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    TDS on Fixed Deposits (FDs)

    TDS, known as Tax Deducted at Source, is the tax that is deducted from the interest earned on FDs, if they fall in the taxable category. FDs may remain to be one among the most safe and popular investment options among traditional investors and senior citizens but not many people still know about the tax aspect when it comes to term deposits. Whether a customer is investing in a fixed deposit at a bank or NBFC, TDS will be applicable in both cases. It is very important for those who have an FD and those who plan to invest in one, to know the various rules and regulations when it comes to TDS. The interest gained from such deposit accounts tend to be added to the total income and tax will be charged as per applicable rates. This income will be shown under the ‘Income from Other Sources’ section in an Income Tax Return (ITR) sheet.

    Questions such as what is TDS?, how is TDS on FD calculated?, or how to avoid TDS?, are some of the most common questions that people ask when it comes to TDS on fixed deposits. Read on further, to understand more about all aspects about TDS on FDs.

    Given below are the rules and regulations as far as TDS on FDs are concerned: 

    • When is TDS applicable: TDS will be applicable only if the interest earned on an FD is more than Rs.10,000 in a given financial year, ie: from April 1 to March 31.
    • TDS for senior citizens: For those who are 60 years or older, TDS will only be deducted if the interest income exceeds Rs.50,000 in a given financial year. Earlier, the limit was Rs.10,000 but this limit was increased to Rs.50,000 in the Union Budget 2018.
    • Calculation of TDS: In most cases, banks or financial institutions will cut TDS at the rate of 10% on the interest that is earned, if it is more than Rs.10,000 in a year.
    • When is TDS deducted at 20%: If the depositor fails to provide PAN card information at the time of applying or opening the FD account, then the bank or NBFC, will deduct TDS at the rate of 20%, which is 10% more than the standard TDS rate.
    • TDS for joint account holders: In case of those who have a joint account, TDS will only be deducted against the primary account holder's PAN. Therefore, the secondary account holder will not be subject to tax treatment.
    • Banks will automatically deduct TDS: The depositor does not have to pay TDS. The bank concerned will deduct it automatically by the end of the year.
    • Fully taxable: The interest that is earned on a fixed deposit will be fully subject to tax if the income earned from the same goes beyond the set limit. Therefore, it is not the amount invested but the interest, which will be subject to taxation
    • TDS is applicable on tax saver FDs too: The interest that is gained from a tax saver FD will also be fully subject tax. It is a misconception that TDS will not be applicable in the case of such deposits. But this is not true. The same rules are valid even to these tax saver term deposits.

    How is TDS computed for a fixed deposit

    To understand more about the TDS computation procedure, it is best to take a look at an example.

    Lets say Prashanth holds 2 FDs - both for Rs.1 lakh. If he earns interest at the rate of 10.00% p.a for 4 years, the interest income in 1 year will be Rs.20,000 from both the term deposits. (Rs.10,000 from each FD). In such a case, TDS will be charged at the rate of 10% on the total interest income. Therefore, 10% of Rs.20,000, which is Rs.2000.

    Avoiding TDS on Fixed Deposits: Tips

    • Invest in the middle of the financial year: The most valuable tip that can be applied while investing in a fixed deposit is to choose the right time. If depositors make an investment in a term deposit scheme in the middle of the year, say in September, the interest earned will get divided into two financial years. In such cases, it is more likely that the interest income will not exceed Rs.10,000 and TDS can be avoided. This, however, depends on the amount that is being invested and the amount of interest that is earned.
    • Submit relevant forms: For those who are not earning more than Rs.10,000 on their time deposits, a declaration form can be submitted to prevent the bank from deducting TDS. These forms are 15G and 15H form for Fixed Deposit Investments to avoid TDS . Form 15G is for those who are below 60 years of age, while Form 15H is specially meant for senior citizens.
    • Invest across banks: Another great thing to do is to invest in a number of banks instead of putting all the money in a single FD in a single bank. This should be done in such a manner that the interest income from all these FDs, do not exceed the prescribed limit in a certain financial year.

    FAQs

    1.What is TDS?

    Tax Deducted at Source or TDS is type of tax that is collected by the Income Tax Department of the government of India. Bodies that make payments to individuals are responsible to deduct a certain percentage and then make the payment.

    2. What happens if I do not pay TDS?

    TDS is not something that you will have to pay as far as FDs are concerned. It will be deducted from the interest income that is earned automatically by the bank or financial institution, where you are putting your money.

    3. Will I be issued a TDS certificate?

    Yes. All banks will send the depositor a detailed TDS certificate that specifically outlines the amount of deduction and the rate of deductions that are made.

    4. Is it possible to ask the government for a refund if tax is deducted by mistake?

    Yes, this can be done by filing income tax returns.

    5. Is TDS applicable for those who are above 60 years?

    Yes.

    6. When is TDS deducted?

    It is usually deducted at the end of a quarter or before paying the depositor. This system may vary from bank to bank.

    7. Will a minor or a non-working spouse be subject to tax on a fixed deposit?

    Yes.

    8. Is it mandatory to declare interest income?

    If interest income is not declared then there will be a discrepancy in your tax papers because the bank/NBFC will have already reflected the TDS deductions through your PAN.

    9. Why is TDS deducted by banks?

    It is mandatory as per prevailing tax rules for banks to deduct TDS before making a payment to depositors.

    Perfect Fixed Deposits Deals for you

    TDS on FD Reviews

    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good FD account"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have invested the fixed deposit with State bank of India. Since the branch is nearest by my home and they have given me a locker facility hence i have chosen the fixed deposit with SBI. Overall, I'm very much satisfied with the services with SBI.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Jan 18, 2019
    • YES Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Fraud by Yes Bank"
      0.5 1.0/5 "Really Bad"
      Yes Bank has not credited Interest for my Fixed Deposit. On enquiring they gave me a story that the interest amount has been adjusted towards TDS. They have not provided credit entry for the interest and the debit entry for the TDS respectively.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , bhopal
      Reviewed on Jan 11, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Smart Investment"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      In ICICI fixed deposit interest rate is around 6.75% per annum, I opened the FD through online. I have invested Rs. 1 lakh they wont take any charges for the pre matured fixed interest. I believe the interest rate is good compared to the government bank.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , yamuna nagar
      Reviewed on Jan 10, 2019
    • Kotak Fixed Deposit
      "Average service"
      0.5 3.0/5 "Satisfactory"
      I am having a Fixed Deposit account with Kotak Mahindra bank, they provide good services when compared to other banks. I get good interest rate in returns after the maturity period which is after 3 years. Customer support is average with Kotak Mahindra bank.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , chennai
      Reviewed on Jan 10, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Hassle free"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I also have a fixed deposit account with HDFC Bank. The process to open this account is easy. I can do it online. They also offer a good rate of interest on the account. The bank has always been up to the mark to ban with. It is very convenient and easy.
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , noida
      Reviewed on Jan 09, 2019
    • IOB Fixed Deposit
      "Better Banking Experience"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have invested a fixed deposit with Indian Overseas Bank. My wife has recommended me about this bank since she is working over there. I invested the money of Rs. 50000. I don't remember about the tenure period. Before 1 years, i have invested the money with them.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , tiruchirapalli
      Reviewed on Jan 09, 2019
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good Deposit"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have invested a fixed deposit with ICICI. There is no reason for selected this bank. They have offered me a interest rate of 6.5% and there is no processing fee. I have invested the money 8 months before. This is a one year plan. I'm happy about the services provided by the ICICI for this account
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , thane
      Reviewed on Jan 04, 2019
    • Corporation Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Average"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I had account with Corporation Bank and its very old one. I put fixed deposit before 3 to 4 years. The interest rate was around 7% which was minimum compared to others but am satisfied. I have deposited for 5 years. Actually have not taken any benefits, just have invested. The customer service was okay.
      Was this review helpful? 3
      , pune
      Reviewed on Jan 04, 2019
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Good service"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I do have a fixed deposit account with HDFC Bank. They are giving good interest. I can manage this account on line. I have chosen HDFC because of bank financial is good. I have just started long time, The process was very quick and it was done through on line.
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , thane
      Reviewed on Jan 02, 2019
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Best Investment plan"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have taken fixed deposit account in State Bank Of India . They are not charging any charges for the account . I used to get income tax benefits . Am satisfied with the customer service and response.They are giving good rate of interest . Overall am happy with my account .
      Was this review helpful? 5
      , ahmedabad
      Reviewed on Dec 29, 2018
    • review Fixed Deposit
      "Good online features on FD"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      In Saraswat bank they are providing the interest around 7% per annum, the minimum amount Rs. 5000 to max, still my FD is running with this bank. The online options are excellent without visiting I can track the interest and deposit amount through online.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , pune
      Reviewed on Dec 17, 2018
    • HDFC Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Convenient FD with HDFC"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      In HDFC I can deposit for minimum of Rs. 5000 to max amount. I done the investment of one time payment around Rs.6 lakhs. I can chose the tenure period based on the convenient, it gives the interest of 7% its maximum. I can open and close the account through online.
      Was this review helpful? 6
      , pune
      Reviewed on Dec 17, 2018
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Very Good Service"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I had made this investment pretty long time back and the services which they had provided so far has been good. The interest rate with them has been good and the growth with the investment has also been good. Their customer support has been helpful in guiding with everything.
      Was this review helpful? 9
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Dec 14, 2018
    • YES Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Excellent Service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      It has been a good service which they had been providing so far and i had started this investment a log time back. Their customer support has been helpful in guiding me in the investment plans and explaining with the growth of the investment. The interest rate with them has also been good.
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Dec 14, 2018
    • Citibank Fixed Deposit
      "Not satisfied with the service"
      0.5 1.0/5 "Really Bad"
      I had started this investment a pretty long time back and they had been providing a good service. Their customer support has not been responsive and i do not suggest any one to make an investment through them. There has not been a good growth with the investment.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , bangalore
      Reviewed on Dec 14, 2018
    • SBI Fixed Deposit
      "Good Investment Plan"
      0.5 4.0/5 "Great!"
      I have taken fixed deposit account in STATE BANK OF INDIA . They are not charging any charges for the account . I used to get income tax benefits . Am satisfied with the customer service and response.They are giving good rate of interest . Overall am happy with my account .
      Was this review helpful? 4
      , mumbai
      Reviewed on Dec 12, 2018
    • Post Office Fixed Deposit
      "Good investment plan"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have started investing in the fixed deposit almost more than 5 years. I have invested a variable amount in different times. They have offered me a interest rate of 7.5%. The response was good. I have chosen the post office because of the safe and security.
      Was this review helpful? 14
      , guwahati
      Reviewed on Dec 12, 2018
    • YES Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Excellent service"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      I have the fixed deposit account with the Yes bank and the interest rate they have given me is good, also the customer service is good too they have co-ordinated with me well they time to time update me about there date of pay my next fixed deposit date.On line banking services are fine one too and am really happy with them.
      Was this review helpful? 0
      , ahmedabad
      Reviewed on Dec 11, 2018
    • Axis Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Average bank to avail fixed deposit"
      0.5 4.5/5 "Excellent!"
      I have chosen the Axis bank for my fixed deposit. I have deposited around of Rs. 50000. Since they are providing very good services in their branch. They have offered me a interest rate of 6.5%. I put the money in 2015. I have visited their branch many times and the service is very much prompt. I had no issues with them.
      Was this review helpful? 2
      , hyderabad
      Reviewed on Dec 11, 2018
    • ICICI Bank Fixed Deposit
      "Satisfactory"
      0.5 5.0/5 "Blown Away!"
      My fixed deposit is with ICICI Bank. I had to go to the bank and meet the executive and open the account. I can close the account online. There is a lock in period for 12 to 13 months. The interest I earn is satisfactory. I have a deposit of 70K. Overall good.
      Was this review helpful? 1
      , new delhi
      Reviewed on Dec 07, 2018
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