A lot of Indians are stricken with the common issue of employees not being provided their whole salary amount, as it became compulsory for EPF contribution for their own scheme. It is said to be quite an issue for people who were earning in the lower bracket of salary as the final salary per month came down to be not sufficient for their monthly expenses, often driving them to debt. India is comparatively conscious about debt but has not helped in such situations.
However, new Indian Budget for 2015 was released bringing relief to some. Earlier, the EPF functioned based on contributing 12% of their monthly salary towards the Employees Provident Fund, while the employer too had to make the same contribution every month. Besides the EPF, employers had to contribute 8.33% on the pension for every individual employee.
The Relief in EPF Contribution
The new budget has brought a lot of relief particularly for the employees pertaining to their salaries. This department earlier has several issues especially dealing with the amount of legal hassles as well as red tape made, making it almost impossible for employees to get into. The 2015 budget saw, many worries go away, in hopes that both the employer and their employees will greatly benefit from it. One of the main highlights include the optional factor to not make tax payments if the monthly income is lower than Rs. 30,000. This will also be applicable for senior citizens, which is quite sustainable since it would help to take care of their finances at their age. Senior citizens earlier had to pay an amount every month towards their Provident Fund leading to hassles of accessing it for legal complications did not make much sense. With the advent of the new budget, the Government in India has taken visible initiatives to reduce the burdens of the working class, as well as making things easier for all parties in the scene.
Another proposal that was presented was to allow employees to make a choice on how they would like to receive their salary. While the proposal still stands at a stage of development, and would require the opinions of the companies along with their stakeholders for opinion before making a final decision, if it does get to be stated it will be helpful for the employees. This is because, it would then allow them to choose between the Employee’s State Insurance Corporation (ESI) or the Health Insurance product that they choose. Also it would allowed the salaried to choose the option more suitable to their needs and make some important decisions in pertaining to their contributions in their salary besides the conventional and less accessible EPF contributions.
With such notable proposals being made the nation’s Government has made it easier for working for organizations and companies much more lucrative the youngsters who contribute to being one of the largest population any country has, of its kind. With such initiatives there will be lesser migrations to other countries as people will save more and have a peace of mind in their country. As of now i.e. October 2015, one needs to know the contributions that can be made towards EPFO.
We already know that employees have to pay 12% of their basic monthly wages towards EPF, but what about the employers?
Employer’s EPF Contribution
The Employees' Provident Fund Scheme: This is payable for all establishments that have or are employing 20 or more people and are engaged in an industry listed under one of the 180 industries under Section 6 of Act, with 12% of the basic pay, Daily Allowance, food concession along with retaining allowance, if there are any, upto a maximum of Rs.15,000 each month. Some voluntary contributions that are higher are acceptable with a joint request from the employer and the employee. But, the rate of contribution has to be 10% for some categories of establishments that include:
- An establishment that has been covered before September 22, 1997 in a case where less than 20 people are employed.
- A sick industrial company based on the definition, provided in the Clause (0) of Sub-Section (1) of Section 3, which is a part of the sick industrial companies under the 1985 Act. They also need to be declared the same, by the Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction.
- An establishment whose losses at the end of a financial year that has been accumulated, adds up to the entire net worth or exceeding it.
- A company or organization involved in manufacturing Jute, Beedi, Bricks, Coir excluding the spinning sector) and Guar Gum Industries or factories.
The Employees' Pension Scheme: 8.33% from the employer's share of Provident Fund contributions of the total salaries that is limited to Rs. 15,000 each month is sectioned and contributed towards the Employees' Pension Fund in the A/C No. 10 that has been in effect since September 1, 2014. Also Central Government of India contributes 1.1 or 6% of total wages.
Employees' Deposit Linked Insurance Scheme: For this scheme no amount is taken from employee's salary. However, the employer has to make a payment of 0.5% of the total wages amounting to a maximum of Rs. 15,000 every month since September 1, 2014. The maximum benefit can amount up to Rs. 3,60,000, under this scheme.
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