Voluntary Provident Fund, also called as Voluntary Retirement Fund is a contribution voluntarily made by the employee. Contributions of up to 100% of the Basic salary and Dearness Allowance can be made to this provident fund. The rate of interest is the same as EPF.
A goal for every salaried employee is to save for retirement - which is when Provident Funds (Government tax-saving instruments) play an important part. VPF (Voluntary Provident fund) and with this, subscribers can contribute more than 12% of their basic salary towards this tax savings tool. It is one of the most preferred savings schemes for risk averse, salaried people because VPF interest rates are high - currently at 8.65%. Also, any salaried employee enrolled with the EPF (Employees Provident Fund) is eligible to open a VPF account. In addition, employees can avail a loan against the amount accumulated in the VPF account. As with the Provident Fund, all withdrawals from the Voluntary Provident Fund after 5 years of continuous contributions is complete tax free. In case, the employee wishes to make a withdrawal within the first five years of enrollment in the scheme, the interest earned over the deposits will be subject to tax.
Benefits of investing in VPF
- You can contribute a maximum of 100% of basic salary and dearness allowance which is more than the conventional PF (Provident Fund) contribution of 12% of one’s basic salary.
- VPF Interest rate is equal to that of the PF, and currently is 8.65%.
- Withdrawals after the 5-year lock-in period are completely tax-free.
- There is income tax exemption at all stages -contribution, investment, accumulation and returns and also at the time of withdrawal.
- Employees can access the VPF money for reasons like marriage, house purchase, children’s education, etc.
- The contribution to VPF is optional but if the subscriber chooses to make a contribution, he/she will be required to continue the contribution throughout the financial year -just a measure of convenience for one’s employer. There is no mandatory savings limit.
Rules & Guidelines of VPF
Here are some of the basic VPF Rules & Guidelines:
- You cannot discontinue or withdraw out of a VPF scheme in the middle of the year.
- VPF scheme can be availed only by salaried professionals enrolled with the EPF.
- If the direct tax code comes into effect, the entire maturity amount becomes taxable.
- You can contribute 100% of basic plus dearness allowance as investment in VPF.
- If the VPF money is withdrawn within five years, you will have to pay tax on the interest amount earned from your contribution towards the VPF.
How to enrol in VPF?
- Only salaried employees enrolled in the EPF are eligible to register for the VPF scheme.
- If the company offers VPF option, the employee can opt for this during any point in the financial year.
- The application form for VPF needs to be duly signed, filled & submitted to the accounts/finance/payroll of your company.
- You can also request your employer to increase your contribution towards VPF by writing in request, asking for additional deduction from salary.
Comparison between VPF, EPF & PPF
The following table gives an easy to follow comparison between different provident fund schemes.
|Tax Benefit||Up to Rs.1.5 lakh under Section 80C||Up to Rs.1.5 lakh under Sec 80C||Up to Rs.1.5 lakh under Section 80C|
|Eligibility||Employees in India||All Indians other than NRIs||Employees in India|
|Employer contribution from Basic+DA||NA||NA||12% (Equivalent to the employee’s contribution)|
|Employee contribution from Basic+DA||Up to 100% of basic and dearness allowance||NA||12%|
|Tax Returns on Maturity||Tax Free||Tax Free||Tax Free|
|Investment Period||Till retirement or resignation, whichever is earlier||15 years||Till retirement or resignation, whichever is earlier|
|Interest rate (subject to change)||8.65%||7.6%||8.65%|
VPF Benefits & Procedures
VPF is an attractive investment option for salaried employees. Over and above the mandatory EPF contribution amounting to 12% of the basic salary, the employee can choose to contribute an amount higher to increase the investment in their EPF account. However, if the employee opts to increase their PF contribution, the employer is under no obligation to increase their contribution. The VPF is available only to salaried employees in India. This option is a smart choice for salaried individuals as the contribution is deducted directly from the salary -saving time and energy on investing it on your own. Furthermore, tax benefits will automatically be calculated in the Form 16 given by the employer.
How to invest in VPF
Applying for Voluntary Provident Fund is extremely simple. And an employee can contribute a maximum of 100% of the Basic Salary and Dearness Allowance. The process requires the employee to write to the employer or concerned HR person requesting them to increase the PF contribution by the amount they desire. This option is available at any point of time during the financial year, unless the employer has specified their own requirements. A VPF Form will need to be filled and signed and then submitted to the accounts department or the concerned person in your company. The VPF Form only requires details such as the amount you would like to contribute from your basic salary and your dearness allowance.
Rules of VPF
- Once you have opted for VPF, you cannot discontinue the investment mid-year.
- Before opting for VPF, it’s important to know that if you withdraw money within the first 5 years of service, then the interest becomes taxable.
- The responsibility of getting the VPF enrollment falls on the employee who must request their employer.
- Most employers would like their employees to start their VPF at the start of the financial year.
- VPF is available only to salaried individuals.
- The risk of interest rates falling are higher with this investment as the interest rates are subject to change every year.
- If Direct Tax Code comes into effect, then the entire maturity value will be taxable.
- What is the difference between the Employees Provident Fund (EPF) and the Voluntary Provident Fund (VPF)?
- In case of a change in job, will there be issues with the VPF account?
- Are there any eligibility criteria to open a VPF account?
- What is the procedure to open a VPF account?
- What are the different reasons when VPF can be withdrawn?
An extension of EPF is VPF. In the case of EPF, it is mandatory for employees to contribute 12% of their basic salary and dearness allowance towards the scheme. However, in case of VPS, the contribution depends on the individual and it can be 100%.
It is possible to change the VPF from the old company to the new one. Since the account is linked to an individual’s Aadhaar card, the process is very simple.
Any individual who is a part of an organisation’s payroll can open a VPF account.
Conversion of an EPF to a VPF account is very simple. The employer must be notified for opening a VPF account. The amount of additional sum that an individual would like to invest in a VPF account must also be mentioned to the employer.
VPF amount can be withdrawn due to the below-mentioned reasons:
- Financial emergencies
- Medical expenses
- Children’s marriage and education
- Construction or purchase of an apartment or house
- Repayment of house loan or any other loans.
In order to withdraw the VPF amount, the account must be active for 5 years to avoid paying tax.
Once the contribution is made to VPF, it goes into the same fund as the EPF. The EPF withdrawal rules will apply to the VPF contributions as will.
You can make withdrawals through the following avenues:
- Apply for PF amount withdrawal via UAN(Universal Account Number) without the employer’s approval.
- You can also submit your PF withdrawal application directly to the regional PF Office. You need to get your ID and the form attested by a bank manager, gazetted officer or a magistrate, post or sub-postmaster, notary public or president of the village panchayat.
You can withdraw money from the EPF account for reasons including medical treatment marriage, purchase of plot or construction of house, home loan repayment, home renovations, retirement, migration abroad and other such reasons.
Investing in EPF and VPF alone is not the best way to save for your retirement. With the EPF and VPF scheme, you will receive a fixed rate of interest at 8.65% (2016-2017) for the entire tenure of the account. Though the Provident Fund scheme is extremely safe, upon retirement, the amount saved up will be sizable but may not be enough to cover the rising costs of living and inflation of the economy. Taking this into consideration, investing in EPF and VPF alongside other investments is advisable. For example, investing in mutual funds and SIPs in diversified equity funds will result in much higher returns. By investing in both, you can reap the benefits of a fixed-income product as well as a long-term growth product.