitted values.

    Process Of Obtaining A PUC Certificate For Your Two-Wheeler

    The PUC certificate is granted to two-wheeler owners after they successfully clear the emissions test. It remains valid for only 6 months and vehicle owners need to get their bikes/scooters tested twice in a year. You may get your two-wheeler tested at petrol stations that are equipped with emission testing devices and are authorised to conduct PUC tests and issue the certificates. You may also find different independent emission testing centres where you can get your two-wheeler emissions tested and obtain a PUC certificate.

    Validity and Cost

    A PUC certificate is valid for a period of 1 year after the date of vehicle registration. After the expiry date, you will have to get the PUC test done in an interval of 6 months and obtain a fresh certificate every time.

    If your vehicle emission test shows negative readings, the validity of your PUC certificate will be determined based on the ratings obtained. Also, if your vehicle emits higher level of carbon and hydrocarbons than the prescribed limits, the registration number of your two-wheeler will be reported to the RTO within a day.

    The PUC test does not cost much. It may range from Rs.60 to Rs.100 based on the type of the vehicle and the fuel used.

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