A chip-based biometric passport that can be used at epassport gates that are automated is called an epassport. In case you have an epassport, a Border Force officer will not have to check the passport.

The chip contains information such as your name, date of birth, and various biographic information. The main aim of the epassport is to limit fraud by increasing security. All personal details present in the chip must be digitally signed. Any tampering can be identified by the system and the authentication will fail.

The National Informatics Centre (NIC) and IIT-Kanpur will develop the software for the epassport. The passport will come with better security features, printing, and quality of the paper. The Ministry of Finance will soon have the chip-based passport. Approval has been given by the government to the India Security Press (ISP) in Nasik to obtain the electronic contactless inlays (International Civil Aviation Organisation compliant) that are required to manufacture epassports.

Who Can get an epassport?

All Indian citizens will be eligible to obtain an epassport.

Features of epassport

The main features of an epassport are mentioned below:

  • The chip that is present in the epassport will make it difficult to make counterfeit and fake copies.
  • The chip will hold your biometric details along with other key information.
  • Even though the passport will be thicker and heavier, it will be more secure.
  • The passport is designed in a way that data in it can’t be wiped remotely.
  • It will take only a few seconds for the epassport to be read. This helps in saving time at a crowded airport.
  • A small silicon chip will be present in the back cover. The chip will come with an embedded rectangular antenna and the size will be small.
  • The memory space of the chip will be 64 kilobytes.
  • The epassport can store up to 30 visits.
  • International movements are also stored in the chip.
  • Testing of the prototype of the epassport was done at a US government laboratory.
  • Commercial agencies are not involved because of security concerns.
  • The chip will contain the holder’s fingerprints and photograph.


  • Global market of e-visa and e-passport to hit multi-billion dollars by 2024

    The market research report 2015-2024 of the e-passport and e-visa market presents a detailed overview, growth opportunities, and market shares of the industry by application, product type, key manufacturers, and key regions and countries. The basics of e-passport and e-visa were introduced in the report along with its definitions, market overview and applications, classifications, product specifications, cost structures, manufacturing processes, etc. Then, an analysis of the condition of the world’s main regions was made, including the price of the product, profit, production, capacity, market growth rate, forecast, etc. Towards the end, the report introduced investment feasibility analysis, new project SWOT analysis, and investment return analysis. The reports suggest that the global market of e-passport and e-visa will reach multi-billion dollars by the year 2024. The regions covered in the e-passport and e-visa market are South Korea, North and South America, China, Europe, and India.

    18 September 2019

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