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Demonetisation

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Definition of Demonetisation

Demonetisation is an act of cancelling the legal tender status of a currency unit in circulation. Anticipating positive changes on the liquidity structure as a whole, nations often adopt Demonetisation policy as a measure to counterbalance the current economic condition. Countries across the globe have used Demonetisation at some or the other point to control situations such as inflation and to boost economy. In November, Indian government banned the high denomination notes of Rs.1000 and Rs.500 as move to curb counterfeiting and money laundering.

Effects of Demonetisation on various sections of Indian Economy

Demonetisation, that sent a shockwave across the Indian economy, completes one month since its announcement on the midnight of November 9. To uproot the problems of corruption, black money, and counterfeiting, Prime Minister Narendra Modi orchestrated this master plan which has reportedly swept off a mammoth portion of India’s monetary base. It is anticipated that this surgical strike on black money will also increase cashless transactions in the country and untie all knots in tax collection. But on the other hand, rural households and elder citizens have been worst hit due to the sudden monetary reform.  The decision to scrap all Rs.1000 and Rs.500 notes have made it to headlines all over the world, attracting both positive and negative comments.

Demonetized currency and small savings schemes

Government has notified banks to not accept the discontinued currency notes for deposit in small saving schemes. However, no reasons have been specified for such a move by the competent authority. Small savings schemes are one of the most sustainable financial options which provide greater returns with low risk factor. Some of the popular savings schemes are Kisan Vikas Patra, Sukanya Samridhi, Post Office Savings Schemes, etc. For those without access to banks, cash transactions are the only practical means to meet their everyday requirements and for small scale investments. The statement also mentions that Post Office accounts have been excluded from the rule imposed on small savings schemes.

Impact of Demonetisation on Indian economy

In a country where 85% of transactions take place by cash, cancelling the legal tender character of two high denomination banknotes arises a lot of questions. The service sector in the country that depends mostly on cash transactions will be adversely hit because of Demonetisation. Not to mention, the consumption activity of India has come to a screeching halt.  This drop in economic activity could last for a few months and as a result, GDP could fall significantly from the previous year’s values.

Even as country faces the greatest financial crunch of all times, some analysts predict the economic conditions to stabilize in a few quarters. Deutsche bank and Goldman Sachs expect India to join the list of the fastest growing economies by next fiscal year. An improved monsoon season in 2017 can favor agricultural economy of the nation, which in turn will add to the financial recovery as a whole. Economists also predict that the decision to scrap high-value currency notes will lead to GDP growth by 2%.

Effect of Demonetisation on bullion market

Demonetisation is expected to bring sharp changes in the prices of gold, and it is likely to start reflecting from the first quarter of 2017. At present, gold rates are not being announced by most of the jewelers due to dampening trade. Recently, government also announced the exemption limits on gold ornaments as the next giant move to curb black money. The notification comes within weeks after invalidation of Rs.500 and Rs.1000 notes. The following restrictions have been placed on the possession of gold:

  • A married woman in India cannot keep more than 500 grams of gold in custody
  • The limits for unmarried women are 250 grams
  • Male members of the family can keep only 100 grams of gold.
  • The rule is not applicable for legitimate gold belongings

Effects of Demonetisation on real estate

The unorganized sector will be largely affected by the invalidation of the higher denomination currency notes. However, there won’t be much of a change in the primary real estate market as property buyers make purchases either in the form of cheques or through loans. The impact of Demonetisation may be felt in secondary markets where most of the property dealings happen through cash. The currency reform is likely to yield positive results in the real estate sector with increased transparency in dealings. More opportunities can be expected from debt investment, private equity, and FDIs as well.

Demonetisation impact on equity and mutual funds

The effect of Demonetisation on equity funds is expected to be positive with more money entering the organized system of financial transactions. If cash flow across the nation is fully tracked, equities will strengthen significantly, as more people will invest in equity linked savings schemes to save on taxes.

Tax to GDP ratio

In an economic survey conducted last year, the tax to GDP ratio of India was found to be at 16.6%, which is comparatively low when compared to emerging markets across the world. But with deposits drifting away from the unorganized zones and getting channelized to banks, the tax to GDP ratio is expected to rise drastically. Analysts also predict a significant rise in the tax collection percentage, as all financial transactions will be under the scanner. Owing to the same reasons, government may also reduce tax rates.

Jan Dhan accounts

At present, the contribution of Jan Dhan accounts in terms of deposits has been significantly low in the overall banking domain. But post Demonetisation, these idle accounts are witnessing a steep surge in deposits. Another positive side of the Demonetisation is that government’s financial inclusion plan will gain momentum with a large number of people—including those from rural areas—opting for bank-based transactions.

E-wallets getting a major push

With the cancellation of Rs.500 and Rs.1000 currency notes, e-wallet companies such as Paytm, PayU India, Mobikwik, etc. are witnessing a sudden rise in their daily transactions. Demonetisation will also have an impact on the hiring needs and other business functions of these companies. Even app-based cab companies are launching their promotional materials to encourage cashless transactions.

Pre-owned vehicles market

Sales activities in the in used vehicle market is expected to decline following the Demonetisation move. This can adversely affect the original manufacturers to a certain degree, as prospective buyers may not find it easy to discard their old vehicles and go for a new one.

Effect of Demonetisation on interest rates

As a result of increased liquidity, RBI is likely to cut down the rates of interests applicable on fixed deposits, recurring deposits, and the like. Since banks are sure to accumulate huge deposits in the months that follow, the borrowing cost for Banks will be reduced. This benefit will be extended to customers in the form of lower interest rates on loan products.

Cement and steel industry

A temporary decline in sales can be observed in the cement and steel sectors which are closely linked to real estate. A closer look at the situation reveals sizeable impact of Demonetisation on construction industry—daily wage earners being the worst sufferers. However, with an increase in bank deposits complementing the savings rate, the short-term difficulties will be outstripped soon.

Short-term effect on GDP

Reduced consumer demands owing to dulled cash flow will trigger a considerable decline in GDP figures for a few quarters. The effect of Demonetisation on the above-mentioned industries such as construction, gold, and other secondary markets will be reflected in GDP. But, the situation will be under control once cash flow is normalized in these areas of business.

FAQs

  1. Why did India demonetize the higher denomination currency notes?

    The scheme was introduced by government to eliminate black money and counterfeiting. Reportedly, a surplus amount of higher denomination fake currency notes were in circulation which accounts for a rise in crime rate too. The Rs.1000 and Rs.500 notes made up 86% of the monetary base of India and removal of these currency units will bring down cases of money laundering and tax evasion.

  2. How to use the digital modes of payment?

    You can simply login to your internet banking account and access a multitude of services online. Through internet banking you can transfer funds, shop online, pay bills, recharge your phone, and do a lot more. You can also download the mobile banking app of your bank to transact online with your smartphone.

  3. Does Demonetisation affect the notes issued prior to 2005?

    Yes, even the Rs.500 and Rs.1000 notes issued prior to 2005 have lost its legal tender status after Demonetisation. These notes can now be exchanged at the RBI offices.

  4. What is the withdrawal limit on Jan Dhan Yojna accounts?

    The withdrawal limits on JDY accounts have temporarily been set to Rs.10,000 by RBI. However, account holders who wish to withdraw more than the specified limit will have to furnish valid reasons in support of the same.

  5. Where can I exchange the banned currency notes?

    After 25 November, 2016, the exchange of the currency notes at the bank counters is not permitted. You can deposit the specified bank notes into your accounts.

  6. How can I deposit cash without a bank account?

    Banks have been directed to expedite account openings for the unbanked sections. You can visit any bank with the required documents and open a new account.

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  • Demonetisation: Withdrawals limits to be lifted from March 13th

    Come March 13th, all withdrawal limits imposed on ATMs and savings accounts will be removed. Post the announcement of the demonetisation scheme, the country has been witness to and victim of a number of impositions and restrictions. In a bid to win the fight against black money, the government restricted withdrawals at banks and ATMs. This led to a severe cash shortage that swept over the economy. As the cash crunch eases up in the country post the demonetisation scheme, the RBI is now able to take steps to restore normalcy in India. Keeping in line with re-monetisation, the RBI has decided to remove the limits in two stages. The Reserve Bank of India has announced that the limits on withdrawals from savings accounts will be enhanced to Rs.50,000 from March 20th to March 13th and thereafter all limits will be lifted.

    9 February, 2017

  • Demonetisation: RBI Reverses Order To Question Depositors

    After bank customers protested about about being question by two bank officials while depositing over Rs.5,000 in demonetised currency notes, RBI reversed the order. The Government of India had announced previously that no questions will be asked till December 30th and customers will be allowed to deposit cash in the banks, However, a new rule was passed on few days ago when the government stated that anyone depositing Rs.5,000 and above will be questioned about the source of income by two bank officials. If the answer is not satisfactory, bank officials can reject the deposit. An official of a nationalised bank stated that many customer went by the previous announcement made by the government and stood in long queue to deposit their money. Customer fumed when they heard about the change. After much debate, RBI has taken the order back.

    22 December 2016

  • Deposits More Than Rs.5,000 Of Demonetisation Currency Can Be Made Once Within December 30th, 2016.

    Lot of rules and regulations have been passed after the Government of India cancelled Rs.500 and Rs.1,000 as legal tender. Recently, The Reserve Bank of India announced that deposits more than Rs.5,000 of the demonetisation currency can be made only once till December 30th, 2016. You will not be allowed to make multiple deposits within this time period. While deposited the money, you will be asked to explain why you didn't deposit the cash before in front of two bank officials. If the bank officials do not find your answer satisfactory, they will reject the deposit. Also, your bank account may be checked later during audit. Every Time you deposit old currency , the bank alerts Core Banking Solution(CBS).

    21 December 2016

GST of 18% is applicable on all banking products and services from July 1, 2017 onwards.

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Demonetisation Reviews

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  • YES Bank Debit Card
    "Good"
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    , hyderabad
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    YES BANK
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    Bank bazar service is best for cobil scor provide persnal loan , atm card ,etc. ... ....................................................................................................................thanks bank bazar
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    , ambala
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    , chennai
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    "Experience"
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    First time experience of opening bank account Let's see what happens. I hope everything going good. I will refer my friends to if IM able to opening my account through bank bazaar. And also need help in mutual funds investment. Thanks.
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    , new delhi
    Reviewed on Feb 17, 2019
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    "Customer satisfaction "
    YES BANK
    0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
    I visited a number of sites on regards in the above matter, but what ever the response I got through bank bazar was marvellous and extra ordinary.... Thanq for providing such easy platform for getting in touch to obtain the debit cards so easily.
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    , hyderabad
    Reviewed on Feb 16, 2019
  • Kotak Debit Card
    "Better"
    KOTAK MAHINDRA BANK
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    I am having a Platinum Debit card from Kotak Mahindra Bank. The daily withdrawal limit is sufficient. I don't get any benefits on the card but its easily accessible everywhere. I got a hidden charges of 150 rupees which was debited from my account. There is no charges for other ATM swipes and there is no limitation.
    Was this review helpful? 38
    , mumbai
    Reviewed on Jan 28, 2019
  • Kotak Debit Card
    "Worst Kotak 811 services"
    KOTAK MAHINDRA BANK
    0.5 0.5/5 "Unacceptable"
    Opened an account in December 2018 not received any call from customer care for document completion till yet also visited the nearest branch and no action has been taken . Worst services of this bank . Even the executive and staff has not been responsible and their behavior is also very rude.
    Was this review helpful? 47
    , new delhi
    Reviewed on Jan 16, 2019
  • Bank Bazaar Debit Card
    "NICE "
    YES BANK
    0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
    I am impressed with the quality of the service that is being offered here. It was so easy to apply for the Debit Card. Something of this nature should truly be an easy thing and because of Bank Bazaars commitment to help me, I can safely say, "Yes"! I have gotten through!!
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    , bangalore
    Reviewed on Jan 12, 2019
  • Bank Bazaar Debit Card
    "saving account is life saving "
    YES BANK
    0.5 4.5/5 "Excellent!"
    Thank you very much ........ It's very simple to open new account ... And I am very comfortable with this your bankbazar site and app..... And my self I recommend to my frnds also... For credit cards also show which is suitable for me.. thanks alot for your service
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    , udaipur
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    YES BANK
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    Thank you very much ........ It's very simple to open new account ... And I am very comfortable with this your bankbazar site and app..... And my self I recommend to my frnds also... For credit cards also show which is suitable for me.. thanks alot for your service
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    , chennai
    Reviewed on Jan 11, 2019
  • Bank Bazaar Debit Card
    "Regarding debit card"
    YES BANK
    0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
    It's good to have a debit card online. It makes the person able to travel anywhere in the world without carrying the bag of money. It creates the safety of money and person has more faith on it. It makes the person able to face any money transaction related problems.
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    , jaipur
    Reviewed on Jan 10, 2019
  • Bank Bazaar Debit Card
    "Savings account is mostly i am using"
    YES BANK
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    I am impressed with the service provided by Bankbazaar.com because they are mostly provide the offers and best deals and gifts also providing so many of the people are choose the relevant bank for shopping, movie ticket etc .and travel..so car loan bike loan are provided to impress people.
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    , chennai
    Reviewed on Jan 04, 2019
  • Bank Bazaar Debit Card
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    YES BANK
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    , chennai
    Reviewed on Dec 30, 2018
  • Bank Bazaar Debit Card
    "Service"
    YES BANK
    0.5 4.5/5 "Excellent!"
    I am impressed with the quality of the service that is being offered here. It was so easy to apply for the Debit Card. Something of this nature should truly be an easy thing and because of Bank Bazaars commitment to help me, I can safely say, "Yes"! I have gotten through!!
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    , new delhi
    Reviewed on Dec 29, 2018
  • Bank Bazaar Debit Card
    "DC REVIEWS"
    YES BANK
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    , chennai
    Reviewed on Dec 27, 2018
  • Bank Bazaar Debit Card
    "Thank you"
    YES BANK
    0.5 4.5/5 "Excellent!"
    Thank you very much ........ It's very simple to open new account ... And I am very comfortable with this your bankbazar site and app..... And my self I recommend to my frnds also... For credit cards also show which is suitable for me.. thanks alot for your service
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    , hyderabad
    Reviewed on Dec 26, 2018
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    YES BANK
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    Reviewed on Dec 05, 2018
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