ECR/ECNR Passport

ECR (Emigration Check Required) Passports are required by Indians who wish to travel to certain countries for employment. As per the Emigration Act of 1983, certain passport holders will have to procure an Emigration Clearance from the office of POE or Protector of Emigrants prior to travelling to certain countries. Emigration in this context refers to those Indians who are leaving the country in order to pursue employment in another country.

For those passports issued prior to January of 2007, if there is no notation in the passport, it means that it is an ECR passport. For those passports that have been issued after January 2007, if there is no notation, it means that the passport is an ECNR or Emigration Certificate Not Required Passport.

ECR passports are provided for the protection of Indians who are employed abroad, in certain countries.

What is ECR (Emigration Check Required) Passport

ECR are also known as Emigration Check Required passports that were issued before 2007. Such passports will be endorsed with emigration check required (ECR) from the Protector of Emigration office.

What is ECNR (Emigration Check Not Required) Passport

ECNR are also known as Emigration Check Not Required passports that were issued after 2007. Such passports will be endorsed with emigration check not required (ECNR) from the Protector of Emigration office.

Emigration Check Required (ECR) Passport Countries:

  1. Yemen
  2. Saudi Arab
  3. Thailand
  4. UAE
  5. Syria
  6. Sudan
  7. Qatar
  8. Malaysia
  9. Lebanon
  10. Jordan
  11. Iraq
  12. Indonesia
  13. Brunei
  14. Bahrain
  15. Afghanistan
  16. Oman
  17. Kuwait
  18. Libya

People who don't Require Emigration Check

The following people will not be subject to Emigration Check Required passport even if they travel to the above mentioned nations:

  • Official and Diplomatic passport holders
  • Gazetted officers
  • Income tax payers
  • Professional degree holders such as engineers, doctors, etc.
  • Dependent children and spouse of professional degree holders
  • People who have passed 10th standard and above
  • Sea cadets and seamen having CDS who have passed the finals of Nautical Sciences (3 year course) from the institutes mentioned below:
    • S. Rehman
    • S. Chanakya
    • S. Jawahar
    • NIPM, Chennai
    • MTI, Chennai
  • People who hold visas for permanent immigration like visas for the US, the UK and Australia
  • People holding degree or diploma in Polytechnic
  • Individuals who hold diploma in nursing under the Indian Nursing Council Act of 1947
  • People who are above the age of 50 years
  • Individuals who have spent three years overseas with their spouses
  • Children below the age of 18 years with one or both parents

Documents Required for ECNR in Passport

Non-Emigration Check Required category Documentation
Diplomatic passport holders or official passport holders Other than diplomatic passport, no other document is required
Gazetted government employees, their spouses and children (dependant)
  1. For Gazetted Government employees:
    • Identity Certificate according to Annexure A, or
    • NOC (No Objection Certificate) according to Annexure M, or
    • PI (Prior Intimation) letter according to Annexure N
  2. For children of Gazetted Government employees:>
    • Identity Certificate according to Annexure B, or
    • Birth certificate that has been issued by the Municipal authorities or any other authority that has the authority to issue death and birth certificates, or
    • Certificate of school leaving /Certificate of secondary school leaving/Certificate of last attended institution, or
    • Copy of the passport of the government employee
  3. For spouses of the Gazetted Government employees:
    • Identity Certificate according to Annexure B, or
    • Joint Affidavit according to Annexure D, or
    • Photocopy of marriage certificate (attested) issued by the Registrar
All individuals with matriculation or higher qualifications Pass certificates of matriculation and higher education
All individuals above the age of 50 years
  1. For 50 year old people:
    • Birth certificate that has been issued by the Municipal authorities or any other authority that has the authority to issue death and birth certificates, or
    • Certificate of school leaving / Certificate of secondary school leaving / Certificate of last attended institution, or
    • Affidavit that is sworn in front of the Notary / Magistrate stating place and date of birth according to the specimen provided in Annexure A by semi illiterate or illiterate applicants
All the children up to 18 years of age. In case of re-issue of passport, after they reach the age of 18 years, documents for proving their ECNR category must be submitted, or else ECR seal will be done Certificate of school leaving / Certificate of secondary school leaving / Certificate of last attended institution
Income Tax Payers in their capacity, their dependent below 18 years of age children and spouses
  1. For income tax payers:
    • Assessment proof of income tax and actual income tax payment for past one year
    • IT return statement (with IT being paid by the applicant) for past one year which is stamped by the IT authorities and a photocopy of the PAN card. Applicants who submit nil return statement for income tax are not eligible
  2. For the spouses of the income tax payers:
  3. For dependent children:
    • Birth certificate that has been issued by the Municipal authorities or any other authority that has the authority to issue death and birth certificates, or
    • Certificate of school leaving / Certificate of secondary school leaving / Certificate of last attended institution
All the professional degree holders, their dependent children and their spouses. Example “ Doctors holding Homeopathy, Ayurveda or MBBS degree, engineers, accredited journalists, Chartered Accountants, Lecturers, Scientists, Teachers, Advocates, etc.
  1. Certificate of professional degree
  2. For spouses of professional degree holders:
    • Photocopy of marriage certificate (attested) issued by the Registrar. Spouse's name must be endorsed in the passport application for verification, or
    • Joint Affidavit according to Annexure D
  3. For dependent children of the professional degree holders:
    • Birth certificate that has been issued by the Municipal authorities or any other authority that has the authority to issue death and birth certificates, or
    • Certificate of school leaving / Certificate of secondary school leaving / Certificate of last attended institution
All individuals who have stayed overseas for a span of three years or more along with their spouses. The three years can be in parts or in one stretch
  1. Photocopy of the passport (last two pages and first two pages) including the page with ECR / ECNR
  2. For the spouses:
    • Photocopy of marriage certificate (attested) issued by the Registrar. Spouse's name must be endorsed in the passport application for verification, or
    • Joint Affidavit according to Annexure D
  3. Applicant must submit a statement with all the details of entry and exit dates along with the passport for verification
Seamen who have their CDC (Continuous Discharge Certificate), Deck Cadets and Sea Cadets
  1. Individuals who have passed B.Sc. Nautical Science (3 years course) at T.S. Chanakya, Mumbai
  2. Individuals who have undergone pre-sea training for three months at training institutes approved by the Government like T.S. Rehman, T.S. Chanakya, MTI, NIPM and T.S. Jawahar, Chennai
Continuous Discharge Certificate
People with permanent immigration visa. Example “ Visas for Australia, the UK and the US Photocopy of the immigration visa or Permanent Resident card of nation in which the individual stays at present

How to Check Passport ECR or ECNR

For passports issued before Jan'07 if there is no endorsement/notation on the second page of the passport, it denotes passport ECR status, which means that the passport holder should get emigration clearance before proceeding to the specified countries. ECNR status will be denoted on the passport then.

For passports issued on or after Jan'07 if there is no endorsement/notation on the second page of the passport, it implies ECNR status, which means that your passport is already cleared for emigration. ECR status will be denoted on the passport if you don't fulfil the eligibility for ECNR status.

How to Check ECNR Status

The following needs to be submitted to get ECNR status:

  • Filled Form EAP-2
  • A fee of Rs.300 in cash or through Demand Draft.
  • Original passport
  • Address proof
  • 2 attested copies of any of the eligibility criteria mentioned above
  • 2 copies each of first 4 and last 4 pages of the passport

ECR Stamp on Passport

In case you already have a passport, you might have been already familiar with ECNR passport and ECR passport. These are stamps that are put on your passport from the Protectors of Emigration (POE) office. You will face quite a lot of difficulty if you wish to go abroad with your ECR Passport. Let us know more about deleting the Emigration Check Required (ECR) stamp from your passport and then converting it to ECNR.

The process to remove Emigration Check Required (ECR) passport stamp and get Emigration Passport Not Required (ECNR) seal on it:

Removing the Emigration Check Required (ECR) stamp from the passport is of utmost importance for people who wish to travel abroad. If the ECR has not been removed when ECNR is required the passport holder will be questioned which can land him/her into troubles. So, it is very important to get the Emigration Passport Not Required (ECNR) stamp and remove the Emigration Check Required (ECR) passport seal.

Procedure To Remove ECR Stamp From Passport

  1. Log on to and go to miscellaneous service to download the application
  2. State the deletion request of Emigration Check Required
  3. Two photocopies of college, 12th and 10th passing certificates
  4. Ensure that you attach attested certificates only
  5. Attach an address proof like Voter ID, Ration card, electricity bill, employer ID, phone bill, lease agreement, etc.
  6. PAN card might be needed
  7. The fee that you have to pay is Rs.300
  8. Submit the current passport that you have along with two photocopies for last four pages and first four pages
  9. Go to the nearest passport office and submit the form and the required documents

ECNR Exemption List

The following list of passport holders are exempted from emigration checks even while traveling to the above mentioned list of 18 countries:

  1. Diplomatic/Official passport holders.
  2. Gazetted Government servants and their spouses and dependent children.
  3. Individual income tax payers who submit last 3 years' proof of assessment to income tax or IT returns. Salaried individuals may submit Form 16 from last 3 years. Self-employed individuals or businessmen need to submit last 3 years' tax clearance certificates. This list also includes spouses and dependent children of included passport holders.
  4. Professional degree holders including MBBS or equivalent degree in Homeopathy/Ayurved, engineers, chartered accountants, accredited journalists, cost accountants, teachers, lecturers, advocates, scientists etc. and their spouses and dependent children.
  5. People who have passed at least matriculation.
  6. Seamen with CDC or sea cadets, deck cadets who have graduated from the 3 years B.Sc. nautical Sciences Courses at T.S. Chanakya, Mumbai and those who have undergone 3 months pre-sea training in government-approved institutions like T.S. Chanakya, T.S. Rehman, T.S. Jawahar, MTI (SCI) and NIPM, Chennai, on production of ID cards issued by Shipping Master Mumbai/Kolkata/Chennai.
  7. Permanent immigration visa holders.
  8. 3 years polytechnics diploma holders from recognized state/central government institutions.
  9. 2 years diploma holders from NCVT or SCVT.
  10. Certified nurses under Indian Nursing Council Act, 1947.
  11. People over the age of 50 years.
  12. People who have stayed abroad for more than 3 years, either broken or unbroken, and spouses.
  13. Children under 18 years of age if accompanied by parents.

Emigration Clearance for Passports With ECR Status

In case your passport does not have ECNR status, you need to get Emigration Check Stamp before proceeding to the list of specified countries for employment purposes. The passport in question will be stamped with a specially printed adhesive stamp and duly signed by the Protector of Emigrants. Emigration clearances are provided for a period of 6 months to workers applying through recognized recruiting agents and who have a valid work visa. This is a temporary clearance and will cease to be in effect after the first journey.

You may also apply for suspension of ECR status if you are traveling to one of the ECR countries for any purpose other than employment. You need to submit the following documents for the same:

  • Filled in application form
  • Fee of Rs.400
  • Visa copy
  • Original passport and one copy
  • Copy of return tickets
  • Attested sponsorship declaration from Indian Consulate/Mission
  • FTS
  • Address proof

The government also allows emergency clearance for ECR endorsed passports in international airports. This clearance helps in avoiding the process of suspension of ECR as described above. The following cases are considered for emergency ECNR status while traveling to ECR countries:

  1. Persons travelling abroad on sudden death of relatives.
  2. Persons travelling abroad for treatment of accidental injury to self or relatives.
  3. Sportspersons travelling abroad to represent India in international training/coaching/competitions subject to approval from the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports.
  4. Students traveling abroad for higher studies subject to submission of admission proof from a university.
  5. VIPs including central/state ministers, MPs, MLAs and so on, as well as accompanying family members.
  6. Central/state government officers with official/diplomatic passports and accompanying family members.

Protector Of Emigrants Offices in India

  1. Jaisalmer House, Canteen Block, Man Singh Road, New Delhi (Ph: 011 2338 2472)
  2. Building ' Khira Nagar, S.V. Road, SantaCruz (West), Mumbai (Ph: 022 26147393)
  3. Room No.116 A Wing, 3rd MSO Building, DF Block, Salt Lake, Kolkata (Ph: 033 2334 3407)
  4. Tamil Nadu Housing Board Complex, Ashok Nagar, Chennai (Ph: 044 2489 1337)
  5. Chandra Vihar Complex, M.J. Road, Hyderabad (Ph: 040 2465 2557)
  6. Putherickal Buildings, Market Road, Cochin (Ph: 0484 236 0187)
  7. Suganth, 24/846 (I), Thycaud, Trivandrum (Ph: 0471 232 4835)
  8. Kendriya Sadan, 5th Block, Sector 9-A, Chandigarh (Ph: 0172 274 1790)
  9. Hall no.3, RIICO CFC Building, Sitapura Industrial Area, Jaipur (Ph: 0141 277 1529)
  10. Rudra Plaza, Hospital Road, Rae Bareilly (Ph: 0535 221 1122/1123)

Frequently Asked Questions regarding ECR Passports

  1. Indians will need to procure POE clearance prior to travelling to which country(s)?
    • Bahrain
    • Afghanistan
    • Brunei
    • Indonesia
    • Kuwait
    • Iraq (emigration is banned)
    • Lebanon
    • Jordan
    • Malaysia
    • Libya
    • Oman
    • Qatar
    • Syria
    • Sudan
    • Thailand
    • The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    • United Arab Emirates
    • Yemen
  2. In case Indian passport holders wish to travel to the above countries for leisure or a purpose other than employment, is an ECR stamp required?
    • Effective from 1 October, 2007, Indian passport holders who wish to travel to the above countries for a purpose other than employment will not have to procure an ECR stamp.
  3. In case an Indian passport holder is travelling to a country other than the ones mentioned above, will he/she have to get an emigration clearance?
    • No, passport holders travelling to other countries need not get emigration clearance. They will have to provide a valid passport, return ticket and valid visa at immigration counters of international airports in India.
  4. If a child has the ECR status on his passport, what will parents have to do to change this?
    • In case a child has an ECR stamped passport, their parents will have to apply for a re-issue of passport from the Passport Seva Kendra's website or by visiting one of the centres.
  5. How can an individual receive ECR suspension?
    • In order to receive an ECR suspension, the following documents will have to be provided-
    • Application form for ECR suspension
    • Fee of Rs.400
    • Original and copy of current passport
    • Copy of visa
    • Copy of confirmed return tickets
    • Sponsorship declaration that has been attested by the Indian Consulate/Mission(for Middle-East countries)
    • FTS for countries other than the ones in the Middle-East.
    • Address proof

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) regarding NON-ECR Passports

  1. Who are exempted from needing an emigration clearance requirement despite travelling to the 18 countries that need ECR?

    Some of the individuals who do not need emigration clearance are-

    • Holders of official or Diplomatic passports
    • Gazetted Government Servants
    • Professional degree holders, such as doctors, journalists, engineers
    • Dependent children and spouses of individuals mentioned in the first two categories.
    • Individuals who have a qualification of Matriculation and above
    • Seamen who possess Sea Cadets or CDC
  2. What are the documents required to apply for an ECNR stamp?
    • EAP-2 or Miscellaneous Application form must be submitted either personally or through a representative.
    • Fee of Rs.300 in the form of bank draft or cash
    • Attested two copies of proof that shows that the applicant is entitled to receiving an ECNR stamp along with the original
    • Proof of address (ration card will not be accepted)
    • Two copies of the first four and last four pages of a passport
    • Original passport
  3. Can an emergency ECNR be procured?

    Yes, immigration officers at airports are allowed to provide exemption in cases of emergency. Individuals can avail a one-time exemption if they provide documents such as attested copies of educational qualifications, attested copy of most recent income tax return, among others to the immigration officer.

  4. What documents will a salaried individual need to be provide for a Non-ECR status assuming that tax is deducted from his salary?

    In order to receive a Non-ECR status, applicant will have to submit the following -

    • Proof of actual payment of income tax for the previous year and proof of assessment of income tax
    • Income tax returns for the previous one year stamped by Income tax authorities
    • Copy of PAN card
  5. In case an individual wishes to avail a non-ECR status at a Passport Seva Kendra that is different from the one that issued the original passport, what documents are needed?
    • Self-attested copy of the passport along with the original
    • Documentary proof of any of the Non-ECR categories in case the individual is eligible to receive this status
    • Address proof
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News About ECR/ECNR Passport Status

  • Passport Seva Kendra Opens in Asansol

    In Asansol (West Bengal), a Passport Seva Kendra was opened at the Head Post Office recently. This Kendra was inaugurated by Union Minister Babul Supriyo. The Asansol Passport Seva Kendra is one among the 56 Passport Seva Kendras that the Central Government had planned on opening in post offices in different parts of the country. In West Bengal, the government had decided to open 4 such Kendras. The other 3 will be opened in Raiganj, Krishnagar and Beadon Street.

    9 March 2017

  • Bangladeshis Crossing Over to Assam for Indian Passports

    It has come to the notice of Indian security establishments that hundreds of Bangladeshi nationals are getting Indian Passports each year by producing fake documents. In some cases the fraudsters had travelled to several countries with the work permits issued against these passports. An investigation into the racket reveals that a large number of Bangladeshis are crossing the Assam border to obtain Indian passports.

    Security agencies report that the passports have genuine names and addresses of Indian citizens, especially those persons who are not likely to apply for one. Some of the people who were arrested had even forged birth certificates and identity cards. National security sources demand a stringent verification process by the state police department for issue of passports.

<p><em> 5 October 2016 </em></p> </div>
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  • Passport Seva Kendra might be set up in Belagavi

    The second largest state of Karnataka, Belagavi, has no PSK (Passport Seva Kendra). In order to avail passport services, the people of Belagavi travel to Hubballi which is 120 kilometres away. In the year 2015, BCC (Belagavi City Corporation) passed the resolution for a Passport Seva Kendra. However, Uday Kinjvadekar’s RTI (Right to Information) application to the ministry of external affairs to know the Passport Seva Kendra status in Belagavi revealed that the ministry of external affairs has not got any request for establishing a Passport Seva Kendra in Belagavi.

    BCCi (Belagavi Chamber of Commerce and Industries) had given a memorandum to district authority in the year 2013. They had requested for setting up a Passport Seva Kendra in Belagavi. According to Satish Tendolkar, member of the past presidents forum, Belagavi Chamber of Commerce and Industries, a resolution to offer the infrastructure for the Passport Seva Kendra was passed in the year 2013, in the corporation. It would have been set up at the Goveas Shopping Complex.

    The council secretary of Belagavi Chamber of Commerce and Industries, Laxmi Nippanikar, agreed there was delay in getting the resolution passed regarding the Passport Seva Kendra. She mentioned that there will be discussions with the commissioner and the mayor for taking appropriate measures for setting up the Passport Seva Kendra.

<p><em>25 August 2016</em></p> </div> 
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