Insurance is like a spare tyre. You may not require it, but not having one is not an option.

Reinsurance: Types and Companies

Reinsurance in simple terms is an insurance policy purchased by insurance companies. This is in place to protect the interests of the insurance companies and ensures that they remain solvent even during events when there is a scope for many major claims, like in the event of a natural disaster. The main purpose of this policy is to reduce the amount of loss an insurance company might incur and also give them enough time to recover from the losses.

An insurance company transfers the risk involved to another company when opting for reinsurance contracts. Insurance companies that opt to transfer the risk are called direct writers or ceding companies. The company offering the reinsurance policy is called an accepting company. Many of the insurance companies do not enter the reinsurance business as the capital required is much more than what is needed for an insurance company. Lloyds of London and LIC are some of the major players in the reinsurance business in India.

Types of Reinsurance

Reinsurance can be broadly divided into two types namely:

  1. Reinsurance By Treaty

    Insurance companies entering into a reinsurance contract with another company providing insurance is also called as treaty insurance. An agreement is in place with the insurance company and the direct writer. Reinsurance companies offer different proposals to the ceding companies mentioning the maximum risk they will be willing take from the insurance company. Direct writers will have the freedom to choose the best offer of their liking and enter into an agreement.

  2. Facultative

    In facultative reinsurance, individual policies are considered and a decision is taken on what policy needs to be provided with reinsurance and the percentage of risk that will be transferred along with it. The important point here is that the coverage need not be offered just by a single company. Multiple companies can cover different individual policies. The amount of risk that is to be transferred is decided not by the reinsurer but by the ceding company.

    One of the disadvantage of the facultative reinsurance is that it works with the underwriting policies of the ceding company. This might at times work against the accepting company if there is a mistake in the classification of risk by the ceding company. This will result in the reinsurance company suffering due to the mistake of the ceding company. In order to protect their interests, accepting companies have now started to get involved in the underwriting process of the insurance companies to ensure that they do not face any major losses due to the ceding company’s underwriting.

  3. Reinsurance Premiums

    There are generally two types of premium that can be paid for a reinsurance. These two variants of the premium payment have been listed below:

    • Direct premium or original premium: this will depend on the percentage of risk that is transferred by the ceding company to the reinsurance company. For example, if an insurance company wishes to transfer 40% of its risk to a reinsurance company, the accepting company will in that case recieve 40% of the premiums received by the ceding company.
    • Revised risk premiums: This type of premium does not depend on the amount of premium received by the ceding company. The reinsurance company in this case will quote a premium on their own depending on the extent of risk covered by the company.

List of Major Reinsurance Companies Operating in India

Some of the important insurance companies operating in the country have been listed below:

  • Lloyd’s India
  • XL Insurance Company SE India
  • Hannover Ruck SE - India Branch
  • General Insurance Corporation of India
  • AXA France Vie - India Reinsurance Branch
  • Swiss Reinsurance Company Limited, India Branch
  • Munich RE - India Branch
  • SCOR SE - India Branch

While insurance has become one of the most important things to have these days, insurance companies also need someone to protect them in the case of any untoward incident and the reinsurance companies offer just that.

Two Wheeler Insurance Reviews

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  • ICICI Lombard Two Wheeler Insurance
    "Need a reminder call"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    I took my two wheeler insurance with ICICI Lombard. I have been with them for around 7 years and the services are good. I have no claim experience. The premium is reasonable. The benefits are less compared to others. There was no reminder call from the customer support during the policy renewal, it would be great if they do it.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , bangalore
    Reviewed on Jan 23, 2019
  • Iffco Tokio Two Wheeler Insurance
    "Good exper"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    My two wheeler insurance is with Iffco Tokio. The premium is good and I have no claim. I spoke to the customer service and it was a good experience. I have chosen first party insurance. I have received the insurance paper. I have paid Rs.1300 approx through card to purchase one year policy.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , bangalore
    Reviewed on Jan 23, 2019
  • ICICI Lombard Two Wheeler Insurance
    "Good "
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    I took my two wheeler insurance from ICICI Lombard and its been 2 years. I have purchased a new bike so the insurance was offered by the showroom. Every year premium varies by the Government and its reasonable.I got the insurance paper. Am not sure about the benefits. It is a first party insurance.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , hyderabad
    Reviewed on Jan 23, 2019
  • ICICI Lombard Two Wheeler Insurance
    "Good Policy"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    I have taken two wheeler insurance policy with ICICI Lombard for 3 years. A premium of Rs 2000-3000 has to be paid for this insurance policy. I have no claim experience so far with this insurance and the policy benefits are good in this insurance.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , jaipur
    Reviewed on Jan 23, 2019
  • Reliance General Two Wheeler Insurance
    "Good Policy"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    I have taken two wheeler insurance from Reliance for 5 years and i am having this insurance from last 3 months. A premium of Rs 4200 has to be paid for this insurance policy. I do not have claim experience so far with this insurance.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , surat
    Reviewed on Jan 23, 2019
  • ICICI Lombard Two Wheeler Insurance
    "Good Policy"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    I have my two wheeler insured with ICICI Lombard from last 1 year, there was no claim experience so far with this insurance policy and i pay a premium of Rs 850 for this insurance. I am happy with the plan benefits and plan coverage of this policy
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , pune
    Reviewed on Jan 23, 2019
  • Reliance General Two Wheeler Insurance
    "Good Policy"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    I have two wheeler insurance with Reliance general from last 1 year. A premium of Rs 1800 has to be paid for this insurance policy every year. I have not claimed anything so far with this insurance policy. I am happy with the plan benefits and policy coverage of this insurance.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , pune
    Reviewed on Jan 23, 2019
  • ICICI Lombard Two Wheeler Insurance
    "Better Policy"
    0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
    My two wheeler insurance policy was taken from ICICI Lombard. The dealer has provided this policy hence i'm not aware of the premium amount. They have given me a IDV value of Rs. 70000 which covered for 100%. I had no claim experience with this policy.
    Was this review helpful? 2
    , bangalore
    Reviewed on Jan 22, 2019
  • HDFC Ergo Two Wheeler Insurance
    "Good Policy"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    My two wheeler policy was bought from 2014. There is no reason for choosing this policy. I am paying the premium amount of Rs. 2100. They have offered me a coverage amount of Rs. 31000. I will make the payment through cheque and i renew the policy by own.
    Was this review helpful? 1
    , ahmedabad
    Reviewed on Jan 22, 2019
  • Bajaj Allianz Two Wheeler Insurance
    "Good Claim Experience"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    I have invested my splendor bike with Bajaj Allianz, it was stolen in 2014. Then I applied for claim, within 2.5 months they have settled the money through account transfer, the customer support is very prompt they understood and cleared the issue.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , new delhi
    Reviewed on Jan 21, 2019
  • ICICI Lombard Two Wheeler Insurance
    "Smart Protection"
    0.5 2.5/5 "Just OK"
    I don't have any claim with ICICI Lombard, they are doing good job in terms of insured declared value. The representative issued the policy on time . I have scooter jupitar its around two years old. For that bike I took first party insurance is good.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , new delhi
    Reviewed on Jan 21, 2019
  • National Insurance Two Wheeler Insurance
    "Good Policy"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    I have a two wheeler insurance with National insurance from last 1 year. A premium of Rs 2000 has to be paid for this insurance policy. I have not claimed anything so far with this insurance policy. I am happy with the plan benefits and policy coverage of this insurance.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , indore
    Reviewed on Jan 21, 2019
  • Bajaj Allianz Two Wheeler Insurance
    "Average Policy"
    0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
    I have my two wheeler insured with Bajaj Allianz from last 1 year, a premium of Rs 2600 has to be paid for this insurance policy. I have no claim experience so far with this insurance policy. I am happy with the policy benefits and plan coverage of this policy.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , hojai
    Reviewed on Jan 21, 2019
  • HDFC Ergo Two Wheeler Insurance
    "Good Policy"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    I have my two wheeler insured with HDFC ERGO from last 1 year, a premium of Rs 1200-1500 has to be paid for this insurance policy. There was no claim experience so far with this insurance policy. I am happy with the plan benefits and policy coverage for this insurance.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , rewari
    Reviewed on Jan 21, 2019
  • Reliance General Two Wheeler Insurance
    "Yet to experience the policy"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    I am holding my two wheeler insurance from Reliance. I have not claimed anything from this policy. I pay the premium amount which is bit high compared to last year. I have chosen the reliance because the insurance is located nearby my place. They have given me a nominal IDV value. The service is prompt when i went for the renewal.
    Was this review helpful? 1
    , chennai
    Reviewed on Jan 21, 2019
  • National Insurance Two Wheeler Insurance
    "Good Insurance Company"
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    I have Hero glamer bike, I think I paid the premium around Rs. 3000 to 4000 to National insurance. My vehicle is around one year, its a first insurance I took through showroom. On time I got the paper from the insurer, they got tie up 3 to 4 service centers in Bhubaneswar.
    Was this review helpful? 1
    , bhubaneshwar
    Reviewed on Jan 21, 2019
  • ICICI Lombard Two Wheeler Insurance
    "Trusted Insurer"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    ICICI lombard its a nice insurance company, I am holding bike policy with them around one year. I have invested pulsar bike by taking comprehensive plan. The customer care is good on time they have generated the policy. I have 80% of cover based on the vehicle age.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , hyderabad
    Reviewed on Jan 21, 2019
  • HDFC Ergo Two Wheeler Insurance
    "Best Policy"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    I have taken two wheeler insurance from Hdfc General insurance . I made the payment for 1 years through online banking . Customer service and responce is average as thye have explained the benefits of the policy .This policy covers with road side assistance and bumper to bumper coverage and the premium amount which am making for this is pretty economy .
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , bangalore
    Reviewed on Jan 20, 2019
  • Royal Sundaram Two Wheeler Insurance
    "Low Premium with Higher IDV value"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    My two wheeler insurance purchased from Royal Sundaram. They are giving the higher IDV value hence i have chosen this company. I pay the premium amount of Rs. 1000. They have given me a IDV value of Rs. 24000. I have renewed the policy through online.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , hyderabad
    Reviewed on Jan 20, 2019
  • HDFC Ergo Two Wheeler Insurance
    "Good Protection with HDFC Ergo"
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    My Activa Honda got insured with HDFC Ergo, I have been with them around two years, total term of my two wheeler policy is around three years. The premium amount is lesser based on the vehicle age. I took first party insurance its good and satisfactory.
    Was this review helpful? 0
    , bangalore
    Reviewed on Jan 19, 2019
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